As we all know fitness levels in children today are extremly low. it is our job as physical educators to change that or try and change that. this chapter focuses on how we as physical educators can make our students become fit, informed and eager movers now and throughout their lives. fit mover: enhance their physical fitness through; health-related fitness and performance related fitness informed movers being able to know about and apply fitness concepts to their own lives. eager movers willing to participate in vigorous activity; by developing students movement skills they gain the tools to do the activity and maintain improved levels of fitness.
Physical Fitness is a set of attributes related to the ability to perform physical activity coupled with one's genteic makeup, as well as the maintenance of nutritional adequacy. David L. Gallahue a child's personal level of physical activity and their individual health determine what can be reasonably expected. nutritional states and genetic makeup influences the level of fitness that child is at.
not directly related to athletic skill improve quality of life and lower risk or illness fit movers strive for obtain and maintain personal standards of health related fitness-individual level of development be able to do the activity genetic makeup
Muscular strength : may be increased through isotonic, isometric and isokinetic means. push-ups are isotonic. isokinectic is the same just have to accommodate to varible resistance.flex arm hang are isometric less effective. Flexibility full range of motion. cardiovascular endurance :single most important:heart lungs, and vascular system to supply oxygen to sustain physical activity. Muscular Endurance: exert force for several repetitions. several push-ups. Body composition: relative fatness or leanness adjusted for height. Controversy on this component but it is a very important part of health-related fitness
a.k.a. skill related fitness is genetically dependent closely related to atheltic skill function of practice and skill development an aspect of physical fitness related to the quality of ones movement skill. improve performance in play, games, and sport
balance :these skills first most important influenced by vision the inner ear and cerebellum balance beam standing on one foot Coordination :various parts of the body may be involved eye-hand coordination skipping ball dribble agility: ability to change direction of the body fast. enhanced through participation in fleeing and chasing games dodging activities. shuttle run speed : 20 yard dash, 30 yard dash running climbing and playing tag we can improve it by giving the children the opportunity for practice and space to run and play. Power: explosive strength. strength times speed during jumping striking or throwing for distance
Coordination-integrate various motor movements into an efficient movement. Balance-maintain equilibrium when placed in various positions. static balance- not moving dynamic balance- while in motion Agility- changing direction quickly and accurrately.
Speed -20 yd dash Power -standing long jump -vertical jump -distance throw -velocity throw Athletes are measured by how fast they can run off the line. How quick there feet our when dribbling. How much power they have to throw a discus or shot put. These are several ways that we can also measure children's progress in performance related fitness.
Principles for fitness development Overload- Need to perform more work than he/she generally does. Specificity- Specific types of training develop specific qualities of fitness. - Need overload of a specific exercise to get change. Progression- You need to increase your overload of a specific muscle group overtime. You don't just jump right into benching 300 lbs. I ndividuality- each person improves their fitness levels at their own rate;factors:age, gender, body type, nutritional status weight, motivation FITT - Frequency, intensity, time, and type of exercise. Frequency - exercise must be regular to be effective 3-6 days I ntensity - how long are you in your target zone. Time - 15 mins minimum. Target zone increases the fitter you get so you need to increase time as a progession. Type of exercise - You need to do a variety of exercises to shock your body. If you do the same exercises every time you work out your body will get use to the rhythm and not show progress as well as if you do a variety of exercises.
Muscular strength and endurance -bone growth -self concept -improves body image - strengthens heart - stress reduction Joint Flexibility - helps prevent injury - improves motor performance - increases range of motion - promotes fluidity of movement Body Composition - reduces respiratory distress - reduces susceptibilities to diseases - Improves game, sport, play performance - weight control - provides tools for health related fitness - Encourages regular active participation!
Some things that will happen if we don't educate parents and children. We want them to build good routines and healthy lifestyles for life. Obesity is one concern; and an overall unhealthy environment to grow up in if we don't instill new changes. What a sad recess or park picture! Recess should be full of life and fun, as should community parks. Educate parents to keep community parks clean and urge them to ask for better equipment from the town? government? Recreational ideas for life. Motivate parents to, &quot;become partners with their children creating a playful fitness enhancing environment,&quot; by showing and telling them of stories like these (Gallahue, Donnelly, 2003).
Students can look up to previous or up and coming professional athletes for inspiration and motivation to become &quot;eager movers&quot;. Lance Armstrong - biking, Michael Phelps - swimming, Michael Jordan - basketball. Ideas for motivation - Signs about fun physical activity above water fountains in the hallway/decorate the hallway with fun, physical activity oriented colors pictures; etc. Sending home appropriate stretches / other exercises to parents in notices will help educate them about what they can do with their kids at home, on vacation or elsewhere. At home they can stretch while watching T.V.
Obesity in children is a huge concern! Knowledge of healthy eating is one step closer to decreasing that obesity and giving children the knowledge of eating healthy for life. It is impossibly to eat unhealthy and make the right physical gains with exercise.
Physical activity and_fitness_enhancement
Chapter 4 Overview Physical Activity and Fitness Enhancement image
What is Physical Fitness ? Source 1 , Source 2 , and Source 3
injury , flexibility , lungs , Activity , forest Why is fitness development so important?
<ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Help your kids exercise... Sources : Yoga , Jogging , Wii , T-Ball , Logo, Gymnastics at home, on vaca tion or elsewhere!
Sources: Obesity, Sad Recess, Video Gaming This is what will continue to happen if we neglect to educate parents and children about lifetime physical fitness.
Sources: Phelps, M Jordan , L Armstrong, Fun! , Fountain , Grass, Stretches Children need recess, physical education & play time at home.
Sources: PE with kids , Notes , Achievment , PE , O. Course , Smiles
Source: lifestyle , Healthy , food , Grapes. Whole Grains Healthy eating is a must for quality exercise !
Status of Children's Fitness in Jeopardy Source 1 , Source 2 , Source 3, and Source 4
Techniques for Motivating Children to be Active Movers. Source 1 <ul><ul><li>Make activities a fun game. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add music to the workout session. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create fitness bulletin boards. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Participate in Associations that involve helping others out by being active. (Example: Jump Rope for Hearts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form activity clubs for before and after school programs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get involved yourself and excercise with the children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring some of the new technology into your classroom that is being used outside of school such as video games that are associated with active moving as a reward for being successful at a particular assessment. </li></ul></ul>