Mummification Steps To Life

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Mummification Steps To Life

  1. 1. Mummification Steps to Life By Robb
  2. 2. Never die treatment! <ul><li>Egyptians believed in the after life. They thought that if they kept the body in good condition they could still use the body in the after life . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Steps to the after life <ul><li>#1 Announcement of the death. </li></ul><ul><li>#2 embalming the body. </li></ul><ul><li>#3 Removing the brains </li></ul><ul><li>#4 Removing the internal organs. </li></ul><ul><li>#5 Drying out process </li></ul><ul><li>#6 wrapping the body </li></ul><ul><li>#7 The final possession </li></ul>
  4. 4. #1 Announcement of death <ul><li>The first step was to tell the people of the death by sending a messenger to the towns and tell the people that somebody has died so they have time to get ready for the mourning period and ceremony. </li></ul>
  5. 5. #2 Embalming the Body <ul><li>The next step was to take the body to the embalmers. The priests would start off by cutting off all the facial hair. Then they would slice a incision into left abdomen, the person that made the cut ran out of the building while people chucked stones. The reason they did this was because they thought it was wrong to harm the dead. </li></ul>
  6. 6. #3 Removing the brains <ul><li>the Egyptians believed that the brain was just a waste of space so they removed the brain by pushing a hooked rod (often of made of bronze, 25.0-30.0 cm long) into the nasal passages providing a passage for the semi liquid brain( and if you were too poor to get a proper treatment they stuck a papyrus syringe into the nostril and pumped in cedar oil which liquefied the brain). </li></ul>
  7. 8. #4 Removing the internal organs <ul><li>After the brains came the internal organs: the liver, the lungs, the stomach, and the intestines the way the priests got the internal organs out was, you guessed it sticking you hand in! the organs were each separately mummified and stuck into a jar called a canopic jar each had a different god on it. All these gods were horus’s sons. Imset protected the liver. He had the head of a human. Ha'py watched over the lungs. He had the head of a baboon. Duamutef looked after the stomach. He had the head of a jackal. Qebehsenuef looked over the intestines. He had the head of a falcon. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the internal organs were removed, the inside of the body was washed out with palm oil, lotions, and preserving fluids. Next the body was stuffed with linen, straw, or other packing material to keep the general shape of the person. Sometimes the embalmers were careless and either stuffed too much or too little. This caused the mummy to look puffy or disfigured. </li></ul>
  8. 9. #5 Drying out process <ul><li>The body was placed on a slab and covered with natron salt. The slab was tilted so that the water would run off into a basin. This removed moisture and prevented rotting. The body was taken outside and let dry for about forty days. After the body was completely dried out, the wrapping of the body began. </li></ul>
  9. 10. #6 wrapping the body <ul><li>Wrapping the body was a painstaking process. The body was anointed with oils, and a gold piece with the Eye of Horus was placed over the slit in the abdomen. Hundreds of yards of linen were used to wrap the body, and each toe and finger was wrapped separately. Charms, amulets, and inscribed pieces of papyrus were placed between each layer of bandage. Egyptians believed that these charms had magical properties that would protect and bring luck to the body. </li></ul><ul><li>The wrapping process would be stopped every once in a while so that the priests could say certain prayers and write on the linen. Mummia was added to the shroud to &quot;glue&quot; it all together. (That's where the word &quot;mummy&quot; comes from.) Sometimes false eyes were inserted and make-up applied. Then a painted portrait mask was placed over the mummy's head so that dead person's soul (Ka) could recognize its owner. The mummy was then placed into a painted, decorated coffin. </li></ul>
  10. 11. #7 The final procession <ul><li>The last step of mummification was the final procession. The final procession was where the family and friends of the deceased walked through the town on their way to the burial place. Mourners were paid to cry so that the gods of the other world would see that the person was well loved. The more people who cried, the more he was loved, and the better chance he had of going to the after world. Before the mummy was taken inside the tomb, a ceremony called the &quot;Opening of the Mouth&quot; took place. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Opening of the mouth ceremony <ul><li>When an ancient Egyptian died, he was not buried into the ground, mourned and then forgotten. Nor was his grave simply just visited at certain times and some token words spoken over it, so that once again he is forgotten until next visit. The ancient Egyptians believed that ritual existed which would bring sensory life back to the deceased’s form, enabling it to see, smell, breathe, hear, and eat, and thus partake of the offering foods and drinks brought to the tomb each day as offerings to the dead. </li></ul>

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