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30thBrussels Briefing on Agricultural Resilience- 4. Dominique Burgeon, Building resilience in countries in protracted crises


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Presentation hold by Dominique Burgeon, Director of Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation Division at FAO, as part of the first panel of the 30th edition of the Brussels Briefing on “Agricultural resilience in the face of crisis and shocks", organized by CTA in collaboration with the ACP Secretariat, the EC/DEVCO, Concord, and IFPRI on 4th March 2013.
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30thBrussels Briefing on Agricultural Resilience- 4. Dominique Burgeon, Building resilience in countries in protracted crises

  1. 1. Brussels Briefing n. 30 Agricultural Resilience in the Face of Crises and Shocks 4th March 2013 http://brusselsbriefings.netBuilding resilience in countries in protracted crises Dominique Burgeon, Director of Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation Division, FAO
  2. 2. RESILIENCE INPROTRACTED CRISES Brussels Development Briefings 4 March 2013 Dominique Burgeon Director, Emergency and Rehabilitation Division
  3. 3. Resilience in the new FAO strategicframework Global Goal: Reduction of hunger Elimination of poverty through Sustainable management of and malnutrition economics and social progress natural resources SO1 SO2 SO3 SO4 SO5 Increase and improve Reduce rural poverty Enable more inclusive Increase theEradicate provision of goods and efficient food and resilience ofhunger, food and services from agricultural systems at livelihoods to threatsinsecurity and agriculture, forestry local, national and and crisesmalnutrition and fisheries in a international levels sustainable manner Resilience in terms of Resilience in terms Resilience as an Resilience in terms Resilience sustainable production of social poverty institutional condition of market and food for reducing hunger and agroecosystem dimension chain dimension to shocks stresses Resilience to stresses
  4. 4. Resilience to shocks The ability to prevent disasters and crises or to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover and adapt from shocks impacting nutrition, agriculture, food security and safety and specific related public health risks in a timely, efficient and sustainable manner.• Ability to withstand threats• Ability to adapt to new pathways in times of crises
  5. 5. Beyond the Hyogo Framework for Action-HFA :5 types of crisis • Natural disasters • Extreme weather events • Geo-hazards (e.g., earthquakes, landslides, et c.) • Food chain emergencies/ transboundary threats • Socio-economic crises (e.g. high food prices) • Violent conflicts • Protracted crises
  6. 6. Resilience - Four thematic pillars 1/ GOVERN RISKS AND CRISIS: Institutional strengthening and risk and crisis management governance for agriculture, food and nutrition4/ PREPARE & RESPOND TO CRISIS: Increase 2/ WATCH TO SAFEGUARD:Preparedness and response to crisis resilience of Information and early warning systems for livelihoods affecting agriculture (including agriculture, food and nutrition and to shockslivestock, fisheries, aquaculture and transboundary threats forestry), food and nutrition 3/ APPLY PREVENTION AND MITIGATION MEASURES: Protection, prevention, mitigation and building livelihoods with technologies, approaches and good practices for agriculture, food and nutrition
  7. 7. PILLAR 1GOVERN RISKS Countries and regions have legal, policy, institutionalAND CRISIS and regulatory frameworks for disaster risk reduction and crisis management for agriculture, food and nutrition Examples: •Promote adoption and implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests •Develop specific DRR Action plan for Ministry of Agriculture
  8. 8. PILLAR 1 - GOVERN RISKS AND CRISISFAO multi-year resilience programmes for Sahel andHorn of Africa regions› Reflect the corporate agenda on resilient livelihoods to support regional and countries priorities • Bringing a common resilience overarching goal for all actors • Building on the diversity of assets and approaches and grounded on cross sectorial synergies • Encouraging multi-year funding and programming allowing flexibility and adaptation • Fostering coherence between immediate and medium to long term interventions
  9. 9. Countries and regionsPILLAR 2 deliver regular informationWATCH TO and trigger timely actions against potential, knownSAFEGUARD and emerging threats to agriculture, food and nutrition Examples: •EMPRES (Locust and animal disease) surveillance, information sharing and Early Warning systems •Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) •GIEWS : Global Information and Early Warning System on food prices
  10. 10. PILLAR 2 - WATCH TO SAFEGUARDTransboundary plant pests, disease and animal diseases-African Great Lakes region • Cassava Mosaic Disease • Pest of small ruminants  Impact on Food and Nutrition Security ACTION: 1. Surveillance and control 2. Capacity development and support to veterinary services 3. Coordination support to local authorities
  11. 11. Countries apply preventionPILLAR 3 and impact mitigation measures that reduce risksAPPLY PREVENTION for agriculture, food and nutrition& MITIGATIONMEASURES Examples: AGROFORESTRY: Trees can be used as shelterbelts and windbreaks. They can stabilize riverbanks, mitigate soil erosion, protect against landslides and floods. RAINWATER HARVESTING: Technologies & practices that use less water, reduce water loss, and increase overall water productivity during droughts. CONFLICT SENSITIVE MEASURES: Tenure, access to natural resources (water, land, trees, pasture, transhuma nce routes, …)
  12. 12. PILLAR 3 – APPLY PREVENTION AND MITIGATION MEASURESSeed fairs in South Sudan Transform agriculture in South Sudan in 2012: boosting the number of seed fairs organized before the rainy season. RESULTS: • Making available diverse quality and certified seeds of maize, groundnuts, beans and sorghum in local markets in a timely manner • Support food production and diversify small holders livelihoods  Essential disaster risk reduction measure for increasing the resilience of smallholders
  13. 13. PILLAR 4PREPARE AND Countries and regions affected by disasters andRESPOND crises with impact on agriculture, food and nutrition are prepared for and manage effective responses Examples: •Seed reserves •Forest fire management training •Fisheries emergency guidance & good practices •Livestock shelters and fodder reserves
  14. 14. PILLAR 4 - PREPARE AND RESPONDSomalia famine 2011 Cash transfer programme 1. cash for work 2. provision of vouchers 3. distribution of inputs RESULTS: • Avoid migration • Avoid starvation • Reduced malnutrition • Built productive assets (irrigation, feeder roads, storage facilities)
  15. 15. The resilience opportunity: strategic partnershipsThe FAO-UNICEF-WFP Strategy for Somalia,three building blocks“ The concerted actions that will help at-risk Somali society cope withcrises on the basis of community initiatives” 1. 2. 3. PRODUCTIVE BASIC SOCIAL MINIMUM SOCIAL SECTORS SERVICES PROTECTION (income) (human capital) (basic needs)• Diversification of • Community information • Sustained/Predictable livelihood strategies; and knowledge systems; transfers for long-term destitute or the• Intensification of • Household and seasonally at risk production; community care practices; • Necessary for the most• Access to Markets and vulnerable to access the Market Information. • Skills development & two other building blocks community-based social service delivery
  16. 16. The way forward - the resilience opportunity: Incredible momentum for an overarching shared, common resilience agenda =• Putting/linking agriculture, food and nutrition at the forefront and root causes of hunger• Multi-hazards and risks joined approaches• Multi-sector livelihoods centered• Multi-stakeholders efforts and partnerships• Multi-year timeframe combining short &longer term diverse actions (humanitarian, development, investment, research, policy work, …)• Multi-level coherence (local – national – regional – global)
  17. 17. RESILIENCE IN PROTRACTED CRISES Brussels Development Briefings 4 March 2013 Thank you