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Research Data Publishing

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Research Data Publishing

  1. 1. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress Brian Hole, Founder and CEO RDA Outputs Workshop, Munich, February 19 2015 Research Data Publishing
  2. 2. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress Overview  The data publishing landscape  The RDA bibliometrics survey  The Ubiquity Press Approach
  3. 3. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress Data journals have begun to appear over the past two years: The data publishing landscape
  4. 4. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress RESEARCH DATA ALLIANCE BIBLIOMETRICS FOR DATA SURVEY RESULTS • How do researchers currently measure the impact of their data? • Organised by the RDA Publishing Data Bibliometrics group, 2014 • Slides adapted from Sarah Callaghan
  5. 5. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress 4) What do you currently use to evaluate the impact of data? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Nothing Data citation counts Downloads Social media (likes/shares/tweets) Mentions in peer-reviewed papers Hits in search engines Mentions in blogs Bookmarks in Zotero and/or Mendeley Other (please specify) n=115
  6. 6. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress 5) If you don't use anything to evaluate the impact of data, why? • 33 responses: – Majority opinion: current metrics not good enough, no standards, don’t know what to do – Other opinions: • Impact metrics not important for respondee • Interest in quantifying impact, but repository/policies still under development • Metrics are too easily gamed, or too complicated
  7. 7. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress 6) Are the methods you use to evaluate impact adequate for your needs? 31.5% 68.5% Are the methods you use to evaluate impact adequate for your needs? Yes No n=111
  8. 8. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress 7) Why do you want to evaluate the impact of data? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Funder requirements Promotion/tenure/job evaluation Understanding the quality of the data Curiosity Interested in the reuse of data Other (please specify) n=111
  9. 9. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress 8) In the future, what would you like to use to evaluate the impact of data? • CITATIONS! (and better tools to track them) • Downloads • Altmetrics / “anything and everything” • Peer review / community feedback • Use outside scholarly literature (e.g., in patents) • Reuse / “actual use”
  10. 10. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress 9) What is currently missing and/or needs to be created for bibliometrics for data to become widely used? • STANDARDS! • Data Citation • Consistent use of PIDs / DOIs • Culture Change / “A belief that they are valid.”
  11. 11. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress To return control of publishing to researchers, providing them with the infrastructure and support to advance publishing in ways that legacy publishers are not willing to do. About Ubiquity Press Background Mission  Spun out of University College London in 2012  Researcher-led  Extensive publishing background as well (BioMed Central, PLoS, Elsevier, IOP)  Based in London  Comprehensive approach: journals, books, data, software, hardware, wetware….
  12. 12. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress The Social Contract of Science • Validation • Dissemination • Further development Scientific Malpractice • Data • Results • Software • Hardware, wetware… #@%$#@ % #@%$# Source: http://www.smbc-comics.com/index.php?db=comics&id=2015
  13. 13. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  14. 14. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  15. 15. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress The basics of the UP data journal model Data papers are short 1) Low barrier data publication Peer review is quick and objective 2) Online authoring Low APC: £100 / €130 Lower cost (straight to XML) Encourages shorter form 3) Open access only (CC-BY) 4) The publisher is not the repository No-questions-asked waivers
  16. 16. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress Repositories Modified from: XKCD
  17. 17. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress 1. The paper contents a. The methods section of the paper must provide sufficient detail that a reader can understand how the resource was created. b. The resource must be correctly described. c. The reuse section must provide concrete and useful suggestions for reuse of the reuse. 2. The deposited resource a. The repository must be suitable for resource and have a sustainability model. b. Open license permits unrestricted access (e.g. CC0), or access guaranteed if criteria met (must qualify) c. A version in an open, non-proprietary format. d. Labeled in such a way that a 3rd party can make sense of it. e. Must be actionable. Peer review
  18. 18. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
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  21. 21. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  22. 22. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  23. 23. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  24. 24. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
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  27. 27. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress • No single way to cite data, but good guidelines available (e.g. Force 11) Data citation: better publisher guidelines Alexander NS, Wint W (2013) Data from: Projected population proximity indices (30km) for 2005, 2030 & 2050. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.12734 • Journal must have clear guidelines about how to cite data, e.g.: • Creators, date of publication, host repository, version, persistent identifier • Must be included in reference list
  28. 28. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress • Publishers need to provide better guidelines for copyeditors: Data citation: better copyediting • Make sure journal guidelines for data citation are being followed • Go back to authors if no citation included • Fix incorrect citations (e.g. simple hyperlinks in text)
  29. 29. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress • Many data reuse scenarios involve locating, querying and recombining data from a large number of sources Machine Readable Citations • This can be made significantly easier by making data citations machine readable • Enables locating of data via text mining of relevant literature • Two possible methods – XML and RDF
  30. 30. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress • Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) maintained by NISO used by most publishers XML • JATS currently recommends tagging data references as web publications <ref> <element-citation publication-type="database" publication-format="web"> <source>Database of Human Disease Causing Gene Homologues in Dictyostelium Discoideum [Internet] </source> <publisher-loc>San Diego (CA)</publisher-loc> <publisher-name>San Diego Supercomputer Center</publisher-name> <year>2003</year> <date-in-citation>cited 2007 Feb 2 </date-in-citation> <comment>Available from: <uri>http:// dictyworkbench.sdsc.edu/HDGDD/</uri>. </comment> </element-citation> </ref> • Not ideal, but available now
  31. 31. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress • Several proposals for improvements with more suitable terms: XML <name> -> <collab collab-type="curators"> <source> -> <data-title> <edition> -> <version> <license> • NISO-JATS Data Citation Implementation Workshop held at the British Library in June 2014 • Force11 Data Citation Implementation Group • <JATS4R> publisher group • E.g.:
  32. 32. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress • Can make data not only discoverable through citation, but also the relationship of it to the research. RDF • JATS to RDF provides a start for this, but publishers still need to make data citations more specific <rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-item-4"><co:index>4</co:index></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4"><dcterms:bibliographicCitation> Oldenburg, H (1665). </dcterms:bibliographicCitation></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4"><rdf:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/spar/biro/BibliographicReference"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference- 4"><dcterms:identifier>b4</dcterms:identifier></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4"><biro:references rdf:resource="reference-4-textual- entity"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="textual-entity"><cito:cites rdf:resource="reference-4-textual-entity"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual-entity"><rdf:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/spar/fabio/Expression"/><frbr:realizationOf rdf:resource="reference-4-conceptual- work"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual-entity"><rdf:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/spar/fabio/JournalArticle"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-conceptual-work"><dcterms:creator rdf:resource="reference-4-agent-1"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-agent-1"><rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Person"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-agent- 1"><foaf:familyName>Oldenburg</foaf:familyName></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-agent- 1"><foaf:givenName>H</foaf:givenName></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual- entity"><fabio:hasPublicationYear>1665</fabio:hasPublicationYear></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual-entity"><dcterms:title>Epistle Dedicatory</dcterms:title></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual-entity-source"><dcterms:title>Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London</dcterms:title></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual-entity"><frbr:partOf rdf:resource="reference-4-textual-entity- source"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual-entity"><frbr:partOf rdf:resource="periodical-volume-reference-4-textual- entity"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="periodical-volume-reference-4-textual-entity"><rdf:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/spar/fabio/PeriodicalVolume"/><prism:volume>1</prism:volume><frbr:partOf><rdf:Description><rdf:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/spar/fabio/Periodical"/></rdf:Description></frbr:partOf></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual- entity"><frbr:embodiment rdf:resource="digital-embodiment-d1e2589"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="digital-embodiment- d1e2589"><prism:startingPage rdf:resource="0"/></rdf:Description><rdf:Description rdf:about="reference-4-textual- entity"><prism:doi>10.1098/rstl.1665.0001</prism:doi></rdf:Description> 4. Oldenburg H (1665). "Epistle Dedicatory". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 1: 0–0. doi:10​.1098/rstl.1665.0001.
  33. 33. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress RDF <a about="http://dx.doi.org/10.5334 /jophd.ab" rel="cito:Uses_Data_From" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.12734”>http:// dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.12734</a> • The Citation Typing Ontology (CiTO) is available now, and makes the relationship explicit:
  34. 34. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress Integrating data publication within universities
  35. 35. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress Any questions? Or please feel free to contact brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com

Editor's Notes

  • This is for Stuart from the Royal Society
  • ×