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Copyright Exceptions: Perspective of a Researcher-Led Publisher



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Copyright Exceptions: Perspective of a Researcher-Led Publisher

  1. 1. Copyright exceptions: Perspective of a researcher-led publisher Brian Hole Centre for European Policy Studies – December 13th 2012 / @ubiquitypress
  2. 2. 1. Background to UP 2. Research 3. Text and data mining 4. Teaching 5. General points 6. Harmonization / @ubiquitypress
  3. 3. Ubiquity Press Not a typical publisher • Founded and run by researchers, for researchers • Broad base including humanities and social sciences • Fully open access • Strongly encourage open data and software publishing / @ubiquitypress
  4. 4. The Social Contract of Science • Research requires an open, effective and efficient distribution model • I.e. open access, open data, non-restrictive copyright / @ubiquitypress
  5. 5. Research The ideal situation: • Copyright of publicly-funded research should ideally not be transferred to private interests, such as publishers • Copyright should be retained by the producers of the work • Research should be released under open licences permitting all forms of reuse (e.g. Creative Commons) For other cases: • A fair dealing exception is required that allows academics (and the public) to use material for private study, criticism and review • Restricting the above prevents open and effective research / @ubiquitypress
  6. 6. Text and data mining [the benefits of text mining include]: “increased researcher efficiency; unlocking hidden information and developing new knowledge; exploring new horizons; improved research and evidence base; and improving the search process and quality. Broader economic and societal benefits include cost savings and productivity gains, innovative new service development, new business models and new medical treatments.” JISC “The downstream value of high quality, high throughput chemical information extracted from the literature can be measured against conventional abstraction services… with a combined annual turnover of perhaps $500-1,000 million dollars. We believe our tools are capable of building the next and better generation of services.” Peter Murray-Rust / @ubiquitypress
  7. 7. Text and data mining The ideal situation: • Open access and open data (with CC-By and CC0 licenses) mean that all research text and data are available for mining, reuse and analysis • But many established publishers want to forbid, restrict, or control this For other cases: • A fair dealing exception is required that allows for academic (and arguably other, e.g. commercial) mining of both text and data • It is important that this not only apply to text – data is extremely important as well / @ubiquitypress
  8. 8. Teaching The ideal situation: • All research outputs should be open access and available for reuse in teaching, both in research institutions and more broadly • Once again established publishers want to prevent this For other cases: • The EC recommendation should be strengthened to require a fair dealing exception that allows for copyright material to be freely used in teaching • A fair dealing exception for examinations is also required so that copyright material included in exams can be made available afterwards for others to study and practice with / @ubiquitypress
  9. 9. General points • Non-commercial restrictions on exceptions for research outputs are not in the public interest and stifle innovation • It needs to be made clear as to whether facts are or are not copyrightable – some academics have been threatened with legal action by publishers • The EU Database Directive is potentially restrictive and should be reviewed / @ubiquitypress
  10. 10. Harmonization • Modern research projects operate with large international teams, based in multiple countries • Copyright exceptions are currently not harmonized across Europe, so researchers have to deal with a different set of exceptions in each country • An effort should therefore be made to achieve harmonization of exceptions / @ubiquitypress
  11. 11. Questions? Thanks to Paul Ayris (UCL) and Peter Murray-Rust (OKFN) for their input Links reform-i-request-the-removal-of-contractual-restrictions-and-independent-oversight mining.aspx / @ubiquitypress