Carry out workplace_safety

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Carry out workplace_safety

  1. 1. RTE3713A Carry Out Workplace OHS ProceduresAHC30110 Certificate III in Agriculture
  2. 2. RTE3713ACarry Out WorkplaceOHS Procedures
  3. 3. Why is farm safetyimportant?• Saves lives• Reduces injuries• Peace of mind• Cost of replacement labour/wagesmachinery repairs or replacement• Lost time/production• Fines or penalties.
  4. 4. Contributing factors• Tractors and other machinery – largeand small• Farm vehicles - ATVs• Farm animals – large and small• Chemical use• Topography of farms• Weather, conditions and hours of work• Family home/workplace• Firearms• Sharp tools
  5. 5. Contributing factors• Working in isolation• Age: children and older farmers• Wide variety of tasks/conditions• Working under pressure• Reliance on seasonal labour• Lack of training
  6. 6. OHS Legislation foremployers• Primary producers must provide andmaintain, as far as is practicable, a safeand healthy working environment
  7. 7. Responsibilities of employersEmployers should take all practicable steps to see thatwork is done safely. This includes:• Maintaining work areas, machinery and equipment in asafe condition• Organising ways of working safely• Providing information, instruction, training andsupervision to employees to enable them to work safely• Making sure that employees are aware of potentialhazards
  8. 8. Employers responsibilities• Providing protective clothing andequipment• Consulting with employees on healthand safety matters• Making sure equipment and materialsare used, stored, transported anddisposed of safelyCont
  9. 9. OHS legislation foremployees• Employees must take reasonable careof the health and safety of others, andmust co-operate with employers intheir efforts to comply with OHSrequirements
  10. 10. Responsibilities of employeesEmployees, once properly trained, should take careto look after their own safety and not put otherworkers at risk. This includes:• Following health and safety instructions• Correctly using and looking after protectiveequipment and clothing• Telling employer about hazards and injury• Co-operating with employer on health and safetymatters
  11. 11. Unsafe behaviorEveryone has the right to feel safe atwork.Unsafe behaviour includes:• Ignoring instructions• Mucking about• Taking undue risks• Bullying• Violence• Sexual harassment• Racial abuse - even in jest
  12. 12. Hazards and risksHazard RiskWorking under powerlinesElectrocutionSwimming in dams DrowningHandling chemicals Chemical poisoningOperating tractor Rollover, runoverRiding ATV Head injuries, brokenbones, death
  13. 13. Risk assessment• See it What is the hazard?• Assess it What is the potential risk?• Fix it Use hierarchy of control to minimise the risk• Evaluate Has the risk been minimised?• Record Record your actions
  14. 14. Assessing risksThe degree of risk is a combination of the• Potential severity of injury and/or damageand the• Frequency of exposure to the hazard
  15. 15. Risk assessmentConsequence ofinjuryFrequency of Exposure to HazardDaily Weekly Monthly RarelyKill or disable HIGH HIGH HIGH HIGHSeveral days off work HIGH HIGH MEDIUM MEDIUMFirst Aid HIGH MEDIUM LOW LOW
  16. 16. The preferred order of control1. EliminateRemove hazard (eg change job, machinery)2. SubstituteUse a safer alternative (eg safer chemical to do the job)3. EngineeringDesign out the problem (eg put a guard on the machine)4. AdministrationProvide instructions, training and or signs5. Use personal protective equipmentUse the proper safety gear for the job (eg hearing protection)
  17. 17. Safety signs for the farm
  18. 18. Plant and machinery• Risks of rollovers, crushing, entanglement• Pre start checks performed• Regular maintenance required• Records of all maintenance kept
  19. 19. What are hazardoussubstances?Hazardous substances are any substances used onfarms that could possibly cause health problems,for example:• Farm chemicals such as insecticides, herbicidesand fungicides• Detergents eg acids and alkalines• Glues, solvents, paints• Veterinary chemicals, for example drenches,antibiotics• Petrol, diesel
  20. 20. Hazardous substancesHazardous substances become hazards with:• Incorrect transport• Storage• Use• Disposal
  21. 21. Hazardous substancesCan enter the body in three waysThrough the skinThrough the lungsThrough the mouth
  22. 22. Manual handlingManual handling is any activity that involvesapplying human force to some object.It could be moving, lifting, shoveling, loadingmaterials, pulling, pushing, up-ending materials,hand tool use, reaching high or bending low forobjects and repetition.
  23. 23. Manual handling risks• Repetitive or sustained postures, movements orforces eg milking or driving tractors• Long duration eg cups on for 2 hours in a rotary• High force eg restraining an animal• Environmental factors, eg vibration, heat, cold• If job has previously resulted in injury
  24. 24. Animal handlingAnimal handling is any activity that involvesworking with animals• Moving stock• Milking• Applying veterinary chemicals• Pregnancy testing• AI• Treating sick animals
  25. 25. Animal handling injuries• Crushing• Sprains and strains• Goring• Bruising and fractures from kicks• Head injuries as a result from falling fromhorses or being kicked• Zoonotic diseases
  26. 26. Animal handling• Be aware of animal behavior• Don’t hustle or rush stock- allowenough time sufficient for the task• Keep children away from yards• Concentrate on the job at hand• Try not to work alone
  27. 27. Zoonotic diseasesDiseases transferred from animals to humans• Leptosporosis• Anthrax• Brucellosis• Tuberculosis• Q Fever• Hydatids
  28. 28. Industrial deafnessHearing loss is:• Cumulative• Permanent• Irreversible
  29. 29. Industrial deafnessCommon sources of damaging noise:• Tractors without cabins• Chainsaws• Firearms• Farm machinery• Powered tools and other workshop activity
  30. 30. Industrial deafness
  31. 31. SunburnSkin cancer is a serious risk to farm workers• Change the job – indoors or into shade ifpossible between 10am – 2pm• Wear clothing to cover bare skin• Wear hat and sunglasses• Use > SPF 15+ sunscreen
  32. 32. Firearms• Accidental injury• Hearing loss• Suicide
  33. 33. RememberNo one should die atwork.

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