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The schoolshow


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The schoolshow

  1. 1. Credits Exhibition Stands: Bryan O'Donoghue Catalogue Design: Charlie O'Neill Photography and Artwork: John Kellet Typesetting: Typeworkshop Printing: Orchard Press Publisher The Arts Council/An Chomhairle Ealaíon (1986) ISBN: 0-906627-13-3 © The Arts Council/An Chomhairle Ealaíon.
  2. 2. Introduction The School Show is the result of an invitation from the Arts Council to twenty Irish artists to contribute to an exhibition on the theme of school. In May 1986 the Council wrote to the artists and outlined the reasons for commissioning this show. The letter explained that "the Arts Council has decided that the theme of the exhibition should be school itself. This will allow you freedom to respond to the theme from your memories of your own schooling, your attitudes to school or an aspect of school, or indeed you may wish to respond from the perspective of young people (perhaps your own children, if you have any) who are going to school today." All of the artists were offered the opportunity of meeting with the Education and Visual Arts Officers of the Arts Council to talk about the nature and purpose of The School Show. Most artists took this opportunity but others preferred to work away on their own because they had a very clear idea of what they wanted to say, and talking about it might only have interfered with doing it! In any event, what was very obvious from the beginning was the genuine sense of excitement the invitation to contribute to The School Show caused among most of the artists. The theme of school struck a chord (sometimes discordant) with most of those artists whom the Arts Council had commissioned and the variety of their responses is obvious from the exhibition. One of our concerns in the Arts Council was to provide a context for people, and particularly for students, to look at the work. While art is important and distinctive, it is also continuous with the rest of everyday life. That is why we chose the theme of school, and that is why we decided also that each piece should be accompanied by a photograph of the artist and by a text in which the artist could offer a context for the
  3. 3. piece he or she had made. We wanted The School Show to communicate directly to its audience, and to indicate that there are a lot of artists in Ireland anxious to make art for an audience who too often do not have the opportunity to see their work. The School Show is not intended as a comprehensive statement about school as viewed by Irish artists. The exhibition is too varied for that and the different (and sometimes incompatible) motivations of the artists should be obvious from the work. Nonetheless, if the exhibition as a whole or any piece in particular makes you want to respond, you are welcome to write to the Arts Council and we will forward your reaction to any of the artists as appropriate. The School Show is the first of what we hope will be a series of exhibitions designed especially for touring to schools. Your views on this, whether you are a student, teacher, parent or an interested member of the public will always be welcome. Martin Drury Education Officer, The Arts Council. (November 1986) Note The School Show consists of twenty pieces In certain venues space does not allow the entire show to be seen and so the exhibition has been designed to 'split' into two smaller shows (pieces 1-10 and 11-20) Later in the tour such a venue will host the half of the exhibition not shown earlier
  4. 4. 1 Arja Kajermo First Day at School and Then... When I went to school in Sweden I had a very relaxing and pleasant time. As I didn't speak the language I was put at the back of the class and left alone to draw and read at my own pace. This worked out reasonably for me. (Only the school yard was HELL because I was the 4 only Finn in a very big school; so it was me against 899 Swedish I children. Rough!) Now that my eldest child has started school in Ireland it saddens me that so much "academic progress" is expected at such an early age by over-ambitious parents. All parents want their children to do well. Some go about it the wrong way.
  5. 5. 2 Triona Ford Late for Class Mrs. Kearns, a local woman, had the greatest influence on my life as a child. I went to her art class every Saturday for five years. She talked to us about our pictures and told us that art cannot be taught because it is the creative expression of each of us. She gave great slide-shows of work (paintings and sculpture) that she had seen in Europe: Renoir's and Monet's impressionist paintings, Gauguin, Michaelangelo, Goya, and Van Gogh. I liked De Chinco's surrealist dream-picture of a lone child running across an empty square rolling a hoop in front of her. It had unexplained shadows and strange perspective. Children always remember pictures and certainly I have carried these pictures in my mind's eye. A lot of my work as an artist is about space and about the psychological memory of space. My response to the theme of The School Show was to remember the place, its atmosphere and the panic of silent corridors with classes already started. I would describe my secondary school surroundings as tumbled-down, crumbling ruins of an old house with an overgrown garden of wet bushes. (It has since been demolished). I remember the smell of rusty brillo pads in the domestic science kitchen, steaming damp green gabardines, ugly green knee-socks, the stress of exams (Galway is a University town) and Geraldine Ford's six-inch silver platform boots (she was six foot two inches in them). "Girls" stand up; "Girls" litany of quick prayers; "Girls" sit down - at least seven times a day for five long years - progressing, assimilating more information (very distant from my own experience) about Maths, Irish and the reproduction of the earthworm. There was no art in secondary school and by Inter Cert. school was something I just had to get through. This was a great shame as education should be enlightenment against violence, discrimination and
  6. 6. poverty. The schools did not cater for artistic people. I have since figured out that life is an ongoing fantastic energy. All subjects are specific disciplines out of the one melting pot of human endeavour and quest for knowledge. At school the single acknowledgement of my future career came from the history teacher when she pointed to a reproduction of "Starry, Starry Night" by Van Gogh in our Leaving Cert. history book and asked me in a puzzled way; "that's what you're interested in, isn't it Triona? -arty things:'
  7. 7. 3 Michael Kane In Memoriam (Bro. Francis R.I.P.) My woodcut represents a memory of my schooldays. It started off as a depiction of a particularly vicious Brother of the De La Salle order, who was one of my teachers. During the course of this realisation the image acquired a demonic character with a suggestion of hellfire which is not inappropriate. While my memory was resurrecting him in the appurtenances of his sadism, my unconscious, during the process of the work, was translating him to the kind of eternal state his faith would have envisaged for the likes of me.
  8. 8. 4 Michael O'Dea ROW When the Arts Council outlined the commission proposal to me the picture that immediately came into my head was of one-to-one confrontations in the corridors of the secondary school. The pattern was usually a push or a shove followed by a sizing-up of each other. As soon as this potential conflict was detected by anyone in the immediate area they shouted "Row Row Row" in rapid succession. This shout was taken up by everyone and anyone, and suddenly the two protagonists would find themselves surrounded by a mob eager for action at their expense. In such circumstances, they were compelled to fight. If it was inconvenient to fight there and then, a time was set for after school where the two lads would have it out to satisfy the thirsts of the students. The painting gives us an aerial view of the corridor confrontation. The lads are facing each other surrounded by all the pupils eager to get a view of the proceedings. Medium- length hair with no styling, jumpers, (mostly dull colours), flared trousers and denim suits seemed to predominate at the time. I have depicted the scene with a touch of humour.
  9. 9. 5 Brian Maguire Self-Portrait of Self in School My memory of school informed this piece. My mind naturally wandered out the window at school. There was the blackboard and the window. On my first days I recall being excited at the newness or adventure of , the day. I recall at seventeen being very defensive and reactionary, hence the two self-portraits in the piece. I often sat alone in class (I used to cause trouble) and I felt the space as a captive. My emotional development had its usual and ordinary pitfalls but I found the "Rules of the Road" spirituality anything but helpful. The strong colours around the figures relate to the concreteness of things outside myself; inside myself (as in the figure section) I felt I had no solid base, except in reaction to teachers and rules.
  10. 10. 6 Geraldine O'Reilly Untitled The starting point for this piece was an old school photograph - 35 girls arrested in time at the age of eight. Initially I intended something very figurative, which the piece would have been had I painted the photograph as it was. Instead, over a two month period I kept whittling the image down until it represented more of an idea and an atmosphere from my school memories than a straight representation of people and things. The picture is about the atmosphere and the remembered colours of my first school which was an old two-roomed country school with peeling paint and old maps. Those maps represented my first thoughts on travel. I have represented this in the columns and leaping horse. The little photograph is about a number of things: firstly the cliche that your face is your passport, but more seriously it is about the ritual of school photographs and how one always comes across them long after you have left school. I always experience a certain amount of nostalgia for the innocence of that time but they also speak to me of the inevitable cycle of decay yet to be experienced by the face in the photograph. These images I set into what looks like an empty stage set (which I think explains itself without resorting to another clich6 like "life is a stage"). The colours are not quite black which to me meant that the future held some attractiveness. The overall design comes from another early school memory of when a girl lifted me up to the blackboard to draw for the class. That incident set a precedent for my life to date as I have never stopped drawing. The square flat shape of the surface of the picture represents the board on which those first marks were made.
  11. 11. 7 Maria Simmonds-Gooding Mother St. Dominic I was born in India of an English father and an Irish mother. The family returned to Ireland when I was six and they lived in Co. Kerry where I was surrounded by mountains and a creek which flooded the field in front of the house in a high tide. I experienced great freedom and had no formal schooling till I was 12. Whatever I was taught before going to school was taught to me by my mother, as it was to my younger sister. The Convent of the Holy Child Jesus came as the first unpleasant shock in my life. All my freedom gone. Bells ringing all day, regimenting us endlessly. Latin, French, English, I hated them all. I couldn't and still can't spell well. Out of all this came one good thing, Mother St. Dominic, who took us for Art and Doctrine. She had that great ability to see and encourage the potential in a child, no matter how unimportant, and to this end she greatly encouraged my artistic abilities. We had only one art class a week but it was sufficient to keep my morale up. I left school at 16, followed by many different jobs, including being a matron in a Benedictine monastery, until I started studying at the National College of Art, Dublin in my 21st year.
  12. 12. 8 Jay Murphy Variations on a Schoolgirl Sometime ago I accompanied a group of school children on a bus journey to a singing and dancing competition. The children performed beautifully, singing in high, sweet voices, exactly as the teacher had ordained, and they danced in carefully made costumes. But on the way home on the bus, back in their own clothes, they sang their favourite songs in strong, lively voices, completely naturally. It was great entertainment and a pleasure to hear. This incident, and my own recollection of school as being something rather separate from the rest of my life, drew me to my subject. I decided to paint a double portrait of a schoolgirl of my acquaintance, wearing in one portrait her school uniform, and in the other dressed exactly as she wished. The question that arises from this is the relevance of school and the standards set by it in the pupil's "real" or fantasy lives. However, I have left a slight ambiguity in the picture which also questions the value of the standards set by our own peers.
  13. 13. 9 Michael Mulcahy Compages In education today, we must be shown that there are many different ways of thinking rather than the one way which they say is always right. We always have to question the credibility of the person in authority and the system that put him or her there and keeps them there. If not we suffer from tunnel vision and this has all sorts of frightening consequences, as we see when we look at history. These happen because we are not true to our real selves, and because we do not allow others to be true to their real selves. Sometimes we are all responsible because of our apathy. These are the sources of inspiration of the painting Compages.
  14. 14. 10 Robert Ballagh The Dance of Life In 1985, in the course of an interview on R.T.E., recorded at the time of his 70th birthday, Dr. Noel Browne suggested that "until (the Irish people) take education away from the powerful political institution, which calls itself the Roman Catholic Church, they cannot exercise freedom to make decisions in relation to liberal, conservative or socialist ideas" The result of the 1986 referendum on Divorce absolutely confirmed this point of view for me, so therefore I decided to attempt to deal with this situation in my picture for The School Show.
  15. 15. 11 Mary Burke School Corridor The school I attended was a modern building containing lots of large windows and long corridors. One of my main memories of the place was the large bright rooms and corridors - they seemed larger then than they do now. When I was asked to produce a piece of work for this exhibition, I felt I would like to revisit the place to see if it had changed much over the last nine years. As much of my work consists of both drawings and paintings of interiors and exteriors of buildings, and as shiny surfaces and reflections hold a particular fascination for me, I decided to spend some time during the summer drawing in the school. One of those drawings is the piece shown in The School Show.
  16. 16. 12 Wendy Shea Not the Happiest Days of his Life I have chosen, as my theme for this exhibition an amalgam of the schoolroom scenes from The Silver Dollar Boys by Neil Donnelly. I was working on the sets and costumes for this play at the time of being asked to contribute to The School Show, so it seemed a good opportunity to combine theatre and education - something in which I am very interested. I have used collage because this is how I sometimes make my costume "drawings;' and also because, as an art teacher, I have found that pupils who are not so happy wielding a pencil did much more exciting work when working with different media. I believe that art class should be fun.
  17. 17. 13 Brian Bourke Education? I had a short school career of unpleasant memories. The prevailing memory I have tried to depict here is of angry-faced men in clerical collars, with raised fist, holding what was called a strap, but in fact was more like a cudgel.
  18. 18. Memoirs Reference Key 1 Self portrait from 1974 sketchbook 2 Quotation from "The School that I'd Like" (Penguin Education Special) 3 Sketches about emotions -1980 4 Quote from "The School that I'd Like" 5 Sketch from a childhood memory -1980 6 ARK Education From "Free way to learning" Educational Alternatives in action 7 Enlarged page from Irish Language book - circa 1960 8 Photocopy of flower picked in Africa in 1974 9 School photo of the Artist -1962 10 "The Second Sex" - important book about women - Simone de Beauvoir-1949 11 Women in costume from the 1800's 12 Child's bracelet, with the Ten Commandments engraved upon it 13 Quote from "The School that I'd Like" 14 Enlarged text from Liturgy and Church History 15 Quote from "The School that I'd Like" 16 Drawing by Max , aged 4 -1986 17 Drawing from my teens -1966 18 Quote from "The School that I'd Like" 19 Photograph of the Artist -1984 20 Trying to remember how I learned to draw 21 Drawing from sketchbook 22 Photograph portrait of Danish writer Karen Blixen 23 Composition and grammar by Máiréad Ní Ghrada with "Scribblings"
  19. 19. 14 Pauline Cummins Memoire In Memoire, the blue images are made up of fragments from my past education (see reference key). Some I chose, others were forced upon me. They are now, all, notes and memories. The bright colourful shapes represent the feeling of "self:' I want to show by the combination of these images, that each of us has a central core - a self - that always exists. Education or information can surround you. It can excite you or sometimes repress you. This self has many names - Ego, Centre, Conscience, Consciousness, Libido, or the "real" you. It is the vital connection between information and your existence, it tells you what is important for you, and helps you in your own pursuit of knowledge and understanding.
  20. 20. 15 Michael Cullen The School of Life My painting about school goes this way. In it you see a world of grey (reality?) overhung by a black cloud. Here, who teaches, who is learning and who has learned? The blind lead the blind. A little off the centre stands Deceit with red cloak masquerading as Phenomenon. The contraption at right-hand top with perspective inverted is a ramshackle stage/platform. On it a monkey, Ape of God, performer, etc., etc., sits. They who take the platform are in a sense performers, teachers, politicians, clowns, painters and the like. Madness runs amok. In the centre foreground is a sad clown or wise fool. The car could be thought of as a status symbol for those who think they have got the lesson right.
  21. 21. 16 Patrick Graham Bouquet of Innocence The photograph is of my first communion. My mother was with me. She was out of hospital for that day and arranged for this shot. At that time my family was split up. I was in a small rural community with my grandparents. My brothers and sisters were in other places. My mother had T.B. and my father was in England. I suppose it was at this time that I discovered how to hide. This was to feel safe. I allowed nobody to know how I felt and began a process of out-thinking any emotional events that might happen. Nothing was true I felt. There could be nothing lasting. I became like a stone. I saw everything and never reacted openly to emotion - to me emotion was pain and had to be defeated. For this I used thinking and, yes even at that time, analysis. I became aware that I felt like a stranger so I stayed silent. This feeling of being a stranger grew. My relief was to have secret places for a secret self, a pool where the water was like me. On the surface a mask of stillness with another darker world, another life underneath. I also had a tree I spoke my secrets to. This tree heard me cry and dream, heard my confusion. It was a tall evergreen and overlooked my world. I could see the house, the farm, the school, the world as a dream. I only was real. I felt no connection. I was very good at school then - reading and sums etc. It was a way to avoid contact. To know meant to be left alone. Afterwards in the Christian Brothers, this knowing of things (as a kind of defence of myself and my world) collapsed. This too was confusing because now being able to know was becoming irrelevant to me. For the first time I began to have real fear whereas before I felt oddly at one with being lost. My private world was invaded by the Christian Brothers. I could defend myself against the school curriculum but not against their views on religion. In my other place I had an innocence of God, a magical
  22. 22. belief in nature and self. My holy trinity, so to speak, was God, Nature and a secret Self. In this I could strip naked on the bog, the sensual feel of the earth, .the black country light and the head high colour - my line of vision was the horizon coming to fill my eyes, nostrils and mouth with floating colour. It was sexual. Pure energy. I lay on my back and searched out larks. I felt a oneness with the liquid black earth. My sensuality of touch, smell and vision were linked with God in an innocence of well-being, alive. When I left the country and returned home, my mother finally being well (though I feared her illness for many years to come), I was sent to the Christian Brothers. I was alarmed at the mill and drill. I saw casual beatings from my first day. I became even more anonymous. I watched now with the added dimensions of fear and anger. I saw power and. terror for the first time. Besides the cynical use of physical power, I felt for the first time the power of religion in an organised sense, in a psychological sense. I became aware of sin, not in any external sense such as lying, stealing, cursing etc., but deep in the heart and soul of my private self. My trinity of the body's senses, nature and God was destroyed. While talking in class, wrong answers, no home exercises, lying, cursing, stealing were punishable by varying degrees of severity, sins of purity, without ever being really explained, were so horrendous or evil as to appear beyond even that. Purity was the virgin, all else was corruption. If beating and confession could cleanse these external expressions of sin, then what of the sins of the body? It was this above all which took my stranger's ground and turned it into a swamp. It is hard to explain all of this, but the insidious repetition of the corruption of the body, the theme of the virgin and the temptation of the flesh, and the knowledge that beating was sufficient to cleanse other sins and yet other sins were somehow beyond the redemption of beating - all this left a prevailing sense and smell of doom.
  23. 23. I could manage the world and its demand on my presence by knowing what it wanted, and this was easy enough. But beyond this mask, my secret self, the giver of my well- being life, my innocent cocoon was burst apart. That these men were dressed in holiness and spoke from a power which I believed incorruptible was beyond my ability at that time to defend myself against. The virgin theme made all girls a threat. They became either holiness or evil, virgin or corrupt. This is the only learning I have any clear memory of. Of that time nothing prevailed except the stench of doom, of being damned, of being a sinner by virtue of the life within me. I was to make an attempt to purify myself by becoming a priest. I had codes with this given God. I became mad with God, drunk with holiness and denial, I had great ,secret passions. This failed too. I always had drawing and it never failed. For many years this was my only connection to a tenuous reality. There had to be a collapse and there was - 1 was a year out of school, like an invalid. Hospitals, doctors and drawing - there too began my journey into reading and some writing - my education proper so to speak. My schooling was a hammer. I cannot detail much here. It was a hammer descending most heavily on the sensitive among us. I have no anger about it now because I eventually freed myself of it all - the dogmatic anti-humanness, the ideology of martydom, the hatred of the body and the corruption of love and truth. As I said, I can't describe the half of it. In my own case I've set out on a journey through pain to be innocent again, in life and art and all that was given as truth. It's a long night's journey. I know I have an innocence of spirit, but innocence of mind is another story. Where life and art are sealed in containers which accomodate ideologies, dogma and aesthetics not validated by my spirit, I will doubt. Doubt is my ultimate act of faith, my ultimate act of survival. It's all right to be a stranger. As a stranger I have nothing to defend.
  24. 24. 17 Eithne Jordan Three Young Faces The three faces (three girlfriends) are looking towards the figure of authority (teacher/headmistress). They are standing in a row, presenting on the surface an orderly picture of attention. Although only their faces can be seen, the overall grey colour scheme of the painting is indicative of the grey school uniform - symbol of anonymity. What is important in this painting is the expression on the faces of the girls. Their individual personalities cannot be disguised, nor their responses - scepticism, rebelliousness, and disbelief - to what they are hearing from the invisible authority.
  25. 25. 18 Pauline Bewick Holly doing her Homework Holly and Poppy got out of doing the washing up, getting in turf, feeding hens, all sorts of things "No I can't I'm doing my homework" Unfortunetlly this excuse kept them for hours at the table or in their beds even though 50% was just "pretend" homework, Its a shame that children dont have time for, nothing at all, or time to explore the country side or paint there own Pictures - Three nights of homework pr. week would be plenty, leaving the other evenings free for such things and for helping a little at home. Luckley for Poppy & Holly Pats education was very compleet - both his schooling & university, so it was he who helped them with their questions -1 couldn't, you see at my 2 progressive schools the children were able to choose there classes, I alwase choose Dorithy Higgins the art teacher, we would go off drawing trees together, she loved knarled trees! If a teacher found his class empty it showed he/she wasn't a good teacher - so they'd have to leave the school. Poppy & Holly have had 2 very differently educated parints and intrestingly enough they went along with there schools rules and have done very well but its not because ether Pat or I forsed them to attend, say when sick or tired, or forsed them to do homework, they'd say I must or I'll be behind or miss out. Poppy now 20 is at collage doing creative work full time such as draing, sculptre, photography, and is flurishing and Holly will I know be exelent when all her genril school education has been compleeted and when she speclizes - she will flower too - but with a bank of knollage behind her about this world, & to use in this world. All good wishes,
  26. 26. 19 Martin Folan Open Book The Arts Council commission for The School Show was lying about inside my brain for weeks before anything began to spark my imagination. I then was drawn to the idea of a child looking at a page. I often found the lines of pages of a copy to be the most exciting place to be. I would totally forget the business in hand and allow my mind to roam freely. Basically speaking, I was a great day-dreamer and still am. This work has its own meaning. I set out with the idea of a child looking at an open book. The lined pages are totally at odds with what's inside the child's mind. I wanted the tree growing out of the page and that's what I got, or did I? In fact there is a body spreadeagled on the page. That's how the piece turned out. It's got its own meaning - in other words I tried not to impose myself totally on the idea. I tried to tease it out and I think I've succeeded in getting to the root of something. Maybe you can figure it out - I'm still working on it myself! All the best,
  27. 27. 20 Trevor Geoghegan School's Out This piece came about as my response to the brief supplied by the Arts Council for a painting about experiences from school life. I found it a difficult brief because time has deleted most of my memories of school life. However, the one abiding memory I do have is that wonderful feeling one had when a holdiay was due, and the plans that one made with friends as to how to spend it. So the painting grew from that idea. The actual minute one left the school and the feeling of euphoria, of being free for a short time, able to pursue other interests. My school was what was termed a secondary modern, now a comprehensive. So it was of the new design. Lots of glass, aluminium etc. There were plenty of potted plants and flower beds. This last item was to instil in us a feeling for nature and natural order. It certainly made a pleasant living contrast to the rigid geometry of the new schools. My painting is thus a sort of remembrance of that time and place.
  28. 28. Robert Ballagh Born in Dublin in 1943, Robert Ballagh studied architecture and was a professional musician before becoming a full-time painter in 1969 He has executed many important commissions in a variety of forms which include portraits, murals, posters, book-covers and stamps.o Robert Ballagh is a member of Aosdána and is Chairman of the Association of Artists in Ireland. He has been a member of the Arts Council and has lectured on Irish art in many countries including the United States of America and the German Democratic Republic. For over twenty-five years his work has been exhibited widely in one-man and group exhibitions in Ireland, Europe and the U S A He has won many major awards and is represented in numerous public collections at home and abroad. Pauline Bewick Born in Northumbna, England in 1935, Pauline Bewick studied at the National College of Art, Dublin until 1952 and had her first one- woman show in 1957 Since then she has exhibited widely in solo and group shows in Ireland and abroad and most regularly at the Dawson Gallery/ Taylor Galleries, Dublin. Pauline Bewick is a member of Aosdána and in 1985 she was elected a member of the Royal Hibernian Academy. In 1985/86, to concide with her 50th birthday, a series of mid-term retrospective activities took place. A fifty-minute TV profile was made and shown on R T E and Channel 4 A major book on her life and work by Dr James White was published in 1985. In 1986 an exhibition of fifteen hundred of her paintings (work done at the age of 2 through to present work) was seen in Dublin, Cork and Belfast. Brian Bourke Born in Dublin in 1936, Brian Bourke has been working full-time as an artist for over twenty years in drawing, painting and sculpture. Since 1965 when he had his first one-man exhibition and when he was chosen to represent Ireland at the Pans Biennale, he has been a consistent presence in the Irish art world and a regular Irish representative at major international shows. His work was seen most recently in the Arts Council exhibition "Out of the Head" which was the sixth in the series of "Artist's Response" shows to tour Ireland Simultaneously he had a major sculpture exhibition of heads in the Taylor Galleries, Dublin. Brian Bourke was elected a member of Aosdána in 1982 and his work is to be found in numerous private and public collections including those of the Arts Council, the Arts Council of Northern Ireland, the Ulster Museum, and the Hugh Lane Municipal Gallery of Modern Art. Mary Burke Born in Dublin in 1959, Mary Burke studied painting for five years at the National College of Art and Design and graduated in 1982. The following year she helped to found an artists' co-operative studio in Dublin (New Art Studios) where she has been working since. She is a part-time Lecturer at the N.C.A.D and serves on the Executive Committee of the Association of Artists in Ireland Mary Burke has had two one- woman shows, at the Lincoln Gallery, Dublin (1984) and the Belltable Arts Centre, Limerick (1985) In addition she has shown work in all the major group exhibitions in Ireland and her work is to be found in the collections of C I E , Ulster Breweries and the Limerick Contemporary Arts Society. Michael Cullen Born in 1946 in Kilcoole, Co Wicklow, Michael Cullen worked as a silkscreen printer before turning to painting. He studied life-drawing at the Central School of Art and Design, London and travelled widely in Europe before returning to Dublin where he gained a Diploma in Painting from the National College of Art. He has participated in all the major Irish group shows since 1986 and has had one-man shows in the Project Arts Centre, Dublin (1976 and 1981), The Tnskel Arts Centre, Cork (1984) and the Lincoln Gallery, Dublin (1984). Awarded bursaries by the Arts Council in 1977,1982 and 1984, Michael Cullen was elected a member of Aosdána in 1984. His work is represented in the collections of the Arts Council, the Contemporary Arts Society, the Central Bank and Trinity College, Dublin. Pauline Cummins Born in Dublin in 1949, Pauline Cummins graduated from the National College of Art in 1969 where she specialised in painting and ceramics. She has had a varied career, living and working in many countries, but at present lives in Lacken, Co Wicklow. She was director of a craft workshop in Kenya for two years before returning to Ireland to co- found Ashford Pottery in Co Wicklow Subsequently she moved to Canada where she worked as a painter until her return to Ireland in 1981.
  29. 29. Pauline Cummins has taken part in many group shows in Ireland, the U S and Canada, including the Irish Exhibition of Living Art, and she has been particularly active in exploring sensuality, sexuality, pregancy and motherhood in her work For the 1984 Living Art Show she did a mural/installation at the National Maternity Hospital, Dublin and the following year made a slide/tape piece called "Anne Kelly - is a midwife". In 1986 Pauline Cummins was the recipient of the George Campbell Memorial Travel Award. Martin Folan Born in Dublin in 1955, Martin Folan studied at the National College of Art and Design which he left in 1981.
  30. 30. He has exhibited in the Independent Artists and Exhibition of Living Art shows and has had one-man shows at the Orchard Gallery, Derry and the Project Arts Centre, Dublin as well as having joint exhibitions in the I LAC Centre and the New Arts Studios in Dublin. In 1986 Martin Folan won a major award from the Arts Counci in Ireland and from Ireland-America Arts Exchange to allow him live and work in New York at the P.S.1 Studios. Triona Ford Born in Vancouver, Canada in 1958, Triona Ford returned to Ireland in 1964 and studied art at Galway RTC , Ulster Polytechnic and Dusseldorf Art Academy from which she graduated in 1981. She has had one-woman shows at U C G Gallery, and in the Project Arts Centre Dublin and has exhibited in Independent Artists, Cork Art Now, and the Exhibition of Visual Art in Limerick where she won a graphics prize in 1985. In 1986 Tnona Ford was awarded an exchange scholarship by the U'S Embassy and the Department of Foreign Affairs to attend the San Francisco Art Academy. Trevor Geoghegan Born in London in 1946, Trevor Geoghegan studied at Worthing College of Art, Sussex and Chelse. School of Art, London from which he graduated in 1968. In 1971 he settled in Blessington, Co Wicklow and since then has exhibited regularly in galleries in Dublin, Galway and Wexford as well as in all the major annual exhibitions. Trevor Geoghegan's work is represented in numerous private collections at home and abroad and in the collections of a wide range of bodies including the Arts Council, Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Irish Management Institute, Guinness Peat Aviation and the Fitzwilton Group. Patrick Graham Born in Mullingar, Co Westmeath in 1943, Patrick Graham graduated from the National College of Art in 1964. He has shown in all the major exhibitions in Ireland including Independent Artists, "Making Sense' (1981 Arts Council Touring Exhibition), Oireachtas, ContemporEire, Living Art, and "4 Irish Expressionists" He has also shown in London and Los Angeles. His work is to be found in the collections of the Arts Council, the Irish Contemporary Arts Society, the National Concert Hall, and the Hugh Lane Municipal Gallery of Modern Art as well as in several major private collections in Ireland and abroad Patrick Graham is a member of Aosdána. EKhna Jordan Born in Dublin in 1954, Eithne Jordan studied painting at Dun Laoghaire School of Art and graduated in 1976, which was also the year of her first group show Subsequently she has exhibited in the major annual exhibitions in Ireland and has had one-woman shows in the Peacock (1980), the Project Arts Centre (1982), and the Lincoln (1985). In 1978,1982 and again in 1985 Eithne Jordan was awarded bursaries by the Arts Council and her work is represented in the collections of the Arts Council, the Contemporary Irish Arts Society, the Bank of Ireland and Dublin Corporation. Arja Kajermo Born in 1949 in Finland, Ana Kajermo studied languages at Stockholm University in Sweden and went to art school in the evenings She worked in a variety of jobs before devoting herself to cartoons Since 1971 she has lived in Dublin and her work has become familiar to a wide audience, particularly to readers of In Dublin magazine and The Sunday Tribune. Michael Kane Born in Dublin in 1935, Michael Kane studied at the National College of Art and at the Graphic Studio, Dublin He lives and works in Dublin now but at various times he has worked for extended periods in Switzerland, Spain and Britain. He has had fifteen one-man exhibitions since 1960 and has represented Ireland in numerous international shows including the Salzburg Biennale, the International Exhibition of Graphic and Serial Art in Segovia, and the Sense of Ireland Exhibition in London. Michael Kane has shown in all the major group exhibitions in Ireland and annually with the Independent Artists since 1960. In 1982 he become a member of Aosdána and subsequently was elected a Toscaire. His work is included in public and private collections throughout the world. Brian Maguire Born in Wicklow in 1951, Brian Maguire graduated from the National College of Art with a Diploma in Painting in 1974 Since then he has exhibited widely in Ireland, Britain and abroad and has shown in the Independent Artists Exhibition every year since 1980 In 1981 his work was selected tor the G P A Emerging Artists show and he was one of the artists chosen for the 1982 Arts Council touring exhibition "Making Sense" In 1986 Brian Maguire's work was seen in Boston as part of "4 Irish Expressionists" and in the National Gallery, Athens in the exhibition called "11 European Painters". Brian Maguire is a member of Aosdána.
  31. 31. Born in Cork in 1952, Michael Mulcahy graduated from the National College of Art and Design, Dublin in 1973 He has lived and worked in Europe, North Africa and Australia but is living in Ireland at present and has taken part in nearly all the major group shows in this country. From 1980 -83 he was a
  32. 32. committee member of Independent Artists and has exhibited in that show, the Irish Exhibition of Living Art, the "Making Sense" exhibition (1982), GPA Emerging Artists (1983) and Cork Art Now (1985). Michael Mulcahy has shown in New York, Amsterdam, and at the Fifth Biennale of Sydney, and his latest one-man exhibition was in 1985 at the Taylor Galleries, Dublin He was elected as a member of Aosdána in 1986. Jay Murphy Born in Dublin in 1952, Jay Murphy studied at Dun Laoghaire School of Art and part-time at the Central School, London Her work has been seen throughout the country but particularly in the West of Ireland where she lives She was a founder member of Fior Disce and exhibited with that group annually from 1973 to 1977. Jay Murphy has shown at the Listowel Graphic Exhibition (1975 and 1984), Galway Arts Festival (1980 -1986), Cibeal Cincise, Kenmare (1986) and in the Lincoln Gallery, Dublin were she had a one-woman exhibition in 1983. Michael O'Dea Born in Ennis, Co Clare in 1958, Michael O'Dea studied at the National College of Art and Design and at the University of Massachusetts He is a member of the Association of Artists in Ireland and of Independent Artists and he is a part-time teacher at the N.C.A.D. Michael O'Dea has exhibited with Independent Artists, at the Irish Exhibition of Living Art and in the Grapevine and Wexford Arts Centres Since 1982 he has exhibited regularly at the Taylor Galleries where he had his first one-man show in 1983. Geraldine O'Rellly Born in 1956 in Killucan, Co Westmeath, Geraldine O'Reilly graduated from the National College of Art and Design in 1979, and subsequently did a degree course in painting there from 1982-83. She has had a varied career as an artist, showing in many of the major group exhibitions as well as having her first one- woman show at the Lincoln Gallery, Dublin in 1985 She worked regularly on the Arts Council's mural scheme for primary schools Paint on the Wall, has taught art at second and third-level and has organised successfully the major 1985 exhibition Cork Art Now (C.A.N.) and the first Co Monaghan Arts Festival in 1986 In the same year Geraldine O'Reilly was awarded a travel grant from the Arts Council to allow her work with the mural painting company Artmakers Inc in New York. Wendy Shea Born in Dublin in 1937, Wendy Shea graduated from the National College of Art with a Diploma in Painting and then spent a year in London specializing in stage and costume desgin She has worked in most aspects of theatre design, from music hall to repertory and for several years was a designer with R T E television. She left television to return to theatre and worked in Newcastle, Guildford and Dundee before returning to Dublin In 1975 she joined the Abbey Theatre and for many years was head of the design department there before once more going free- lance and working in a variety of contexts, most notably as the creator of the infamous O'Bnen character in The Sunday Tribune. Maria Simmonds-Gooding Born in India in 1939, Maria Simmonds-Gooding studied at the National College of Art, Dublin, Le Centre de Peinture, Bruxelles, and at the Academy of Art in Bath. Since 1947 she has lived in Co Kerry. She has exhibited regularly in Ireland and abroad and has had one-woman shows in Taylor Galleries, Dublin, Crawford Gallery, Cork Project Arts Centre, Dublin as well as in galleries in Mexico and New York She has been represented in the Irish Exhibition of Living Art (1970 and 1979) and the 1980 touring show "The Delighted Eye'. Maria Simmonds-Goodmg's work is to be found in the collections of the Arts Council, the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, the National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi and in the Hirshorn Museum in Washington D.C. Since 1981 she has been a memer of Aosdána.