Obesity power point final draft


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Obesity power point final draft

  1. 1. Obesity Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated which may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy, and/or increased health problems. When a person’s body mass index exceeds 30 kg/m sq., the individual is considered to be obese. (Obesity 2013)
  2. 2. Who does obesity affect? Obesity affects Everyone! (Obesity affects males and females, as well as children and adults.) Obesity is common, serious and costly More than one-third of U.S. adults (35.7%) are obese. Obesity affects some groups more than others: Non-Hispanic blacks have the highest age-adjusted rates of obesity (49.5%) compared with Mexican Americans (40.4%), all Hispanics (39.1%) and nonHispanic whites (34.3%). Obesity and socioeconomic statuses: • Non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American men with higher incomes are more likely to be obese than those whose income is lower. • Low-income women are more likely to be obese than women with higher income. • There is no overwhelming correlation between obesity and the level of education in men. However, there is a trend in women with college degrees who are less likely to be obese than less educated women. The prevalence of obesity increased in adults at all income and education levels between 1988–1994 and 2007–2008. (Obesity and Overweight for Professionals…)
  3. 3. What are the Treatment Options for Obesity? • The main purpose of obesity treatment is to reach and maintain a healthy weight. You can begin by eating better and increasing activity. In doing so, you will start to feel better and see improvements in your health. Working with a team of health professionals may help. Professionals, such as nutritionists, dietitians, therapists or obesity specialists can help you understand and modify your eating and activity habits. All weight-loss programs involve adjusting your eating habits and expanding your physical activity. To choose the correct treatment methods for a particular person, it will depend on the person’s level of obesity, overall health, and willingness to participate in your weight-loss plan. Other treatment tools include: • • • • • Dietary changes Exercise and activity Behavior change Prescription weight-loss medications Weight-loss surgery (Mayo Clinic staff)
  4. 4. Dietary Changes 
Dietary changes, such as reducing calories and eating healthier, are critical to conquering obesity. It is important to lose weight slow and steady. Long term weight loss of 1 or 2 pounds a week is considered the safest way to lose weight and the best way to keep it off permanently. Avoid crash diets. Drastic and unrealistic diet changes rarely help you to keep extra weight off in the long term. (Mayo Clinic staff)
  5. 5. Dietary ways to overcome obesity include: • A low-calorie diet. • Feeling full on less: Eat larger portions of foods with fewer calories. This will help you feel less hungry, consume fewer calories, and feel better about what you have ate, which will ultimately lead you to feel satisfied overall. • Adopting a healthy-eating plan: Eat more plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain carbohydrates. Lean sources of protein should be emphasized. Cut down on salt and added sugar. Eat small amounts of fats. • Meal replacements. These plans advise that you substitute one or two meals with their products — such as low-calorie shakes or meal bars. (Mayo Clinic staff)
  6. 6. Exercise and Activity Increased physical activity and exercise are also a crucial part of obesity treatment. Getting regular exercise, even simply walking, has helped individuals to keep their healthy weight loss for more than a year. Exercise: The American College of Sports Medicine suggests that those who are overweight or obese get at least 150 minutes a week of moderate-intensity physical activity to prevent further weight gain or to lose a modest amount of weight. Although a person may need to get as much as 250 to 300 minutes of exercise a week for significant weight loss. Increase your daily activity: Any extra movement helps burn calories. (Mayo Clinic staff)
  7. 7. Behavior Changes • Behavior changes, such as a behavior modification program can help you make changes in your lifestyle, shed weight and keep it off. Examine your current habits to find out what factors, stresses, or situations may have contributed to your obesity. Behavior modification, or behavior therapy, can include: • Counseling • Support groups (Mayo Clinic staff)
  8. 8. Prescription Weight-loss Medication Prescription weight-loss medication should be used along with diet, exercise, and behavior changes. Choosing to use medication instead of them is unlikely to work. Prescription weight-loss medications your doctor may prescribe include: • Orlistat (Xenical). • Lorcaserin (Belviq). • Phentermine-topiramate (Qsymia). • Phentermine (Adipex-P, Suprenza). While taking a prescription weight-loss medication, you may need close medical monitoring. (Mayo Clinic staff)
  9. 9. Weight-loss Surgery • Weight-loss surgery, also called bariatric surgery, is an option in some cases. Although weight-loss surgery presents the opportunity to lose the most weight, it can still pose serious risks. Weight-loss surgery for obesity may be considered if: • You have extreme obesity, with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher • Your BMI is 35 to 39.9, and you also have a serious weightrelated health problem, such as diabetes or high blood pressure • You have committed to a lifestyle that allows the surgery to work Common weight-loss surgeries include: • Gastric bypass surgery. • Gastric Sleeve • Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. (Mayo Clinic staff)
  10. 10. How is a Child with Obesity Affected in the Classroom? • No one knows for certain why obesity and school performance are related, or whether one directly causes the other. • Various studies have discovered that obese students, especially girls, tend to have lower test scores than their non-obese peers. They are also more likely to be held back a grade and are less likely to pursue college. (Amanda Gardner, Health)
  11. 11. Rebecca London, Ph.D., a senior researcher at Stanford University's Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities, in Stanford, California, asks the question, "Is it the actual state of obesity -- those extra pounds -- that are somehow influencing students' achievement, or is it something related to the obesity but not the actual pounds?” The following are related to obesity and may be causing students to perform poorly in school: • • • • • • • • Self-esteem Children's social skills Anxiety Sadness Loneliness Isolation Bullying Stigmatization (Amanda Gardner, Health)
  12. 12. • It may also be possible that health problems associated with obesity may cause students to perform poorly in the classroom, such as: • Asthma • Diabetes • Sleep Disorders Robert Siegel, M.D. states: “Excess weight or physical inactivity might sap a child's brainpower at the cellular level, by causing inflammation and other harmful biological processes. Obesity affects virtually every organ system in the body, including the brain. It's an inflammatory state, and that may have effects on the developing mind.” (Amanda Gardner, Health)
  13. 13. Teacher Expectations • How do you, as a teacher, best meet the needs of a child with obesity? Teachers can be positive role models and help promote healthy eating and physical activity. -Eat only healthful meal and snack options in view of students. -Choose not to reward students with unhealthy food. -Provide opportunities for physical activity. Encourage noncompetitive activities such as dancing that emphasize participation as well as social interaction with peers. -Reduce sedentary behavior with enriched school environments. It is critical for teachers to use active instruction integrated into a “whole-child” balanced curriculum. Music and movement integrated into academic lessons are attention grabbing and add extra minutes of physical activity to a child’s day. A “move to learn” curriculum approach can significantly increase physical activity of children. -Teachers can collaborate with school nurses, dieticians, and health personnel to help use techniques to promote children’s health. -Make any needed accommodations for students with obesity such as preferential seating. (Assn for Childhood Education International)
  14. 14. Works-cited • Amanda Gardner, Health. “Does obesity affect school performance? – CNN.com” Does Obesity Affect School Performance. 14 June 2012. Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., 2013. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. http://www.cnn.com/2012/06/14/health/obesityaffect-school-performance/index.html • Assn for Childhood Education International. “Childhood Obesity and Testing: What Teachers Can Do | TeachHUB” Childhood Obesity and Testing: What Teachers Can Do. K-12 Teachers Alliance. 2009-2013. We. 23 Oct. 2013. http://www.teachhub.com/childhood-obesity-testingwhat-teachers-can-do • Mayo Clinic staff. “Obesity: Treatments and drugs – MayoClinic.com” Treatments and Drugs. 13 July 2013. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research., 1998-2013. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/obesity/DS00314/DSECTION=treatments-anddrugs • “Obesity 2013” Obesity 2013. 5 Feb. 2013. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. http://www.crystalinks.com/obesity2013.html • “Obesity and Overweight for Professionals: Data and Statistics: Adult Obesity – DNPAO – CDC” 16 August 2013. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html
  15. 15. Works-cited • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obesity (Page 1) • http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html (Page 2) • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/obesity/DS00 314/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs (Pages 3-9) • http://www.cnn.com/2012/06/14/health/obesity -affect-school-performance/index.html (Page 1012) • http://www.teachhub.com/childhood-obesitytesting-what-teachers-can-do (Page 13)