1
Nuclear ActivitiesNuclear Activities
in Argentinain Argentina
Nuclear ActivitiesNuclear Activities
in Argentinain Argent...
Created on May 31st
1950. Until 1994
responsible for all
nuclear activities in the
country.
RA 1 reactor - 1957
National A...
3
PRESIDENT of the
Federal Government
ECONOMY
MINISTRY
SECRETARY
of ENERGY
NUCLEOELECTRICA
ARGENTINA (NA-SA)
SECRETARY
GEN...
CNEA MISSIONCNEA MISSIONCNEA MISSIONCNEA MISSION
Advise the Federal Government on nuclear
policy
R&D in the nuclear area, ...
5
GeographicaGeographica
lDistributionlDistribution
ofof ActivitiesActivities
GeographicaGeographica
lDistributionlDistrib...
6
Personnel : 990
ConstituyentesConstituyentes
Atomic CenterAtomic Center
ConstituyentesConstituyentes
Atomic CenterAtomic...
7
EzeizaEzeiza
Atomic CenterAtomic Center
EzeizaEzeiza
Atomic CenterAtomic Center
Personnel : 440
RA 3 Reactor 5 MW (10 MW...
8
Personnel : 430
BarilocheBariloche
AtomicAtomic
CenterCenter
BarilocheBariloche
AtomicAtomic
CenterCenter
Balseiro Insti...
9
Pilcaniyeu TechnologicalPilcaniyeu Technological
CenterCenter
Pilcaniyeu TechnologicalPilcaniyeu Technological
CenterCen...
10
President & Administration
Legal Affairs
Projects Management
International Affairs Personnel: 286
HeadquartersHeadquart...
11
Related CompaniesRelated CompaniesRelated CompaniesRelated Companies
49 %
CNEA
Reactors for
reseach &
Isotopes
producti...
12
Related CompaniesRelated Companies
(Cont.)(Cont.)
Related CompaniesRelated Companies
(Cont.)(Cont.)
32 %
CNEA
99 %
CNEA...
13
4.500 Employees
u$s 400 millions/year
NUCLEAR MEDICINENUCLEAR MEDICINE
(Diagnostics & treatments)(Diagnostics & treatme...
14
Nuclear Power & related Supplies
Medical & Industrial applications
Research & Development
Human Resources training
Nucl...
15
Embalse NPP
(600 Mw PHWR)
Atucha 1 NPP (350 Mw
PHWR)
Atucha 2 NPP (700 Mw
PHWR)
80% constructed
Nuclear PowerNuclear Po...
16
Power GenerationPower GenerationPower GenerationPower Generation
0
10000
20000
30000
40000
50000
60000
70000
80000
1990...
17
Heavy Water plant
200 Ton / year
Uranium enrichment
plant
Fuel Factories Uranium Mining
Nuclear SupNuclear Suppplieslie...
18
Heavy Water ProductionHeavy Water ProductionHeavy Water ProductionHeavy Water Production
Production capacity:
200 Ton/y...
19
1994 10 Tn
1995 50 Tn
1996 15 Tn
1997 10 Tn
1998 299 Tn
1999 187 Tn
2000 75 Tn
South Korea 106,000 kg
Germany 1,700
kg
...
20
Fuel Elements ProductionFuel Elements ProductionFuel Elements ProductionFuel Elements Production
CANDUCANDU
PHWRPHWR
MT...
21
Spent Fuel ElementsSpent Fuel Elements
ManagementManagement (interim)(interim)
Spent Fuel ElementsSpent Fuel Elements
M...
22
CAREM ReactorCAREM Reactor
1 Control drive 6 SG steam Outlet
2 Control drive 7 Absorbing element
rod structure 8 Fuel e...
23
Sigma Advanced UraniumSigma Advanced Uranium
Enrichment Diffusion TechnologyEnrichment Diffusion Technology
Sigma Advan...
24
Reactors and Cyclotrons
for radioisotopes
production
Hot cells for
encapsulation
& production of Sealed
Sources
Radioth...
25
Cobalt 60 ProductionCobalt 60 Production
CNEA manufactures Co60
Industrial
and Medical Sealed Sources
56 MCi produced a...
26
Cobalt 60 exportsCobalt 60 exports
In 1999 CNEA(Arg.), REVISS(UK) and
Belfinvest(Belg.) joined in a Strategic Alliance
...
27
Radioisotopes ProductionRadioisotopes Production
Candu
Reactor
Co60
Cyclotron
Ti201
MTR Reactor
Mo99
I131
P32
Cr51
Sm15...
28
School of nuclear medicineSchool of nuclear medicine
(FUESMEN)(FUESMEN)
School of nuclear medicineSchool of nuclear med...
29
Four Atomic Centers
Eight Research Reactors,
hot cells, labs. etc
Major programs in:
Innovative Reactors
Advanced fuel ...
30
RA 3
New materials
Optimization of Nuclear Fuel
Solar Energy
Hydrogen & Fuel cells
Waste Management
Decommissioning & e...
31
R&D in Basic Physics & Chemistry
Radioisotopes & Radiopharmaceuticals
Superconductivity
Engineering
Mechanical & Thermo...
32
Human ResourcesHuman Resources
TrainingTraining
Human ResourcesHuman Resources
TrainingTraining
BUENOS AIRES
Sabato Ins...
33
1984 ROMANIA
1985 ALGERIA
1987 IRAN
1988 TURKEY
1988 INDIA - CUBA
1992 EGYPT
2000 AUSTRALIA
1984 ROMANIA
1985 ALGERIA
1...
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CNEA

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CNEA

  1. 1. 1 Nuclear ActivitiesNuclear Activities in Argentinain Argentina Nuclear ActivitiesNuclear Activities in Argentinain Argentina National AtomicNational Atomic Energy CommissionEnergy Commission October 2002 E-mail: webmaster@cnea.gov.ar http://www.cnea.gov.ar
  2. 2. Created on May 31st 1950. Until 1994 responsible for all nuclear activities in the country. RA 1 reactor - 1957 National Atomic Energy CommissionNational Atomic Energy CommissionNational Atomic Energy CommissionNational Atomic Energy Commission
  3. 3. 3 PRESIDENT of the Federal Government ECONOMY MINISTRY SECRETARY of ENERGY NUCLEOELECTRICA ARGENTINA (NA-SA) SECRETARY GENERAL CNEA ARN
  4. 4. CNEA MISSIONCNEA MISSIONCNEA MISSIONCNEA MISSION Advise the Federal Government on nuclear policy R&D in the nuclear area, including Research and Power Reactors and Nuclear Fuels Waste management, decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear and radioactive facilities and site remediation By itself, or through its related Companies, supplier of Nuclear Fuel Cycle products, radioisotopes as well as services to the NPP and conventional industries
  5. 5. 5 GeographicaGeographica lDistributionlDistribution ofof ActivitiesActivities GeographicaGeographica lDistributionlDistribution ofof ActivitiesActivities
  6. 6. 6 Personnel : 990 ConstituyentesConstituyentes Atomic CenterAtomic Center ConstituyentesConstituyentes Atomic CenterAtomic Center Materials Science Nuclear Fuels Physics Chemistry Radiobiology Non Destructive Testing Heavy Ion Accelerator: 20 MV
  7. 7. 7 EzeizaEzeiza Atomic CenterAtomic Center EzeizaEzeiza Atomic CenterAtomic Center Personnel : 440 RA 3 Reactor 5 MW (10 MW) Radioisotopes Production Agricultural applications Food irradiation Hot Cells Waste Management
  8. 8. 8 Personnel : 430 BarilocheBariloche AtomicAtomic CenterCenter BarilocheBariloche AtomicAtomic CenterCenter Balseiro Institute Physics Nuclear Engineering Materials Science RA 6 Research Reactor
  9. 9. 9 Pilcaniyeu TechnologicalPilcaniyeu Technological CenterCenter Pilcaniyeu TechnologicalPilcaniyeu Technological CenterCenter Uranium Enrichment Pilot Plant UF6 Production Membranes production CAREM Critical Facility High Pressure Loop Personnel : 80
  10. 10. 10 President & Administration Legal Affairs Projects Management International Affairs Personnel: 286 HeadquartersHeadquartersHeadquartersHeadquarters Institutional Relations Auditor
  11. 11. 11 Related CompaniesRelated CompaniesRelated CompaniesRelated Companies 49 % CNEA Reactors for reseach & Isotopes production Nuclear Medicine equipment Radioisotopes production plants Aerospace Nuclear Power Generation Heavy Water production
  12. 12. 12 Related CompaniesRelated Companies (Cont.)(Cont.) Related CompaniesRelated Companies (Cont.)(Cont.) 32 % CNEA 99 % CNEA Special alloys & Zry tubes UO2 Production Nuclear Medicine Center 33 % CNEA Fuel elements fabrication Production per year: 100 ton of Nat-U fuel 36 ton of SEU fuel
  13. 13. 13 4.500 Employees u$s 400 millions/year NUCLEAR MEDICINENUCLEAR MEDICINE (Diagnostics & treatments)(Diagnostics & treatments) NUCLEAR MEDICINENUCLEAR MEDICINE (Diagnostics & treatments)(Diagnostics & treatments) 1.500.000 Treatments/year 1.300 Facilities 3.000 Employees u$s 200 millions/year NUCLEAR ACTIVITIESNUCLEAR ACTIVITIES (Excluding Medicine)(Excluding Medicine) NUCLEAR ACTIVITIESNUCLEAR ACTIVITIES (Excluding Medicine)(Excluding Medicine) Data DIC/2001
  14. 14. 14 Nuclear Power & related Supplies Medical & Industrial applications Research & Development Human Resources training Nuclear ProgramNuclear Program in Argentinain Argentina Nuclear ProgramNuclear Program in Argentinain Argentina
  15. 15. 15 Embalse NPP (600 Mw PHWR) Atucha 1 NPP (350 Mw PHWR) Atucha 2 NPP (700 Mw PHWR) 80% constructed Nuclear PowerNuclear Power (NA-(NA- SA)SA) Nuclear PowerNuclear Power (NA-(NA- SA)SA)
  16. 16. 16 Power GenerationPower GenerationPower GenerationPower Generation 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000 80000 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 GWh 53%39% 8% Fósil Hidráulica Nuclear Año 2000Year 2000
  17. 17. 17 Heavy Water plant 200 Ton / year Uranium enrichment plant Fuel Factories Uranium Mining Nuclear SupNuclear SupppliesliesNuclear SupNuclear Suppplieslies
  18. 18. 18 Heavy Water ProductionHeavy Water ProductionHeavy Water ProductionHeavy Water Production Production capacity: 200 Ton/year Process: Isotopic Monothermal exchange Hydrogen/Ammonia Isotopic concentration ≥ 99.9% Very low tritium content
  19. 19. 19 1994 10 Tn 1995 50 Tn 1996 15 Tn 1997 10 Tn 1998 299 Tn 1999 187 Tn 2000 75 Tn South Korea 106,000 kg Germany 1,700 kg Canada 470,000 kg Norway 1,500 kg TOTAL 579,200TOTAL 579,200 kgkg To be delivered Australia 8,500 Kg SalesSalesSalesSales ExportsExportsExportsExports Heavy WaterHeavy Water
  20. 20. 20 Fuel Elements ProductionFuel Elements ProductionFuel Elements ProductionFuel Elements Production CANDUCANDU PHWRPHWR MTRMTR
  21. 21. 21 Spent Fuel ElementsSpent Fuel Elements ManagementManagement (interim)(interim) Spent Fuel ElementsSpent Fuel Elements ManagementManagement (interim)(interim) Atucha NPP fuel: On site wet storage in pools Future on site dry storage envisaged Embalse NPP fuel: On site wet storage in pools + dry storage in concrete silos MTR Spent fuel: Centralized wet storage
  22. 22. 22 CAREM ReactorCAREM Reactor 1 Control drive 6 SG steam Outlet 2 Control drive 7 Absorbing element rod structure 8 Fuel element 3 Water level 9 Core 4 Steam generator 10 Core support 5 SG water inlet structure Low Power NPP with a new generation, inherently safety, innovative design Integrated PWR reactor 25 MWe scalable up to 300 LW natural convection cooling Passive safety systems CCAREMAREM
  23. 23. 23 Sigma Advanced UraniumSigma Advanced Uranium Enrichment Diffusion TechnologyEnrichment Diffusion Technology Sigma Advanced UraniumSigma Advanced Uranium Enrichment Diffusion TechnologyEnrichment Diffusion Technology Project targets Total Cost: 50 U$/SWU Capital Investment: Up to 25 U$/SWU Energy Consumption: Up to 25 U$/SWU O&M : Up to 5 U$/SWU Availability Factor: > 95 % year Cascade Economy Size: 500.000 SWU Interconection Capability in Parallel
  24. 24. 24 Reactors and Cyclotrons for radioisotopes production Hot cells for encapsulation & production of Sealed Sources Radiotherapy - Nuclear medicine Food and equipment sterilization facilities Applications in agriculture & industry Medicine & IndustryMedicine & IndustryMedicine & IndustryMedicine & Industry
  25. 25. 25 Cobalt 60 ProductionCobalt 60 Production CNEA manufactures Co60 Industrial and Medical Sealed Sources 56 MCi produced at Embalse NPP since 1985. Third worlwide producer Sources designed and produced under ISO 9000 Standards
  26. 26. 26 Cobalt 60 exportsCobalt 60 exports In 1999 CNEA(Arg.), REVISS(UK) and Belfinvest(Belg.) joined in a Strategic Alliance (STA), to produce and comercialize sealed sources in worldwide markets Today, 90% of the production is being exported
  27. 27. 27 Radioisotopes ProductionRadioisotopes Production Candu Reactor Co60 Cyclotron Ti201 MTR Reactor Mo99 I131 P32 Cr51 Sm153 Ir192 Hf181 Hg197 Hg203 Na24 K42
  28. 28. 28 School of nuclear medicineSchool of nuclear medicine (FUESMEN)(FUESMEN) School of nuclear medicineSchool of nuclear medicine (FUESMEN)(FUESMEN)
  29. 29. 29 Four Atomic Centers Eight Research Reactors, hot cells, labs. etc Major programs in: Innovative Reactors Advanced fuel elements Nuclear safety Waste management Decommissioning Research & DevelopmentResearch & DevelopmentResearch & DevelopmentResearch & Development
  30. 30. 30 RA 3 New materials Optimization of Nuclear Fuel Solar Energy Hydrogen & Fuel cells Waste Management Decommissioning & environmental remediation Plant life management High Tech Services to nuclear and conventional industries
  31. 31. 31 R&D in Basic Physics & Chemistry Radioisotopes & Radiopharmaceuticals Superconductivity Engineering Mechanical & Thermohydraulic tests Non destructive Testing Human Resources training
  32. 32. 32 Human ResourcesHuman Resources TrainingTraining Human ResourcesHuman Resources TrainingTraining BUENOS AIRES Sabato Institute Institute of Nuclear Studies BARILOCHE Balseiro Institute DEGREES MSc in: Physics Nuclear Engineering Materials Science Nuclear Reactors Radiochemistry PhD in: Physics Nuclear Engineering Materials Science Short Courses in: Nuclear Medicine Radiodosimetry Radiotherapy
  33. 33. 33 1984 ROMANIA 1985 ALGERIA 1987 IRAN 1988 TURKEY 1988 INDIA - CUBA 1992 EGYPT 2000 AUSTRALIA 1984 ROMANIA 1985 ALGERIA 1987 IRAN 1988 TURKEY 1988 INDIA - CUBA 1992 EGYPT 2000 AUSTRALIA 1980 PERU1980 PERU International ProjectsInternational Projects Research reactors Turnkey Atomic Centers Hot cells Fuel elements & equipment Radioisotopes & fuel elements production facilities

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