What Does Hungerin Brown CountyLook Like?March 2012
How much has food pantry usage increased over the past three years?
ANSWER: About 21%About how many households use food pantries in Brown County every month?
ANSWER: 5,860 householdsWhat do we know about their food security status?
Food Security Status of Households That Use Food Pantries• 7% High Food Security: No problem with food access.• 11% Marginal Food Security: Some anxiety over food shortage but no change in diet or in food intake.• 44% Low Food Security: Changes made of reduced quality, variety or desirability of the diet but not in food intake.• 38% Very Low Food Security: Multiple indications of disrupted eating patterns and reduced food intake.
Who are people using food pantries in Brown County?CHILDREN• 50% have children between 5 and 27• 30% have children under 5 years old• 20 % have no children
Who are people using food pantries in Brown County?ETHNICITY• The majority of households are Caucasian at 58%.• The largest minority group is Hispanic at 20%.• The remaining 22% are other ethnic minorities (NA 8%, AA 7%, other). Caucasian 22% 20% 58% Hispanic Other Ethnic Minorities
Who are people using food pantries in Brown County?EDUCATION• 30% more than high school• 37% high school graduate or GED• 18% 9th – 10th grade• 15% less than 9th grade
Who are people using food pantries in Brown County? EMPLOYMENT• 60% of households have working adults living there. However, having a job does not improve food security among pantry users. • 17% make below minimum wage• 59% make between $7.50 and $12.00 an hour – this is considered the living wage for one single adult. For one adult with one child in childcare, the living wage is $17.05.
Other than not having enough money for food, what are the most common reasons people report not having enough food? • 37% Not able to get to pantry during open hours • 35% Have no car • 25% Bus costs too much • 23% Bus doesn’t go where they need it • 22% It’s too hard to get to the store • 20% Have no grocery store in the area
What other kinds of food assistance are used by pantry shoppers?• 51% Friends and relatives• 44% Free or reduced school lunch• 38.5% Free or reduced school breakfast• 26% Summer lunches in the park• 24.8% Community meal sites• 49.8% Receive FoodShare (up from 42.8% in 2004)
Why don’t more people receive FoodShare if they are using a pantry? • 43% don’t think they are eligible. • 31% applied but are not eligible. Asset limit includes savings and retirement, recently unemployed. • 20% don’t need them, don’t want them or don’t know how to apply. • 13% don’t know about food stamps.
How important is it to choose a diet with 5 or more servings of fruit and vegetables? 73% of respondents said they should eat more fruits and vegetables
Reasons People do not eat the Recommended Amount of Vegetables and Fruits
What are the most common strategies usedby people to have enough money for food?• 49% borrowing from friends• 37% neglecting health care needs• 35% not paying rent on time• 23% use payday loan services• 18% got another job• 17% live with another household
What would help people have enough money for food? • 59% affordable housing • 40% learning how to budget money • 40% garden space to grow food • 37.5% having a grocery store nearby • 31.6% improved transportation • 29% help applying for FoodShare • 21.5% learning how to prepare foods • 14.6% affordable childcare