CURRENT STATUS OF Bangladesh in
RADIATION PROTECTION
COUNTRY PRESENTATION: BANGLADESH
IAEA/ RCA REVIEW MEETING OF NATIONAL...
 Radiation practices of different types
are increasing gradually. Now these
are applied in a number of areas and
have rel...
 Fields of application/ End-user sectors
 Healthcare
 Industry
 Construction
 Water resources
 Isotope production
 ...
 The Law on Nuclear Safety and Radiation
Control Act 1993
 BAEC identified as the Competent Authority.
BAEC formulated R...
 Amended law on the creation of an
independent regulatory Board
Comments on the draft from the Legal
Division of IAEA in...
Funding
 Fund for regulatory activities are provided from
following sources
 Government Fund
 License and permit fee
 ...
Coordination and Cooperation
 Coordination and cooperation with the concerned
Ministries and agencies effective and focus...
Activities of Regulatory Authority
Salient features
 Notification and Empowerment
Notification: Electronic and printed m...
Activities of Regulatory Authority
Salient features
 Authorization
 NSRC Law: Defines system
 Application forms prescri...
Practices Number Licences Issued
Diagnostic radiology 2392 1350 (52%)
Radiotherapy 9 8 (90%)
Nuclear medicine 17 17 (100%)...
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Radiotherapy Nuclear
medicine
Industrial
radiography
Industrial
irradiator
Nuclear
gaugesand
w...
Activities of Regulatory Authority:Salient
features
Elements of verification of compliance are:
inspection
Radiological...
Experience Contd.
 COMPLIANCE MONITORING
 Inspection
 Inspectors carry out the tasks to
assess responsiveness of activi...
Regulatory Activities
 Authorization:
Purpose: Compliance with regulatory
requirements
 Authorization system delineated ...
Activities of Regulatory Authority:Salient
features
 Enforcement
 NSRC Law: Defines system
 Monitor and provide suggest...
Frequency of Inspection by type of Practice
Practice Type Risk Frequency (mo)
Ind. Radiography Stationary Medium 24
Ind. R...
Activities of Regulatory Authority:Salient
features
 Verification of compliance
 NSRC Law: Defines system
Important ele...
Activities of Regulatory Authority::Technical
Services
 Analytical Service
 There are radioactivity measurement
services...
Activities of Regulatory Authority::Technical
Services Calibration
 Calibration services provided to the installation in...
Activities of Regulatory Authority:Salient
features
 Quality Assurance
 The Quality Assurance program for various
radiat...
Experience in implementation
 BAEC established an Individual Monitoring
system based on TLD’s which has the capability to...
Occupational Exposure Control:
Individual Monitoring Service
 Coverage increasing due to interventions :
Motivation
Min...
Individual Monitoring Service
Practice
(Number of facilities)
Number of
radiation
workers
(Estimated)
Number of
Radiation
...
Number of Issued TLD and Number of Organizations for the Year 2003
42
22
24 24
16
12
25
13
20
8
14
19
58
32
70
48
23
33
41...
Individual Monitoring Service (contd.)
[ annual average dose]
Practice No. of radiation
workers
Annual average personal
do...
Calibration
 SSDL traceable to PSDL of UK
 Calibration and standardization of all
monitroing devices throughout the coun...
SSDL Services
Year No. of survey
meter
No. of pocket
dosimeter
No. of TLD /
Film Badge
1998 10 9 132
1999 27 9 321
2000 21...
Intercomparison of Dose Quality
-3
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Year
%devia...
Workplace Monitoring
 Workplace Monitoring
 BAEC recently conducted a nationwide
workplace monitoring survey program
 O...
Medical Exposure Control
 Medical Exposure Control
 The authorized Radiation Control Officers
(RCO) are responsible for ...
Medical Exposure Control
 WHO assistance for two training events
 IAEA: Four training events
 Open Forum Discussion of ...
Public Exposure Control
 Public Exposure Control
 Efforts to account all radioactive wastes
 All known radium sources o...
Transport Safety
 Regulatory body is the competent authority
 IAEA Transport regulation adopted in the existing
regulati...
 Regulatory authority empowered to intervene in
mitigating effects of a radilogical accident
 BAEC included in the disas...
Education and Training
 Three strings
 Regulatory personnel
 RCO’s of licensed facilities
 Users/ Practioners
 Regula...
Education and Training
 RCO Training Courses ( 1-3 Weeks) for different
practices.
 Feed-back workshops RCO Training Cou...
Achievements with respect to IAEA
Milestones
 Operational system of notification, authorization,
inspection and enforceme...
Conclusions
 Strong government commitment and also
involvement of all groups of stakeholders
essential
 Radiation protec...
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Appendix 08B Bangladesh power point presentation.ppt

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Appendix 08B Bangladesh power point presentation.ppt

  1. 1. CURRENT STATUS OF Bangladesh in RADIATION PROTECTION COUNTRY PRESENTATION: BANGLADESH IAEA/ RCA REVIEW MEETING OF NATIONAL FOCAL POINTS ON RADIATION PROTECTION 7-11 JUNE 2004, BEIJING, CHINA Dr. C. S. Karim Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission
  2. 2.  Radiation practices of different types are increasing gradually. Now these are applied in a number of areas and have relevance to national development  Consequences of lack of control May become counter productive?? Radiation Control is thus indispensable Introduction
  3. 3.  Fields of application/ End-user sectors  Healthcare  Industry  Construction  Water resources  Isotope production  Food preservation  Oil and gas exploration, etc. Introduction (contd.)
  4. 4.  The Law on Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control Act 1993  BAEC identified as the Competent Authority. BAEC formulated Rules of 1997  Redeeming Features:  Rules consistent with the Basic Safety Standard  Empowerment of regulator to frame rules and regulations Provisions non-discriminatroy: Regulation of BAEC Activities same footing Legal and Administrative Instruments
  5. 5.  Amended law on the creation of an independent regulatory Board Comments on the draft from the Legal Division of IAEA incorporated  Penalty Clause to be revised  Draft awaits cabinet approval before enactment by the Parliament Legal and Administrative Instruments (contd.)
  6. 6. Funding  Fund for regulatory activities are provided from following sources  Government Fund  License and permit fee  Registration Fees from trainees  Technical Assistance from IAEA  Occasional Financial Assistance (WHO..) for specific activities GOVERNMENT INPUTS SUBSTANTIAL  A project on strengthening taken up
  7. 7. Coordination and Cooperation  Coordination and cooperation with the concerned Ministries and agencies effective and focused  MOHFW: National Committee on radiation control  Professional associations:  Society of Radiology and imaging  Society of Nuclear Medicine  Medical Physicist’s Association  Society of Radiation Oncologist  Association of X-ray Owners  Bangaladesh Cancer Society  NDT Society, etc. International agencies (IAEA, WHO..)
  8. 8. Activities of Regulatory Authority Salient features  Notification and Empowerment Notification: Electronic and printed media  Professional associations  Concerned Ministries  MOSICT letter to district administration Nation-wide survey made possible through effective notification measures  Empowerment adequate ( NSRC Law)
  9. 9. Activities of Regulatory Authority Salient features  Authorization  NSRC Law: Defines system  Application forms prescribed (8 practices)  Information collected from survey and site visit by Inspectors  Evaluation done on the basis of set criteria  Conditional licenses are sometimes issued.  Final license on the basis of revisit and compliance of conditions
  10. 10. Practices Number Licences Issued Diagnostic radiology 2392 1350 (52%) Radiotherapy 9 8 (90%) Nuclear medicine 17 17 (100%) Industrial radiography 10 9 (90%) Industrial irradiator 3 3 (100%) Nuclear gauges and well logging 18 18 (100%) Research reactor and neutron generator 5 4 (80%) Radioisotope production 1 1(100%) Waste storage(under construction) 1 0 Beach sand processing 1 0 Total 2457 1420 (60%) Inventory of radioactive source by practice as of May, 2004
  11. 11. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Radiotherapy Nuclear medicine Industrial radiography Industrial irradiator Nuclear gaugesand well logging Research reactor and neutron generator Radioisotope production Waste storage (under construction) Beachsand processing Practices NumberofPracticesandLicenses Issued Number License Issued Activities of Regulatory Authority Licensing Status of licensing of radiation facilities: May 2004
  12. 12. Activities of Regulatory Authority:Salient features Elements of verification of compliance are: inspection Radiological safety assessment notification of incidents and accidents Reports on licensing Systematic assessment of licensees
  13. 13. Experience Contd.  COMPLIANCE MONITORING  Inspection  Inspectors carry out the tasks to assess responsiveness of activities to the related requirements as stipulated in the legal instruments.  Types of inspection  Announced, Unannounced Exit meeting : Deficiencies discussed and advices Follow up: Letter confirming findings
  14. 14. Regulatory Activities  Authorization: Purpose: Compliance with regulatory requirements  Authorization system delineated in NSRC Rules of 1997.  prescribed application forms for licenses in 8 different categories developed  Evaluation is conducted on the basis of : (a)Information provided by the applicant (b)Information gathered during facility visits
  15. 15. Activities of Regulatory Authority:Salient features  Enforcement  NSRC Law: Defines system  Monitor and provide suggestions on non- compliance and removal of deficiencies through inspection  Inspection plan and Feed back  Classified facilities according to risk of each class of activity Determined frequency of inspection for each group
  16. 16. Frequency of Inspection by type of Practice Practice Type Risk Frequency (mo) Ind. Radiography Stationary Medium 24 Ind. Radiography Movable High 12 Medical Teletherapy High 12 Brachatherapy High 12 Diagnostic X-Ray Low 36 Nuclear Medicine Therapy High 12 Diagnosis Medium 24 Ind. Practices Irradiators High 12 Level gauges Medium 24 Research X-Ray Fluoresence Low 24 Activation,Calibration Medium 24 Analytical work Low 48
  17. 17. Activities of Regulatory Authority:Salient features  Verification of compliance  NSRC Law: Defines system Important elements: In-Situ inspection  Radiological safety assessment  Notification of accidents and incidents Reports on licensees and systematic assessment  Removal of deficiencies through inspection  Inspection plan and Feed back  Security of sources
  18. 18. Activities of Regulatory Authority::Technical Services  Analytical Service  There are radioactivity measurement services in the Health Physics Division (Dhaka) and in the Radiation Monitoring and Waste Management Laboratory.  Radioactivity measurements, which may be needed for radiation safety, (leak testing of sealed sources, identification of radionuclides, etc.) can be carried out at the present time in Bangladesh.
  19. 19. Activities of Regulatory Authority::Technical Services Calibration  Calibration services provided to the installation in the government and private sector Advisory Services  Improvement of radiation protection in different practices  Improvement of quality  Capacity building and planning (i.e. Centres of excellence)  Radwaste management and monitoring  Maintenance of radiation measuring equipment, etc.  Services are available to both the Public and Private Sectors
  20. 20. Activities of Regulatory Authority:Salient features  Quality Assurance  The Quality Assurance program for various radiation practices has not yet been developed.  Licensees, especially those engaged in radiation practices in the health sector, have been instructed to prepare their respective Q.A programs.  The regulator will review the Q.A programs.
  21. 21. Experience in implementation  BAEC established an Individual Monitoring system based on TLD’s which has the capability to cover roughly all the radiation workers  The system is costly (roughly USD 450,000)  Response from the radiation workers not encouraging (45% coverage)  Coverage of critical groups more or less acceptable
  22. 22. Occupational Exposure Control: Individual Monitoring Service  Coverage increasing due to interventions : Motivation Ministry instructions Licensing condition Critical group (industrial, therapeutic and nuclear medicine) coverage better X-Ray?? INTER-COMPARISON: Encouraging
  23. 23. Individual Monitoring Service Practice (Number of facilities) Number of radiation workers (Estimated) Number of Radiation workers (Monitored) Percentage of workers Monitored Radiodiagnostic (2468 units in 2099 installations) 3000 1249 42% Radiotherapy ( 9 units) 128 128 100% Nuclear Medicine ( 16 units) 230 23 100 % Irradiator, Radiography, Nucleonic Gauge, Oil Logging (37 units) 185 150 81% Research Reactor and Other Research Facilities (3 Units) 151 151 100 % Isotope Production, Waste Management 39 39 100%
  24. 24. Number of Issued TLD and Number of Organizations for the Year 2003 42 22 24 24 16 12 25 13 20 8 14 19 58 32 70 48 23 33 41 21 34 51 29 27 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Jan'03 Feb'03 Mar'03 Apr'03 May'03 Jun'03 Jul'03 Aug'03 Sep'03 Oct'03 Nov'03 Dec'03 Months Noof Organization Noof TLDbadgeissued
  25. 25. Individual Monitoring Service (contd.) [ annual average dose] Practice No. of radiation workers Annual average personal dose equivalent in mSv Diagnostic Radiology 500 0.295 Nuclear Medicine 230 0.541 Radiotherapy 102 0.261 Industrial Radiography 52 1.604
  26. 26. Calibration  SSDL traceable to PSDL of UK  Calibration and standardization of all monitroing devices throughout the country Table)  Cobalt sources of the radiotherapy unit  Participation in inter-comparison programs ( JAERI, IAEA/WHO, etc.) with encouraging results (< 3.5% deviation): Figure
  27. 27. SSDL Services Year No. of survey meter No. of pocket dosimeter No. of TLD / Film Badge 1998 10 9 132 1999 27 9 321 2000 21 10 346 2001 71 16 256 2002 74 10 166 2003 (Provisional) 80 12 180 Total 283 66 1401
  28. 28. Intercomparison of Dose Quality -3 -2.5 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Year %deviation
  29. 29. Workplace Monitoring  Workplace Monitoring  BAEC recently conducted a nationwide workplace monitoring survey program  Operators imparted on the spot training  Needs for equipment and gadgets established  Impementation by the Licensee Anticipated problem: Finance for implementation by the private sector
  30. 30. Medical Exposure Control  Medical Exposure Control  The authorized Radiation Control Officers (RCO) are responsible for the occupational exposure control in the respective facilities.  The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the WHO are now being involved to achieve desired success.  A feedback workshop of the Radiation Control Officers (RCO) and a National Seminar on the survey findings of X-ray installations have been arranged
  31. 31. Medical Exposure Control  WHO assistance for two training events  IAEA: Four training events  Open Forum Discussion of RCO’s and management of nuclear medicine practices  Health: Two Centres of Excellence (National Cancer Institute and Therapeutic Unit (Sylhet)  Government committed USD 320k  Additional centre of Excellence for nuclear medicine also planned
  32. 32. Public Exposure Control  Public Exposure Control  Efforts to account all radioactive wastes  All known radium sources of the country collected, conditioned and stored safely in November 2000  Central Radioactive Waste Processing and Storage facility of BAEC expected to be ready by June 2003  Environmental monitoring conducted regularly ( selected locations:soil vegetation, aquatic environment  Radiation testing of imported food items
  33. 33. Transport Safety  Regulatory body is the competent authority  IAEA Transport regulation adopted in the existing regulations  Coordination with the Road Transport authority  MOST, MOC personnel trained to facilitate coordination at the national level
  34. 34.  Regulatory authority empowered to intervene in mitigating effects of a radilogical accident  BAEC included in the disaster management committee. Proposed action plan addressing radiological consequences of a earthquake  A comprehensive national radiological disaster preparedness and mitigation action plan envisaged for inclusion in national plan.  Major facilities are drawing up ERP at the micro level. Emergency Response Plan
  35. 35. Education and Training  Three strings  Regulatory personnel  RCO’s of licensed facilities  Users/ Practioners  Regulators  PG Diploma  IAEA courses (group, OJT, TOT)  Resource persons for local training  A long-term training policy/ strategy will be formulated
  36. 36. Education and Training  RCO Training Courses ( 1-3 Weeks) for different practices.  Feed-back workshops RCO Training Courses ( 1-3 Weeks) for different practices  Training courses for different practices  Total 43 (16 last year) courses  1756 participants (over 900 last year)  IAEA and WHO assisted.  BAEC’s planned training institute will strengthen training in future
  37. 37. Achievements with respect to IAEA Milestones  Operational system of notification, authorization, inspection and enforcement for the control of radiation sources. Bangladesh has achieved the first Milestone of the IAEA model project.  BAEC has the capability to cover all radiation workers under IMS.  Licensed practices/ facilities have work-monitoring programs.  Good progress toward Milestone 2 of IAEA model project.  Efforts are being made to achieve other Milestones
  38. 38. Conclusions  Strong government commitment and also involvement of all groups of stakeholders essential  Radiation protection must override any other consideration of any radiation practice  Progress in radiation protection in 2/3 years is satisfactory  Much more to achieve (scopes of radiation practices are increasing sharply)  Proactive action program essential

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