Love is patient and kind;
Love is not jealous or boastful;
Love is not arrogant or rude.
Love does not insist on its own way;
Love is not irritable or resentful;
Love does not rejoice at wrong, but
rejoices in the right.
Love bears all things,
believes all things,
hopes all things,
endures all things.
Love never ends.
As for prophecies, they will pass away;
As for tongues, they will cease;
As for knowledge, it will pass away.
For our knowledge and our prophecy are
But when maturity comes,
the immature will pass away.
When I was a child, I spoke and
thought and reasoned like a child,
But when I became an adult,
I gave up childish ways.
For now we see in a mirror dimly,
But then face to face.
Now I know in part; then I shall
Even as I have been fully understood.
So faith, hope, and love abide, these
But the greatest of these is love.
Dear Dr. Laura:
Thank you for doing so much to educate people regarding
God's Law. I have learned a great deal from your show, and try
to share that knowledge with as many people as I can. When
someone tries to defend the homosexual lifestyle, for example,
I simply remind them that Leviticus 18:22 clearly states it to be
an abomination... End of debate.
I do need some advice from you, however, regarding some
other elements of God's Laws and how to follow them.
1. Leviticus 25:44 states that I may possess slaves, both male
and female, provided they are purchased from neighboring
nations. A friend of mine claims that this applies to Mexicans,
but not Canadians. Can you clarify? Why can't I own Canadians?
2. I would like to sell my daughter into slavery, as sanctioned in
Exodus 21:7. In this day and age, what do you think would be a
fair price for her?
3. I know that I am allowed no contact with a woman while she
is in her period of menstrual uncleanliness - Lev.15: 19-24. The
problem is how do I tell? I have tried asking, but most women
4. When I burn a bull on the altar as a sacrifice, I know it
creates a pleasing odor for the Lord - Lev.1:9. The problem is,
my neighbors. They claim the odor is not pleasing to them.
Should I smite them?
5. I have a neighbor who insists on working on the
Sabbath.Exodus 35:2 clearly states he should be put to death.
Am I morally obligated to kill him myself, or should I ask the
police to do it?
6. A friend of mine feels that even though eating shellfish is an
abomination - Lev. 11:10, it is a lesser abomination than
homosexuality. I don't agree. Can you settle this? Are there
'degrees' of abomination?
7. Lev. 21:20 states that I may not approach the altar of God if I
have a defect in my sight. I have to admit that I wear reading
glasses. Does my vision have to be 20/20, or is there some
8. Most of my male friends get their hair trimmed, including the
hair around their temples, even though this is expressly
forbidden by Lev. 19:27. How should they die?
9. I know from Lev. 11:6-8 that touching the skin of a dead pig
makes me unclean, but may I still play football if I wear gloves?
10. My uncle has a farm. He violates Lev.19:19 by planting two different
crops in the same field, as does his wife by wearing garments made of
two different kinds of thread (cotton/polyester blend). He also tends to
curse and blaspheme a lot. Is it really necessary that we go to all the
trouble of getting the whole town together to stone them? Lev.24:10-16.
Couldn't we just burn them to death at a private family affair, like we do
with people who sleep with their in-laws? (Lev. 20:14)
I know you have studied these things extensively and thus enjoy
considerable expertise in such matters, so I am confident you can help.
Thank you again for reminding us that God's word is eternal and
Your adoring fan.
James M. Kauffman, Ed.D. Professor Emeritus Dept. of Curriculum,
Instruction, and Special Education
University of Virginia
The liberal responses ...
Sweetness and light/Source of nice
reduce negative impact ...
A way forward? A way to reconnect with the
Is the Bible a Constitution or a Library?
The Bible as
Conservatives: A good and valid
Liberals: A flawed and outdated constitution
Bible as Conversation
The Bible as a cultural library
Artifacts from stories within stories
Library as preserver of minority opinions
and ongoing arguments
Rules to live by, Conformity
Stories to live by, Creativity
One publication date
Many publication dates
Analyze, interpret, argue
Enter, inhabit, practice
Stories in conversation ...
David, Goliath, and the Temple
Pharaoh, Hagar, Solomon
Joshua, Jesus, and the Canaanites
what would an inspired constitution look
what would an inspired community library
how would we engage with the Bible as an
Connecting with a new
Connecting with a new
Rick Warren, Billy Graham, Charles Finney, John Wesley (or Calvin), Luther,
Aquinas, Augustine, Paul, Jesus
Adam, Eve, Sarah, Abraham, Moses, David, Isaiah, John the Baptist, Mary, Jesus
Derek Flood graphically displays Paul’s edited quotation of Psalm 18:41-49 and
Deuteronomy 32:43 in Romans 15:8-10. Notice what Paul picks to retain and what he
chooses to reject:
For I tell you that Christ has become a servant
of the Jews on behalf of God's truth, to confirm the
promises made to the patriarchs so that the Gentiles
may glorify God for his mercy, as it is written: “I
destroyed my foes. They cried for help, but there
was no one to save them—to the LORD, but he did
not answer…. He is the God who avenges me, who
puts the Gentiles under me…. Therefore I will
praise you among the Gentiles; I will sing hymns to
your name.” (Ps. 18:41–49).
Again, it says, “Rejoice, O Gentiles,
with his people, for he will avenge the
blood of his servants; he will take
vengeance on his enemies and make
atonement for his land and people.”
Flood concludes: “Paul is making a very different
point from the original intent of these Psalms. In
fact, he is making the opposite point—we should
not cry out for God’s wrath and judgment [on the
other], because we are all sinners in need of mercy.”
He concludes, “This is not a case of careless out-ofcontext proof-texting; it is an artful and deliberate
reshaping of these verses … from their original cry
for divine violence into a confession of universal
culpability that highlights our need for mercy.”
Isaac prayed to the Lord for his wife, because she was
barren; and the Lord granted his prayer, and his wife Rebekah
conceived. 22The children struggled together within her; and she
said, ‘If it is to be this way, why do I live?’*
So she went to inquire of the Lord. 23And the Lord said to her,
‘Two nations are in your womb,
and two peoples born of you shall be divided;
one shall be stronger than the other,
the elder shall serve the younger.’
[If the story stopped here ...]
When her time to give birth was at hand, there were twins in
her womb. 25The first came out red, all his body like a hairy
mantle; so they named him Esau. 26Afterwards his brother came
out, with his hand gripping Esau’s heel; so he was named
Jacob.* Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them.
27 When the boys grew up, Esau was a skilful hunter, a man of
the field, while Jacob was a quiet man, living in tents. 28Isaac
loved Esau, because he was fond of game; but Rebekah loved
God upsetting the normal order (patriarchy,
God for the younger
God for the woman
God for the “tent boy”
God for the liar, cheat, coward!
But does God show favoritism?
The stolen birthright - The stolen blessing ...
27:18 So he went in to his father, and said, ‘My father’; and he said,
‘Here I am; who are you, my son?’ 19Jacob said to his father, ‘I am
Esau your firstborn. I have done as you told me; now sit up and eat
of my game, so that you may bless me.’ 20But Isaac said to his son,
‘How is it that you have found it so quickly, my son?’ He answered,
‘Because the Lord your God granted me success.’ 21Then Isaac said to
Jacob, ‘Come near, that I may feel you, my son, to know whether
you are really my son Esau or not.’ 22So Jacob went up to his father
Isaac, who felt him and said, ‘The voice is Jacob’s voice, but the
hands are the hands of Esau.’ 23He did not recognize him, because his
hands were hairy like his brother Esau’s hands; so he blessed him.
He said, ‘Are you really my son Esau?’ He answered, ‘I am.’ 25Then
he said, ‘Bring it to me, that I may eat of my son’s game and bless
you.’ So he brought it to him, and he ate; and he brought him wine,
and he drank. 26Then his father Isaac said to him, ‘Come near and
kiss me, my son.’ 27So he came near and kissed him; and he smelled
the smell of his garments, and blessed him, and said,
‘Ah, the smell of my son
is like the smell of a field that the Lord has
May God give you of the dew of heaven,
and of the fatness of the earth,
and plenty of grain and wine.
Let peoples serve you,
and nations bow down to you.
Be lord over your brothers,
and may your mother’s sons bow down to you.
Cursed be everyone who curses you,
and blessed be everyone who blesses you!’
The blessing ...
Is God like a genii, under the control of a powerful
Recalling Genesis 12:
I will bless you ... I will make you a great nation ...
All nations will be blessed through you.
Not exclusive blessing, but instrumental blessing.
27:41 Now Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing
with which his father had blessed him, and Esau said
to himself, ‘The days of mourning for my father are
approaching; then I will kill my brother Jacob.’ 42But the
words of her elder son Esau were told to Rebekah; so
she sent and called her younger son Jacob and said to
him, ‘Your brother Esau is consoling himself by
planning to kill you. 43Now therefore, my son, obey my
voice; flee at once to my brother Laban in Haran, 44and
stay with him for a while, until your brother’s fury
turns away— 45until your brother’s anger against you
turns away, and he forgets what you have done to
him; then I will send, and bring you back from there.
Why should I lose both of you in one day?’
Jacob’s journey ... departure and return
Rachel and Leah (cheater gets cheated, proper
Jacob and Laban (No mother around to pull
Jacob ready to return home (a man now, facing
32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, ‘We came to your
brother Esau, and he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men
are with him.’ 7Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he
divided the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and
camels, into two companies, 8thinking, ‘If Esau comes to one
company and destroys it, then the company that is left will escape.’
9 And Jacob said, ‘O God of my father Abraham and God of my
father Isaac, O Lord who said to me, “Return to your country and to
your kindred, and I will do you good”, 10I am not worthy of the least
of all the steadfast love and all the faithfulness that you have shown
to your servant, for with only my staff I crossed this Jordan; and
now I have become two companies. 11Deliver me, please, from the
hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for I am afraid of him;
he may come and kill us all, the mothers with the children. 12Yet you
have said, “I will surely do you good, and make your offspring as
the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted because of their
13 So he spent that night there, and from what he had with him he
took a present for his brother Esau, 14two hundred female goats and
twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15thirty
milch camels and their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty
female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 16These he delivered into the
hand of his servants, each drove by itself, and said to his servants,
‘Pass on ahead of me, and put a space between drove and drove.’
He instructed the foremost, ‘When Esau my brother meets you, and
asks you, “To whom do you belong? Where are you going? And
whose are these ahead of you?” 18then you shall say, “They belong to
your servant Jacob; they are a present sent to my lord Esau; and
moreover he is behind us.” ’ 19He likewise instructed the second and
the third and all who followed the droves, ‘You shall say the same
thing to Esau when you meet him, 20and you shall say, “Moreover
your servant Jacob is behind us.” ’ For he thought, ‘I may appease
him with the present that goes ahead of me, and afterwards I shall
see his face; perhaps he will accept me.’ 21So the present passed on
ahead of him; and he himself spent that night in the camp.
32:22 The same night he got up and took his two wives, his two
maids, and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok.
He took them and sent them across the stream, and likewise
everything that he had. 24Jacob was left alone; and a man wrestled
with him until daybreak. 25When the man saw that he did not prevail
against Jacob, he struck him on the hip socket; and Jacob’s hip was
put out of joint as he wrestled with him. 26Then he said, ‘Let me go,
for the day is breaking.’ But Jacob said, ‘I will not let you go, unless
you bless me.’ 27So he said to him, ‘What is your name?’ And he
said, ‘Jacob.’ 28Then the man* said, ‘You shall no longer be called
Jacob, but Israel,* for you have striven with God and with humans,*
and have prevailed.’ 29Then Jacob asked him, ‘Please tell me your
name.’ But he said, ‘Why is it that you ask my name?’ And there he
blessed him. 30So Jacob called the place Peniel,* saying, ‘For I have
seen God face to face, and yet my life is preserved.’ 31The sun rose
upon him as he passed Penuel, limping because of his hip.
Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the thigh muscle that
is on the hip socket, because he struck Jacob on the hip socket at
the thigh muscle.
Now Jacob looked up and saw Esau coming, and four hundred
men with him. So he divided the children among Leah and
Rachel and the two maids. 2He put the maids with their children
in front, then Leah with her children, and Rachel and Joseph
last of all. 3He himself went on ahead of them, bowing himself
to the ground seven times, until he came near his brother.
4 But Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his
neck and kissed him, and they wept. 5When Esau looked up and
saw the women and children, he said, ‘Who are these with
you?’ Jacob said, ‘The children whom God has graciously given
your servant.’ 6Then the maids drew near, they and their
children, and bowed down; 7Leah likewise and her children drew
near and bowed down; and finally Joseph and Rachel drew
near, and they bowed down. 8Esau said, ‘What do you mean by
all this company that I met?’ Jacob answered, ‘To find favour
with my lord.’ 9But Esau said, ‘I have enough, my brother; keep
what you have for yourself.’ 10Jacob said,
‘No, please; if I find favour with you,
then accept my present from my hand;
for truly to see your face is like seeing
the face of God—since you have
received me with such favour. 11Please
accept my gift that is brought to you,
because God has dealt graciously with
me, and because I have everything I
want.’ So he urged him, and he took it.
Where do you find God revealed in this
Only where God is overtly named?
Where do you find God revealed in this
Only where God is overtly named?
Or in the human development
and the human encounter?