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A great introduction to heraldry, coats of arms, and symbolism. The slideshow begins by discussing symbols and moves into the history of heraldry, finishing with the introduction to a coat of arms assignment.

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  1. 1. Heraldry and the use of symbolism in art Presented by:
  2. 2. Before we talk about heraldry,let’s discuss symbolism for abit. What is a symbol? Can you think of one symbol that would best represent who you are?
  3. 3. Here are somesymbols that arepart of oureveryday life.They areinstantlyrecognizable.What are someother symbolsthat we use?
  4. 4. In the last slide, the shield had a fleur de Lis on it. Didyou know that this symbol has a long history datingback as far as ancient Egypt? The Fleur de Lis is a symbol that has been used in imagery for centuries. This one is from an Egyptian Temple made around 200 B.C.E
  5. 5. LegendThe English translation of "fleur-de-lis"(sometimes spelled "fleur-de-lys") is"flower of the lily." This symbol,depicting a stylized lily or lotus flower,has many meanings. Traditionally, it hasbeen used to represent French royalty,and in that sense it is said to signifyperfection, light, and life. Legend has itthat an angel presented Clovis, theMerovingian king of the Franks, with agolden lily as a symbol of his purificationupon his conversion to Christianity.Others claim that Clovis adopted thesymbol when water lilies showed himhow to safely cross a river and thussucceed in battle .
  6. 6. In the Middle Ages the symbols of lily and fleur-de-lis overlapped considerably in religious art. Michel Pastoureau, the historian, says that until about 1300 they were found in depictions of Jesus, but gradually they took on Marian symbolism and were associated with the Song of Solomon’s "lily among thorns," understood as a reference to Mary. Other scripture and religious literature in which the lily symbolizes purity and chastity also helped establish the flower as an iconographic attribute of the Virgin.Fleur-de-lis on 14th century Syrianalbarello.
  7. 7. Religion and WarJoan of Arc carried a white banner that showed God blessing the French royalemblem, the fleur-de-lis, when she led French troops to victory over theEnglish in support of the Dauphin, Charles VII, in his quest for the Frenchthrone.The Roman Catholic Church ascribed the lily as the special emblem of theVirgin Mary.Due to its three "petals," the fleur-de-lis has also been used to represent theHoly Trinity.Military units, including divisions of the United States Army, have used thesymbols resemblance to a spearhead to identify martial power and strength.
  8. 8. Heraldry and the Fleur de lisIn the twelfth century, either King Louis VI or King Louis VII (sources disagree)became the first French monarch to use the fleur-de-lis on his shield. Englishkings later used the symbol on their coats of arms to emphasize their claims tothe throne of France. In the 14th century, the fleur- de-lis was often incorporated into the family insignia that was sewn on the knights surcoat, which was worn over their coat of mail, thus the term, "coat of arms." The original purpose of identification in battle developed into a system of social status designations after 1483 when King Edmund IV established the Heralds College to supervise the granting of armor insignia.
  9. 9. The arms of Edward III (from 1340), including the fleur-de-lis; similar arms were used by subsequent English monarchs until 1800French arms before 1376(France
  10. 10. HERALDRYWarriors have painted symbols ontheir shields for a long time, but itwas not until around the 1200s thatthey began to be used as a legacycontinuing from one generation tothe next.The tomb of Geoffrey V, Count ofAnjou(died 1151) is the first recordedexample of hereditary armory inEurope. The same shield shown hereis found on the tomb effigy of hisgrandson, William Longespée, 3rdEarl of Salisbury
  11. 11. Heraldry is the profession, study,or art of devising, granting, andblazoning arms and ruling onquestions of rank or protocol, asexercised by an officer of arms.Heraldry comes from Anglo-Norman herald, from theGermanic compound *harja-waldaz, "army commander". Theword, in its most general sense,encompasses all matters relatingto the duties and responsibilitiesof officers of arms. To most,though, heraldry is the practiceof designing, displaying,describing, and recording coatsof arms and heraldic badges.
  12. 12. Historically, it has been variously describedas "the shorthand of history" and "the floralborder in the garden of history.“The origins of heraldry lie in the need todistinguish participants in combat when theirfaces were hidden by iron and steel helmets.Eventually a formal system of rulesdeveloped into ever more complex forms ofheraldry.Though heraldry is nearly 900 years old, it isstill very much in use. Many cities and townsin Europe and around the world still makeuse of arms. Personal heraldry, both legallyprotected and lawfully assumed, hascontinued to be used around the world.Heraldic societies exist to promote educationand understanding about the subject.
  13. 13. In HERALDRY, each portion of the shield has a name and a function.Nothing is superfluous!
  14. 14. Now, Design your own coat of arms! For this project, you will create a personal coat of arms for yourself.
  15. 15. LET’S GET STARTED!1. Think of your strongest personality trait. Now think of ananimal that would symbolize that trait.2. What is your lineage? Is there a symbol that you can thinkof that best represents your heritage or your familie’s pasthistory?3. Which two colors do you think depict your personality?Create a pattern using just these colors.4. What activities define you? What symbols could you createto show those activities?5. What’s one thing you would like to achieve in the next fiveyears? How about the next ten years?
  16. 16. 6. What is your astrological sign? Draw a picture of it.7. Are you strongly religious? Is there a symbol that representsyour faith?8. Does have your family have any heirlooms that have beenpassed down? For example: a watch, set of china, war medals?9. How can you symbolize your time at CPA?10. How many people are in your family? Is family important toyou? How could you symbolize your family?
  17. 17. END OF SLIDE SHOW… the rest is up to you! Presented by: another pretty good artist!