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Fighting Fake News NAGC 2017

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Brian Housand, Ph.D.
brianhousand.com
@brianhousand
In 2006, we first learned that even the brightest students were easily fooled by internet hoaxes like the Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus. While we tried to laugh this off as the folly of misguided youth, a decade later we witnessed the rise of fake news and its impact on the “post-truth” world of 2016 overrun by an ever-growing network of social media. To fight for truth, justice, and yes, even the American way, this session presents a collection of superhero-themed critical thinking activities designed to empower you and your students to conquer the evils of fake news.

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Fighting Fake News NAGC 2017

  1. 1. FAKE NEWS FIGHTING Teaching Critical Thinking In A Post-Truth World Dr. Brian Housand brianhousand.com/nagc17 @brianhousand
  2. 2. Brian Housand brianhousand.com @brianhousand
  3. 3. SLIDES AVAILABLE AFTER THE PRESENTATION
  4. 4. May you live in interesting times. May you live in interesting times.
  5. 5. QUESTION EVERYTHING
  6. 6. Saying something is REAL does not make it REAL
  7. 7. Saying something is FAKE does not make it FAKE
  8. 8. Well, How Did We Get Here?
  9. 9. Same as it ever was
  10. 10. 2006
  11. 11. 2006
  12. 12. 2006
  13. 13. 2006
  14. 14. 2006
  15. 15. 2006
  16. 16. 2006
  17. 17. reliable
  18. 18. WOEFULLY UNPREPARED
  19. 19. CLICK AND READ!
  20. 20. 62%
  21. 21. 44%of tweens and teens feel they can tell fake news from real news.
  22. 22. 56%of tweens and teens feel they can’t tell fake news from real news.
  23. 23. 31%shared a story in the last 6 months that turned out to be wrong.
  24. 24. Fake news stories are like drops of poison into the water that we drink every day, and we end up infected without even realizing it. Laura Boldrini President of the Chamber of Deputies in the Italian Parliament
  25. 25. SMART ≠ +
  26. 26. SPEED VS. ACCURACY
  27. 27. FAKE
  28. 28. FAKE
  29. 29. FAKE
  30. 30. INFORMATION OVERLOAD
  31. 31. With great power there must also come great responsibility.
  32. 32. SPIDEY SENSES
  33. 33. Every man should have a built-in automatic crap detector operating inside him. Every man should have a built-in automatic crap detector operating inside him.
  34. 34. CURRENCY RELEVANCE AUTHORITY ACCURACY PURPOSE
  35. 35. CAPES
  36. 36. CREDENTIALS What makes the author an expert? What is their bias?
  37. 37. CLOSED NOVICE EXPERT OPEN Bias Knowledge Who is the author? What makes them an expert on the subject? How open or closed is their bias? What makes you say that?
  38. 38. When we only DIG DEEPER on the same site what do we hope to find?
  39. 39. Laterally READ
  40. 40. ACCURACY Is the information up to date? Is the information factual?
  41. 41. FACTOPINION MIND THE GAP Rate this as FACT or Opinion. When was this published? What evidence is provided? What important details are missing?
  42. 42. PURPOSE What is the purpose of the information?
  43. 43. PURSUADE iINFORM entertain $sell
  44. 44. PERSUADE INFORM ENTERTAIN SELL How did you determine the purpose? Unclear clear SUBJECTIVE OBJECTIVE THE PURPOSE Is the point of view subjective or objective? Is the author’s purpose clear or unclear?
  45. 45. EMOTIONIs the site designed to evoke an emotional response? How does this site make you feel?
  46. 46. WHAT EMOTIONS DO YOU FEEL? JOY sadness trust fearanger DISGUST anticipation surprise After viewing the item, what emotions do you feel? Why do you feel this way? What causes you to feel these emotions? How are your emotions influencing your thinking?
  47. 47. SUPPORTWhat supporting evidence can you find from another site?
  48. 48. 1 2 3 CLAIM: SUPPORTING EVIDENCE SUPPORTING EVIDENCE SUPPORTING EVIDENCE What claim is being made? Who is making this claim? Triangulate the claim with THREE other sources. Document with evidence.
  49. 49. 1 2 3 54 UNRELIABLE TRUSTWORTHY CREDENTIALS ACCURACY PURPOSE EMOTION SUPPORT
  50. 50. CRISIS OF AUTHENTICITY
  51. 51. bluff the listener game
  52. 52. 1. Locate two news stories or websites that seems unlikely but are factual. 2. Find one news story or website that is at least some what plausible but is false. 3. Create a Google Document or Slides presentation that contains the three stories. 4. BONUS POINTS if the three stories are related or focused on one topic.
  53. 53. WHO? Who is saying this? Look for an ABOUT page to let you know what makes them an expert? WHAT? What is being said? Is the information factual? WHEN? When was the information posted? Is the information up to date? Does it need to up to date? HOW? How does the information make you feel? Is it meant to evoke an emotional response? WHY? Why is the information being posted? It is reporting news, entertainment, selling something, for humor?
  54. 54. “Don’t believe everything you read on the internet just because there’s a quote and a picture next to it.”
  55. 55. #OutsideOfTheSilo OVERCOMING OUR OWN BIAS
  56. 56. skeptic
  57. 57. WHAT’S YOUR EVIDENCE?
  58. 58. futureoffakenews.com
  59. 59. allsides.com
  60. 60. skypeascientist.com
  61. 61. COMMON SENSE
  62. 62. USE MULTIPLE RESOURCES
  63. 63. No single truth purveyor, no matter how reliable, should be considered an infallible font of accurate information. Folks make mistakes. Or they get duped. Or they have a bad day at the fact-checking bureau. Or some days they are just being silly. To not allow for any of this is to risk stepping into a pothole the size of Lake Superior.
  64. 64. May you live in interesting times. May you live in interesting times.
  65. 65. If the next trend could be THINKING that would be great.
  66. 66. Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.
  67. 67. ENOUGH!ENOUGH!
  68. 68. vigilance noun the action or state of keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.
  69. 69. If you smell something, say something.
  70. 70. FAKE NEWS FIGHTING Teaching Critical Thinking In A Post-Truth World Dr. Brian Housand brianhousand.com/nagc17 @brianhousand

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