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Fighting Fake News

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Brian Housand, Ph.D.
@brianhousand
brianhousand.com

Published in: Education
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Fighting Fake News

  1. 1. FAKE NEWS FIGHTING Teaching Critical Thinking In A Post-Truth World Dr. Brian Housand brianhousand.com @brianhousand
  2. 2. Brian Housand brianhousand.com @brianhousand
  3. 3. SLIDES AVAILABLE AFTER THE PRESENTATION
  4. 4. May you live in interesting times. May you live in interesting times.
  5. 5. Well, How Did We Get Here?
  6. 6. Same as it ever was
  7. 7. 2006
  8. 8. 2006
  9. 9. 2006
  10. 10. 2006
  11. 11. 2006
  12. 12. 2006
  13. 13. reliable
  14. 14. WOEFULLY UNPREPARED
  15. 15. 62%
  16. 16. 44%of tweens and teens feel they can tell fake news from real news.
  17. 17. 56%of tweens and teens feel they can’t tell fake news from real news.
  18. 18. 31%shared a story in the last 6 months that turned out to be wrong.
  19. 19. 4CHALLENGES of FAKE NEWS
  20. 20. SPEED VS. ACCURACY
  21. 21. In what year was the first U.S. postage stamp issued? Who or what was on it? How much did it cost?
  22. 22. FAKE
  23. 23. FAKE
  24. 24. INFORMATION OVERLOAD
  25. 25. “With great power there must also come — great responsibility”
  26. 26. SPIDEY SENSES
  27. 27. Every man should have a built-in automatic crap detector operating inside him. Every man should have a built-in automatic crap detector operating inside him.
  28. 28. CURRENCY RELEVANCE AUTHORITY ACCURACY PURPOSE
  29. 29. CAPES
  30. 30. CREDENTIALS What makes the author an expert? What is their bias?
  31. 31. ACCURACY Is the information up to date? Is the information factual?
  32. 32. PURPOSEWhat is the purpose? Information? Entertainment? Satire? Parody? Advertisement? News?
  33. 33. EMOTIONIs the site designed to evoke an emotional response? How does this site make you feel?
  34. 34. SUPPORTWhat supporting evidence can you find from another site?
  35. 35. 1 2 3 54 UNRELIABLE TRUSTWORTHY CREDENTIALS ACCURACY PURPOSE EMOTION SUPPORT
  36. 36. CRISIS OF AUTHENTICITY
  37. 37. bluff the listener game
  38. 38. 1. Locate two news stories or websites that seems unlikely but are factual. 2. Find one news story or website that is at least some what plausible but is false. 3. Create a Google Document or Slides presentation that contains the three stories. 4. BONUS POINTS if the three stories are related or focused on one topic.
  39. 39. WHO? Who is saying this? Look for an ABOUT page to let you know what makes them an expert? WHAT? What is being said? Is the information factual? WHEN? When was the information posted? Is the information up to date? Does it need to up to date? HOW? How does the information make you feel? Is it meant to evoke an emotional response? WHY? Why is the information being posted? It is reporting news, entertainment, selling something, for humor?
  40. 40. “Don’t believe everything you read on the internet just because there’s a quote and a picture next to it.”
  41. 41. #OutsideOfTheSilo OVERCOMING OUR OWN BIAS
  42. 42. skeptic
  43. 43. futureoffakenews.com
  44. 44. skypeascientist.com
  45. 45. usafacts.org
  46. 46. beinternetawesome.withgoogle.com
  47. 47. beinternetawesome.withgoogle.com
  48. 48. beinternetawesome.withgoogle.com
  49. 49. beinternetawesome.withgoogle.com
  50. 50. beinternetawesome.withgoogle.com
  51. 51. COMMON SENSE
  52. 52. USE MULTIPLE RESOURCES
  53. 53. CONSIDER THE SOURCE Click away from the story to investigate the site, its mission and its contact info. READ BEYOND Headlines can be outrageous in an effort to get clicks. What’s the whole story? CHECK THE AUTHOR Do a quick search on the author. Are they credible? Are they real? SUPPORTING SOURCES? Click on those links. Determine if the info given actually supports the story. CHECK THE DATE Reposting old news stories doesn’t mean they’re relevant to current events. IS IT A JOKE? If it is too outlandish, it might be satire. Research the site and author to be sure. CHECK YOUR BIASES Consider if your own beliefs could affect your judgement. ASK THE EXPERTS Ask a librarian, or consult a fact-checking site. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions With thanks to www.FactCheck.org
  54. 54. No single truth purveyor, no matter how reliable, should be considered an infallible font of accurate information. Folks make mistakes. Or they get duped. Or they have a bad day at the fact-checking bureau. Or some days they are just being silly. To not allow for any of this is to risk stepping into a pothole the size of Lake Superior.
  55. 55. May you live in interesting times. May you live in interesting times.
  56. 56. Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.
  57. 57. If the next trend could be THINKING that would be great.
  58. 58. FAKE NEWS FIGHTING Teaching Critical Thinking In A Post-Truth World Dr. Brian Housand brianhousand.com/fakenews @brianhousand

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