Appendix 21 Country Report Vietnam .ppt

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Appendix 21 Country Report Vietnam .ppt

  1. 1. 1 Current Status of RadiationCurrent Status of Radiation Protection in VietnamProtection in Vietnam Beijing, China 7-11 June 2004Beijing, China 7-11 June 2004 ByBy Dang Thanh LuongDang Thanh Luong Vietnam Agency for Radiation and NuclearVietnam Agency for Radiation and Nuclear safety & Controlssafety & Controls (VARANSAC)(VARANSAC)
  2. 2. 2 Overview of National ActivitiesOverview of National Activities The action plan on Radiation and Nuclear Safety and Controls is focused on the following main tasks: 1. Developing & improving the regulatory system 2.Establishing the Occupational Exposure Control 3.Establishing the Medical Exposure Control
  3. 3. 3 Overview of National ActivitiesOverview of National Activities 4.Establishing the Public Exposure Control 5. Safe Management of Radioactive Waste; Safety and Security for disused Sources and radioactive materials 6.Establishing the Emergency Response and Preparedness 7. Developing the calibration facilities 8. Manpower development and Public Information 9. License, inspection for Dalat Research Reactor
  4. 4. 4 1. Developing & improving the regulatory system 1.1 Restructuring and Strengthening the Regulatory body and radiation protection infrastructures 1.2 Implementing The Ordinance “Radiation Protection and Control” and relevant Decrees 1.31.3 The first Draft of the amended ORSC was beThe first Draft of the amended ORSC was be completed in 2003completed in 2003 1.4 The Atomic law is now being taken for1.4 The Atomic law is now being taken for drafting and its first draft will be submitted bydrafting and its first draft will be submitted by the end 2004the end 2004
  5. 5. 5 National Legal framework concerning radiation protection and control Basic Atomic LawBasic Atomic Law Ordinance on Radiation ControlOrdinance on Radiation Control Decree 50/1998/ND-CP on Implementation of Ordinance on Radiation Safety and Control Decree 50/1998/ND-CP on Implementation of Ordinance on Radiation Safety and Control Decree 19/2001/ND-CPon Punishment of violation of Ordinance on Rad. Safety and Control Decree 19/2001/ND-CPon Punishment of violation of Ordinance on Rad. Safety and Control Circularon radiation protection Circularon radiation protection Circularon Safe Manag. of Rad.Waste Circularon Safe Manag. of Rad.Waste Circularon Safe Transport of Rad.Mat Circularon Safe Transport of Rad.Mat Circularon fees and fares Circularon fees and fares Circularon licensing and inspection Circularon licensing and inspection Decisions on issuance of rules , codes of practices & standards on: •Radiotherapy Radiodiagnostic Nuclear medicine •Industrial radiographer, Industry,Research • Etc
  6. 6. 6 The existing legal documents concerning the safe use of ionizing radiation • Οrdinance 50-L/CTN/1996 on Radiation Safety and Control (ORSC) was passed on June 25th , 1996 by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and went into effect on January the first, 1997. There are 8 chapters with 38 articles in this ORSC. • Decree 50/1998/ND-CP on the Detail Directions for implementing of ORSC. This Decree was enacted on July 16th , 1998 by the Prime Minister of the Socialist Republics of Vietnam and went onto effect on August 1st , 1998. There are 7 chapters with 49 articles in this Decree.
  7. 7. 7 The existing legal documents concerning the safe use of ionizing radiation • Decree 19/2001/ ND-CP on the Punishment on violation of the ORSC and Decree 50/CP./1998) The Decree on the Punishment on violation of the ORSC and Decree 50/CP./1998 was enacted on May 11,2001. There are 5 chapters with 40 articles in this Decree
  8. 8. 8 Safety standards, Safety Requirements, Codes of Practice and guidelines... • The following Safety Standards were promulgated in 2001 Occupational Radiation Dose limits for radiation worker and public TCVN6866:2001 Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials- TCVN 6867:2001 Safe Management and Treatments of radioactive Wastes - Classification of Radioactive WastesTCVN6868:2001 Radiation Protection- Medical exposure-General provisions TCVN6869:2001 Exemption of Radiation Sources and Practices from Regulatory Control TCVN6870:2001
  9. 9. 9 Safety standards, Safety Requirements, Codes of Practice and guidelines... • The following Safety Standards were issued in 2002 – TCVN 7173:2002 (ISO 9271:1992) Decontamination of radioactively contaminated surfaces - Testing of decontamination agents for textiles – TCVN 7174:2002 (ISO 12794:2000) Nuclear energy – Radiation protection – Individual thermoluminescence dosimeters for extremities and eyes – TCVN 7077:2002 (ISO 1757:1996) Personal photographic dosimeters – TCVN 7078-1:2002 (ISO 7503-1:1988) Evaluation of surface contamination - Part 1: Beta-emitters (maximum beta energy greater than 0,15 MeV) and alpha-emitters
  10. 10. 10 • The following the codes of practices are submitted for issuing Radiation safety in radiotherapy Radiation safety in Nuclear Medicine Radiation safety in Diagnostic Radiology Radiation safety in Industrial Radiography Radiation safety in Industrial Irradiation facilities Safety standards, Safety Requirements, Codes of Practice and guidelines...
  11. 11. 11 • The following guides are available for reviewing inspection guide for Diagnostic Radiology practices inspection guide for Industrial Radiography practices Two more guides are now in drafting Inspection guide for Radiotherapy Inspection guide for non medical irradiation facilities Safety standards, Safety Requirements, Codes of Practice and guidelines...
  12. 12. 12 Radiation protection Circulars/ Regulations: • On 28 December 1999 two Ministers of the MOSTE and MOH enacted the Ministerial Circular on Guidelines for implementing Radiation Safety in Medical Practices • Circular on Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials 14/2003/TT-BKHCN was issued on 11 July 2003 • At the present time, The following circulars are submitted for issuing :  the Circular on Radiation Protection  The Circular on Radioactive Waste Management  Circular on guides on Authorization
  13. 13. 13 Radiation protection Circulars/ Regulations: • Safety Regulations for ionizing Radiation TCVN 4397-87: Before enacting ORSC, in 1987 Safety regulation for ionizing radiation TCVN 4397-87 was issued by the Minister of the Ministry of Science Technology and Environment (MOSTE) in series of Vietnam Standard-TCVN; it went into effect on January the first, 1988 • Regulation for Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials - TCVN 4955-89 The Regulation for Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials - TCVN 4955-89 was enacted by MOSTE on 25 December 1989 and went into effect on July 1, 1990. • The Safety Standard TCVN 6561:1999: Radiation protection for medical installations using X-ray machines was enacted in 1999
  14. 14. 14 System Authorization (Notification,System Authorization (Notification, Licensing/ Registration) and InspectionLicensing/ Registration) and Inspection Authorization The authorization system has been established • The DOSTs are assigned to license the X-ray medical diagnostic facilities • The other facilities and practices will be authorized by the MOST via VARANSAC
  15. 15. 15 Regulatory bodyRegulatory body • The Ministry of Science Technology and Environment ( now it is renamed "Ministry of Science and Technology") has been assigned as the Regulatory body. The following organizations are supporting agencies for the Minister in the relevant issues:
  16. 16. 16 Regulation Authority Diagram National Assemble Government MOST VAEC VARANSAC Other Ministries Legal office Inspector Utilities 64 DOSTs New
  17. 17. 17 Regulation Authority MOST • Under the Article 29 of Ordinance and the Article 34 of Decree 50/CP the Ministry of Science, Technology and environment ( now is renamed Ministry of Science, and Technology)-MOSTE was designated as the Regulatory Authority for Radiation safety and control. • MOST is a Regulatory Body being responsible to Government for the exercise of unified State management over radiation safety and control throughout the country, responsible for organizing and directing all radiation safety and control activities within the scope its function and duties.
  18. 18. 18 Regulation AuthorityRegulation Authority VARANSAC • Under MOSTE the Vietnam Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Authority (VRPA) was established by the Decision No 389/TTg of the Prime Minister of 30 July 1994 and Decision No 159/QD-TCCB of Minister of MOSTE of 4 March 1995 to assist in State management of Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety. • The New Agency is a successor of the Vietnam Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Authority has been established by the Governmental Decree 54/2003/ND-CP and Decision 1073/QD- BKHCN dated 20June 2003 (Vietnam Agency for Radiation and Nuclear Safety & Controls)
  19. 19. 19 Regulation AuthorityRegulation Authority VRPA • The duties, functions, and responsibilities of the VARANSAC were defined in accordance with the Articles 34 of the Decree 50/1998/ND- CP and Decree 54/2003/ND-CP and Decision 12/2004/QD-BKHCN as well. See a organization chart
  20. 20. 20 Director General Deputy DG Administrative Office Registration and Authorization Section Inspection, Control and Emergency Response Section International Relations, Legal and Information Section Radiation and Nuclear Safety Technique Support Section Organization structure of the Vietnam Agency for Radiation and Nuclear Safety & Controls New
  21. 21. 21 Regulation AuthorityRegulation Authority DOST • According to the article 42 of the Decree 50/1998/ND- CP the Departments of Science Technology and environment (DOSTE) of 64 provinces /cities under direction of MOSTE are also involved in the provincial management of Radiation Protection in its province such as issuing a license for diagnostic radiology departments and reporting regularly to MOSTE via VARANSAC. That means that the VARANSAC has 64 contact points
  22. 22. 22 Regulation AuthorityRegulation Authority VAEC • Under direction of the MOSTE, Vietnam Atomic Energy Commission(VAEC) is mobilized to assist the VARANSAC on the following aspects: – Performing the technical radiation protection services such as calibration, Personal dose monitoring... – Reviewing SAR
  23. 23. 23 ResourcesResources • To operate and perform its function, the VARANSAC has the resources from the National Action Plan on Radiation Protection and Regular budget • Staff of the VARANSAC is 15 persons New
  24. 24. 24 System Authorization (Notification,System Authorization (Notification, Licensing/ Registration) and InspectionLicensing/ Registration) and Inspection Authorization  The licenses, registration are applied to organizations / individuals possessing radiation / nuclear facilities and installation, using radioactive materials, radiation sources....  The licenses are applied to operation of radiation/nuclear facilities and carrying out radiation works  The licenses are also applied to personals who perform a special radiation work such as NDT, Nuclear reactor operators, Radiotherapy...  The licenses are applied to a export, import and transportation and storage of radioactive materials, radiation sources.
  25. 25. 25 System of Authorization (Notification,System of Authorization (Notification, Licensing/ Registration) and InspectionLicensing/ Registration) and Inspection Inspection • Inspection programme has been established • The VARANSAC and DOST are responsible for the regular controls and inspection of radiation facilities. In special cases the inspection will be carried by the VARANSAC under the MOST's inspectorate umbrella
  26. 26. 26 System of Authorization (Notification,System of Authorization (Notification, Licensing/ Registration) and InspectionLicensing/ Registration) and Inspection Inspection • The Radiation safety inspection is a specialized inspection within the system of State specialized inspection on Science, technology and environment in accordance with the Chapter III, Article 43 of Decree 50/1998/ND-CP. • The VARANSAC has drafted a guidance for performance of specialized inspection and control regarding to radiation protection.
  27. 27. 27 System of Authorization (Notification,System of Authorization (Notification, Licensing/ Registration) and InspectionLicensing/ Registration) and Inspection InventoryInventory • 90% of radiation sources and facilities has been inventoried • The database is regularly updated • E-RAIS is ready for use
  28. 28. 28 System of Authorization (Notification,System of Authorization (Notification, Licensing/ Registration) and InspectionLicensing/ Registration) and Inspection InventoryInventory • The number of radiation facilities is of : 1432 facilities ( about 92% existing facilities belonged to medical practices and about of 6%of Industrial practices)6%of Industrial practices) • The number of radiation workers is of 3859 workers (about(about 10.6% of them from10.6% of them from Industrial practices, 79.2 % fromIndustrial practices, 79.2 % from medical practices)medical practices) • The number of x-ray machines is of: 1952 machines • The number of radioactive sources is of: 1281sources
  29. 29. 29 2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure ControlControl • The internal individual monitoring has been set up by using the bioassay- method (Urine samples) at Dalat Nuclear research institute. • The internal individual monitoring was carried out for radiation workers producing nuclear isotopes.
  30. 30. 30 2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure ControlControl • The personal radiation monitoring service performances are following the IAEA guides and manufacture procedures as well • Both of two laboratories carrying out the personal radiation monitoring services have been accredited by the MOST via VARANSAC • The staff of both of two laboratories are well trained
  31. 31. 31 2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure ControlControl • Personal dose monitoring services are intent to cover all radiation workers with the high potential of occupational exposure such as in radiotherapy, isotope production, irradiation facilities, NDT practices and at the nuclear reactor. • It is found out that the most critical groups are radiation workers in NDT and isotope production. • It is about 76% of radiation workers have been monitored by TLD • The Attention should be paid more to the workplace monitoring
  32. 32. 32 2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure ControlControl • Both of two Laboratories have been participating in RCA intercomparison exercise, • In 2002, 2003 a national intercomparison programme on determination of Operational personal dose equivalents quantities was carried out. The program will be running regularly • The good results of intercomparison have been recorded
  33. 33. 33 2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure2. Establishing the Occupational Exposure ControlControl • The ISO / IEC quality assurance Programme are being considered to be established in the appropriate time
  34. 34. 34 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl For controlling medical exposure, the following regulatory standards and guides are available: VietnamStandards- TCVN : • The Safety Standard TCVN 6561:1999: Radiation protection for medical installations using X-ray machines was enacted in 1999 • Radiation Protection- Medical exposure-General provisions TCVN6869:2001
  35. 35. 35 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl Guides on • Radiation Protection in Radiotherapy • Radiation Protection in Diagnostic Radiology • Radiation Protection in Nuclear Medicine
  36. 36. 36 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl • The guides on authorization of radiation facilities are available for medical practices (Radiotherapy, diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine departments). The special radiation practice license will be granted for persons who are involved in radiotherapy treatments including maintaining Radiotherapy facilities.
  37. 37. 37 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl Interaction between regulators and professionals using ionizing radiation: • For harmonizing radiation protection in medical practice the Ministerial Circular on Radiation protection and control in medical Practices was issued in 28.Dec.1999 by the Ministers of the Ministry of Science Technology and Environment and Ministry of Health
  38. 38. 38 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl • For strengthening radiation safety in medical practices, the Advisory Council on Radiation Protection was established in MOH. The functions of this council are to assist the Minister of MOH in relevant maters such as setting up radiation protection programmes for specific practices, drafting the guides… • Maintain close relations between MOST and MOH
  39. 39. 39 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl Regarding to establishing QA/QC Programme the following guides are available: • DLVN 40:1999: Cobalt -60 teletherapy equipment- Methods andmeans of verification • DLVN 41:1999 X-ray general diagnostic radiography and direct fluoroscopy--Methods and means of verification • DLVN 42:1999 X-rayintensifier fluoroscopy--Methods andmeans of verification • DLVN 42:2000 Computerized Tomography -Methods andmeans of verification • Diagnostic X-rayequipment compliancetestingbook
  40. 40. 40 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl Quality assurance in diagnostic and therapeutic uses of radiation • For implementing QA/QC in diagnostic and therapeutic uses of radiation the series of DLVN Vietnam Verification Metrology on Diagnostic radiological devices were issued for General -x- ray machine, Intensifying Fluoroscopy, Computerized Tomography as well as for Cobalt- 60 radiotherapeutic unit.
  41. 41. 41 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl • The pilot QA Audit for dosimetry in Radiotherapy using postal TLD has been established. 08 radiotherapy departments have been participating in this programme. All beams in use have been checked regularly
  42. 42. 42 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl 0.90 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.06 1.08 Hospital 1 Hospital 2 Hospital 3 Hospital 4 Hospital 5 Hospital 6 IAEA1 VAEC1 IAEA2 VAEC2 IAEA ss VAEC3 TLD postal dosimetry audit in radiotherapy
  43. 43. 43 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl • The similar program was also taking places for dose-calibrators used in the Nuclear medicine, the 07 Nuclear medicine departments are involving in this programme Guidance levels for diagnostic examinations • The guidance levels for diagnostic examinations have been introduced to radiographers and radiologists
  44. 44. 44 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl Action plansAction plans Establishing the QA/QC network for radiodiagnostic : Establishing a pilot QA/QC programme Establish step by step the in-house QA/QC programme for radiodiagnostic departments Patient dose survey  MOH has a plan to build 02 Cyclotron in next years New
  45. 45. 45 3. Establishing the medical Exposure3. Establishing the medical Exposure ControlControl Establishing the QA/QC network for Nuclear medicine: National intercomparision for dose calibrators Manpower development: To conduct the training courses on radiation protection and QA/QC for medical practitioners To conduct the training courses or post- graduated course on Medical physicists
  46. 46. 46 4. Establishing the Public Exposure4. Establishing the Public Exposure ControlControl • Environmental Monitoring The three radiation monitoring stations have been established for monitoring radioactive isotopes in air, water and soil
  47. 47. 47 4. Establishing the Public Exposure4. Establishing the Public Exposure ControlControl Food Monitoring: Threelaboratories arecarryingradiation monitoringinfoodstuff • ConsumerProducts Thecircularondetaildirectionon implementationof Decree11/1999/ND-CPon business andtradeof radioactiveconsumer products, radioactivematerials/sources and devices was drafted
  48. 48. 48 4. Establishing the Public Exposure4. Establishing the Public Exposure ControlControl Action plan – Establishing and maintaining operation of the environmental radiation monitoring stations – Upgrading of Food Monitoring Programme – Establishing the national database – Dose assessment, modeling
  49. 49. 49 5. Management of Radioactive Waste,5. Management of Radioactive Waste, Radiation Safety and Security for disusedRadiation Safety and Security for disused Sources and radiation materialsSources and radiation materials Radioactive waste • Alargenumberof spent radiationsources are beingkept at theend-userstorages. These sources wereregistered. Howeverthesecurity measures havetobemorestrengthened.
  50. 50. 50 5. Management of Radioactive Waste,5. Management of Radioactive Waste, Radiation Safety and Security for disusedRadiation Safety and Security for disused Sources and radiation materialsSources and radiation materials Radioactive waste • The purposes of the Workshop is to enable the regulatory body as well as all relevant agencies to develop and take a necessary actions to maintain and improve the safe uses of radiation sources and the security of radioactive materials over their life cycle. • The public aware has been addressed to regaining control over orphan sources • Taking a measure to monitor scrap metals New
  51. 51. 51 5. Management of Radioactive Waste,5. Management of Radioactive Waste, Radiation Safety and Security for disusedRadiation Safety and Security for disused Sources and radiation materialsSources and radiation materials Radioactive waste • Regarding to spent radiation sources, particularly Radium -226 radiation sources ( more than 520 items) the MOH has requested the VAEC to submit a proposal to the IAEA for assistance to condition all Radium sources.
  52. 52. 52 5. Management of Radioactive Waste,5. Management of Radioactive Waste, Radiation Safety and Security for disusedRadiation Safety and Security for disused Sources and radiation materialsSources and radiation materials Action Plan • The following issues will be considered: • Settingup theclearancelevels, dischargelevel toenvironment • Selectingsiteforlongtermstorage • Conditioningspent sources (Radiumsources) • regainingcontroloverof orphansource • Spent fuel • DiscommisioningDalat researchreactor • NormandTenorm
  53. 53. 53 5. Management of Radioactive Waste,5. Management of Radioactive Waste, Radiation Safety and Security for disusedRadiation Safety and Security for disused Sources and radiation materialsSources and radiation materials Action Plan • The effective management of disused sources, focusing on conditioning of all radium sources used in medical practices. • Establishing the national database • Submit a proposal for implementing the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources • Preparing a necessary documentation regarding regulatory aspects of the return of disused sources. • Conditioning all unused Radium sources and the other
  54. 54. 54 5. Management of Radioactive Waste,5. Management of Radioactive Waste, Radiation Safety and Security for disusedRadiation Safety and Security for disused Sources and radiation materialsSources and radiation materials • Categorization of sources. • Developing, selecting and setting up monitoring equipment at suitable nodal points such as scrap metal yards and waste management facilities as well as ports of entry and exit. • Setting up a system of information exchange between national and international agencies. • Establishing education and training programmes on radiation protection as well as a public information programme.
  55. 55. 55 6. Emergency Response and Preparedness6. Emergency Response and Preparedness – The Emergency Response to Radiological and nuclear accidents/incidents have to be linked to National Emergency Response System – The Emergency Response and Preparedness Plans are required for: • Research Reactor and Radioisotope Production (Dalat) • Irradiators (3 Industrial & 2 Research) • radiotherapy units(Cobalt-60 and LINAC), Nuclear medicine • NDT Facilities, Transportation of Radioactive materials • Waste Storage Facilities...
  56. 56. 56 6. Emergency Response and Preparedness6. Emergency Response and Preparedness Action Plan • The development of technical capabilities for preparedness and response to radiation emergencies are great and essential issue. • Many governmental agencies should be involved in these activities so It is necessary to establish a national coordinating system • Asking the assistance from IAEA and other sources • The National workshop on preparedness and response to radiation emergencies will be organized in November 2004 New
  57. 57. 57 7. Developing the calibration facilities7. Developing the calibration facilities Updating the calibration facilities: development of the neutron calibration facilities Development of the beta calibration facilities Development of the reference low radiation dose rate field
  58. 58. 58 8. Manpower development and Public8. Manpower development and Public InformationInformation • Sustainable training mechanisms • The training materials were prepared in 2001 and 2002. The materials were produced based on IAEA training modules • Three training centers have been established in Hanoi, Hochiminh and Dalat with supporting from Japan, IAEA and India • More than 2000 persons have been attending TC on Radiation protection for the last 3 years
  59. 59. 59 8. Manpower development and Public8. Manpower development and Public InformationInformation – Training trainers – Establishing training programme for RPO, radiation workers – conducting the courses for radiation protection and radiation measurements – Conducting training courses on Licensing and inspection for 128 staffs from 64 DOST, who are in charge of radiation protection in provinces/cities
  60. 60. 60 9. License for Dalat Research Reactor9. License for Dalat Research Reactor The Dalat Research Reactor has been licensed
  61. 61. 61 Working Plan in 2004 • National Workshop for evaluation of the regulatory activities for the last 5 years planned in August 2004 • National Workshop for Emergency Preparedness on Radiological incidents in November, 20004 • 02 manpower Training course for Staff from the DOST in September and October,2004
  62. 62. 62 IAEA assistance under RAS 9/029 Request the Agency to organize : Training Workshop on Radiation Safety for Cyclotron Facilities
  63. 63. 63 Thank you for yourThank you for your attention !attention !

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