French & Indian War

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French & Indian War

  1. 1. The French and Indian War Round 2
  2. 2. I. Early Phase of F & I War <ul><li>A. War local to North America only </li></ul><ul><li>B. Began w/ Washington’s defeat </li></ul><ul><li>C. The goal during this phase of the war was to capture enemies forts. </li></ul>
  3. 3. II. The First World War? <ul><li>A. 1756 formal war declared between French and British </li></ul><ul><li>B. Allies join both sides </li></ul><ul><li>C. 1757 War extends to global scale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. France was winning big around the globe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Left only 10,000 French troops in N.A. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. III. Middle Phase 1758-1760 <ul><li>A. Tide Turns </li></ul><ul><li>B. William Pitt assumes control of British forces </li></ul><ul><li>C. Assigns best general and supplies to war effort in N.A. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. 1758 Amherst captures Louisburg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Seize Fort Duquesne (rename Fort Pitt) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. IV. The Final Phase (1759-1763) <ul><li>A. 1759 known as “Year of Victories” </li></ul><ul><li>B. If British wanted to win they had to capture Quebec </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Capital set on Plains of Abraham </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Was well defended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. British Surprise French </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Win a bloody victory, September 18, 1759 French surrender to British! </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Capture of Quebec 1759
  7. 7. V. The Treaty of Paris <ul><li>A. Fighting continues in Europe until 1763 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Treaty of Paris ends War (known as the Seven Years War around the world) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Marks end of French power in North America. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. France gives up most lands in N.A. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. British control all land from Atlantic to Mississippi River. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4.Spain gains land from Miss. River to Pacific. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. North America as it looked in 1753, Notice the amount of land the English claim
  9. 9. Territory gained as a result of the Treaty of Paris 1763 (Florida was included as well, but that came from Spain!)
  10. 10. VI. Food for Thought <ul><li>1. What would have happened had the British not assisted the colonists in this conflict? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What if Britain had lost the French and Indian War? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What are some problems that may emerge from this conflict? </li></ul>

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