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Name: Brijal Oza
Roll no.: 23
M.A. SEM: 2
Year: 2015 – 2017
Paper: 7, Literary Theory and Criticism
Email ID: brijaloza1994@gmail.com
submitted to: Department of English
M.K. Bhavnagar University
Northrop Fry’s
Inductive
Method
Deductive
Method
Northrop Frye
 Canadian educator and literary
critic.
 Wrote on Canadian literature –
published in 1951.
 The term “Archetypal” means
original idea or pattern of
something of which others are
copies.
 Archetypal approach is the
interpretation of a text in the
light of cultural patterns
involved in it, and these
cultural patterns are based on
myth and rituals of nation.
Reach to a conclusion based on observation.
From particular to general – means, readers learns the
general truth of life that is called inductive method.
Proceeds inductively from particular truths.
In simple words – first introduced the examples and then
the rules.
Example of Inductive Method
This Cat is black. That Cat is black. A third Cat is black.
Therefore all cats are black.
This marble from the bag is blue. That marble from the
bag is blue. A third marble from the bag is blue.
Therefore all marbles are blue.
Example of Inductive method
 Conclude that “Oliver
Twist” as a dark novel.
“Oliver
Twist” as a
dark novel
class
conflict
Religious
conflict
Victimiza
tion of
women
Macabre
of child
labor
 The conclusion is already given and we have to give example
supporting that conclusion.
 From general to particular – means, analysis, proceeds to
established the meaning of work from the general truth to
particular truth.
 In simple words – first introduced with the general rules and then
examples.
Example of Deductive Method
Bachelors are unmarried men. Varun is unmarried.
Therefore Varun is a bachelor.
All men are mortal. Kim is a man. Therefore, Kim is a
mortal.
Example of Deductive Method
 Conclude that Fagin was a
villain of the novel “Oliver
Twist”.
Fagin as
a villain
Pick
pocket
Ugly look
& dark
character
Brutal,
cruel
character
Temptati
on of
money
 Literature can be interpreted in as many ways as possible.
 These methods are useful for critics and it can derive reader in
new direction and vision of any literary work.
 If we want to interpret in different way through this methods,
center and periphery can be changed.
Paper 7 Northrop Frye's inductive and Deductive Method

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Paper 7 Northrop Frye's inductive and Deductive Method

  • 1. Name: Brijal Oza Roll no.: 23 M.A. SEM: 2 Year: 2015 – 2017 Paper: 7, Literary Theory and Criticism Email ID: brijaloza1994@gmail.com submitted to: Department of English M.K. Bhavnagar University
  • 3. Northrop Frye  Canadian educator and literary critic.  Wrote on Canadian literature – published in 1951.  The term “Archetypal” means original idea or pattern of something of which others are copies.  Archetypal approach is the interpretation of a text in the light of cultural patterns involved in it, and these cultural patterns are based on myth and rituals of nation.
  • 4. Reach to a conclusion based on observation. From particular to general – means, readers learns the general truth of life that is called inductive method. Proceeds inductively from particular truths. In simple words – first introduced the examples and then the rules.
  • 5. Example of Inductive Method This Cat is black. That Cat is black. A third Cat is black. Therefore all cats are black. This marble from the bag is blue. That marble from the bag is blue. A third marble from the bag is blue. Therefore all marbles are blue.
  • 6. Example of Inductive method  Conclude that “Oliver Twist” as a dark novel. “Oliver Twist” as a dark novel class conflict Religious conflict Victimiza tion of women Macabre of child labor
  • 7.  The conclusion is already given and we have to give example supporting that conclusion.  From general to particular – means, analysis, proceeds to established the meaning of work from the general truth to particular truth.  In simple words – first introduced with the general rules and then examples.
  • 8. Example of Deductive Method Bachelors are unmarried men. Varun is unmarried. Therefore Varun is a bachelor. All men are mortal. Kim is a man. Therefore, Kim is a mortal.
  • 9. Example of Deductive Method  Conclude that Fagin was a villain of the novel “Oliver Twist”. Fagin as a villain Pick pocket Ugly look & dark character Brutal, cruel character Temptati on of money
  • 10.
  • 11.  Literature can be interpreted in as many ways as possible.  These methods are useful for critics and it can derive reader in new direction and vision of any literary work.  If we want to interpret in different way through this methods, center and periphery can be changed.