Unit 4: The Monarchy


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Unit 4: The Monarchy

  1. 1. Monarchy Unit 4 Hanna Soe Kelli Tikerpuu 11 a
  2. 2. GENERAL INFORMATION <ul><li>Oldest institution of government </li></ul><ul><li>The UK is a constitiutional and hereditary monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen also reigns over the Bahamas, Australia, Canada, Jamaica, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen’s constitutional role today is mainly symbolic and ceremonial (appoints minsters, judges, is Head if the established Church of England, has the power to declare war and make peace) </li></ul>
  3. 3. HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH II (1950-...) <ul><li>21 April 1926 </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, sister of Margaret </li></ul><ul><li>Educated at home </li></ul><ul><li>Age of 14 first time on the BBC, 1943 first solo public engagement </li></ul><ul><li>By the age of 18 carrying out some of the duties of Head of State </li></ul><ul><li>First opening ceremony 1944 (Scotland) </li></ul><ul><li>Married to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten on 20 Nov. 1947 (4 children, 7 grandchildren) </li></ul><ul><li>Became Queen when she was 26 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Country’s official hostess </li></ul><ul><li>The annual Dipolmatic Reception – the most elegant </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen’s large Christmas party at Windsor; New Year at Sandringham </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE QUEEN’S WORKING DAY (at Buckingham Palace) <ul><li>Reads (newspapers, letters recieved, report by Parliament) </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone calls </li></ul><ul><li>Once a month meeting of the Privy Council </li></ul><ul><li>Engagements </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic matters with the Master of the Household </li></ul><ul><li>Horses! (owner and breeder) </li></ul>
  5. 5. ROYAL TRAVEL <ul><li>First British sovereign to visit Russia 1994 (since the Revolution) </li></ul><ul><li>The Royal Yacht Britannia – second oldest in the Royal Navy </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen’s Flight, the Royal Train </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE QUEEN’S HUSBAND (10 June 1921) <ul><li>Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh </li></ul><ul><li>Only son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Princess Alice of Battenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Both The Queen’s and Prince Philip’s great-great-grandmother is Victoria -> RELATED! </li></ul><ul><li>Schools in France, England and Germany before Gordonstoun School in Morayshire </li></ul><ul><li>Head of the School and Captain of Hockey and Cricket </li></ul>
  7. 7. THE QUEEN’S HUSBAND (10 June 1921) <ul><li>1939 joined the Royal Navy (best cadet) </li></ul><ul><li>Lieutenant 1942 -> First Lieutenant of HMS Wallace -> 1952 Commander of HMS Magpie -> gave up upon the death of his father-in-law </li></ul><ul><li>Before wedding named Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich with the title His Royal Highness (appointed a Knight of the Garter) </li></ul><ul><li>President Emeritus of the WWF </li></ul><ul><li>Chancellor of the Universities of Edinburgh and Cambridge </li></ul><ul><li>The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award scheme ( 3 Award levels / service, expeditions, skills, physical recreation) </li></ul>
  8. 9. PRINCE CHARLES (14 Nov. 1948) <ul><li>The Prince of Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Duke of Cornwall 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Educated at Cheam School and Gordonstoun (exchange student in Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated from Camridge with a BA degree and took seat in the House of Lords </li></ul><ul><li>On 29 July 1981 married Lady Diana Spencer </li></ul><ul><li>2 sons: William Arthur Philip Louis ( 21 June 1982) and Henry Charles Albert David (15 Sept 1984) </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Princess of Wales was killed in a car crash in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>9 years later married Mrs Camilla Parker Bowels </li></ul><ul><li>Main interests: young people, the environment, education, health, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 10. PRINCESS ANNE (1950) <ul><li>Princess Royal </li></ul><ul><li>Only daughter and second child </li></ul><ul><li>Married Lieutenant Mark Phillips 1973 -> 2 children : Peter & Zara </li></ul><ul><li>Marrage dissolved 1992 - > Commander Timothy Laurence of the Royal Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Riding Through My Life (horses!) </li></ul>
  10. 11. PRINCE ANDREW (1960) The Duke of York Always enjoyed sport, specialised as a pilot Married Sarah Ferguson in 1986, divorced 1996 2 daughters: Beatrice and Eugenie PRINCE EDWARD (1964) The Earl of Wessex In theatre production Married Sophie Rhys-Jones Lady Louise
  11. 12. WHO IS IN THE LINE OF THRONE? <ul><li>The Prince of Wales, Heir Apparent </li></ul><ul><li>Prince William of Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Prince Henry of Wales </li></ul><ul><li>The Duke of York </li></ul><ul><li>Princess Eugene of York </li></ul><ul><li>Prince Edward </li></ul><ul><li>Lady Louise </li></ul><ul><li>The Princess Royal </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Philips </li></ul><ul><li>Zara Philips </li></ul>
  12. 13. THE FUTURE OF THE MONARCHY <ul><li>Australia and New Zealand likely to become republics </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth decided to pay taxes the same as all her people </li></ul><ul><li>The Royal Family (public image) has been harmed - the martial problems and scandals of the princes and their wives </li></ul><ul><li>The monarchy is expected to modernize </li></ul>
  13. 14. INTERESTING FACTS <ul><li>The unit of a ‘foot’ was decreed by King Henry and the standard ‘foot’ is one-third of his arm length (12 inches). </li></ul><ul><li>There has been a Queen of England who never lived there or even visited the country: Berengaria, who married Richard I. </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth I was all for bowling, dice, playing cards and fencing clubs, while the majority and aldermen of London were not. </li></ul><ul><li>George I (1714-1727) could neither speak nor write the English language. </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Victoria’s mother tongue was not English. The language spoken at home was German and Victoria was never able to speak English perfectly, even though she ruled the country for 64 years. </li></ul><ul><li>King Edward VII ordered to keep all the clocks at Sandringham, the royal residence, set half an hour fast. Several mistakes were made due to that. It took a local clockmaker from midnight to dawn to set the clocks right. </li></ul><ul><li>2 June 1953 was selected for the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II because meteorologists said it was the most consistently sunny day in the calendar. However, it rained on that day. </li></ul>