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Open Access: Advantages, Funding, Opportunities

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Open Access: Advantages, Funding, Opportunities

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"Open Access: Advantages, Funding, Opportunities" - talk given to the Oxford Publishing Society, Oxford Brookes University, by Brian Hole, October 24th 2012.

"Open Access: Advantages, Funding, Opportunities" - talk given to the Oxford Publishing Society, Oxford Brookes University, by Brian Hole, October 24th 2012.

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Open Access: Advantages, Funding, Opportunities

  1. 1. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  2. 2. Open Access: Advantages, funding, opportunities Brian Hole OPUS, Oxford – October 24th 2012 brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  3. 3. 1. Background to UP 2. Advantages of OA 3. Funding OA 4. Future opportunities brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  4. 4. Background to Ubiquity Press brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  5. 5. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  6. 6. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  7. 7. Advantages of Open Access brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  8. 8. The Social Contract of Science • Research requires an effective, efficient distribution model • Research funders are now demanding this – it will become the main model brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  9. 9. • Governments fund universities to do research. • They then fund each Stats on UK research vs. library university library to buy spending? Research Bought, Then Paid For back the published results of By MICHAEL B. EISEN that work. January 10, 2012 • These research results “Congress should move to enshrine a simple are only available to those principle in United States law: if taxpayers paid for it, they own it.” universities (not to the public sector etc.) brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  10. 10. RCUK announces new Open Access policy 16 July 2012 The new policy, which will apply to all qualifying publications being submitted for publication from 1 April 2013, states that peer reviewed research papers which result from research that is wholly or partially funded by the Research Councils: • must be published in journals which are compliant with Research Council policy on Open Access brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  11. 11. Wellcome Trust will penalise scientists who don't embrace open access Wealthy medical charity says it will withhold researchers' final grant payments if they fail to make their results open access The Guardian, Thursday 28 June 2012 The Wellcome Trust plans to withhold a portion of grant money from scientists who do not make the results of their work freely available to the public... In addition, any research papers that are not freely available will not be counted as part of a scientist's track record when Wellcome assesses any future applications for research funding. The trust is the second largest medical research charity in the world, spending more than £600m on science every year. Its director, Sir Mark Walport, has said that publishing research papers should be considered a cost of a research project in the same way as a piece of lab equipment. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  12. 12. • Coordinated moves “[Open Access… ] is essential for towards OA mandate Europe's ability to enhance its policies in EU economic performance and improve • Large publishers are very its capacity to compete through knowledge. Open Access can also international boost the visibility of European and lobby actively research, and in particular offer small • Recent example of the and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) access to the latest research for Research Works Act exploitation.” brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  13. 13. Research Works Act (H.R. 3699) • Contained provisions to prohibit open-access mandates for federally funded research • Congress members who introduced the act ‘motivated by large donations by the academic publisher X’ • Massive international outcry, especially from researchers brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  14. 14. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  15. 15. Amid boycott, X backtracks on research bill Journal publisher still opposes current U.S. rules mandating access to taxpayer- funded research CBC News Posted: Feb 27, 2012 One of the largest academic publishers in the world withdrew its support Monday from a controversial U.S. bill, the Research Works Act, that critics feel would restrict public access to published, publicly-funded research. The change of heart by Dutch publisher X follows a boycott of its journals and publishing ventures by thousands of researchers around the world. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  16. 16. Disadvantages? • Better solutions need to be found for the developing world • Partnerships, funding • Mobile access • epesa • Perceptions of low quality due to unethical practices • OASPA and COPE membership • Many publishers are out of touch with researchers and funders and have lost trust • Focus is too much on sales, rather than the product that researchers want most brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  17. 17. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  18. 18. Funding Open Access brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  19. 19. Article Processing Charges (APCs) • Need to be fair and transparent • I.e. charge for actual work done, base on number of pages etc. • Can be based on number of pages etc. • Waivers must be given • Lack of legacy publishing costs means prices need not be high • APCs for UP journals: • Research journals: 0 - £200 • Metajournals: £25 brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  20. 20. Print on Demand • Dramatically lowers publisher costs • No need for large print runs, stock, distribution • Greater flexibility • Issues: • Lack of distribution in developing world still • Perceptions of poor quality due to quick and dirty approaches brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  21. 21. Collaborations and partnerships • University presses are essential for the future of academic publishing • They represent the needs of researchers and institutions directly, and can adopt OA more quickly than many big publisher will • Presses can share resources for efficiency • Subject expertise • Technical capability • UP examples • Journals: University of Nairobi Press • Books: Norvik Press, UCL Arts & Humanities, European Collaboration brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  22. 22. Future opportunities brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  23. 23. OA eBooks • Many disciplines (e.g. Humanities) are yet to fully benefit from electronic OA publishing because half of their output is in book form • Many scholarly monographs are overpriced and poorly distributed • “At this price, people will only read the reviews” • Research libraries are increasingly looking to save money • One e copy for multiple students • No shelf space requirements • No lending administration overhead brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  24. 24. Metajournals brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  25. 25. Metajournals • Highlight research outputs that would otherwise be isolated in ‘silos’ • Flexible: different types of resources and repositories • Peer reviewed • Ensure best practice followed brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  26. 26. Metajournals • Use familiar methods – low barrier to participation • Focus on high-reuse potential • Incentivise openness • Reward researchers who may otherwise go unrecognised • www.metajnl.com brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  27. 27. Peer review 1. The paper contents a. The methods section of the paper must provide sufficient detail that a reader can understand how the resource was created. b. The resource must be correctly described. c. The reuse section must provide concrete and useful suggestions for reuse of the reuse. 2. The deposited resource a. The repository must be suitable for resource and have a sustainability model. b. Open license permits unrestricted access (e.g. CC0). c. A version in an open, non-proprietary format. d. Labeled in such a way that a 3rd party can make sense of it. e. Must be actionable. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  28. 28. Data journals • Data is already citable (e.g. with DataCite DOIs) but this is not something researchers are familiar with doing. • Even when used, DataCite DOIs cannot currently be used for citation tracking. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  29. 29. What is a data paper? A data paper… • … describes the methodology with which a dataset was created. • … describes the dataset itself. • … details the reuse potential of the data. • … is often authored by a data scientist. • … is citable, enabling reuse to be tracked. A data paper is not… • … a research paper. A data paper only describes a dataset. But it will reference research papers that are based on the data. • … simply replication of the information in a data repository. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  30. 30. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  31. 31. Software journals • Software is an important research output that is not currently tracked for impact. Yet for some researchers, it is their biggest output. • Essentially the same as a data journal except: • Use of code as well as preservations repositories • Reusability metrics brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  32. 32. brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress
  33. 33. Questions? Links http://www.metajnl.com http://www.openpublichealthdata.metajnl.com http://www.openpsychologydata.metajnl.com http://www.openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com http://www.openresearchsoftware.metajnl.com brian.hole@ubiquitypress.com www.ubiquitypress.com / @ubiquitypress

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