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Open Access: Advantages, Funding, Opportunities

"Open Access: Advantages, Funding, Opportunities" - talk given to the Oxford Publishing Society, Oxford Brookes University, by Brian Hole, October 24th 2012.

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Open Access: Advantages, Funding, Opportunities

  1. 1. / @ubiquitypress
  2. 2. Open Access:Advantages, funding, opportunitiesBrian HoleOPUS, Oxford – October 24th 2012 / @ubiquitypress
  3. 3. 1. Background to UP 2. Advantages of OA 3. Funding OA 4. Future / @ubiquitypress
  4. 4. Background to Ubiquity Press / @ubiquitypress
  5. 5. / @ubiquitypress
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  7. 7. Advantages of Open / @ubiquitypress
  8. 8. The Social Contract of Science • Research requires an effective, efficient distribution model • Research funders are now demanding this – it will become the main / @ubiquitypress
  9. 9. • Governments fund universities to do research. • They then fund each Stats on UK research vs. library university library to buy spending?Research Bought, Then Paid For back the published results ofBy MICHAEL B. EISEN that work.January 10, 2012 • These research results“Congress should move to enshrine a simple are only available to thoseprinciple in United States law: if taxpayers paid forit, they own it.” universities (not to the public sector etc.) / @ubiquitypress
  10. 10. RCUK announces new Open Access policy16 July 2012The new policy, which will apply to all qualifying publicationsbeing submitted for publication from 1 April 2013, states thatpeer reviewed research papers which result from research that iswholly or partially funded by the Research Councils: • must be published in journals which are compliant with Research Council policy on Open Access / @ubiquitypress
  11. 11. Wellcome Trust will penalisescientists who dont embrace open accessWealthy medical charity says it will withhold researchersfinal grant payments if they fail to make their results open accessThe Guardian, Thursday 28 June 2012The Wellcome Trust plans to withhold a portion of grant money from scientists who do not makethe results of their work freely available to the public... In addition, any research papers that arenot freely available will not be counted as part of a scientists track record when Wellcomeassesses any future applications for research funding.The trust is the second largest medical research charity in the world, spending more than £600mon science every year. Its director, Sir Mark Walport, has said that publishing research papersshould be considered a cost of a research project in the same way as a piece of lab equipment. / @ubiquitypress
  12. 12. • Coordinated moves“[Open Access… ] is essential for towards OA mandateEuropes ability to enhance its policies in EUeconomic performance and improve • Large publishers are veryits capacity to compete throughknowledge. Open Access can also internationalboost the visibility of European and lobby activelyresearch, and in particular offer small • Recent example of theand medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)access to the latest research for Research Works Actexploitation.” / @ubiquitypress
  13. 13. Research Works Act (H.R. 3699) • Contained provisions to prohibit open-access mandates for federally funded research • Congress members who introduced the act ‘motivated by large donations by the academic publisher X’ • Massive international outcry, especially from / @ubiquitypress
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  15. 15. Amid boycott, X backtracks on research billJournal publisher still opposes current U.S. rules mandating access to taxpayer-funded researchCBC NewsPosted: Feb 27, 2012One of the largest academic publishers in the world withdrew its support Mondayfrom a controversial U.S. bill, the Research Works Act, that critics feel would restrictpublic access to published, publicly-funded research.The change of heart by Dutch publisher X follows a boycott of its journals andpublishing ventures by thousands of researchers around the world. / @ubiquitypress
  16. 16. Disadvantages? • Better solutions need to be found for the developing world • Partnerships, funding • Mobile access • epesa • Perceptions of low quality due to unethical practices • OASPA and COPE membership • Many publishers are out of touch with researchers and funders and have lost trust • Focus is too much on sales, rather than the product that researchers want most / @ubiquitypress
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  18. 18. Funding Open / @ubiquitypress
  19. 19. Article Processing Charges (APCs) • Need to be fair and transparent • I.e. charge for actual work done, base on number of pages etc. • Can be based on number of pages etc. • Waivers must be given • Lack of legacy publishing costs means prices need not be high • APCs for UP journals: • Research journals: 0 - £200 • Metajournals: £25 / @ubiquitypress
  20. 20. Print on Demand • Dramatically lowers publisher costs • No need for large print runs, stock, distribution • Greater flexibility • Issues: • Lack of distribution in developing world still • Perceptions of poor quality due to quick and dirty approaches / @ubiquitypress
  21. 21. Collaborations and partnerships • University presses are essential for the future of academic publishing • They represent the needs of researchers and institutions directly, and can adopt OA more quickly than many big publisher will • Presses can share resources for efficiency • Subject expertise • Technical capability • UP examples • Journals: University of Nairobi Press • Books: Norvik Press, UCL Arts & Humanities, European Collaboration / @ubiquitypress
  22. 22. Future / @ubiquitypress
  23. 23. OA eBooks • Many disciplines (e.g. Humanities) are yet to fully benefit from electronic OA publishing because half of their output is in book form • Many scholarly monographs are overpriced and poorly distributed • “At this price, people will only read the reviews” • Research libraries are increasingly looking to save money • One e copy for multiple students • No shelf space requirements • No lending administration overhead / @ubiquitypress
  24. 24. Metajournals / @ubiquitypress
  25. 25. Metajournals • Highlight research outputs that would otherwise be isolated in ‘silos’ • Flexible: different types of resources and repositories • Peer reviewed • Ensure best practice followed / @ubiquitypress
  26. 26. Metajournals • Use familiar methods – low barrier to participation • Focus on high-reuse potential • Incentivise openness • Reward researchers who may otherwise go unrecognised • / @ubiquitypress
  27. 27. Peer review 1. The paper contents a. The methods section of the paper must provide sufficient detail that a reader can understand how the resource was created. b. The resource must be correctly described. c. The reuse section must provide concrete and useful suggestions for reuse of the reuse. 2. The deposited resource a. The repository must be suitable for resource and have a sustainability model. b. Open license permits unrestricted access (e.g. CC0). c. A version in an open, non-proprietary format. d. Labeled in such a way that a 3rd party can make sense of it. e. Must be / @ubiquitypress
  28. 28. Data journals • Data is already citable (e.g. with DataCite DOIs) but this is not something researchers are familiar with doing. • Even when used, DataCite DOIs cannot currently be used for citation tracking. / @ubiquitypress
  29. 29. What is a data paper? A data paper… • … describes the methodology with which a dataset was created. • … describes the dataset itself. • … details the reuse potential of the data. • … is often authored by a data scientist. • … is citable, enabling reuse to be tracked. A data paper is not… • … a research paper. A data paper only describes a dataset. But it will reference research papers that are based on the data. • … simply replication of the information in a data / @ubiquitypress
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  31. 31. Software journals • Software is an important research output that is not currently tracked for impact. Yet for some researchers, it is their biggest output. • Essentially the same as a data journal except: • Use of code as well as preservations repositories • Reusability metrics / @ubiquitypress
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  33. 33. Questions?Links / @ubiquitypress