California history


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California history

  1. 1. California: A History<br />Brittney Weber<br />
  2. 2. IV:STRIKING IT RICH<br />Territory United States claimed from the Treaty<br />Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo<br />Signed on February 2, 1848 <br />Mexico signed to cede all the territory above the Rio Grande<br />Received $15 million dollars cash<br />$3.25 million of claims from Mexican citizens against the United States<br />California became United States territory from this treaty<br />
  3. 3. Alcalde<br />Mexican law of governance<br />Affected the United States after no comprise could be made for slavery<br />Did not require a separation of powers so the military was basically the entire judge, jury, and deciding factor in government rather than branches in the United States government<br />The mixed government practices helped create a bond that may have related to the early intermarriages between Americans and Mexicans living in California<br />
  4. 4. Gold<br />The discovery in 1848 would have the most influence on California in history<br />Workers were quitting their jobs and purchasing equipment for gold mining and hitting the riverbeds<br />Gold rush<br />By spring of 1848, the first wave was well underway<br />San Francisco sprung from this period<br />Within a year of finding gold, the population outstretched numbers for a territory <br />Along with the rapid population increase, it is also intriguing of the courage it took for men to travel to such great lengths in hopes of getting lucky and finding gold<br />1 in 9 men died on the journey to reach California<br />
  5. 5. V: REGULATION, RAILROAD, AND REVOLUTION<br />Confusion <br />During the 5 year period under Mexican government, it was a disorganized mess <br />Land grants were given out but not properly treated as so <br />This created multiple grantees to one piece of land <br />Riots broke out because of the disorder which resulted in several deaths of sheriffs and trespassers <br />
  6. 6. Dividing California<br />The issue of slavery brought up many conflicts between the northern states and the southern states with California<br />Southern states believed they deserved the state as slavery because of its geography<br />The north argued that it was northern territory<br />Starr presents the state as truly 2 parts and even 4: the Bay Area and the Mining Regions; the Far North and the Central Valley<br />
  7. 7. ix. Making it Happen<br />Labor Unions<br />1859: first labor unions developed in San Francisco<br />Trade Union Council: represented 15 labor organizations and as many as 3,000 workers<br />These helped keep workers together but created chaos and anger when times were tough and unemployment was high<br />
  8. 8. Great Depression in Cali<br />Such as the Midwest that was so dependent on agriculture, California was able to hold it’s own because it had many sources of income to rely on <br />It came later than most states <br />Due to the economy being diversified and not dependent on one source<br />Agricultural, industrial, entertainment <br />
  9. 9. Great Depression<br />Agricultural workers were flocking to California<br />300,000<br />Mostly white Americans from the dust bowl<br />Wages were dropped by 50%<br />Between the months of April and June of 1937, Mexican workers were getting as less as 15 cents per cantaloupe in the Imperial Valley<br />Strikes were going on due to unemployment<br />