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Causes of food insecurity year10 biomes

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Year 10 Biomes - Causes of Food Security Lesson

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Causes of food insecurity year10 biomes

  1. 1. Year 10 Geography
  2. 2.  What is ‘Food Security’?  Explain the indicators of food security?  Who has food security? What countries?  What is ‘Food Insecurity’?  Who is at risk of food insecurity? What countries?  Explain the relationship between the level of a countries development and the level of food security.
  3. 3.  African and third world (developing) countries have the highest growth rate in the world.  This puts them at risk of food insecurity  E.g. Niger’s population Means increased from more 2.5 million to 15 million between 1950 and 2010.  Africa will produce enough mouths food for only to about a quarter population by 2025 feed!
  4. 4.  International aid for countries at risk of food insecurity has always been sent by other countries  However, international aid often doesn’t reach the most vulnerable populations  This is because of a high level of corruption and political instability in many third world countries
  5. 5.  Many third world governments encourage production of so-called ‘cash crops’  The income made from cash crops is used to import food  As a result, countries which depend on cash crops are at high risk of food crisis because they do not produce enough food to feed their population
  6. 6.  Many failed harvests in Africa and other third world countries have been caused by pests such as desert locusts.  Cattle diseases affect a regions ability to produce food  Other agricultural issues such as soil infertility and soil erosion also play a part in food insecurity.
  7. 7.  Wars and military conflicts worsen food insecurity in third world countries  They may not be directly responsible for food crises but they worsen scarcity of food and often present the aid workers from reaching the most affected people
  8. 8.  This disease is a serious public health concern in third world countries and worsens food insecurity in two (2) ways.  1) reduces the available workforce  2) puts extra burden on poor households
  9. 9.  Some experts suggest that drought and extreme weather in regions affected by food crises  For example, west and east Africa have many problems with recurrent extreme droughts which puts them at extreme risk of food insecurity  Natural disasters which are becoming more frequent due to climate change also cause food insecurity
  10. 10.  Some experts suggest that drought and extreme weather in regions affected by food crises  For example, west and east Africa have many problems with recurrent extreme droughts which puts them at extreme risk of food insecurity  Natural disasters which are becoming more frequent due to climate change also cause food insecurity

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