Intro<br />Travel tips Paris<br />
Near our hotel – next to laundry<br />
Near our hotel – next to laundry<br />
Near our hotel – next to laundry<br />
Near our hotel – next to laundry<br />
Fun areas near our hotel…<br />
Fun areas near our hotel…<br />
Walk this neighborhood!!<br />
Modern Art – Pompidou (1905-today)<br />
Louvre  (expect BIG crowds)<br />
Louvre  (expect BIG crowds)<br />
Montmartre – church “Sacre-Coeur” (sacred heart)<br />
Montmartre (behind church)<br />
Montmartre (behind church)<br />
Rue Mufftard (Latin Quarter)<br />
Rue Mufftard (Latin Quarter)<br />
In front of Hotel De Ville<br />
Notre Dame<br />
Take THIS bus rather than the subway<br />
Take THIS bus rather than the subway<br />
Take THIS bus rather than the subway<br />
French Onion Soup<br />
croque monsieur<br />
croquemadame<br />
Food & DrinkMenu of the day is the way to go!<br />
Tips for Paris…<br />Avoid the most popular areas<br />Avoid cafes near popular tourist areas<br />Look for local areas wh...
Tips for Paris…<br />Say “hello” when you walk in, “good bye” when you leave<br />Say “thank you” all the time<br />If you...
Introduction to the European UnionProf. Brian Butler<br />Part #2  Welcome to <br />Paris, France<br />
Prof. Brian David Butler<br />About: Brian Butler is a professor of International Finance and European Studies with Forum-...
www.GloboTrends.com<br />www.globotrends.com<br />
Lecture Schedule*<br />Sun 26th- Barcelona (Int’l IQ – Hugo & Dr. Carlos)<br />Mon 27th - Barcelona (guest lecture + Int’l...
Lecture Schedule*<br /><ul><li> Students responsible for content from:</li></ul>Prof. Brian’s lectures<br />Guest lectures...
Exam questions may come from any of these sources
Recommended exam review – pay attention to my lectures.  If there is something I think is important from professional visi...
But first…<br />A few questions…<br />Then, an outline of upcoming assignments &<br /> TEAM PROJECT<br />
A few Questions:<br />What differences have you notices so far? (between France & home) and (Spain vs. France)<br />Beside...
Question:<br />What do you like / dislike (so far) about Paris?<br />
Tips for Paris…<br />Say “hello” when you walk in, “good bye” when you leave<br />Say “thank you” all the time<br />If you...
assignments<br />Assignments<br /> upcoming…<br />
Personal DAILY homework…<br /><ul><li>Read the book!
Focus on:
Intro (first 2 pages only)
Ch1 – What is the EU? P1-7, 11-22
Ch2 – the idea of Europe p30-44
Ch3-4 – optional reading (I will cover this material in lectures)
Ch7 – Economic Policy (especially p 142-157)
Ch8 – Improving the quality of life (especially “Cohesion policy” section)
Ch9 – The EU and the World (especially “European economic superpower” – ‘till END).
Conclusions</li></li></ul><li>Personal project…<br />By End of trip:  Interview at least 3 people during trip (locals, pro...
Personal project…<br />Extra potential questions: <br />“What is your / country’s position on the further enlargement of t...
Assignment<br />During the 3rd week:<br />Assign students to answer question:<br />Q. “Should Turkey join the EU?”<br />Go...
Lecture Schedule*<br />Sun 26th- Barcelona (Int’l IQ)<br />Mon 27th - Barcelona (BB lecture) 	<br />Tues 28th- Barcelona (...
Homework….TODAY (due Monday)<br />In one page or less<br />Questions:<br />“What is the EU?”  (is it some sort of “superst...
Team Project<br />Team Project<br />
Team Project<br />Teams will consist of 3-4 students<br />The project report should be between 6 and 8 pages long (Font: A...
Team Project<br />Students will work in teams to analyze the expansion in the EU along three dimensions<br />(a) Geographi...
Team Project<br />A) Geographically, the union has grown from 6 original members in the 1950's to 27 today.  <br />B) Econ...
Team Project<br />Controversy:<br />As the EU has expanded, there has also been a growing controversy regarding how much e...
Team Project<br />To discuss this controversy surrounding expansion….<br />            students should consider…<br />
Team Project<br />Geographic:<br />For the geographical dimension, students will focus on Turkey and it's bid to join the ...
Geographic (Turkey question):<br />Students should analyze the pros and cons of EU membership both from the EU perspective...
Team Project<br />Geographic:<br />To help with Turkish-question, consider reading:<br />Book p 32-36 , including box “The...
Team Project<br />Economic / business dimension :<br />For the economic / business dimension, students will focus on the S...
Team Project<br />Political dimension<br />Students will focus on issues related to national sovereignty and the transfer ...
Team Project<br />Political dimension<br />Ideally, should the EU become a global rival to the USA, a second superpower to...
review.<br />Spain review…<br />
Spain review…<br />1. Which regions richest? Poorest?<br />2. Where is unemployment highest?<br />Economist Intelligence U...
review.<br />Guest lecture review…<br />
Review…<br />3 guest lectures<br />Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />Last lecture from Spain – from...
Bus ride through Paris…<br />
During the tour…<br />He said that “most of Paris’ beautiful buildings are from the 17th-19th Century.  And that most of t...
During the tour…<br />How?<br />He said… because of “Quick surrender during WWII (no fighting, no bombing)…city’s architec...
WWII<br />Note that 1940’s  is not long after 1914-8  WWI<br />
WWII<br />Note that 1940’s  is not long after 1914-8  WWI<br />
Imagine…<br />How terrible it must be for the French to see images of Hitler in Paris<br />But on the other hand… how much...
England – air raids / bombings<br />
England – air raids / bombings<br />Dec 1940<br />Sept. 1940<br />
Dec 1940<br />Oct. 1940<br />
Oct. 1940<br />
Here's a picture of some folk going to work the morning after the terrible bombing raid of November 1940.  - after endurin...
Germany– air raids / bombings<br />
Italy – air raids / bombings<br />
Questions<br />How many people have Grandparents that fought in WWII?  Or, parents that were born right after (baby boom)?...
Review….<br />Ok.. Enough with war…<br />Lets continue the review of yesterdays lecture…<br />
Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />He said that “Paris was changing”… (from when he was young to tod...
Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />He talked about “schizophrenic consumers”…<br />Question:  “what ...
Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />He talked about how the “middle class in France was being squeeze...
Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />Hugo talked about how the “potential  collapse of the welfare sta...
Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />He talked about immigrants and society…<br />Question:  “Should i...
From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />He talked about “globalization and the threats to the European Social-welfare state”… speci...
From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />Taxes<br />Competition<br />Companies move<br />Eastern Europe to “keep in Europe”<br />
From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />He talked about “Austerity measures in Europe to address the budget problems …”<br />Questi...
From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />Pay cuts up to 7-10% in Spain, more in Greece<br />Raise retirement age 62 ->65 -> 67?<br /...
From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />protests in UK, riots in Rome, strikes in Spain, riots in Greece, mass protests in France… ...
Read more here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11573091<br />
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Part 2 paris- forum nexus eu class winter 2010-11

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Part 2 paris- forum nexus eu class winter 2010-11

  1. 1. Intro<br />Travel tips Paris<br />
  2. 2. Near our hotel – next to laundry<br />
  3. 3. Near our hotel – next to laundry<br />
  4. 4. Near our hotel – next to laundry<br />
  5. 5. Near our hotel – next to laundry<br />
  6. 6. Fun areas near our hotel…<br />
  7. 7. Fun areas near our hotel…<br />
  8. 8. Walk this neighborhood!!<br />
  9. 9. Modern Art – Pompidou (1905-today)<br />
  10. 10. Louvre (expect BIG crowds)<br />
  11. 11. Louvre (expect BIG crowds)<br />
  12. 12. Montmartre – church “Sacre-Coeur” (sacred heart)<br />
  13. 13. Montmartre (behind church)<br />
  14. 14. Montmartre (behind church)<br />
  15. 15. Rue Mufftard (Latin Quarter)<br />
  16. 16. Rue Mufftard (Latin Quarter)<br />
  17. 17. In front of Hotel De Ville<br />
  18. 18. Notre Dame<br />
  19. 19. Take THIS bus rather than the subway<br />
  20. 20. Take THIS bus rather than the subway<br />
  21. 21. Take THIS bus rather than the subway<br />
  22. 22. French Onion Soup<br />
  23. 23. croque monsieur<br />
  24. 24. croquemadame<br />
  25. 25. Food & DrinkMenu of the day is the way to go!<br />
  26. 26. Tips for Paris…<br />Avoid the most popular areas<br />Avoid cafes near popular tourist areas<br />Look for local areas where locals go. Look for crowded cafes OFF the main tourist areas<br />
  27. 27. Tips for Paris…<br />Say “hello” when you walk in, “good bye” when you leave<br />Say “thank you” all the time<br />If you bump someone… say “sorry”<br />Apologize for not speaking French <br />Question – who knows how to say these phrases?<br />
  28. 28. Introduction to the European UnionProf. Brian Butler<br />Part #2 Welcome to <br />Paris, France<br />
  29. 29. Prof. Brian David Butler<br />About: Brian Butler is a professor of International Finance and European Studies with Forum-Nexus Study Abroad, an academic program which is co-sponsored by the IQS Business School of the Ramon Llull University in Barcelona, and the Catholic University of Milan.  Brian was previously a teacher at the Thunderbird School of Global Management, MBA program in Miami, and was a researcher at the Columbia Business School in New York.  He previously worked for Honda of America Manufacturing in Ohio, and was involved in international trade.<br /> <br />A global citizen, Brian was born in Canada, raised in Switzerland (where he attended international British school), educated in the U.S., started his career with a Japanese company, moved to New, married a Brazilian, and has traveled extensively in Latin America, Asia, Europe and North America. Brian currently lives in Recife, Brazil where he is teaching classes at the university FBV.<br />briandbutler@gmail.com<br />LinkedIn.com/in/briandbutler<br />www.globotrends.com<br />
  30. 30. www.GloboTrends.com<br />www.globotrends.com<br />
  31. 31. Lecture Schedule*<br />Sun 26th- Barcelona (Int’l IQ – Hugo & Dr. Carlos)<br />Mon 27th - Barcelona (guest lecture + Int’l IQ) <br />Tues 28th- Barcelona (BB lecture ) <br />Wed 29th- Barcelona (BB lecture) <br />Train to Paris <br />Thur 30th- Int’l IQ + Paris tour<br />Fri 31st - Paris (BB lecture) <br />New Year’s Eve<br />Free Weekend<br />Mon 3rd - Paris (BB lecture + IQ) <br />Bus to Geneva<br />Wed 5th - Interlaken (BB lecture) <br />Bus to Venice<br /> .<br /> Fri 7th - Venice EXAM midterm <br />Sat 8th – On Boat (BB lecture + IQ) <br />Sun 9th- On Boat (BB lecture) <br />Mon 10th- Athens (BB lecture) <br />Tue 11th - Athens (BB lecture + IQ) <br />Bus/ Train to Istanbul<br />Thu 13th - Istanbul (BB lecture) <br />Fri 14th - Istanbul (BB lecture + IQ) <br /> .<br /> Sat 15th - Final EXAM <br />* Does not include professional visits, *Subject to change, modification without warning<br />
  32. 32. Lecture Schedule*<br /><ul><li> Students responsible for content from:</li></ul>Prof. Brian’s lectures<br />Guest lectures<br />Group discussions during class<br />Student presentations during class<br />International IQ sessions (including map)<br />Professional Visits<br />Assigned readings – book + supplemental readings<br /><ul><li>Notes:
  33. 33. Exam questions may come from any of these sources
  34. 34. Recommended exam review – pay attention to my lectures. If there is something I think is important from professional visits, or international IQ sessions, or from the book…we will try to review it again in class. </li></li></ul><li>Today’s plan…<br />Today, we will review content from 3 guest lectures<br />Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />Last lecture from Spain – from Dr. Carlos Moslares about the EU<br />International IQ content from Dr. Hervitz<br />Goal = highlight, summarize & discuss…<br />
  35. 35. But first…<br />A few questions…<br />Then, an outline of upcoming assignments &<br /> TEAM PROJECT<br />
  36. 36. A few Questions:<br />What differences have you notices so far? (between France & home) and (Spain vs. France)<br />Besides the language … what is different?<br />
  37. 37. Question:<br />What do you like / dislike (so far) about Paris?<br />
  38. 38. Tips for Paris…<br />Say “hello” when you walk in, “good bye” when you leave<br />Say “thank you” all the time<br />If you bump someone… say “sorry”<br />Apologize for not speaking French <br />Question – who knows how to say these phrases?<br />
  39. 39. assignments<br />Assignments<br /> upcoming…<br />
  40. 40. Personal DAILY homework…<br /><ul><li>Read the book!
  41. 41. Focus on:
  42. 42. Intro (first 2 pages only)
  43. 43. Ch1 – What is the EU? P1-7, 11-22
  44. 44. Ch2 – the idea of Europe p30-44
  45. 45. Ch3-4 – optional reading (I will cover this material in lectures)
  46. 46. Ch7 – Economic Policy (especially p 142-157)
  47. 47. Ch8 – Improving the quality of life (especially “Cohesion policy” section)
  48. 48. Ch9 – The EU and the World (especially “European economic superpower” – ‘till END).
  49. 49. Conclusions</li></li></ul><li>Personal project…<br />By End of trip: Interview at least 3 people during trip (locals, professionals, taxi drivers, doorman, professors, etc…)<br /><ul><li>Turn in 1- page paper with summary of your findings.</li></ul>You may ask… <br />What is opinion of EU? Of Germany? Of Euro? Of crisis in Ireland / Greece? Do you think the country should leave the EU? Leave the Euro?<br />More….<br />
  50. 50. Personal project…<br />Extra potential questions: <br />“What is your / country’s position on the further enlargement of the European Union? Should new members be invited to join, and if so, which countries? If no new members should be invited to join, why not? <br />What is your / your country’s position on a European Security and Defense Policy and a Common Foreign and Security Policy? Should Europe have one united defense and foreign policy? <br />What is your / country’s position on cooperation with the United States and/or NATO?<br />
  51. 51. Assignment<br />During the 3rd week:<br />Assign students to answer question:<br />Q. “Should Turkey join the EU?”<br />Goal = help with team project<br />Be ready to argue both “for” and “against” (from EU and Turkish perspectives)<br />But, HOOK – no 2 presentations in row with same position (YES, NO)… so you should be prepared to argue case from both perspectives…<br />Sources: online, book, lectures, and “Turkey” article from Economist.com (to be distributed by email PDF)<br />
  52. 52. Lecture Schedule*<br />Sun 26th- Barcelona (Int’l IQ)<br />Mon 27th - Barcelona (BB lecture) <br />Tues 28th- Barcelona (BB lecture + IQ) <br />Wed 29th- Barcelona (BB lecture) <br />Train to Paris <br />Thur 30th- Int’l IQ + Paris tour<br />Fri 31st - Paris (BB lecture) <br />New Year’s Eve<br />Free Weekend<br />Mon 3rd - Paris (BB lecture + IQ) <br />Bus to Geneva<br />Wed 5th - Interlaken (BB lecture) <br />Bus to Venice<br /> .<br /> Fri 7th - Venice EXAM midterm <br />Sat 8th – On Boat (BB lecture + IQ) <br />Sun 9th- On Boat (BB lecture) <br />Mon 10th- Athens (BB lecture) <br />Tue 11th - Athens (BB lecture + IQ) <br />Bus/ Train to Istanbul<br />Thu 13th - Istanbul (BB lecture) <br />Fri 14th - Istanbul (BB lecture + IQ) <br /> .<br /> Sat 15th - Final EXAM <br />* Does not include professional visits, *Subject to change, modification without warning<br />
  53. 53. Homework….TODAY (due Monday)<br />In one page or less<br />Questions:<br />“What is the EU?” (is it some sort of “superstate”? Can it be considered a “country”? Is the EU an I.O. (“intergovernmental organization”) like the UN? What makes the EU different<br />“Why does the EU exist?”<br />Use book for research (ch1-2). Students will be called on to answer at the beginning of next class. In addition to participation points….Best answer also gets 1 point extra credit (for midterm)!!<br />
  54. 54. Team Project<br />Team Project<br />
  55. 55. Team Project<br />Teams will consist of 3-4 students<br />The project report should be between 6 and 8 pages long (Font: Arial, 12; Line Spacing: 1.5).<br />Student grades for the team project will be a combination of team grade (50%) plus individual contribution (50%)<br />
  56. 56. Team Project<br />Students will work in teams to analyze the expansion in the EU along three dimensions<br />(a) Geographic expansion  <br />(b) Economic expansion<br />(c ) Political expansion  <br />
  57. 57. Team Project<br />A) Geographically, the union has grown from 6 original members in the 1950's to 27 today.  <br />B) Economically, the union has expanded from its roots in the coal and steel industries, moved on to bigger goals of a "single market" and free movement of goods, services, capital and people, and now includes a monetary union for 16 (soon to be 17) of it's members.  <br />C) Politically, the union has shifted over time away from purely inter-governmental negotiations, and has begun to take on various attributes of a supra-national (or even federal state).  <br />
  58. 58. Team Project<br />Controversy:<br />As the EU has expanded, there has also been a growing controversy regarding how much expansion is appropriate. <br />
  59. 59. Team Project<br />To discuss this controversy surrounding expansion….<br /> students should consider…<br />
  60. 60. Team Project<br />Geographic:<br />For the geographical dimension, students will focus on Turkey and it's bid to join the European Union.  <br />Students must answer the question: “Should EU enlargement include Turkey? <br />
  61. 61. Geographic (Turkey question):<br />Students should analyze the pros and cons of EU membership both from the EU perspective and from Turkey's perspective.   <br />Students must include discussion about political, economic and social issues related to the potential Turkish membership in the EU. <br />What are the reasons for including/ excluding Turkey from EU membership?   <br />Should the EU consider expanding at all? If not Turkey, then who?  If no new members should be invited to join, why not?  <br />
  62. 62. Team Project<br />Geographic:<br />To help with Turkish-question, consider reading:<br />Book p 32-36 , including box “The Turkish question”<br />Book p56-57<br />Book p205-207 “Relations with Eastern Europe”<br />Reading: Economist special report on Turkey <br />
  63. 63. Team Project<br />Economic / business dimension :<br />For the economic / business dimension, students will focus on the Single Market and objectives (4 freedoms)<br />Concepts to consider include:<br />How does the single market help European businesses to compete with global competitors (US, Japan, China, etc).  <br />How has expansion into Eastern Europe helped / hurt this goal?<br />How important has the euro currency been to this project?  <br />What are the key issues of the single market in the future?<br />
  64. 64. Team Project<br />Political dimension<br />Students will focus on issues related to national sovereignty and the transfer of power from national capitals to Brussels. <br />Answering the following questions…<br />What do you think the EU should be in the future?  <br />Should it become a "United States of Europe", totally unified and a super-state, or should it be a looser union (not any deeper than now)? <br /> more…<br />
  65. 65. Team Project<br />Political dimension<br />Ideally, should the EU become a global rival to the USA, a second superpower to balance the US internationally?  <br />With respect to security, defense, taxation and other sensitive issues, do you think countries of Europe should cede more power to the EU?<br />
  66. 66. review.<br />Spain review…<br />
  67. 67. Spain review…<br />1. Which regions richest? Poorest?<br />2. Where is unemployment highest?<br />Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report, Spain, June 2010<br />
  68. 68. review.<br />Guest lecture review…<br />
  69. 69. Review…<br />3 guest lectures<br />Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />Last lecture from Spain – from Dr. Carlos Moslares about the EU<br />International IQ content from Dr. Hervitz<br />Goal = highlight, summarize & discuss…<br />
  70. 70. Bus ride through Paris…<br />
  71. 71. During the tour…<br />He said that “most of Paris’ beautiful buildings are from the 17th-19th Century. And that most of the buildings survived the wars because of one important reason… why?<br />
  72. 72. During the tour…<br />How?<br />He said… because of “Quick surrender during WWII (no fighting, no bombing)…city’s architecture was saved… “<br />Note… Now, today… Paris is by far the #1 most touristed city in the world (how would that be different if the French had resisted, and their city destroyed?)<br />
  73. 73. WWII<br />Note that 1940’s is not long after 1914-8 WWI<br />
  74. 74. WWII<br />Note that 1940’s is not long after 1914-8 WWI<br />
  75. 75. Imagine…<br />How terrible it must be for the French to see images of Hitler in Paris<br />But on the other hand… how much more terrible could it have been…<br />
  76. 76. England – air raids / bombings<br />
  77. 77. England – air raids / bombings<br />Dec 1940<br />Sept. 1940<br />
  78. 78. Dec 1940<br />Oct. 1940<br />
  79. 79. Oct. 1940<br />
  80. 80. Here's a picture of some folk going to work the morning after the terrible bombing raid of November 1940. - after enduring 11 hours of  bombing! <br />Nov. 1940 - <br />
  81. 81. Germany– air raids / bombings<br />
  82. 82. Italy – air raids / bombings<br />
  83. 83. Questions<br />How many people have Grandparents that fought in WWII? Or, parents that were born right after (baby boom)?<br />How easy do you think it is for Europeans to forgive their neighbors?<br />How about trust?<br />** think about this as we discuss the “European Union”<br />
  84. 84. Review….<br />Ok.. Enough with war…<br />Lets continue the review of yesterdays lecture…<br />
  85. 85. Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />He said that “Paris was changing”… (from when he was young to today)<br />Question: “what were some of the examples” ?<br />
  86. 86. Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />He talked about “schizophrenic consumers”…<br />Question: “what was this in reference to” ?<br />
  87. 87. Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />He talked about how the “middle class in France was being squeezed”…<br />Question: “Why” ? And “What are the implications?”<br />
  88. 88. Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />Hugo talked about how the “potential collapse of the welfare state… which we are witnessing today”…<br />Question: “What is the welfare state / system he was referring to?” <br />Question: “Why might the model be collapsing?” <br />Question: “What are the implications?”<br />
  89. 89. Yesterday’s “Introduction to Paris, France” lecture<br />He talked about immigrants and society…<br />Question: “Should immigrants be blamed for the recent troubles with the welfare state in France?”<br />Question: “Why are some politicians “taking advantage” of these underlying prejudices vs. immigrants?”<br />Question: “Doesn’t France (and Spain) need immigrants to come to work (to pay for the expensive social benefits?” (aging workforce)<br />
  90. 90. From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />He talked about “globalization and the threats to the European Social-welfare state”… specifically threats from China, BRICs, USA and Japan…<br />Question: “How does Globalization threaten the European social welfare state?”<br />Question: “How does Eastern-enlargement of the EU hope to address this threat?”<br />
  91. 91. From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />Taxes<br />Competition<br />Companies move<br />Eastern Europe to “keep in Europe”<br />
  92. 92. From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />He talked about “Austerity measures in Europe to address the budget problems …”<br />Question: “What are some of the proposed measures that countries are taking (UK, France, Spain, Italy, Greece, Ireland, Portugal…)?”<br />
  93. 93. From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />Pay cuts up to 7-10% in Spain, more in Greece<br />Raise retirement age 62 ->65 -> 67?<br />Rasise VAT taxes<br />Cut spending <br />Raise education rates<br />Question – how do you think Europeans are reacting<br />
  94. 94. From Dr. Carlos’ lecture:<br />protests in UK, riots in Rome, strikes in Spain, riots in Greece, mass protests in France… <br />And this is just the beginning… ?!?!<br />
  95. 95. Read more here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11573091<br />
  96. 96.
  97. 97.
  98. 98. Leading opposition politicians join the strikes<br />
  99. 99. Leading opposition politicians join the strikes<br />
  100. 100. Greece riots<br />
  101. 101. Greece riots<br />
  102. 102. Greece riots<br />
  103. 103. homework<br />Homework <br />
  104. 104. Homework….TODAY (due Monday)<br />In one page or less<br />Questions:<br />“What is the EU?” (is it some sort of “super-state”? Can it be considered a “country”? Is the EU an I.O. (“intergovernmental organization”) like the UN? What makes the EU different<br />“Why does the EU exist?”<br />Use book for research (ch1-2). Students will be called on to answer at the beginning of next class. In addition to participation points….Best answer also gets 1 point extra credit (for midterm)!!<br />

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