Is reflective writing an enigma? Can preparing evidence for an electronic portfolio develop skills for reflective practice? Bronwyn Hegartyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/cubagallery/3368330063/ Doctorate candidate University of Wollongong, NSW
http://afflictor.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Journal_Henriette_Dessaulles-Henriette-Dessaulles.jpgCollecting material for an e-portfolio is relatively easy,selecting appropriate materialis not so hard……… However, the sticking point is being able to write reflectively and critically about professional practice, and being able to learn from the process (Hegarty 2008). http://journalsandpapersblog.com/page/5
Research Question How do educational practitioners reflect when using a framework to write about their experiences? http://www.flickr.com/photos/araswami/2206733790/
Hatton and Smith (1995) - believed teachers could be taughthow to reflect in preparation for reflective practice, using aframework to enhance reflection and learning for professionalpractice.
Participants Masters in Education students studying multimedia design (n=7)http://www.flickr.com/photos/araswami/2206733790/
Case study, as a qualitative method using anintervention, was chosen to study howparticipants responded in a “real-life context”,and is an approach based on work by Yin (2003,p. 15).
Definition of reflection Deliberate and mindful thinking about one’s experiences and the self-evaluation of feelings, decisions, understandings and actions, which may lead to development of professional learning for professional practice. Connection between reflection, professional Effective reflection learning and reflective practice(Based on: Boud & Walker, 1990; Boud et al., 1985; Rodgers, 2002; Tremmel, 1993.)
Professional learningDefined as: learning which has relevance to professional practiceand occurs when new knowledge and understanding, skills andinsights are gained and may lead to the achievement ofprofessional goals.(Based on: Hatton & Smith, 1995; Kwakman, 2003; Parsons &Stephenson, 2005.)
Reflective practiceDefined as a process associated with professional learning,which includes effective reflection and the development ofmetacognition, and leads to decisions for action, learning,achievement of goals and changes to immediate and futurepractice.(Based on: Hatton & Smith, 1995; Kwakman, 2003; Parsons &Stephenson, 2005.)
Levels of Reflection TaxonomyCategories and Sub-categories (in italics) Description1. Descriptive reflection - Noticing, Deciding, Writing is superficial with descriptions about whatStating, Self-Questioning, Goals. has happened and the decisions made but not why.2. Explanatory reflection – Personal; Professional; Analysis of the experience from a personal orDeciding; Self-Questioning; Reactions; Learning; professional perspective about decisions, reactions,Stating; Goals. learning and goals.3. Supported reflection – Evidence Mentioned; Evidence from the literature is mentioned in someEvidence Identified; Learning from Evidence; way or referenced.Reactions to Evidence.4. Contextual reflection – Analysis; Cross-Linking; Different perspectives are considered and comparedNew Perspectives. to own views which may change.5. Critical reflection – Application of Learning. Multiple perspectives and consideration of wider professional issues, how learning will be used.
80% Descriptive Explanatory Supported 70% Contextual Critical 60%% Frequency 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Qadir Marie Nicholas Teresa Yonten Ruth Nabil Five levels of reflection in written reflections (n=7).
80% Noticing 70% Deciding Stating 60% Goals 50%% Frequency Self-Questioning 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Qadir Marie Nicholas Teresa Yonten Ruth Nabil Frequency of Descriptive types of reflection (n=7).
Themes Reflections andProfessional capability learning in multimedia design subject connected to actions inProfessional practice. learning Professional context Indicative of professional learning and reflective practice.Professional practice
ConclusionThe Reflective Frameworkscaffolded reflective writingfor an ePortfolio.Three levels of reflection -Descriptive, Explanatory,Supported.Demonstrated - Noticing -feelings, thoughtsknowledge – Application toPractice - engagingreflectively with theirpractice. http://www.flickr.com/photos/bswise/4034981426/
Is reflective writing an enigma? Can preparing evidence for an electronic portfolio develop skills for reflective practice? NO – it can be scaffolded. Yes – effective reflection, capacity for professionalhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/cubagallery/3368330063/ learning.