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  • What do you think of these excuses? Are they valid?
  • What do you think? Is plagiarism worth the risk?
  • Any thoughts on this real-life impact of cheating?
  • Plagiarism is a form of cheating. Copying and writing the ideas of others and presenting them as your own.
    Plagiarism is no exception and could be known as theft and should be treated as such.
  • Kearns left television position and stepped down as Pulitzer Prize judge for “lifting” 50 passages for her 1987 book The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys (Lewis)
    Biden copied in law school and borrowed from campaign speeches of Robert Kennedy
    Blair: “The newspaper said at least 36 of the 73 articles he had written had problems with accuracy, calling the deception a “low point” in the newspaper’s history.”
  • Any thoughts on this real-life impact of cheating?
  • plagiarism

    1. 1. Encouraging Academic Honesty through Anti-plagiarism Software Dr Rajeev Vij & Sh Navin Kumar Soni Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS), DRDO, Delhi-110054 Dr Gayas Makhdumi, University Librarian & Head, DLIS, Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi-110025 Paper Presentation at 7th International CALIBER 2009, Puducherry February 25-27, 2009
    2. 2. Cathy Oxley 2007 My Gang…….
    3. 3.
    4. 4. Quality for Selection of a Paper Editors and reviewers of all scholarly journals look for the following for selection of a paper for its inclusion in a journal: • Originality – what’s new about subject? • Relevance to and extension of existing knowledge • Research methodology – are conclusions valid and objective? • Clarity, structure and quality of writing – does it communicate well? • Sound, logical progression of argument • Currency of references • Compliance to the editorial scope and objectives of the journal
    5. 5. Plagiarism: Made EasyPlagiarism: Made Easy The Internet has made it easier for everyone to plagiarise.
    6. 6. How are Papers Made !
    7. 7. Plagiarism: Made EasyPlagiarism: Made Easy
    8. 8. Plagiarism: Made EasyPlagiarism: Made Easy
    9. 9. Say No to PlagiarismSay No to Plagiarism
    10. 10. Definition According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarise" means • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own • to use (another's production) without crediting the source • to commit literary theft • to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.
    11. 11. Why People Plagiarise?
    12. 12. Why People Plagiarise? Pressures to publish (for career advancement) Lack of knowledge Lack of Enforcement Laziness Fear of failure Lack of time / planning To influence others Competition (parental & colleague pressure)
    13. 13. Plagiarism Includes • Using someone else’s exact words without using quotation marks or a citation. • Using someone else’s ideas without using a citation (even if the source is in the bibliography). • Using rearranged words from a source without a citation.
    14. 14. Types of PlagiarismTypes of Plagiarism • Complete Plagiarism-Complete Plagiarism-A piece of workA piece of work copied entirely from one or more sourcescopied entirely from one or more sources • Copy and Paste-Copy and Paste-Available information offAvailable information off internet or electronic journalsinternet or electronic journals • Word Switch-Word Switch-If you copy a sentence orIf you copy a sentence or paragraph into your assignment and change a fewparagraph into your assignment and change a few words it will still be considered to be plagiarismwords it will still be considered to be plagiarism • Self-plagiarism-Self-plagiarism-Self-plagiarism is when youSelf-plagiarism is when you re-use your own previously written work or data in are-use your own previously written work or data in a new assignment and do not reference itnew assignment and do not reference it appropriatelyappropriately
    15. 15. Stop PlagiarismStop Plagiarism
    16. 16. Plagiarism Detection • Manual detection requires substantial effort and excellent memory • Computer-assisted detection allows vast collections of documents to be compared to each other
    17. 17. Anti-plagiarism Tools • ( • ( • Plagiarism Checker ( • Plagiarism Detector ( • And many more software…….
    18. 18. Say No to PlagiarismPlagiarism
    19. 19. Say No to PlagiarismPlagiarism
    20. 20. Avoiding PlagiarismAvoiding Plagiarism • One way to avoid plagiarism is readingOne way to avoid plagiarism is reading something and putting it into your own wordssomething and putting it into your own words • Another way is to credit the author of whatAnother way is to credit the author of what you read and not taking credit for ityou read and not taking credit for it • Using quotations is another way of avoidingUsing quotations is another way of avoiding plagiarismplagiarism • At the beginning of the first sentence in whichAt the beginning of the first sentence in which you quote, paraphrase, or summarize, makeyou quote, paraphrase, or summarize, make it clear that what comes next is someoneit clear that what comes next is someone else's ideaelse's idea http://
    21. 21. Avoiding PlagiarismAvoiding Plagiarism If you are worried about being accused ofIf you are worried about being accused of plagiarism, your best defense is to…plagiarism, your best defense is to… • Do your own workDo your own work • Keep careful track of your sources and notesKeep careful track of your sources and notes • Understand everything you have writtenUnderstand everything you have written • Finally, acknowledge those who contribute toFinally, acknowledge those who contribute to your workyour work
    22. 22. Avoiding Plagiarism • attribute references • describe all sources of information • give acknowledgments • provide footnotes • use quotation marks wherever required • paraphrase the original, attributed work • for extensive quotations, obtain permission from the publisher of the original work • avoid self-plagiarism by taking permission from the publisher of the previous article authored by you • obtain permission for use of published drawings or other illustrations
    23. 23. Punishments Plagiarism may result in serious sanctions, including • public disclosure, • loss of research funding, • loss of professional stature and • termination of employment • legal action against the individual's committing plagiarism
    24. 24. Real Life Consequences • Prof. B. S. Rajput VC of Kumaon University and colleagues in the field of Theoretical Physics, had to resign after being found guilty of copying from a paper published by a Stanford University scientist, in Physical Review. • C.K. Raju charged Michael Atiyah, former President of the Royal Society, UK, of plagiarising or claiming inappropriate credit to some of his previously published ideas.
    25. 25. Real Life Consequences
    26. 26. Real Life Consequences Jon Bon Jovi Being Sued for $400 Billion for Plagiarism of a song’s lyrics
    27. 27. Real Life Consequences • H. Rangaswami and Colleagues from the group of Dr. Gopal Kundu have misrepresented data in a paper published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. The allegation was that they had rehashed the same set of data which they had published earlier • Dr Mashelkar has been accused by a British IPR expert Dutfield about verbatim copying of his 1996 paper in Dr Mashelkar's 2004 book "Intellectual Property and Competitive Strategies in the 21st Century" which he co-authored with Shahid Ali Khan.
    28. 28. Real Life Consequences
    29. 29. Say No to Plagiarism When in doubt, cite it!
    30. 30. Real Life Consequences Beware You may find your name and photo here
    31. 31. Conclusion… The librarian role can be: • To develop Web pages, guides for proper citation and plagiarism • To offer checking services to its users and faculty • To educate the users and faculty, through library users training programme. Final steps to addressing plagiarism problem are: • Acknowledge the problem • Universally define plagiarism • Increase its awareness among masses • Prevent (Create an Academic Integrity Policy/ Adjust assignments) • Develop a method for catching/screening • Be a good role model
    32. 32. Contact me at: Ph: 9891 310 600, 9654 36 9654 Email: