VCE ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
UNIT 3: ENERGY AND GREENHOUSE GASES
Area of Study 1
SAC 1B: A comparison of a fossil fuel and a non-fossil energy
FOSSIL FUEL VS. NON-FOSSIL ENERGY SOURCE
Fossil Fuel Non-Fossil Energy
What is Fossil Fuel?
Fossil fuel are found deep under ground. There are many types of
fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are a natural. Crude oil, natural gas and
coal are fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are very precious resources
because they are non-renewable object once you have used them
they cant come back.
Most fossil fuel are found underground which has been producing
for quite a number or years. This is why there is a limited
What is it?
Nuclear,Hydro,Wood, Bio waste, Ethanol, Geothermal,
Solar, Wind. Are non-fossil energy. These can do more than one
thing during the process they are used for as
Non-fossil energy is much better for the environment and better in
the long run when you have your children grow up in the some
Non-fossil energy Is made from everyday uses. Why let light and
wind go to waste. Solar panels help produce heat and power
making the climate a lot healthier and liveable. Fossil fuel
advantages are often considered to include ease of production.
These are more common but aren't reliable because there isn’t
always wind and sun.
• MODIFICATION OF LAND USE
Wind farm Mortlake gas plant
Wind farm is much more renewable as they can still
run as a normal farm with livestock or crops on the
land still as the turbines don’t use that much space
and allow no disterbences to the land onc
Mortlake seems to use quite abit of land. 120 aches
is used but only 20 aches
SOCIAL AND MEDIA IMPACT
noise quality- During the production and still today both macarthur and mortlake make a
fair amount of noise. This Is why they built and construction a fair way out of town so That
there isnt much disturbance when running.
air quality- is another reason as to why they put them out of town.
environmental quality- also is a reason
The national strategy were to limit greenhouse gas emissions, conserve and enhance greenhouse gas
sinks, improve knowledge and understanding of the greenhouse effect and prepare for the potential
impact of climate.
They then replaced in late 1996 by. This is to help reduce the greenhouse effect admission. This is to
help prevent pollution.
Mortlake gas plant: the gas is more efficient, but unfortanally wont last forever. Gas
produces more greenhouse effect admission. Gas is used in your house for heaters and
cooking with a gas oven. However this is not a long term solution as gas will evently run
out or become more expensive as they find it hard to find as it unfortanally takes a fair
amount of years to produce.
Macarthur wind farm: wind farm is efficient but not reliable because there isn’t wind around all
the time. However this is more safer for the environment because it’s a non- fossil fuel. Wind is
sometimes better than other days, just like heat from the sun. when using solar panels if you
have a cold day without any sun then your water isn’t going to be hot, just when you want a hot
shower after a long day at work.
Mortlake: transportation for Mortlake when construction was carting all the products this made a
disturbance in the road.
Wind farm: when transport was made during the process of production. Traffic was stopped as having to
get the huge pieces of the wind turbines to allow construction to happen. But once reached to the location
of the Macarthur wind farm they then have done one bit of transport to make the machinery that will then
make electricity. When all the trucks were going through it made it hard in which to travel along the road.
This made more work for the workers as they had to re-build the road.
If using simple things like – removing unnecessary products in your car or truck will
lighten the load. This is why when construction was going on for both places it
damaged the roads.
Mortlake: At 550 MW, the Mortlake Power Station is the largest gas-fired power station
in the state.
Macarthur: Proposed as the largest wind farm in the southern hemisphere, the farm will
generate up to 420 Megawatts of electricity through 140 Vestas V112-3.0MW wind turbines –
enough energy to power around 220,000 average Victorian homes each year
This is used for houses and business’s around the community
Macarthur and Mortlake- both had a big scale of business as having to employee people from across
Australia and some from other states needed a place to stay. The Macarthur accommodation flats were
booked out the whole entire time of production. This was a huge benefit for Macarthur. This would have
been the same in Mortlake. Macarthur only has the one shop called Mooneys which is a milk bar. There
business would have double if not tripled in their income during this time. Not just the milk bar benefitted
but so did the pub.
This was a positive thing for the milk bar and gave them a good profit. As they finished production in
dropped of for the profit for Mortlake and Macarthur. As employing less and less people it then become
more quite for the accommodation places and small business who extremely benefited, but unfortanally
this wasn’t forever. When people hear about Macarthur or Mortlake they know about it having the wind
farm of the gas plant. This is what the town is now known for.
Macarthur wind farm: more hands on, more employees and employment opportunity.
Mortlake: not as many jobs, when construction was done there was a lot of distraction for Mortlake but had
a lot of job opportunity's for the district but then was only for a short amount of time then most of them were
out of jobs because they put them of once contruction was made. This also was the same situation with
macarthur wind farm. This left people angry as they were out of jobs .
Wind farm: the surrounding farmers have complained majority of the noise and generally have a big
concern for all the dead birds in which have been found on the ground near the turbines. The farmers
have also complained about there dogs not liking it. The environmental impact is very low because
farmers can still product there ‘summer crops’ or keep there stock there. This makes the land still the
same as the wind turbines weren't even on the land. This is what negative they thought would happened
during the planning stage, risk of the proposed wind turbines to threatened waterbird species, including
the Pied Cormorant, Whiskered Tern, Sharp-Tailed Sandpiper, Brolga, Great Egret, Australasian Shoveler,
Hardhead, Musk Duck and Latham’s Snipe; impact of the proposed wind farm on the values of the
region’s volcanic landscape; risk to archaeological and related Aboriginal cultural heritage values of the
proposed wind farm area; and potential implications for the amenity of surrounding residents.
Mortlake: Mortlake land has 2/3 of the land just wasted as they have to have a curtain amount of spaces between
crops and stock. They have 120 aches and only use 20 that is a big amount that is just wasted. Mortlake would
take up more space and more resources compared to Macarthur. (The power station’s natural gas supply is piped
via an 83 km dedicated underground natural gas transmission pipeline from the Port Campbell area.) this would
have caused a lot of disturbants when construction as they would have had to go place the pipe’s down.
The regional impact in Australian and new Zealand are:
• By 2020, significant loss of biodiversity is projected to occur in some ecologically rich sites,
including the Great Barrier reef and Queensland wet tropics.
• By 2030, water security problems are projected to inensiry in southern and eastern Australia.
• By 2050 ongoing coastal development and population growth in some areas of austraila and
new Zealand are projected to exacerbate risks from seas levels rise and increase in the
severity and frequency of storms and coastal flooding.
CONTRIBUTION TO GREENHOUSE EFFECT
Macarthur: Mortlake would be more energy efficient. Macarthur wind farm isn’t hurting the
environment as much as digging up coal and gas. There is only a certain supply of them. We want
something that will last for generations to come.
Kyoto protocol- is an international treaty that sets binding obligations on industrialized
countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
According to the UNFCC website, the Protocol "recognises that developed countries are
principally responsible for the current high levels of Green house gas emissions in the
atmosphere as a result of more than 150 years of industrial activity, and places a heavier
burden on developed nations under the principle of 'common but differentiated
Australia will actively contribute to the global effort to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the
atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous interference with the climate system and within a time
frame sufficient to
•allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change;
•ensure that food production is not threatened;
•enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable way
This is what they are aiming to do with the national strategies
1. To limit net greenhouse gas emissions, in particular, to meet our international commitments.
2. To foster knowledge and understanding of greenhouse issues.
3. To lay the foundations for adaptation to climate change.
The rules and regulation that they have to apply to is. Making sure that
customers are satisfied and no complaints have been made. They also have
to meet the OH&S. Workers must wear protective clothing on.
Macarthur: surrounding farmers weren't to
happy about the suppose noise that they are
meant to produce. The local strategies when
planning was taken place as they need to keep
in mind before production. This is what the
Macarthur local strategies was:
The municipal overview recognises the geographic
location, physical characteristics, historic development,
and population characteristics of the shire. This section
recognises the area between Hawkesdale and Macarthur,
as being located partly within the Stony Rises and partly
within the Volcanic Plains. The overview discusses the
indigenous and post-European settlement of the
municipality. It also explains the importance of tourism
along the coast and the focus of agriculture throughout
Mortlake: Mortlake provides a way that they are
going to try and help meet morlakes population
satisfactory to provide the community, comfort.
This is what they have on the moyne shire
In an effort to ensure clear communication, Moyne Shire
Council has established the Mortlake Power Station
Community Engagement Committee, which includes
community members, Councillors and Council staff, and
the power station builders Origin Energy and Bilfinger
Berger Services. The committee meets regularly and
disseminates regular community update bulletins to
Mortlake and district residents.
This helps everybody in the district that is unhappy.