Bridget Harris , Leadership Consultant, August 2009 representation equality diversity YWALM and Interaction
<ul><ul><li>politicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>board members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>doctors </li></ul></ul>What is...
Different decision makers... <ul><ul><li>doctors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trustees </...
Competence, confidence Knowledge, education Management skills competence versus direct experience Visionary? Communicator?...
three models <ul><ul><li>trustee:  because  I'm better than you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mandate:  because  you've told ...
does representation work? &quot;the rights and interests of every (or any) person are only secure from being disregarded w...
a test for good representation... ...are you going to be  personally affected  by the decision you are making on behalf of...
How does descriptive representation work? you  are always directly involved <ul><ul><li>direct democracy (5th Century BC A...
How does descriptive representation work? you   are randomly selected <ul><ul><li>juries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>opinio...
How does descriptive representation work? you  elect  individual or different groups <ul><ul><li>electoral system (pr) </l...
Does  descriptive representation  make a difference? <ul><ul><li>reactions of the represented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>p...
<ul><ul><li>party political, ideologies, selection systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>individual circumstances, opportunit...
Examples from UK overcoming barriers: systemic
overcoming barriers: party politics
overcoming barriers: individuals www.beacouncillor.org.uk
Question: Do men need to be more like women, or women need to be more like men in order to achieve equality? A question of...
Bridget Harris , Leadership Consultant, August 2009 questions? [email_address]
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Representation and decision making in politics

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A presentation to the Young Women African Leaders Movement and the British Council's 'InterAction' Leadership group on theories of representation.

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  • the three models
  • Representation and decision making in politics

    1. 1. Bridget Harris , Leadership Consultant, August 2009 representation equality diversity YWALM and Interaction
    2. 2. <ul><ul><li>politicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>board members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>doctors </li></ul></ul>What is representation? ... people making decisions on our behalf <ul><ul><li>journalists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>campaigners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>parents </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Different decision makers... <ul><ul><li>doctors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trustees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>campaigners </li></ul></ul>trustee descriptive <ul><ul><li>politicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>journalists </li></ul></ul>mandate
    4. 4. Competence, confidence Knowledge, education Management skills competence versus direct experience Visionary? Communicator? Fixer? representatives same experiences shared interests same constraints Gender? Race? Age?
    5. 5. three models <ul><ul><li>trustee:  because I'm better than you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mandate: because  you've told me what to do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>descriptive: because I'm like you </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. does representation work? &quot;the rights and interests of every (or any) person are only secure from being disregarded when the person interested is himself able, and habitually disposed, to stand up for them &quot;   (John Stuart Mill)
    7. 7. a test for good representation... ...are you going to be personally affected by the decision you are making on behalf of others?
    8. 8. How does descriptive representation work? you are always directly involved <ul><ul><li>direct democracy (5th Century BC Athens) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>referenda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>local groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>participatory budgeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>community empowerment </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. How does descriptive representation work? you are randomly selected <ul><ul><li>juries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>opinion polls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focus groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>surveys </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. How does descriptive representation work? you  elect individual or different groups <ul><ul><li>electoral system (pr) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>quotas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>electoral boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>devolution </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Does descriptive representation make a difference? <ul><ul><li>reactions of the represented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>policy outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>legitimacy and symbolism </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><ul><li>party political, ideologies, selection systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>individual circumstances, opportunities, status, confidence </li></ul></ul>barriers to entry <ul><ul><li>the system, institutions, processes </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Examples from UK overcoming barriers: systemic
    14. 14. overcoming barriers: party politics
    15. 15. overcoming barriers: individuals www.beacouncillor.org.uk
    16. 16. Question: Do men need to be more like women, or women need to be more like men in order to achieve equality? A question of equality..?
    17. 17. Bridget Harris , Leadership Consultant, August 2009 questions? [email_address]

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