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French & Indian War

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French & Indian War

  1. 1. Turmoil Over Taxation Exploring Causes of the American Revoultion
  2. 2. I. Main Idea <ul><li>A. Initially Colonists & British rejoice over France’s Defeat in F&I War. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Britain becomes the world power, colonial holdings </li></ul><ul><li>C. Britain also has a large debt as a result of the war </li></ul><ul><li>D. As a result, Parliament tightens control over Britain’s North American Empire </li></ul>
  3. 3. II. Problems on the Frontier <ul><li>A. By 1760 French leave lands west of Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>B. Colonists head west in search of land </li></ul><ul><li>C. Think of relations b/w colonists and natives! </li></ul>
  4. 4. III. Tensions Mount <ul><li>A. 1762 Amherst sent to bring peace to frontier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. allows colonists to build farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. disregards Indian lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. raises the prices of goods traded w/natives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. British disrespect natives. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. III. Tensions Mount <ul><li>B. Natives grow angry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Chief Pontiac of the Ottawa tribe grows angry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. In 1763 Pontiac attacks British at Fort Detroit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Other tribes soon join </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. British begin to lose their forts in ORV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. This conflict would be known as Pontiac’s War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. It ends when British report the signing of the Treaty of Paris </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. I. Let’s Get it Started <ul><li>1. Take out Penn Brochure & Last Night’s Homework </li></ul><ul><li>2. Attach Penn Brochure to Yellow Packet w/ paper clip (up Front) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Take out your notes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Imagine This <ul><li>You are a Freshman in college at University of California Santa Barbara </li></ul><ul><li>You have been able to do whatever you want for the first two years of college </li></ul><ul><li>Now, Your mom lays down the law! </li></ul><ul><li>She says you must wake up at 7 every morning </li></ul><ul><li>Attend All classes </li></ul><ul><li>Not go out on Friday or Saturday Nights </li></ul><ul><li>If you do not obey these rules you will have to pay the tuition which is $27,000 a year!!!! </li></ul>
  8. 8. IV. Proclamation of 1763. <ul><li>A. British wanted to prevent colonists from settling west of Appalachians. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Meant to protect Native’s lands </li></ul><ul><li>C. Colonists west of Apps. were to “remove themselves at once!” </li></ul><ul><li>D. Britain sends 10,000 troops to enforce the Proclamation. </li></ul><ul><li>E. Most colonists just ignore British, move west anyway! </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Proclamation Line of 1763 was created to prevent the colonists from moving westward onto Indian land.                                                               
  10. 10. Some Colonists such as Daniel Boone ignored the Proclamation of 1763 and explored the area that is modern day Kentucky.
  11. 11. V. British Taxes <ul><li>A. Result from debt accumulated from F&I War. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Taxes in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>C. Parliament suggests raising taxes in the colonies as well </li></ul>
  12. 12. VI. Sugar Act <ul><li>A.1764 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Placed new taxes on molasses (most colonists smuggled molasses and ignored taxes) </li></ul><ul><li>C. Molasses = triangular trade = $$$$ </li></ul><ul><li>D. New tax, was lower, meaning it would be enforced and smugglers would be jailed. </li></ul>
  13. 13. VII. Stamp Act <ul><li>A. 1765 </li></ul><ul><li>B. required that documents and paper products carry taxes and were stamped to show payment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Marriage license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Wills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Diplomas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Playing cards </li></ul></ul>This particular act will enrage the colonists and lead to widespread protest!
  14. 14. VIII. No Taxation without Representation! <ul><li>A. British shocked at colonists reactions to new taxes </li></ul><ul><li>B. British did save the colonies in F&I War </li></ul><ul><li>C. Colonists called taxes unjust </li></ul><ul><li>D. Colonists had no one in Parliament to represent them </li></ul><ul><li>E. Should only have to pay taxes passed by colonial legislature. </li></ul>
  15. 15. IX. Score One for the Good Guys <ul><li>A. Colonies begin to unite (as a whole body) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Use Peaceful protest to reach their goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Sent petitions to King George III and Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Began to boycott British goods (-14%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. IT WORKED, in 1766 British repeal Stamp Act. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Parliament reminds colonists that it can tax “in all cases whatsoever. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. X. The Townshend Acts <ul><li>A. 1767 </li></ul><ul><li>B. British flex their muscles </li></ul><ul><li>C. Pass taxes w/o colonists consent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Glass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Paint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Tea </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. X. The Townshend Acts <ul><li>D. Collecting taxes (NEW WAYS) </li></ul><ul><li>E. Writs of Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>F. Customs officials allowed to inspect ships </li></ul><ul><li>G. colonists claimed this violated their rights as British citizens. </li></ul>

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