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Constitutional Convention - Slavery


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Constitutional Convention - Slavery

  1. 1. In Order to From a More Perfect Union…. Slavery, The Constitution, and Compromise
  2. 2. First a Video on the Constitution… <ul><li>Follow along with the lyrics to find out what the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was all about! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  3. 3. Consider the words….. <ul><li>We the People…. </li></ul><ul><li>Who does that include? Who does that exclude? </li></ul><ul><li>In order to form a more perfect Union </li></ul><ul><li>Why was it necessary to form a MORE perfect union? </li></ul>
  4. 4. I. The Status of African Americans <ul><li>A. The Revolution was a fight for FREEDOM. </li></ul><ul><li>B. African Americans hoped these freedoms would be extended to them as well. </li></ul><ul><li>C. By 1770 Northern states have, or start to, abolish slavery. </li></ul>
  5. 5. II. Viewpoints at the Constitutional Convention <ul><li>A. Delegates from 12 states, with diverse backgrounds. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Each wants what is best for their state. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Northern and Southern delegates disagree on the peculiar institution of slavery. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Slavery discourages arts and manufacturing…and every master of slaves is born a petty tyrant. ~George Mason
  7. 7. Southern states and their delegates claimed that their economies would be in ruins without slavery.
  8. 8. III. Compromise <ul><li>A. Most delegates did not want slavery </li></ul><ul><li>B. South Carolina and Georgia would not approve the Constitution if slavery is prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>C. So if you are a delegate what do you do? </li></ul><ul><li>D. Delegates give in to the South. </li></ul>South
  9. 9. IV. The Three-Fifths Compromise <ul><li>A. Southerners want to count slaves in the population count. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>C. = More representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Northerners disagree </li></ul><ul><li>E. COMPROMISE! 3/5 slaves count towards population. </li></ul>
  10. 10. V. Slave Trade Compromise <ul><li>A. Northern Delegates argue for the slave trade to be banned entirely. </li></ul>
  11. 11. V. Slave Trade Compromise <ul><li>B. COMPROMISE </li></ul><ul><li>C. Congress could not ban the slave trade for 20 years (or until 1807). </li></ul>
  12. 12. VI. Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>A. Slaves = Property </li></ul><ul><li>B. Under this act if a slave escaped to the north, he must be returned to his rightful owner. </li></ul>
  13. 13. VII. In Hindsight <ul><li>A. Compromise was necessary to form a federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Delegates did what was PRACTICAL, not what was right. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Slavery will remain a peculiar institution…one that will rip at the seams of our nation. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question for Consideration… <ul><li>With your table group, consider the following question. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine you are delegates at the Convention of 1787. What is your proposal in regards to the issue of slavery? </li></ul>
  15. 15. I am exceedingly distressed at the proceedings of the Convention – being…almost sure, they will…lay the foundation of a Civil War. ~Elbridge Gerry (Mass.) 1787