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  1. 1. connectED
  2. 2. Today: connectED connecting with the Bible
  3. 3. Tomorrow afternoon: You as a connector
  4. 4. connection religion re-ligamentation re-connection reconciliation
  5. 5. family ... kingdom ... connection
  6. 6. Christian education: Helping people live in loving connection to God, and through God, to all creation.
  7. 7. 9 9
  8. 8. Christian education: Helping people live in loving connection to God, and through God, to all creation.
  9. 9. Christian education: Helping people live in loving connection to God, and through God, to all creation.
  10. 10. Christian education: Helping people live in loving connection to God, and through God, to all creation.
  11. 11. Christian education: Helping people live in loving connection to God, and through God, to all creation.
  12. 12. Christian education: Helping people live in loving connection to God, and through God, to all creation.
  13. 13. Christian education? Helping people continue on as satisfied, loyal, tithes-paying consumers in the religious-industrial complex of Christianity .
  14. 14. Christian education: Helping people live in loving connection to God, and through God, to all creation.
  15. 15. Connected to God ... Grace Faith Worship Spiritual practices/postures ...
  16. 16. Connected to a Congregation ... Pastoral team Community Mentoring circle Business, governance, finance Mission
  17. 17. Connected to Tradition ... Presbyterian Reformed Protestant Christian Jewish Human Liberal/conservative/other
  18. 18. Connected to Community ... Needs Goodness Joy Work
  19. 19. Connected to History ... Past Present Future
  20. 20. Connected to Creation ... Environmental address Environmental evolution Environmental crises Special enjoyment/appreciation
  21. 21. 24
  22. 22. school of love
  23. 23. Love is patient and kind; Love is not jealous or boastful; Love is not arrogant or rude. Love does not insist on its own way;
  24. 24. Love is not irritable or resentful; Love does not rejoice at wrong, but rejoices in the right. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. Love never ends.
  25. 25. As for prophecies, they will pass away; As for tongues, they will cease; As for knowledge, it will pass away. For our knowledge and our prophecy are immature; But when maturity comes, the immature will pass away.
  26. 26. When I was a child, I spoke and thought and reasoned like a child, But when I became an adult, I gave up childish ways. For now we see in a mirror dimly, But then face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall understand fully, Even as I have been fully understood.
  27. 27. So faith, hope, and love abide, these three; But the greatest of these is love.
  28. 28. Connecting with the Bible
  29. 29. post-liberal crisis (and opportunity) (and opportunity) (and opportunity) (and opportunity)
  30. 30. Dear Dr. Laura: Thank you for doing so much to educate people regarding God's Law. I have learned a great deal from your show, and try to share that knowledge with as many people as I can. When someone tries to defend the homosexual lifestyle, for example, I simply remind them that Leviticus 18:22 clearly states it to be an abomination... End of debate. I do need some advice from you, however, regarding some other elements of God's Laws and how to follow them.
  31. 31. 1. Leviticus 25:44 states that I may possess slaves, both male and female, provided they are purchased from neighboring nations. A friend of mine claims that this applies to Mexicans, but not Canadians. Can you clarify? Why can't I own Canadians? 2. I would like to sell my daughter into slavery, as sanctioned in Exodus 21:7. In this day and age, what do you think would be a fair price for her? 3. I know that I am allowed no contact with a woman while she is in her period of menstrual uncleanliness - Lev.15: 19-24. The problem is how do I tell? I have tried asking, but most women take offense.
  32. 32. 4. When I burn a bull on the altar as a sacrifice, I know it creates a pleasing odor for the Lord - Lev.1:9. The problem is, my neighbors. They claim the odor is not pleasing to them. Should I smite them? 5. I have a neighbor who insists on working on the Sabbath.Exodus 35:2 clearly states he should be put to death. Am I morally obligated to kill him myself, or should I ask the police to do it? 6. A friend of mine feels that even though eating shellfish is an abomination - Lev. 11:10, it is a lesser abomination than homosexuality. I don't agree. Can you settle this? Are there 'degrees' of abomination?
  33. 33. 7. Lev. 21:20 states that I may not approach the altar of God if I have a defect in my sight. I have to admit that I wear reading glasses. Does my vision have to be 20/20, or is there some wiggleroom here? 8. Most of my male friends get their hair trimmed, including the hair around their temples, even though this is expressly forbidden by Lev. 19:27. How should they die? 9. I know from Lev. 11:6-8 that touching the skin of a dead pig makes me unclean, but may I still play football if I wear gloves?
  34. 34. 10. My uncle has a farm. He violates Lev.19:19 by planting two different crops in the same field, as does his wife by wearing garments made of two different kinds of thread (cotton/polyester blend). He also tends to curse and blaspheme a lot. Is it really necessary that we go to all the trouble of getting the whole town together to stone them? Lev.24:10-16. Couldn't we just burn them to death at a private family affair, like we do with people who sleep with their in-laws? (Lev. 20:14) I know you have studied these things extensively and thus enjoy considerable expertise in such matters, so I am confident you can help. Thank you again for reminding us that God's word is eternal and unchanging. Your adoring fan. James M. Kauffman, Ed.D. Professor Emeritus Dept. of Curriculum, Instruction, and Special Education University of Virginia
  35. 35. The liberal responses ... Sweetness and light/Source of nice quotations Anything goes Deconstruct, disarm, reduce negative impact ... “materialist sterility”
  36. 36. A way forward? A way to reconnect with the Bible? Is the Bible a Constitution or a Library?
  37. 37. The Bible as Constitution • Conservatives: A good and valid constitution • Liberals: A flawed and outdated constitution
  38. 38. Bible as Conversation • • The Bible as a cultural library • Artifacts from stories within stories Library as preserver of minority opinions and ongoing arguments
  39. 39. LEGAL CONSTITUTION COMMUNITY LIBRARY Uniformity Diversity Preserve order Preserve diversity agreement argument enforcement encouragement
  40. 40. LEGAL CONSTITUTION COMMUNITY LIBRARY Rules to live by, Conformity Stories to live by, Creativity One publication date Many publication dates Analyze, interpret, argue Enter, inhabit, practice amendments? new acquisitions
  41. 41. Stories in conversation ... David, Goliath, and the Temple Two Arks Pharaoh, Hagar, Solomon Ezra, Ruth Joshua, Jesus, and the Canaanites
  42. 42. Inspiration • what would an inspired constitution look like? • what would an inspired community library look like? • how would we engage with the Bible as an inspired library?
  43. 43. Connecting with a new metaphor ... Connecting with a new narrative ...
  44. 44. Heaven Eden Salvation Fall History/ The world Hell
  45. 45. Platonic Ideal Platonic Ideal Fall Into Aristotelian Real Atonement, purification Aristotelian Real Hades
  46. 46. Pax Romana Pax Romana Civilization, development, Rebellion into barbarism colonialism Barbarian/ pagan world assimilation Destruction, defeat
  47. 47. Is there an alternative understanding?
  48. 48. sdrawkcab gnidaer Rick Warren, Billy Graham, Charles Finney, John Wesley (or Calvin), Luther, Aquinas, Augustine, Paul, Jesus reading forwards Adam, Eve, Sarah, Abraham, Moses, David, Isaiah, John the Baptist, Mary, Jesus
  49. 49. Exodus: Liberation & Formation
  50. 50. Exodus: Liberation & Formation Genesis: Creation and Reconciliation
  51. 51. Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and Mercy Exodus: Liberation & Formation Genesis: Creation and Reconciliation
  52. 52. G e n Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and Mercy e s i s Exodus: Liberation & Formation
  53. 53. G HUMAN DESTRUCTION e n e s Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and Mercy HUMAN VIOLENCE i s HUMAN EXPLOITATION Exodus: Liberation & Formation
  54. 54. G HUMAN DESTRUCTION e n e s Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and Mercy HUMAN VIOLENCE i s HUMAN EXPLOITATION Exodus: Liberation & Formation
  55. 55. Revelation and Evolution
  56. 56. -Connecting with a new metaphor ... -Connecting with a new narrative ... -Connecting with a new hermeneutic (interpretive approach)
  57. 57. The Bible and Violence
  58. 58. Derek Flood graphically displays Paul’s edited quotation of Psalm 18:41-49 and Deuteronomy 32:43 in Romans 15:8-10. Notice what Paul picks to retain and what he chooses to reject: For I tell you that Christ has become a servant of the Jews on behalf of God's truth, to confirm the promises made to the patriarchs so that the Gentiles may glorify God for his mercy, as it is written: “I destroyed my foes. They cried for help, but there was no one to save them—to the LORD, but he did not answer…. He is the God who avenges me, who puts the Gentiles under me…. Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles; I will sing hymns to your name.” (Ps. 18:41–49).
  59. 59. Again, it says, “Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people, for he will avenge the blood of his servants; he will take vengeance on his enemies and make atonement for his land and people.” (Deut. 32:43)
  60. 60. Flood concludes: “Paul is making a very different point from the original intent of these Psalms. In fact, he is making the opposite point—we should not cry out for God’s wrath and judgment [on the other], because we are all sinners in need of mercy.” He concludes, “This is not a case of careless out-ofcontext proof-texting; it is an artful and deliberate reshaping of these verses … from their original cry for divine violence into a confession of universal culpability that highlights our need for mercy.”
  62. 62. -Connecting with a new metaphor ... -Connecting with a new narrative ... -Connecting with a new hermeneutic (interpretive approach) - Connecting with a new experience of the Bible ...
  63. 63. reading the Bible for connection (genesis 26 ff)
  64. 64. 7 Basic Plots (Christopher Booker) 1. Overcoming the monster 2. Rags to riches 3. Quest 4. Voyage and Return 5. Comedy 6. Tragedy 7. Rebirth
  65. 65. Jacob and Esau ...
  66. 66. Isaac prayed to the Lord for his wife, because she was barren; and the Lord granted his prayer, and his wife Rebekah conceived. 22The children struggled together within her; and she said, ‘If it is to be this way, why do I live?’* 25:21 So she went to inquire of the Lord. 23And the Lord said to her, ‘Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples born of you shall be divided; one shall be stronger than the other, the elder shall serve the younger.’ [If the story stopped here ...]
  67. 67. When her time to give birth was at hand, there were twins in her womb. 25The first came out red, all his body like a hairy mantle; so they named him Esau. 26Afterwards his brother came out, with his hand gripping Esau’s heel; so he was named Jacob.* Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them. 24 27 When the boys grew up, Esau was a skilful hunter, a man of the field, while Jacob was a quiet man, living in tents. 28Isaac loved Esau, because he was fond of game; but Rebekah loved Jacob.
  68. 68. Note: God upsetting the normal order (patriarchy, primogeniture) God for the younger God for the woman God for the “tent boy” God for the liar, cheat, coward! But does God show favoritism?
  69. 69. The stolen birthright - The stolen blessing ... 27:18 So he went in to his father, and said, ‘My father’; and he said, ‘Here I am; who are you, my son?’ 19Jacob said to his father, ‘I am Esau your firstborn. I have done as you told me; now sit up and eat of my game, so that you may bless me.’ 20But Isaac said to his son, ‘How is it that you have found it so quickly, my son?’ He answered, ‘Because the Lord your God granted me success.’ 21Then Isaac said to Jacob, ‘Come near, that I may feel you, my son, to know whether you are really my son Esau or not.’ 22So Jacob went up to his father Isaac, who felt him and said, ‘The voice is Jacob’s voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.’ 23He did not recognize him, because his hands were hairy like his brother Esau’s hands; so he blessed him. 24 He said, ‘Are you really my son Esau?’ He answered, ‘I am.’ 25Then he said, ‘Bring it to me, that I may eat of my son’s game and bless you.’ So he brought it to him, and he ate; and he brought him wine, and he drank. 26Then his father Isaac said to him, ‘Come near and kiss me, my son.’ 27So he came near and kissed him; and he smelled the smell of his garments, and blessed him, and said,
  70. 70. ‘Ah, the smell of my son is like the smell of a field that the Lord has blessed. 28 May God give you of the dew of heaven, and of the fatness of the earth, and plenty of grain and wine. 29 Let peoples serve you, and nations bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers, and may your mother’s sons bow down to you. Cursed be everyone who curses you, and blessed be everyone who blesses you!’
  71. 71. NOTE: The blessing ... Is God like a genii, under the control of a powerful man? Recalling Genesis 12: I will bless you ... I will make you a great nation ... All nations will be blessed through you. Not exclusive blessing, but instrumental blessing.
  72. 72. 27:41 Now Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him, and Esau said to himself, ‘The days of mourning for my father are approaching; then I will kill my brother Jacob.’ 42But the words of her elder son Esau were told to Rebekah; so she sent and called her younger son Jacob and said to him, ‘Your brother Esau is consoling himself by planning to kill you. 43Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; flee at once to my brother Laban in Haran, 44and stay with him for a while, until your brother’s fury turns away— 45until your brother’s anger against you turns away, and he forgets what you have done to him; then I will send, and bring you back from there. Why should I lose both of you in one day?’
  73. 73. Jacob’s journey ... departure and return Rachel and Leah (cheater gets cheated, proper order restored) Jacob and Laban (No mother around to pull strings....) Jacob ready to return home (a man now, facing final challenge)
  74. 74. 32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, ‘We came to your brother Esau, and he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.’ 7Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two companies, 8thinking, ‘If Esau comes to one company and destroys it, then the company that is left will escape.’ 9 And Jacob said, ‘O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O Lord who said to me, “Return to your country and to your kindred, and I will do you good”, 10I am not worthy of the least of all the steadfast love and all the faithfulness that you have shown to your servant, for with only my staff I crossed this Jordan; and now I have become two companies. 11Deliver me, please, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for I am afraid of him; he may come and kill us all, the mothers with the children. 12Yet you have said, “I will surely do you good, and make your offspring as the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted because of their number.” ’
  75. 75. 13 So he spent that night there, and from what he had with him he took a present for his brother Esau, 14two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15thirty milch camels and their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 16These he delivered into the hand of his servants, each drove by itself, and said to his servants, ‘Pass on ahead of me, and put a space between drove and drove.’ 17 He instructed the foremost, ‘When Esau my brother meets you, and asks you, “To whom do you belong? Where are you going? And whose are these ahead of you?” 18then you shall say, “They belong to your servant Jacob; they are a present sent to my lord Esau; and moreover he is behind us.” ’ 19He likewise instructed the second and the third and all who followed the droves, ‘You shall say the same thing to Esau when you meet him, 20and you shall say, “Moreover your servant Jacob is behind us.” ’ For he thought, ‘I may appease him with the present that goes ahead of me, and afterwards I shall see his face; perhaps he will accept me.’ 21So the present passed on ahead of him; and he himself spent that night in the camp.
  76. 76. What’s most important to Jacob now?
  77. 77. 32:22 The same night he got up and took his two wives, his two maids, and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 23 He took them and sent them across the stream, and likewise everything that he had. 24Jacob was left alone; and a man wrestled with him until daybreak. 25When the man saw that he did not prevail against Jacob, he struck him on the hip socket; and Jacob’s hip was put out of joint as he wrestled with him. 26Then he said, ‘Let me go, for the day is breaking.’ But Jacob said, ‘I will not let you go, unless you bless me.’ 27So he said to him, ‘What is your name?’ And he said, ‘Jacob.’ 28Then the man* said, ‘You shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel,* for you have striven with God and with humans,* and have prevailed.’ 29Then Jacob asked him, ‘Please tell me your name.’ But he said, ‘Why is it that you ask my name?’ And there he blessed him. 30So Jacob called the place Peniel,* saying, ‘For I have seen God face to face, and yet my life is preserved.’ 31The sun rose upon him as he passed Penuel, limping because of his hip. 32 Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the thigh muscle that is on the hip socket, because he struck Jacob on the hip socket at the thigh muscle.
  78. 78. 33 Now Jacob looked up and saw Esau coming, and four hundred men with him. So he divided the children among Leah and Rachel and the two maids. 2He put the maids with their children in front, then Leah with her children, and Rachel and Joseph last of all. 3He himself went on ahead of them, bowing himself to the ground seven times, until he came near his brother. 4 But Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept. 5When Esau looked up and saw the women and children, he said, ‘Who are these with you?’ Jacob said, ‘The children whom God has graciously given your servant.’ 6Then the maids drew near, they and their children, and bowed down; 7Leah likewise and her children drew near and bowed down; and finally Joseph and Rachel drew near, and they bowed down. 8Esau said, ‘What do you mean by all this company that I met?’ Jacob answered, ‘To find favour with my lord.’ 9But Esau said, ‘I have enough, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.’ 10Jacob said,
  79. 79. ‘No, please; if I find favour with you, then accept my present from my hand; for truly to see your face is like seeing the face of God—since you have received me with such favour. 11Please accept my gift that is brought to you, because God has dealt graciously with me, and because I have everything I want.’ So he urged him, and he took it.
  80. 80. Where do you find God revealed in this story? Only where God is overtly named?
  81. 81. Where do you find God revealed in this story? Only where God is overtly named? Or in the human development and the human encounter?
  82. 82. another story of two sons ...
  83. 83. connectED