CDD’s experience from BangladeshDisability Inclusive Disaster Risk ReductionCentre for Disability in Development (CDD)
Bangladesh Area - 147,570 squire meter Population (2009) - 164.4 million (estimated) Density – 1099.3 squire meter Per Capita Income 641 US$ (2010) Main livelihood – Agriculture Landless – 44.35% (2001 census) Main Rivers - 232 Poverty – 40% (2005 household survey) Literacy – 53.5% (2007 Human Development Report- UNDP)
Disasters and Bangladesh According to Global Assessment Report 2009 Bangladesh is 3rd amongst 162 countries regarding Economic Exposure to disaster 1st of 162 countries regarding number of people exposed in hazard zone
Physical environment Existing environment Difficult to cope when environment and support system is dramatically altered
Information andcommunication: Inaccessible Early Warning System Reliance on others (i.e. family members, caregivers, neighbours, volunteers, rescue & emergency workers, etc) Lack of information about persons with disabilities as they are not included in Capacity and Risk Assessment system.
Emergency Response Invisible in emergency registration system. Need of persons with disabilities are not considered in relief mechanism. They tend to be invisible during disasters. Rescue and evacuation systems are not disability inclusive
Cyclone SIDR 2007 - many of the worst affected areas were cut off, complicating relief efforts. Roads were blocked with debris and power and phone lines down. Photo: WFP/Photo libraryPhoto Source: http://concernbd.blogspot.com/2007/08/relief-distribution-on-august-2007-in.html