The Total Budget


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  • Compare budget deficit to interest on the debt. How do most states pay for things today? BONDS -- what are bonds?
    What is INCOME SECURITY????
  • Income Security - General retirement and disability insurance (excluding social security); Federal employee retirement and disability (602); Unemployment compensation (603); Housing assistance Food and nutrition assistance; IRS (payments for earned income credit and child credits if they exceed tax liability); HSS (federal share of child support collections); refugee assistance; child care block grants to states and more
  • Discretionary Spending -- military v non military
    This chart excludes medicaid, medicare, and Social security
  • Big picture
  • Dept of Defense - Administration; Air Force, Army, Navy/Marines, National Intelligence, War on Terror (Iraq and Afghanistan)
  • Dept of Defense Administration - - plus 7 percent
    Defense Health Program -- 20.5 billion
    Defense Contract Management Agency 1 billion oversight or negotiation?????
    Minus six percent for Missile defense agency; NEW chemical agents and munition destruction
  • Air Force PLUS 5 percent
    Personnel 31 billion
    Procurement, Operations and Maintenance 75 billion
    RDT and E 27 billion
  • Inteligence Budget 45 Billion
  • Dept of Homeland Security plus 7 percent -- except for FEMA which is minus 14 percent
    pluses for Domestic nuclear detection, secret service, ICE, TSA, coast guard, customs and border protection
  • Farm Subsidies 15 billion
  • Republicans expecting a democratic president so don’t want to leave lucrative jobs?
    Renewable Energy 1 billion
    National Nuclear Security Adm 9 billion
    NIH 29 billion
    CDC 7 Billion
    Adm for children and families -10 percent (12 billion)
  • EPA minus 4 percent -- land preservation, clean air, clean and safe water, healthy communities and ecosystems
    HUD - minus 23 percent for elderly housing (public housing 6 billion v rental assistance 16 billion)
  • Sm business adm ----- guaranteed business loans 30 billion ???????
    Corps of engineers -- flood control, Mississippi river and tributaries, minus 11 percent
    Dept of Eduation --Pell grants 13 billion; Title I grants, 14 billion, IDEA state grants 10 billion
  • Department of Labor minus 10 percent 11 billion career advancement accts?????????
    Dep of Interior 11 billion BIA, Parks, land management, fish and wildlife, geological survey
    NASA 17 billion
    Dept of Treasury 12 billion IRS enforcement 5 billion
  • NSF 6 billion
    Dept of State plus 21 percent, 35 billion, Multilateral Development Banks 1.5 billion 41 percent increase
    Diplomatic and Consular Programs plus 11 percent 5 billion
    Foreign Military Financing Israel plus 3 percent, 5 billion, egypt, no increase, 1.3 billion
    Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief Plus 224 percent 4 billion
    Millenuim Challenge Corporation plus 264 percent, 3 billion
    International peacekeeping 1 billion
    International disaster and famine assistance minus 15 percent, 300 million
    Other Agencies Corpo for Public Brcsting minus 25 percent .4 billion
    Postal Service minus 2 percent 4 billion
    NLRB .3 billion
    Consumer Product Safety Commission
    Federal Elections Commission 59 milion
    National endowment for the humanities and Arts, .3 billion
  • NSF 6 billion
    Dept of State plus 21 percent, 35 billion, Multilateral Development Banks 1.5 billion 41 percent increase
    Diplomatic and Consular Programs plus 11 percent 5 billion
    Foreign Military Financing Israel plus 3 percent, 5 billion, egypt, no increase, 1.3 billion
    Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief Plus 224 percent 4 billion
    Millenuim Challenge Corporation plus 264 percent, 3 billion
    International peacekeeping 1 billion
    International disaster and famine assistance minus 15 percent, 300 million
    Other Agencies Corpo for Public Brcsting minus 25 percent .4 billion
    Postal Service minus 2 percent 4 billion
    NLRB .3 billion
    Consumer Product Safety Commission
    Federal Elections Commission 59 milion
    National endowment for the humanities and Arts, .3 billion
  • The Total Budget

    1. 1. The Total Budget
    2. 2. Outlays $2.9 Trillion +4% Receipts $2.7 Trillion +5% Income Security Corporate income taxes - 8% Personal Income taxes +7% Interest on National debt
    3. 3. INCOME SECURITY: provide aid (other than health insurance or Social Security benefits) to individuals and families facing hardship. This includes: Census data show that all together these programs lifted 12.6 million Americans out of poverty in 2005, the most recent year for which data are available, and reduced the depth of poverty for another 20.4 million people. the “refundable” portion of the earned-income and child tax credits, which assist low and moderate-income working families through the tax code programs that provide cash payments to eligible individuals or households, including the Supplemental Security Income program for poor people who are elderly or have serious disabilities and the unemployment insurance program various forms of in-kind assistance for low-income families and individuals, including food assistance through the food stamp and school meals programs, low-income housing assistance, child-care assistance, and assistance in meeting home energy bills various other programs such as those that aid abused and neglected children
    4. 4. 33% 67%
    5. 5. TOTAL OUTLAY: $2.9 Trillion Discretionary Budget $1075 Billion • Military, Vets, Homeland Sec, $881 Billion • Non National Security, $284 Billion Must be Approved by Congress Paid mostly with Federal Income Taxes Global War on Terror, $145 Billion??? Non Discretionary Budget $1196 Billion • Social Security, $608 Billion • Medicare, $386 Billion • Medicaid (incl SCHIP) $202 Billion Paid mostly with payroll taxes
    6. 6. Air Force Army Dept of Defense Intelligence Air Force Navy/Marines War on Terror
    7. 7. Dept of Defense $77 Billion +7% Former Soviet Union Threat Reduction -6% Missile Defense Agency -6% Defense Health Program -2%
    8. 8. War-Crimes Prosecutor Quits in Pentagon Clash NYT, October 6, 2007, William Glaberson 2002 - first detainees arrive at Guantanamo 2004 - Supreme Court says detainees can challenge their status in federal courts 2006 Congress creates Military Commission to try “enemy combattants” 2007 - 330 detainees remain, from original 800, NONE have been tried, one has accepted a plea bargain Supreme Court has agreed to decide whether detainees can challenge their status as enemy combattants in federal courts Saturday -- chief military prosecutor resigns (Colonel Davis) General Hartman = legal adviser to judge of military court Hartman pressed lawyers under Davis to produce charges quickly and frame charges with bold terrorist accusations and seek death penalty so as to draw public attention to the process Davis resigned to protest conflict of interest -- Hartman can’t assess adequacy of cases (judge) if he is involved in decision to file (prosecutor) Defense lawyers will have a field day with this!!!! Undermine process.
    9. 9. AIR FORCE $136 BILLION +5 PROCUREMENT $34 BILLION Personnel $31 BILLION RDT & E $34 BILLION Operations and Maintenance $41 BILLION
    10. 10. Intelligence Budget $45 Billion CLASSIFIED
    11. 11. The New York Times October 11, 2007 Watchdog of C.I.A. Is Subject of C.I.A. Inquiry The director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Gen. Michael V. Hayden, has ordered an unusual internal inquiry into the work of the agency’s inspector general, whose aggressive investigations of the C.I.A.’s detention and interrogation programs and other matters have created resentment among agency operatives. ….In his role as the agency’s inspector general since 2002, Mr. Helgerson has investigated some of the most controversial programs the C.I.A. has begun since the Sept. 11 attacks…. …spring of 2004 warned that some C.I.A.-approved interrogation procedures appeared to constitute cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, as defined by the international Convention Against Torture. … a withering report about the C.I.A’s missteps before the Sept. 11 attack — a report that recommended “accountability boards” to consider disciplinary action against a handful of senior officials.
    12. 12. ARMY $130 BILLION + 16 % Operation and Maintenance $37 Billion + 18% Personnel $46 Billion + 8% Procurement $24 Billion + 44% RDT & E $11 Billion - 3%
    13. 13. NAVY/MARINES $119/$20 BILLION +6/+38 Operation and Maintenance $33 Billion +6% Procurement $38 Billion +25% e.g., OSPREY $2 Billion +24 %
    14. 14. Taking Flight Despite the Turbulence, NYT, Oct 7, 2007, Week in Review Osprey Helicopter, 25 years to develop, 30 dead test pilots Dick Cheney tried to kill the project 4 times Problems: inherent instability (especially in desert conditions), severe flight restrictions, vulnerable to attack Work spread over 40 states 100 Representatives formed a “Tiltroter Technology Coalition” to lobby for the jobs the project has created in their districts 2008 Budget: 458 Ospreys ordered and additional $35 billion for future
    15. 15. NAVY AND MARINES (CONTINUED) Personnel $27/ $12 Billion -1% / +9% RDT and E $17 Billion + 1 %
    16. 16. Global War on Terror $145 Billion Operations and Maintenance $79 Billion Procurement $40 Billion
    17. 17. Department of Veterans Affairs
    18. 18. Department of Veterans Affairs $39 Billion +19 % Psychiatric Care $1 Billion +5 % Medical Care $34 Billion +17 %
    19. 19. Department of Justice
    20. 20. Department of Justice $20 Billion +4% Federal Prison System $5.4 Billion +9 % FBI $6.4 Billion +13% US Attorneys $2 Billion + 11% Office of Violence Against Women $0.4 Billion - 11 %
    21. 21. Debate Erupts on Techniques Used by CIA, NYT, October 5, 2007, David Johnston and Scott Shane 2004 Justice Dept Lawyers rebel against administrative demands that they find legal justification for waterboarding, head slapping and exposure to harsh temperatures 2004 Alberto Gonzales appointed Attorney General and immediately quells rebellion May 2005 Justice Department secret memo gives CIA expansive approval for harsh interrogation methods December 2005, Congress explicitly outlaws “cruel, inhuman and degrading” punishment by government officials Last week, Congress learns from NYT of secret DOJ memo after trying to get it for two years. CIA has stopped using harsh techniques -- don’t work; excuse for other countries to use it on their agents This controversy will influence hearings on new appointee for Atty Gen
    22. 22. The New York Times, October 20, 2007 Plainly, a Justice Department Pick of Like Mind By ADAM LIPTAK The senators questioning Michael B. Mukasey, President Bush’s nominee for attorney general, . . . Mr. Mukasey believes presidential power to be robust, expansive and sometimes beyond the power of Congress to control.. . . Mr. Mukasey did denounce torture in the abstract, but he would not say what it is. . . He disavowed a 2002 Justice Department memorandum authorizing harsh interrogation techniques — but the department itself had disowned the opinion in 2004.
    23. 23. Department of Homeland Security
    24. 24. Department of Homeland Security $34 Billion Coast Guard ICE +8% Customs and Border +36% FEMA -14% TSA Immigration Customs Enforcement ICE used to be INS
    25. 25. The New York Times October 14, 2007 No Need for a Warrant, You’re an Immigrant . . . The agents had rousted American citizens and legal immigrants from their beds in the night. . . without a warrant. “We don’t need warrants to make the arrests,” responded Peter J. Smith [ICE agent]. . . . more than 1,300 arrests across the country over the summer . . . broad authority to question people . . . search them and their homes. . . . no Miranda rights . . . . right to a lawyer, but only one they can pay for. . . discretion in deciding where to hold immigrants detained for deportation.. . . the Constitution does not specifically address the government’s power to control immigration. . . . The reduced protections in modern-day law were shaped by some of the darker episodes of the . . 1930’s . . . 1950’s 37.1 million [immigrants] now living in the United States. 22 million are not naturalized 10 million legal residents 12 million illegal immigrants [lawsuits] . . . spurred by people like Peggy Delarosa-Delgado, a naturalized citizen born in the Dominican Republic whose Long Island home was raided twice. She described the shock of having a dozen ICE agents march into her living room, terrifying her children.
    26. 26. Department Of Agriculture $20 Billion +3% Judicial Branch $7 Billion +14% Legislative Branch $5 Billion +16% Executive Office $0.3 Billion -12% Department Of Commerce $6 Billion +8% Court of Appeals District Courts $6.7 Billion +8% Farm Subsidies $15 Billion +3%
    27. 27. The New York Times October 15, 2007 Interim Heads Increasingly Run Federal Agencies . . . .With only 15 months left in office, President Bush has left whole agencies of the executive branch to be run largely by acting or interim appointees — jobs that would normally be filled by people whose nominations would have been reviewed and confirmed by the Senate. In many cases, there is no obvious sign of movement at the White House to find permanent nominees, suggesting that many important jobs will not be filled by Senate-confirmed officials for the remainder of the Bush administration. That would effectively circumvent the Senate’s right to review and approve the appointments. It also means that the jobs are filled by people who do not have the clout to make decisions that comes with a permanent appointment endorsed by the Senate, scholars say. While exact comparisons are difficult to come by, researchers say the vacancy rate for senior jobs in the executive branch is far higher at the end of the Bush administration than it was at the same point in the terms of Mr. Bush’s recent predecessors in the White House. [what is the axe that the NY TIMES is grinding?]
    28. 28. Health and Human Services Energy
    29. 29. Department of Energy $24 Billion +6% National Institute of Health $28 Billion +1% National Nuclear Security Administration $9 Billion +5% Dept of HHS $68 Billion +0% FDA + 10%
    30. 30. Medicare Audits Show Problems in Private Plans, NYT, October 7, 2007, A1 Medicare’s new prescription Druge Benefit Program 91 audits By HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES of 11 companies $700,000 ----- fines for marketing violations; failure to provide timely notice of change in costs and benefits; and for handling appeals and grievances For example: Medicare terminated contract with a Florida company after determining it posed an imminent and serious threat to 11,000 members, ie delaying access to needed medications For example: Wellpoint had a backlog of 354,000 claims, averaged 27 minutes to answer phone calls from members Kathleen Healey (Alabama dept of Senior Services) “Despite the prohibition of door-to-door marketing, agents arrive on residents’ doorsteps stating that the president sent them, or that they represent Medicare. Some telemarketers insist they are calling from Medicare, and they tell beneficiaries that they will lose their Medicare if they do not sign up for the telemarketer’s plan.”
    31. 31. The New York Times October 12, 2007 Sliming Graeme Frost by Paul Krugman The Frosts and their four children are exactly the kind of people S-chip was intended to help: working Americans who can’t afford private health insurance. The parents have a combined income of about $45,000, and don’t receive health insurance from employers. When they looked into buying insurance on their own before the accident, they found that it would cost $1,200 a month — a prohibitive sum given their income. After the accident, when their children needed expensive care, they couldn’t get insurance at any price. Fortunately, they received help from Maryland’s S-chip program. The state has relatively restrictive rules for eligibility: children must come from a family with an income under 200 percent of the poverty line. For families with four children that’s $55,220, so the Frosts clearly qualified. ……… all-out smear campaign against him and his family. Soon after the radio address, right-wing bloggers began insisting that the Frosts must be affluent because Graeme and his sister attend private schools (they’re on scholarship), because they have a house in a neighborhood where some houses are now expensive (the Frosts bought their house for $55,000 in 1990 when the neighborhood was rundown and considered dangerous) and because Mr. Frost owns a business (it was dissolved in 1999).
    32. 32. New York Times, October 20, 2007 F.D.A. Panel Urges Ban on Medicine for Child Colds By GARDINER HARRIS A Food and Drug Administration advisory panel voted Friday to ban popular over-the-counter cold products intended for children under the age of 6. The panel found there was no proof that the medicines eased cold symptoms in children, while there are rare reports that they have caused serious harm. . . . .But manufacturers said they would fight the new recommendations. . . . If the agency decides to adopt the committee’s recommendation, it must undertake a rule-making process that can “take anywhere from one to many years,” Dr. Jenkins said.
    33. 33. EPA HUD
    34. 34. Department of Housing and Urban Development $35 Billion +2% Environmental Protection Agency $7 Billion - 4% Public Housing $4 Billion +4% Clean and Safe Water $3 Billion - 9% Superfund $1 Billion +2% Clean Air and Global Climate Change $1 Billion - 3%
    35. 35. Official’s Ties to Contractor Are Scrutinized, NYT, October 5 , Philip Shenon Two Investigations, one completed, one ongoing 1. Inspector General of Housing and Urban Development HUD Secretary, Alphonso Jackson, directed his staff to steer federal housing contracts to Bush supporters. Former chief procurement officer of HUD quoted as telling investigators that Mr. Jackson had told her that “it drives him nuts” when contractors made clear that they were critics of Mr. Bush but expected to be considered for government housing contracts. NO EVIDENCE THAT STAFF COMPLIED. 2. Justice Department Investigating ties between Jackson and his friend William Hairston • HUD paid Hairston $485K for housing contract in New Orleans • Hairston and Jackson golfing buddies at Hilton Head Island, SC •Jackson lied???? to Congress when he testified that he had not steered federal housing contracts to friends and Bush supporters
    36. 36. Dept of Education Corps of Engineers Small Business Administration
    37. 37. Department Of Education $60 Billion + 0% Small Business Administration $0.5 Billion +5% U.S. Army Corps of Engineers $5 Billion +3% Pell Grants $13 Billion + 5% Guaranteed Small Business Loans $29 Billion + 10% K-12 $31 Billion + 7% Flood Control $0.3 Billion - 11% Higher Ed $24 Billion - 6 %
    38. 38. From Wikipedia: Pell Grants For 2006-07, the maximum Pell grant available to students remains $4,050. Students with less need will receive smaller amounts. Grant moneys can only be used for tuition, fees, and educational expenses (such as textbooks or required materials for a class). The money cannot be used for housing or food. . . . . The maximum grant is to increase to $5,400 by 2012. Due to high increases in the cost of post-secondary education and slow or no growth in the Pell grant program, the value of Pell grants has eroded significantly over time. In 2005-06, the maximum Pell grant covered one-third of the yearly cost of higher education at a public four-year institution; twenty years ago, it covered 60% of a student's cost of attendance.
    39. 39. From the USACE website -- Fragmented supervisors!!!???? The Army's Corps of Engineers works under the direction of the Secretary of the Army and the Army Chief of Staff. The Secretary is supported by five Assistant Secretaries. The Corps works most closely with the Assistant Secretary for Civil Works, plus the Assistant Secretary for Installations and Environment and the Assistant Secretary for Research, Development and Acquisition. The Chief of Engineers has separate and distinct command and staff responsibilities. As a staff officer, the Chief advises the Army on engineering matters and serves as the Army's topographer and the proponent for real estate and other related engineering programs. The Chief is directly involved in Engineer support to the Army, including two components of the Army Engineer team assigned to other commands. The Corps' programs are directed by the President and the Congress, and this is the annual funding program ($12.3 billion). It consists of: Direct and reimbursable funding for the military program ($7.2 billion) and the civil works program ($5.1 billion) which the Congress funds through public works, not military appropriations. Non-federal sponsors share in the costs of civil works projects.
    40. 40. Department of Treasury $12 Billion + 6% NASA $17 Billion + 7% Department of Interior $11 Billion + 3% Department of Labor $11 Billion - 10 % IRS $11 Billion + 6%
    41. 41. The New York Times October 15, 2007 Banks Create a Fund to Protect Credit Market Three of the nation’s largest banks, working together at the behest of the Treasury Department, confirmed today that they are creating a large fund to serve as a buyer of bonds and other debt at a time when many investors are avoiding them. . . . will not resolve the longer-term problem many SIVs face with more risky mortgage bonds, he said. . . . The Treasury’s role in bringing together the banks is similar to the 1998 Federal Reserve effort that brought together major Wall Street banks to prevent the hedge fund Long Term Capital Management from collapsing under the weight of its aggressive financial positions. It is also an indication that Washington officials feel that the crisis in the credit market merits some intervention
    42. 42. Other Agencies $ 7 Billion +15%Corporation for Public Broadcasting $ 0.4 Billion - 25 % National Science Foundation $ 6 Billion +15% Department of State $ 35 Billion +21% Foreign Military Financing $ 5 Billion +2% Israel $2 Billion +3 % NLRB $0.3 Billion +2 %
    43. 43. September 22, 2007 New York Times At State Dept., Blog Team Joins Muslim Debate Walid Jawad was tired of all the chatter on Middle Eastern blogs and Internet forums in praise of gory attacks carried out by the ''noble resistance'' in Iraq. So Mr. Jawad, one of two Arabic-speaking members of what the State Department called its Digital Outreach Team, posted his own question: Why was it that many in the Arab world quickly condemned civilian Palestinian deaths but were mute about the endless killing of women and children by suicide bombers in Iraq? Among those who responded was a man named Radad, evidently a Sunni Muslim, who wrote that many of the dead in Iraq were just Shiites and describing them in derogatory terms. But others who answered Mr. Jawad said that they, too, wondered why only Palestinian dead were ''martyrs.'' The discussion tacked back and forth for four days, one of many such conversations prompted by scores of postings the State Department has made on about 70 Web sites since it put its two Arab-American Web monitors to work last November. Some analysts question whether the blog team will survive beyond the tenure of Karen P. Hughes, the confidante of President Bush who runs public diplomacy. The department expects to add seven more team members within the next month -- four more in Arabic, two in Farsi and one in Urdu, the official language of Pakistan.
    44. 44. The New York Times October 12, 2007 Crackdown Upends Slaughterhouse’s Work Force Last November, immigration officials [ICE?] began a crackdown at Smithfield Foods’s giant slaughterhouse here, eventually arresting 21 illegal immigrants at the plant and rousting others from their trailers in the middle of the night. Since then, more than 1,100 Hispanic workers have left the 5,200-employee hog-butchering plant, the world’s largest, leaving it struggling to find, train and keep replacements. . . . Fannie Worley, a longtime resident of Dillon, S.C., a largely African-American town of sagging trailers and ramshackle bungalows, quit her $5.25-an-hour, part-time job making beds at a Days Inn motel four months ago to take a $10.75-an-hour job at Smithfield. But Ms. Worley remains ambivalent. “It pays a lot better,” she said. “But the trip is too long.” ….60 percent of the new workers quit within 90 days of being hired, compared with 25 percent to 30 percent two years ago when many new employees were illegal immigrants. …. arrests have also created problems for the union, the United Food and Commercial Workers Union, which has spent 15 years seeking to organize the plant. …..The Tar Heel workers voted against unionizing in 1994 and 1997, but the National Labor Relations Board ruled that Smithfield had broken the law by intimidating and firing union supporters.
    45. 45. Consumer Product Safety Commission $ 0.063 Billion +2% Department of State $ 35 Billion +21% Foreign Military Financing $ 5 Billion +2% Israel $2 Billion +3 %
    46. 46. Dangerous Sealer Stayed on Shelves After Recall, NYT October 8, 2007, A1 Consumer Product Safety Commission [independent agency, created 1973] Roanoke’s (now BRTT) Stand ‘n Seal (aerosol to seal grout) on the market in 2003 for exclusive sale at Home Depot Spring, 2005, Zonyl 225 replaced by Flexipel S-22WS, which causes severe damage to lung tissue if inhaled A few weeks after new cans on shelves, calls from customers and emergency room doctors poured into poison control centers and CPSC’s hotline. 3 months between first report to Roanoke and official recall by CPSC • Roanoke took weeks to notify CPSC (federal law says 24 hours) • Agency lab equipment can not detect Flexipel S-22WS so had to rely on Roanoke’s insistence it had solved the problem CPSC says any can bought after June 2005 is safe Roanoke then re-supplies Home Depot with 50,000 cans still with Flexipel - at least 2 deaths and thousands hospitalized since 2003 March 2007, Roanoke and Home Depot acknowledge source of problem NO FINES HAVE BEEN ISSUED BY CPSC
    47. 47. Department of Transportation $64 Billion + 10% Federal Railroad Administration $ 1 Billion -19% Amtrak $0.8 Billion - 28 % Federal Highway Administration $37 Billion + 18% Federal Transit Administration $ 9 Billion + 10% (Bus Grants) Federal Aviation Administration $12 Billion - 5 %
    48. 48. Military 67% Non- Military 33% Discretionary Spending
    49. 49. New York Times 9/23/07 (for updates: Senate has passed only 4 of the 12 appropriations bills sent from the House for the 2008 fiscal year, which starts October 1. Bush has threatened to veto all of them. Total Difference is $22 Billion 2008 Congress 2008 Bush 2007 Agriculture $ 19 Billion 18 18 Commerce, Justice, Science 54 51 50 Military 459 463 420 Energy and Water 32 30 30 Financial services and general govt 21 22 20 Interior and Enviro 28 26 26 Labor, HHS, Education 151 141 145 Legislative branch 4 4 4 Homeland Security 36 34 32 Military construction; veterans affairs 65 61 50 State/foreign ops 34 35 31 Transportation/HUD 105 100 99