OBESITY
B.S MBULAWA
R129513C
HEHP 1
2013
From the National Health Strategy
2009-2013
 Poor habit and behaviour increase risk of NCDs
(ZimSTEPWISE Survey 2005).
 ...
Anatomy & physiology

 Obesity is a medical condition whereby excess body fat has
acumulated to an extend of imposing ris...
Causes

 High energy intake and less physical activity.
 Chromosome & gene abnormality.
 Genetic predisposition.
 Horm...
Risk factors

 Sedentary lifestyle.
 Alcohol.
 Emotions.
 Pregnancy.
 Aging.
 Sleep.
 Smoking.
Signs & symptoms
Signs

 BMI>30.
 Waist circumference.

 Scale showing
overweight.
 Extra fat around waist.

Symptoms
...
Diagnosis tests

 BMI.
 Waist circumference.

 Estimate body fat.
 Specialist check.
Treatment & management
At home

At hospital

 Appetite suppresants.
 Monitor calories intake.
 Health eating plan & foo...
Complications
 Obesity hypoventilation
syndrome.
 Osteoarthritis.
 Cancers.
 Sleep apnoea.
 Liver & gallstone disease...
Health promotion, Ottawa action
areas.
 Prevantion is a continuum.
 Advocacy in primary prevention.
 Educate for health...
THANK YOU !!
Obesity
Obesity
Obesity
Obesity
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Obesity

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short presentation about factors around obesity

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Obesity

  1. 1. OBESITY B.S MBULAWA R129513C HEHP 1 2013
  2. 2. From the National Health Strategy 2009-2013  Poor habit and behaviour increase risk of NCDs (ZimSTEPWISE Survey 2005).  Main causes of common NCDs; accidents, chd & obesity.  Obesity high in females.  Global strategy of diet & physical activity.  Behavioural Change Communication programmes.  Inadeduate rehabilitation services.
  3. 3. Anatomy & physiology  Obesity is a medical condition whereby excess body fat has acumulated to an extend of imposing risk to one’s health & reduction oflife expectancy.  Adipose fat tissue, fluid & jelly.  Round body.
  4. 4. Causes  High energy intake and less physical activity.  Chromosome & gene abnormality.  Genetic predisposition.  Hormonal problems eg hyperthyroidism.  Some medicines eg corticosteroids.  Endocrine disruptors.
  5. 5. Risk factors  Sedentary lifestyle.  Alcohol.  Emotions.  Pregnancy.  Aging.  Sleep.  Smoking.
  6. 6. Signs & symptoms Signs  BMI>30.  Waist circumference.  Scale showing overweight.  Extra fat around waist. Symptoms  Increased sweating.  Difficult in body movement & locomotion.  Difficult in breathing.
  7. 7. Diagnosis tests  BMI.  Waist circumference.  Estimate body fat.  Specialist check.
  8. 8. Treatment & management At home At hospital  Appetite suppresants.  Monitor calories intake.  Health eating plan & food choices.  Food label checking.  Physical exercise.  General weight monitoring.  Lifestyle.  Medicine.  Surgery.
  9. 9. Complications  Obesity hypoventilation syndrome.  Osteoarthritis.  Cancers.  Sleep apnoea.  Liver & gallstone diseases.  Reproductive problems.  Difficult operations.  Cardiovascular diseases.  High BP.  Stroke.  Abnormal blood fat.  Diabetes mellitus 2  Asthma.
  10. 10. Health promotion, Ottawa action areas.  Prevantion is a continuum.  Advocacy in primary prevention.  Educate for healthy choicesthrough BCC programme.  Reorientation- rehabilitative services.  Health policy in food production.  Favourable environments.
  11. 11. THANK YOU !!

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