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    1. 1. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. DDC 22 and Beyond: Dewey in a Global and Local Context Joan S. Mitchell Editor in Chief, Dewey Decimal Classification OCLC Australian Committee on Cataloguing Seminar Sydney 25 July 2003
    2. 2. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Outline  Highlights of DDC 22  DDC 22 and WebDewey  Dewey in global/local context  Role of Australian librarians
    3. 3. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. DDC 22  Major updates to schedules and tables  Many new numbers and topics  Structural changes  No complete revisions!
    4. 4. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Updates in DDC 22 004–006 Data processing Computer science 200 Religion 301–307 Sociology & anthropology 340 Law 400 Language 510 Mathematics 540 Chemistry 551.46 Hydrosphere & submarine geology Oceanography 610 Medicine & health 800 Literature 900 History & geography Updates to Tables 1–6
    5. 5. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 004–006 Data processing Computer science  Computer science now visible at top level: 000 Computer science, information & general works  New topics, e.g., web, virtual reality, markup languages  005.5 General purpose application programs
    6. 6. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 005.5 General purpose application programs [formerly 005.5] 005.52 Word processing [formerly 652.5] 005.54 Electronic spreadsheets 005.55 Statistical programs 005.57 Personal information management programs 005.58 Presentation software
    7. 7. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 200 Religion: Two-edition Plan DDC 21:  Christianity relocated from 200 to 230  Standard subdivisions of Christianity relocated from 201–209 to 230–270  Standard subdivisions of Comparative religion integrated with Religion in general in 200.1–.9  Revised and expanded 296 Judaism and 297 Islam
    8. 8. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 200 Religion: Two-edition Plan DDC 22:  Specific aspects of religion relocated from 291 to 201–209  Expanded sources of Bahai Faith at 297.938  299.6, 299.7, and 299.8 revised and expanded
    9. 9. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 201–209 Specific aspects of religion  Same top-level structure as 291.1–.9  291.5 Moral theology recast as 205 Religious ethics  Updated with selected restructuring
    10. 10. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 201-209 Specific aspects of religion 201.7 Attitudes of religions toward social issues [formerly 291.17] 201.72 Political affairs [formerly 291.177] 201.721 Theocracy 201.723 Civil rights 201.727 International affairs [formerly 291.1787] 201.7273 War and peace 201.7275 Nuclear weapons and nuclear war
    11. 11. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 301–307 Sociology & anthropology  305–306 Social groups and institutions  Updated terminology and relationships  Discrimination and racism
    12. 12. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 305–306 Social groups & institutions  Different development and preference order than groups in Table 1 —08  Unworkable split between groups in 305 (e.g., lesbians) and institutions in 306 (e.g., lesbianism)  Outdated social viewpoints and relationships  Impact of replacement of Table 7
    13. 13. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 305 Social groups  Retain basic structure  Provide for fuller expression of social groups, e.g., Australian Aboriginal children 305.230899915 (305.23 in DDC 21)
    14. 14. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 305 Social groups vs. 306 Institutions Relocated persons by sexual orientation and marital status, e.g., DDC 21 DDC 22 Lesbians 305.489664 306.7663 Unmarried mothers 305.4896947 306.87432 Divorced persons 305.90653 306.89
    15. 15. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Updated Terminology and Relationships DDC 21: Children of unwed parents DDC 22: Children of unmarried parents DDC 21: Cohabitation in 306.735, part of institutions relating to the sexes DDC 22: Cohabitation in 306.841, a new number under types of marriage
    16. 16. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Discrimination and Racism  Use notation 08 from Table 1 plus interdisciplinary number: Discrimination against women in education 370.82 Racism in sports 796.089 Discrimination against retired people 306.3808  Interdisciplinary works on discrimination and racism in general still in 305 and 305.8
    17. 17. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 340 Law  341 renamed “Law of nations”  Topics in 341.4 and 341.7 with domestic law provisions in 342–347 relocated  Human rights development  Provision for “intergovernmental organizations”
    18. 18. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Regional Intergovernmental Organizations 349.24 Laws of the European Union 346.24 Private law in the European Union 346.240482 Copyright law of the European Union
    19. 19. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 400 Language  Grammar expansion in 415  New development for sign languages in 419 with geographic subdivision, e.g., Auslan 419.94  Scandinavian languages revised  Expansion for geographic variations of Chinese in 495.171–.179
    20. 20. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 4. Subdivisions of Individual Languages & Language Families —31 Specialized dictionaries expanded —5 Grammar expanded (parallels 415) —813 Spelling and pronunciation —89 Use of a spoken language or a manually coded form of a spoken language for communication with and by deaf persons
    21. 21. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 510 Mathematics  Targeted revisions and expansions  New development at 518: 518 Numerical analysis [formerly 515] 518.1 Algorithms [formerly 511.8] 518.2 Specific numerical methods 518.4 Numerical methods in algebra, arithmetic, number theory 518.5 Numerical approximation 518.6 Numerical methods in analysis
    22. 22. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 540 Chemistry 543 Analytical chemistry [544] Qualitative chemistry [545] Quantitative chemistry [547.3]Analytical organic chemistry
    23. 23. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 551.46 Hydrosphere and submarine geology Oceanography  Standard subdivisions regularized in 551.4601–.4609  New development for specific oceans and seas in 551.461  Revised and expanded topical development in 551.462–.468
    24. 24. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 610 Medicine & health  Revision of 610.73 Nursing and services of allied health personnel  New development for experimental medicine at 616.027 (and 619 vacated)  Revised and expanded development for virus diseases at 616.91 (relocated from 616.925)  New development for gram-positive bacterial infections at 616.929  New numbers for emerging diseases and medical problems throughout the schedule, e.g., 616.775 Sjogren’s syndrome, 616.84913 Cluster headache
    25. 25. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 610 Medicine & health  Improved index structure Diseases (Biology)  Diseases Diseases (Human)  Diseases—human  Use of MeSH Guidance on form of entry Selected mappings in electronic index
    26. 26. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 800 Literature + Table 3  Use of standard literary period tables for affiliated literatures extended in 810–890, e.g., novel in English by a 21st century New Zealand author 823.92  Revised Scandinavian literatures  New notation for picaresque fiction in Table 3B (—30877)  Revision of notation 3 in Table 3C
    27. 27. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 3C. Notation to Be Added Where Instructed in Table 3B, 700.4, 791.4, 808-809 —32 Places —35 Humanity —36 Physical and natural phenomena —377 Magic and witchcraft
    28. 28. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 900 History & geography  Updated historical periods and designation of centuries  Facilities for travelers moved from 647.94 to 910.46  Holocaust expansion
    29. 29. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 994 Updates: Historical Periods 994.065 1993–1996 1996–1999 relocated to 994.066 994.066 1996–1999 [formerly 994.065] 994.07 2000–
    30. 30. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 994 Updates: Centuries 994.02 Period of settlement and growth, 1788–1851 Class here 19th century For 1851–1899, see 994.03
    31. 31. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Facilities for Travelers  Interdisciplinary and descriptive works in 910.46  Facilities in specific areas in 913–919  New add table development at 06 under 913–919
    32. 32. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Youth Hostels in Queensland, 2003 edition 919.430667 91 Geography and travel 943 Queensland (Table 2) 066 Hostels (913–919 add table) 7 2000– (from 994.07)
    33. 33. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 940.5318 Holocaust 940.5318 Holocaust 940.53181 General topics of Holocaust 940.531811 Causes 940.531813+ Economic history 940.531814+ Consequences 940.531818 Holocaust denial 940.53183+ Resistance movements and rescue operations 940.53184+ Specific events 940.53185+ Ghettos and extermination camps 940.53186+ Commemorations and memorials 940.53187 Welfare services to Holocaust victims
    34. 34. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 2. Geographic Areas  New developments for Great Britain, South Africa, France, Colombia, and others issued as interim updates  Central Europe, Iran, and Quebec revised and expanded
    35. 35. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 1. Standard Subdivisions  —029 Commercial miscellany Subdivisions discontinued and reused for geographic treatment  Explanation of use of standard subdivisions under —08 and —0901–0905: If a standard subdivision is not given in the table above, do not add its notation to the kind of person in —081–089
    36. 36. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups  Renamed (previously “Racial, Ethnic, National Groups”)  Revised to reflect de-emphasis on race  American native peoples in —97 and —98 revised and expanded
    37. 37. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 6. Languages  Scandinavian languages revised  American native languages in —97 and —98 revised and expanded
    38. 38. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Selected New Numbers and Topics 302.231 Digital media 381.177 Online auctions 523.24 Extrasolar systems 617.057 Endoscopic surgery 621.38807 Digital television 641.56383 Low-carbohydrate cooking 651.792 Intranets 658.3123 Telecommuting 775 Digital photography 776 Computer art (Digital art)
    39. 39. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Structural Changes  Replacement of Table 7  Streamlining of Manual  Captions
    40. 40. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 7. Groups of Persons  Redundant and not always parallel to developments in Table 1 —08 and schedules  Replaced by direct use of notation already available in the schedules and in notation 08 from Table 1
    41. 41. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 7. Groups of Persons 174.9 Other professions and occupations Add to base number 174.9 notation 001–999, e.g., bioethics 174.957; however, for ethics of public administration and public office, see 172.2 Notation 001–999 replaces notation 09–99 from Table 7 with the result that many numbers have been reused with new meanings
    42. 42. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Table 7. Groups of Persons 305.908 Persons with disabilities and illnesses, gifted persons Add to base number 305.908 the numbers following —087 in notation 0871–0879 from Table 1, e.g., blind persons 305.9081 . . . The numbers following —087 in notation 0871–0879 from Table 1 replace the numbers following —08 in notation 081–082 from Table 7 with the result that many numbers have been reused with new meanings
    43. 43. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Manual  Introduced as separate in 1982 after publication of DDC 19  Integrated and expanded in DDC 20 & 21  Streamlined in DDC 22 to promote efficient use in print and electronic versions  Moved to volume 1 in print edition
    44. 44. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Manual: Key Changes  Notes transferred to tables and schedules  Basic instructions moved to Introduction  Converted LC practices to standard policy  Moved background information to Dewey Decimal Classification: Principles and Application  Added notes for new topics, e.g., Computer art  Remaining Manual notes rewritten in consistent style
    45. 45. Manual: Sample Note T1—074 vs. T1 — 029 Museums, collections, exhibits vs. Commercial miscellany Use —074 for catalogs whose primary purpose is to promote knowledge or art, such as catalogs of collections; use —029 for catalogs whose primary purpose is to promote sale or distribution of products. Use —074 for catalogs of replicas, duplicates, and minor items when offered for sale in museum- or exhibit-like settings by noncommercial institutions. Also use —074 for auction catalogs (e.g., in art), and for catalogs of temporary exhibits of groups of artists, even if a succession of such exhibits provides most of the artists with their primary source of income. If in doubt, prefer —074.
    46. 46. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Captions  Revised top two levels for presentation in print and electronic versions plus browsers  Targeted improvements in section summaries and actual headings  More work to do!!!
    47. 47. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Captions from DDC Summaries  000 Computer science, information & general works*  080 Quotations  598 Birds  610 Medicine & health*  640 Home & family management* *Also changed in schedules
    48. 48. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. More about DDC 22 www.oclc.org/dewey/DDC_Edition_22/Relocations_and_ discontinuations.pdf www.oclc.org/dewey/DDC_Edition_22/NEW_FEATURES. pdf
    49. 49. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. DDC 22 and WebDewey  Editorial cycle  Print edition as a snapshot in time  DDC 22 is updated continuously:  Biweekly and monthly on Dewey web site (www.oclc.org/dewey)  Quarterly releases of WebDewey
    50. 50. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. WebDewey  Online version of DDC 22  Updated quarterly  Additional built numbers & Relative Index terms  Vocabulary mappings  Online annotation  Content and tools not available in print version
    51. 51. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. WebDewey MeSH
    52. 52. Links to schedule records
    53. 53. Link to Manual note
    54. 54. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Sample WebDewey Entries Australian Aboriginal people—land tenure 346.9404320899915 Dinosaurs—Australia 567.90994 Savannas—ecology—Australia 577.480994 Plants—Australia 581.994 Sharks—Australia 597.317757 Short stories—English literature—Australian authors 823.0108994
    55. 55. Dewey in a Global/Local Context  International advisory committee (EPC)  200,000 libraries in 135 countries  62 national bibliographies
    56. 56. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Translations  Current full translations available in French, Italian, Russian, and Spanish  Current abridged translations available in Arabic, French, Greek, Icelandic, and Norwegian  Arabic (full), Chinese, Hebrew, Korean, and Vietnamese translations underway  German full translation underway in web and print versions
    57. 57. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Meaningful Notation 005.1 Programming 005.1 Programmation 005.1 Προγραμματισμός 005.1 Programmazione 005.1 Программирование 005.1 Programación
    58. 58. Area Expansion in German DDC 22 —43551 Regierungsbezirk Köln —435511 Aachen —435512 Kreise Aachen, Heinsberg, Düren, Euskirchen —4355122 Kreis Aachen —4355124 Kreis Heinsberg —4355126 Kreis Düren —4355128 Kreis Euskirchen —435513 Erftkreis —435514 Köln —435515 Leverkusen —435516 Rheinisch-Bergischer-Kreis, Oberbergischer Kreis —4355163 Rheinisch-Bergischer-Kreis —4355167 Oberbergischer Kreis —435518 Bonn —435519 Rhein-Sieg-Kreis
    59. 59. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Te Pātakataka: DDC and Subject Headings for New Zealand Primary Schools Rocky shore Dewey: 577.69 Royal New Zealand Air Force Dewey: 358 Waka Dewey: 623.8 Option: Class at 305.89 Used for: Canoes (Maori) Maori canoes
    60. 60. DDC caption service
    61. 61. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. e-Prints UK RDN gateway/portal service RDN gateway/portal service RDN gateway/portal service DDC Subject classification service Name authority service Citation analysis service Institutional e-print archives Personal e-print archives OAI-PMH SOAP Non-institutional e-print archives SOAP Javascript/HTTP Z39.50 e-Prints UK OCLC
    62. 62. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. How Can Australian Librarians Shape the Future of the DDC?  Share standard numbers in cataloging  Copy cataloging  Model for works on the same topic  Source of built numbers for harvesting into DDC
    63. 63. © 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. How Can Australian Librarians Shape the Future of the DDC?  Share standard numbers in cataloging  Suggest updates & new developments  Propose vocabulary mappings  Participate in review and testing  Study end user representations

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