Bruno Splendiani, Mireia Ribera
Adaptabit Group – University of Barcelona
DSAI Conference 2013 - 13/11/2013







Introduction
Our work
Methodology
Results
Conclusions
Further work

Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.e...


Accessibility scientific literature
published by computer science journals



Computer science researchers play an
act...


Many computer science subjects rely on
visual resources such as graphs, diagrams
and charts.



Visual content in comp...
Sources: [1 -4]
Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu

5
“If I can’t see the image I read its description”


Recommended by the Web Content Accessibility
Guidelines



Incorpora...


Readers
 Access to the content

 Publishers

 Advantages in article retrieval
 Fulfil accessibility regulations
 C...
Analysis


Do actual practices of image submission fulfil
basic recommendations on accessibility?

Proposal


What shoul...
10 journals in computer science in JCR

Follow accessibility policy?
Submission policy and guidelines related to the visua...
1 paper for each journal in PDF version

Are figures “readable”?






Image format
Color contrast and coding
Label f...
Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu

11


The practices do not fulfill basic
recommendations on accessibility



Images lack alternative descriptions



Lack o...
The visual information of computer science articles
is not accessible to people with visual disabilities

Bruno Splendiani...
Common set of international guidelines
for image submission
universal accessibility improved

Easier graphical authoring...
Start from
existing guidelines on image description

Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu

15
Some depth work done in common charts (bar, line, pie...)

But
NO clear foundation for describing
other types of images
Th...
Currently computer science articles are not
accessible to everybody


Accessibility of scientific papers and their figure...
Domain - specific
Science
Technology
Engineering
Mathematics


Graphic type - specific
Illustration
Diagram
Photograph
……...


Adapted to the image role/function within the
article
 Support the article results?
 Offer a visual example?
 Show n...
In the context of all image-related textual
information

Source: [5]
Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu

20


Linked to the publishing workflow
 Supporting formats
 Recommendations in submission system
 Automatic image check
(...
Questions?
splendiani@ub.edu

Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu

22
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

Zargar, S.T., J. Joshi, y D. Tipper. «A Survey of Defense Mechanisms
Against Distributed Denial of Servic...
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Accessible images in computer science journals

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Presented at the “5th International Conference on Software Development and Technologies for Enhancing Accessibility and Fighting Info-exclusion (DSAI).

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Accessible images in computer science journals

  1. 1. Bruno Splendiani, Mireia Ribera Adaptabit Group – University of Barcelona DSAI Conference 2013 - 13/11/2013
  2. 2.       Introduction Our work Methodology Results Conclusions Further work Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 2
  3. 3.  Accessibility scientific literature published by computer science journals  Computer science researchers play an active role in digital accessibility research Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 3
  4. 4.  Many computer science subjects rely on visual resources such as graphs, diagrams and charts.  Visual content in computer science academic papers is a critical information source  Readers with visual impairments cannot access graphical information Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 4
  5. 5. Sources: [1 -4] Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 5
  6. 6. “If I can’t see the image I read its description”  Recommended by the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines  Incorporated to the publishing workflow guidelines of Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 6
  7. 7.  Readers  Access to the content  Publishers  Advantages in article retrieval  Fulfil accessibility regulations  Comply with social responsibility Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 7
  8. 8. Analysis  Do actual practices of image submission fulfil basic recommendations on accessibility? Proposal  What should be done for including accessibility practices and principles in the submission process of academic journals? Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 8
  9. 9. 10 journals in computer science in JCR Follow accessibility policy? Submission policy and guidelines related to the visual content? Follow international guidelines on image submission? Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 9
  10. 10. 1 paper for each journal in PDF version Are figures “readable”?      Image format Color contrast and coding Label font type and size Minimum resolution Minimum dimensions Do figures have alternative text? Source: [4] Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 10
  11. 11. Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 11
  12. 12.  The practices do not fulfill basic recommendations on accessibility  Images lack alternative descriptions  Lack of consistency between image submission policies and their application Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 12
  13. 13. The visual information of computer science articles is not accessible to people with visual disabilities Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 13
  14. 14. Common set of international guidelines for image submission universal accessibility improved Easier graphical authoring: shared guidelines Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 14
  15. 15. Start from existing guidelines on image description Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 15
  16. 16. Some depth work done in common charts (bar, line, pie...) But NO clear foundation for describing other types of images The image is…. It shows…. Panel a shows.. Panel b shows.. Legend shows… Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 16
  17. 17. Currently computer science articles are not accessible to everybody  Accessibility of scientific papers and their figures should gain relevance in computer science research   Research in the field will  improve image accessibility  Improve retrieval  Improve the efficiency of the submission process Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 17
  18. 18. Domain - specific Science Technology Engineering Mathematics  Graphic type - specific Illustration Diagram Photograph ………  Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 18
  19. 19.  Adapted to the image role/function within the article  Support the article results?  Offer a visual example?  Show numerical data?  Emphasize special details? Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 19
  20. 20. In the context of all image-related textual information Source: [5] Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 20
  21. 21.  Linked to the publishing workflow  Supporting formats  Recommendations in submission system  Automatic image check (contrast, resolution, font size..)  Alt text check Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 21
  22. 22. Questions? splendiani@ub.edu Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 22
  23. 23. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Zargar, S.T., J. Joshi, y D. Tipper. «A Survey of Defense Mechanisms Against Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Flooding Attacks». IEEE Communications Surveys Tutorials, Volume PP Issue 99 (2013):1 -24 . Wu, Gin-Der, y Pang-Hsuan Huang. «A Vectorization-OptimizationMethod-Based Type-2 Fuzzy Neural Network for Noisy Data Classification». IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems 21, n.o 1 (2013): 1-15. Toews, Matthew and William M. Wells III. «Efficient and robust modelto-image alignment using 3D scale-invariant features». Medical Image Analysis 17, n.o 3 :271-282. Chen, Zhihu, Kwan-Yee K. Wong, Yasuyuki Matsushita, y Xiaolong Zhu. «Depth from Refraction Using a Transparent Medium with Unknown Pose and Refractive Index». Int. J. Comput. Vision 102, n.o 1-3 (2013): 3– 17. Splendiani, B., Ribera,M. « Do physicians make their articles readable for their blind or low-vision patients? An analysis of current image processing practices in biomedical journals from the point of view of accessibility» (under review) Bruno Splendiani (2013) – splendiani@ub.edu 23

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