Milton Haughton: Opportunities for aquaculture development in the Caribbean

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The presentation was part of the Brussels Development Briefing on the topic of fish-farming, organized by the Technical Centre for Agriculture (CTA), the European Commission, and the African, Carribean, and Pacific (ACP) Secretariat on 3rd of July 2013 in Brussels.
More on: http://brusselsbriefings.net/

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  • Milton Haughton: Opportunities for aquaculture development in the Caribbean

    1. 1. Brussels Development Briefing n.32 Fish-farming the new driver of the blue economy? 3rd July 2013 http://brusselsbriefings.net Opportunities for aquaculture development in the Caribbean ACP states. Milton Haughton, CRFM
    2. 2. Opportunities for aquaculture development in the Caribbean ACP States Milton Haughton Executive Director CRFM Secretariat Belize
    3. 3. Source: CLME project doc
    4. 4. Background  CARIFORUM Countries = SIDs  Reliance on aquatic resources for livelihood and food security  Threats – climate change, marine pollution, habitat degradation, over-fishing,  High unemployment (14-15%)  High Food import bill  Strategic location between major international markets
    5. 5. Caribbean ACP States Area (km2) Population (2012) (000) Pop Density (/km2) GDP/Capita (US$) Per Capita Fish Consumption Antigua 443 88 198.6 13,429 77 Bahamas 13,940 352 25.2 22,832 32 Barbados 431 278 645.0 16,152 31 Belize 22,966 343 14.9 4,536 7 Dominica 750 71 94.7 7,022 19 Dominican Republic 48,730 10,237 210.1 5,763 Grenada 344 105 305.2 7,497 31 Guyana 214,970 775 3.6 3,596 29 Haiti 27,750 10,413 375.2 759 3 Jamaica 10,991 2,752 250.4 5,541 16 St. Kitts 360 57 158.3 12,804 34 St. Lucia 616 168 272.7 7,276 21 St. Vincent 340 110 323.5 6,489 13 Suriname 163,820 546 3.3 8,686 10 Trinidad 5,128 1,329 259.2 19,018 15
    6. 6. Fisheries Strategically Important 1. Employment: up to 182,000 2. Total Fish Production 176,213 MT 3. Aquaculture production – 11,000 MT 4. Exports: 61,000 MT (~US$250 million) 5. Imports: 117,000 MT (~ US$343 million) 6. Livelihood Opportunities - poor, - vulnerable 7. Food and nutrition security
    7. 7. Fish Imports (MT) Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 Quantity 112,198 123,122 116,312 117,252 Value (US$ 000) 270,594 302,593 346,718 343,098 Overall Food Import bill CARIFORUM States: • US$ 4.75 billion/yr • Can aquaculture help? Dom Rep 42,473 Jamaica 27,438 Haiti 13,535 Trinidad 8,877
    8. 8. PROCESSING - Subsector Employment opportunity for women Guyana Belize Photo – Courtesy Fisheries Dept, Belize
    9. 9. Aquaculture has the potential to make greater contribution to economic & social development if appropriate policy frameworks and incentives are provided Shrimp farm in Belize Gov Jamaica - Aquaculture Research Station Tilapia Belize Photo Courtesy of Fisheries Dept. Belize
    10. 10. Current State of Aquaculture Development • Not well developed - Low production • 14,146 MT per year from 2000 -2010 • Belize and Jamaica exception • Production peaked at 18,879 MT in 2004 • Declined since 2007 to < 10,000 MT • Recent trend – economic downturn Sea moss commodities produced in Antigua. Photo – Courtesy Fisheries Div. Antigua & Barbuda
    11. 11. Aquaculture Production CARIFORUM States 2000-2011 (MT) 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: FAO database
    12. 12. Aquaculture Production Per Country MT (2000-2011) 101 20 71044 256 17089 4 5911 1641 52123 1 36 2035 115 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000 Source: FAO database
    13. 13. Main Producers – MT (2009) Belize 5290 Jamaica 5141 Dominican Republic 240 Guyana 511 Haiti 400 Suriname 41
    14. 14. What are the Main Species? Belize Marine shrimp (L. vamamaei), Tilapia , Cobia (Rachycentrom canadum) (Pompano) Jamaica Tilapia, marine & freshwater shrimp, oysters, several aquarium spp. Dominican Republic Marine & freshwater shrimp, Carp, Tilapia, (Colossoma, Cobia, Pompano) Guyana Tilapia, Colossoma, various indigenous shrimp (schmitti, P. aztecus & P. braziliensis) & fish (hassar, bashaw) Haiti Tilapia, carp
    15. 15. Seaweed farming Antigua: Photo Courtesy of Fisheries Div. Antigua Cobia farming Belize: Photo Courtesy of Fisheries Dept. Belize Aquarium Fish farming JamaicaTilapia Belize
    16. 16. What about smaller Islands? • Current activities – tilapia, seaweed, shrimp • Limitations – land, fresh water, human • Outlook Tilapia farming in seawater – St. Kitts Seaweed farming in St. Lucia Cobia farming in seawater
    17. 17. What are the Main Constraints?  High input cost (energy, feed, land …)  High cost of credit  Seed supply  Competition from imports from Asia & S. America  Health and Food Safety Systems  R & D, Extension & Support Services  Lack of Skilled & Quality Human Resources  Natural disaster – storms & hurricanes  Water management systems  Policy and legislation
    18. 18. Are States still Interested?  Contribute to economic development  Create employment opportunities throughout the value chain  Increase local supply of fish  Improve food & nutrition security  Poverty reduction  Revitalize coastal & rural communities  Diversify economy & build resilience  Earn hard currency - export-oriented
    19. 19. Where do we go from here: Regional Policy Framework Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas - CARICOM Single Market & Economy (CSME): • Entered in force 1 Jan 2006 • Enlarged market among member states • Opportunities to produce & sell goods & services & attract investment Photo Courtesy of Fisheries Dept. Belize
    20. 20. Caribbean Community Common Fisheries Policy  Treaty - Endorsed 2011  Key Provisions  Objective & Scope “sustainable development of fishing and aquaculture” . ..“production, processing, marketing and trading of fishery and aquaculture products”  Several substantive provisions aquaculture  Art. 10 Sector Development  Joint venture, capacity development,  improving the business, financial and insurance environment
    21. 21. CRFM Strategic Plan 2013 -2021 Objective D: Development of Aquaculture  Note lack of growth past 10 years & agree to intensify efforts to expand production  A strategy to increase supply of fish  Adopt Ecosystem approach to aquaculture  Establish Regional Working Group  Enabling policy and legal frameworks  Voluntary guidelines, best management practices and standards
    22. 22. National Policy – ACP Fish II  CAR-3.1-B12: Strategic assessment of the aquaculture potential in Haiti  CAR-1.4-B4a: aquaculture land and water use development plan for Jamaica  CAR-1.4-B4b: Aquaculture development strategy for St. Kitts and Nevis  Fisheries and aquaculture policy Dominica Grenada, and St. Vincent & the Grenadines  Support to formulate a fisheries and aquaculture policy for the Dominican Republic
    23. 23. Recent Donor Supported Initiatives  ACP Fish II Programme – Component 1 – policy and legislation  JICA Master Plan for Coastal Resource Management  USAID, and FAO Support to Guyana  Tiawanese support to St.Lucia, Dominica and Belize
    24. 24. CONCLUSION  Significant opportunities in the Caribbean  Growing interest in aquaculture  Important role in food security, poverty reduction, employment, & blue economy  Realistic dialogue – recognize: - Needs, opportunities, limitations - Dangers of unregulated, poorly planned  Need for R&D, capacity development, strategic partnerships & funding support
    25. 25. Thank you!!

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