PROJECT ACTIVITIES - 1999
RAS/06/029 : Distance Assisted Training for Nuclear Medicine
The objectives of the project are to provide a comprehensive set of training
materials which can be used for the practical training of Nuclear Medicine
Technologists. In the first phase of the project training materials were trialled
with a small number of students. In the second phase, which commenced in
July 1999, the materials are being extended and evaluated using the same
students. The materials consist of approximately 2000 pages to be studied
over two years. The second phase of the project also involves implementing
the program in 9 countries in the Asian region: 100 students are commencing
the course in English, in seven RCA countries, with a further 140 students in
China and 54 students in Korea about to commence using translated
versions. Sister projects are now established in Latin America and Africa as
part of an inter-regional project. Translation to Spanish and Portugese is
underway and translation to French will commence in 2000, for use primarily
in North Africa. Twenty-two students will study the English version in central
Africa with coordination from South Africa. As an option, Sydney University
will offer an external examination, with successful students offered a Faculty
Diploma and credit towards a degree in Nuclear Medicine Technology, with
further study available on a fee-paying basis.
RAS/8/080 : Management of the Marine Coastal Environment and its
Significant progress has been made in the four components of this project.
The Philippines Nuclear Research Institute (Dr E Duran) working with the
IAEA Marine Environmental Laboratory has made major progress in
assembling a Database on Marine Radioactivity for the Region. Progress was
reviewed at a Meeting in Islamabad hosted by the Pakistan Institute of
Nuclear Science and Technology.
The on-going development of the database, as well as the investigation of the
fate and behaviour of pollutants will depend on expanding capabilities within
the Region for measuring levels of radionuclides at environmental levels. A
Regional Training Course on Marine Radioactivity to be hosted by OAEP has
been designed to enhance these capabilities. It will be implemented in March
It is widely recognised that one of the major environmental threats to the
Region is the outflow of pollutants from land based activities into the coastal
zone. Isotopic techniques can be used to identify the sources of organic
pollutants which is an essential prerequisite to dealing with the problem. A
Regional Training Course on the Application of Stable Isotope and Direct
CO2 Absorption Techniques in the Analysis of Marine Pollutants was
hosted by Pinstech during October 1999.
The work described above is principally concerned with recording baseline
levels of marine radioactivity and establishing the sources of marine
pollutants. To predict the impact of the pollutants on the coastal zone, it is
necessary to have the capability of modelling their transport in the marine
environment. A sub-project on the Applications of Nuclear and Modelling
Techniques to Sustainable Development in the Coastal Zone is designed to
address this issue. A regional Training Course on Advanced Environmental
Modelling and Verification was hosted by ANSTO and Unisearch Water
Research Laboratory, November 1998. Two training/demonstration programs
will follow. The first involves the application of modelling and tracer validation
to the migration of sand and sediment at the Port of Songkhla. Modelling work
has commenced and a tracer study is being implemented by ANSTO, OAEP
and the Harbour Authority. The radiotracer Ir-192 was chosen and the
injection undertaken during November 1999. The outcomes of the modelling
and tracer exercises will be the subject of a Workshop to be hosted by OAEP
and the Prince of Songkhla during May 2000.
An ANSTO expert undertook a mission to Malaysia in September 1999 to
study the source of siltation at TNB Kapar Power Station using radiotracer
and modelling techniques. One of the major sources of effluent release to the
coastal zone is through sewage outfalls. A Regional Workshop on the
application of modelling and tracer technology to the dispersion of sewage
effluent will be hosted by BARC in April 2000.
One of the major regional problems to which the skills and capabilities
developed in this project can be applied is associated with Harmful Algal
Blooms (HAB). The Philippines is playing a lead role in these investigations.
The Project is contributing in a number of areas including: a) developing a
local capability for a rapid assay technique based on radiolabelled saxotoxin;
b) obtaining archival information on the history of HAB occurrences over the
past 100 years; and c) development of predictive models of the behaviour of
Algal Blooms. A Regional Training Course on Sedimentation and Algal Cyst
Studies was hosted by ANSTO and the University of Tasmania in July 1999.
The overall achievements of the Project were reviewed at a Meeting of Lead
Countries hosted by the IAEA in Vienna 20 to 23 July 1999.