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making disciples: stages of faith development
 
 
 
four stages of faith development
Stage   1 Simplicity
Stage 1 Simplicity You’re either for us or against us.  It’s all or nothing.
Stage 1 Simplicity Focus : Right or wrong?  Good or bad? Motive :  Pleasing authority figures, being an insider “us” Perception :  Dualistic
Stage 1 Beliefs -everything is known or knowable; there are easy answers to every question -good authorities/us are the ones who know the right answers -the bad guys/them are wrong
Stage 1 Authorities Godlike, God’s representatives, they know and give answers
Stage 1 Simplicity Life is a war.
Stage 1 Identity: In my leader or group. Relationships:  Dependent or co-dependent
Stage 1 Simplicity God is … The Ultimate Authority Figure or Ultimate Friend
Stage 1 Simplicity STRENGTHS:  highly committed, willing to sacrifice and suffer. WEAKNESSES:  Also willing to kill or inflict suffering.  Arrogant, simplistic, combative, judgmental, intolerant
Stage   1 Simplicity
Stage   2 Complexity
Stage 2 Complexity There’s more than one way to do things.
Stage 2 Complexity Focus :  Effective or ineffective? Technique, winning, success Motive :  Reach goals, being effective Perception : Pragmatic
Stage 2 Beliefs: -anything is doable -there are many ways to reach the goal -authorities/us are the ones who know how to do it -the bad guys don’t do the right stuff
Stage 2 Authorities Coaches.  They help you grow and succeed with know-how.
Stage 2 Complexity Life is a game. Learn the rules. Play to win.
Stage 2 Complexity Identity:  My cause or achievement. Relationships:  Increasingly independent.
Stage 2 Complexity God is … The Ultimate Guide or Coach
Stage 2 Complexity STRENGTHS:  Enthusiasm, idealism, action WEAKNESSES:  Superficial, naïve, overly pragmatic
Stage   2 Complexity
Stage   3 Perplexity
Stage 3 Perplexity Everyone has an opinion.  Who knows who is right?
Stage 3 Perplexity Focus :  Honest or dishonest? Authentic or inauthentic? Motive :  Being honest or authentic Perception :  Relativistic, critical
Stage 3 Beliefs -little/nothing is known or knowable; everybody has an opinion -good people are honest about their questions
Stage 3 Authorities are ... Controllers The Enemy Trying to impose easy answers on the naïve Trying to use the naive
Stage 3 Perplexity Life is … a joke mystery or search
Stage 3 Identity:  In solitude, or among a small band of similarly alienated friends Relationships:  Counter-dependent
Stage 3 Perplexity God is … mythic authority I’ve outgrown mysterious reality I’m seeking or  opiate of the pathetic masses
Stage 3 Perplexity STRENGTHS: depth, honesty, sensitivity to suffering, perhaps ironic humor WEAKNESSES: cynical, uncommitted, withdrawn, critical, depressed, elitist
Stage   3 Perplexity
Stage   4 Humility
Stage 4 Humility Seek first God’s kingdom … love God, love neighbors … in essentials unity  … focus on a few grand essentials
Stage 4 Humility Focus:  Wise or unwise? Fulfilling potential Motive:  Serve, contribute, make a difference Perception: Integrated, synthesizing, sympathetic
Stage 4 Beliefs -some things are known, many are mysteries; life is a quest -there is no “them”
Stage 4 Authorities people like me imperfect sometimes doing their best,  sometimes dishonest, sometimes sincerely misguided
Stage 4 Life is ... What you make it (with God’s help)
Stage 4 Identity:  In mutual relationships Relationships:  Interdependent
Stage 4 God is ... Knowable in part, yet mysterious, present yet transcendent, just yet merciful (able to hold truths in tension -- “paradoxy”)
Stage 4 Humility STRENGTHS: May exhibit strengths of previous stages, plus stability, endurance, wisdom WEAKNESSES:  May display weaknesses of earlier stages
Stage   4 Humility
Stage   1 Simplicity
Stage   2 Complexity
Stage   3 Perplexity
Stage   4 Humility
How do we lead multi-stage churches?
 
 
 
 
 
 
An observation: Cults and “bad faith” or “toxic” religion can be seen as groups which require people to revert to a Stage 1 status and stay there. Stage 1 is easier for the leaders and followers … in a way.
An observation: Whole denominations or parachurch organizations seem to specialize in certain stages, and fail people in other stages.
An observation: Leaders seldom lead people in a stage beyond their own.
An observation: Stage 3 is tough on everybody -- leaders and followers.
An observation: Jesus models working with people in each stage, and always brings them farther on the journey.
A question:  How do we minister to people with such contrary expectations, needs, issues, and desires?  A direction: Explore Jesus as teacher … not just in content, but also in method.
An important reminder Remember that you are a person in process too. Pastors are allowed to be ...  Growing Christians.
An important reminder You don’t stop being a disciple when you become a pastor.
disciple  is*ci"ple n. [OE. disciple, deciple, OF. disciple, fr. L. discipulus, fr. discere to learn (akin to docere to teach; see Docile) + prob. a root meaning to turn or drive, as in L. pellere to drive (see Pulse).] One who receives instruction from another; a scholar; a learner; especially, a follower who has learned to believe in the truth of the doctrine of his teacher; an adherent in doctrine; as, the disciples of Plato; the disciples of our Savior
We need a new “methodism.”
Practical considerations  Integrating … regularity with intensity community with solitude contemplation (finding God in normalcy) and charisma (finding God beyond normalcy)
 
Lectio = reading   Ruminatio = rumination, chewing Meditatio = meditation   Contemplatio = contemplation   Oratio = oration, spoken/communicated prayer
 
 

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Stages of Faith

  • 1. making disciples: stages of faith development
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5. four stages of faith development
  • 6. Stage 1 Simplicity
  • 7. Stage 1 Simplicity You’re either for us or against us. It’s all or nothing.
  • 8. Stage 1 Simplicity Focus : Right or wrong? Good or bad? Motive : Pleasing authority figures, being an insider “us” Perception : Dualistic
  • 9. Stage 1 Beliefs -everything is known or knowable; there are easy answers to every question -good authorities/us are the ones who know the right answers -the bad guys/them are wrong
  • 10. Stage 1 Authorities Godlike, God’s representatives, they know and give answers
  • 11. Stage 1 Simplicity Life is a war.
  • 12. Stage 1 Identity: In my leader or group. Relationships: Dependent or co-dependent
  • 13. Stage 1 Simplicity God is … The Ultimate Authority Figure or Ultimate Friend
  • 14. Stage 1 Simplicity STRENGTHS: highly committed, willing to sacrifice and suffer. WEAKNESSES: Also willing to kill or inflict suffering. Arrogant, simplistic, combative, judgmental, intolerant
  • 15. Stage 1 Simplicity
  • 16. Stage 2 Complexity
  • 17. Stage 2 Complexity There’s more than one way to do things.
  • 18. Stage 2 Complexity Focus : Effective or ineffective? Technique, winning, success Motive : Reach goals, being effective Perception : Pragmatic
  • 19. Stage 2 Beliefs: -anything is doable -there are many ways to reach the goal -authorities/us are the ones who know how to do it -the bad guys don’t do the right stuff
  • 20. Stage 2 Authorities Coaches. They help you grow and succeed with know-how.
  • 21. Stage 2 Complexity Life is a game. Learn the rules. Play to win.
  • 22. Stage 2 Complexity Identity: My cause or achievement. Relationships: Increasingly independent.
  • 23. Stage 2 Complexity God is … The Ultimate Guide or Coach
  • 24. Stage 2 Complexity STRENGTHS: Enthusiasm, idealism, action WEAKNESSES: Superficial, naïve, overly pragmatic
  • 25. Stage 2 Complexity
  • 26. Stage 3 Perplexity
  • 27. Stage 3 Perplexity Everyone has an opinion. Who knows who is right?
  • 28. Stage 3 Perplexity Focus : Honest or dishonest? Authentic or inauthentic? Motive : Being honest or authentic Perception : Relativistic, critical
  • 29. Stage 3 Beliefs -little/nothing is known or knowable; everybody has an opinion -good people are honest about their questions
  • 30. Stage 3 Authorities are ... Controllers The Enemy Trying to impose easy answers on the naïve Trying to use the naive
  • 31. Stage 3 Perplexity Life is … a joke mystery or search
  • 32. Stage 3 Identity: In solitude, or among a small band of similarly alienated friends Relationships: Counter-dependent
  • 33. Stage 3 Perplexity God is … mythic authority I’ve outgrown mysterious reality I’m seeking or opiate of the pathetic masses
  • 34. Stage 3 Perplexity STRENGTHS: depth, honesty, sensitivity to suffering, perhaps ironic humor WEAKNESSES: cynical, uncommitted, withdrawn, critical, depressed, elitist
  • 35. Stage 3 Perplexity
  • 36. Stage 4 Humility
  • 37. Stage 4 Humility Seek first God’s kingdom … love God, love neighbors … in essentials unity … focus on a few grand essentials
  • 38. Stage 4 Humility Focus: Wise or unwise? Fulfilling potential Motive: Serve, contribute, make a difference Perception: Integrated, synthesizing, sympathetic
  • 39. Stage 4 Beliefs -some things are known, many are mysteries; life is a quest -there is no “them”
  • 40. Stage 4 Authorities people like me imperfect sometimes doing their best, sometimes dishonest, sometimes sincerely misguided
  • 41. Stage 4 Life is ... What you make it (with God’s help)
  • 42. Stage 4 Identity: In mutual relationships Relationships: Interdependent
  • 43. Stage 4 God is ... Knowable in part, yet mysterious, present yet transcendent, just yet merciful (able to hold truths in tension -- “paradoxy”)
  • 44. Stage 4 Humility STRENGTHS: May exhibit strengths of previous stages, plus stability, endurance, wisdom WEAKNESSES: May display weaknesses of earlier stages
  • 45. Stage 4 Humility
  • 46. Stage 1 Simplicity
  • 47. Stage 2 Complexity
  • 48. Stage 3 Perplexity
  • 49. Stage 4 Humility
  • 50. How do we lead multi-stage churches?
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
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  • 56.  
  • 57. An observation: Cults and “bad faith” or “toxic” religion can be seen as groups which require people to revert to a Stage 1 status and stay there. Stage 1 is easier for the leaders and followers … in a way.
  • 58. An observation: Whole denominations or parachurch organizations seem to specialize in certain stages, and fail people in other stages.
  • 59. An observation: Leaders seldom lead people in a stage beyond their own.
  • 60. An observation: Stage 3 is tough on everybody -- leaders and followers.
  • 61. An observation: Jesus models working with people in each stage, and always brings them farther on the journey.
  • 62. A question: How do we minister to people with such contrary expectations, needs, issues, and desires? A direction: Explore Jesus as teacher … not just in content, but also in method.
  • 63. An important reminder Remember that you are a person in process too. Pastors are allowed to be ... Growing Christians.
  • 64. An important reminder You don’t stop being a disciple when you become a pastor.
  • 65. disciple is*ci"ple n. [OE. disciple, deciple, OF. disciple, fr. L. discipulus, fr. discere to learn (akin to docere to teach; see Docile) + prob. a root meaning to turn or drive, as in L. pellere to drive (see Pulse).] One who receives instruction from another; a scholar; a learner; especially, a follower who has learned to believe in the truth of the doctrine of his teacher; an adherent in doctrine; as, the disciples of Plato; the disciples of our Savior
  • 66. We need a new “methodism.”
  • 67. Practical considerations Integrating … regularity with intensity community with solitude contemplation (finding God in normalcy) and charisma (finding God beyond normalcy)
  • 68.  
  • 69. Lectio = reading Ruminatio = rumination, chewing Meditatio = meditation Contemplatio = contemplation Oratio = oration, spoken/communicated prayer
  • 70.  
  • 71.