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Guns, Goons and Gold: Perspectives on Philippine Politics
Overview <ul><li>Two  perspectives  for understanding Philippine politics: </li></ul><ul><li>Top-down  (traditional) appro...
The Top-Down Approach <ul><li>Emphasizes the  key players  in Philippine politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Families...
The Patron-Client Relationship <ul><li>Characterized by  reciprocity  between Patons and Clients </li></ul><ul><li>Padrino...
<ul><li>Patronage is a means of expanding one’s “ fictive kin ”  </li></ul><ul><li>Patrons generally take care of their cl...
The Bottom-Up Approach <ul><li>Recognizes the dominance of political elites </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes the role of  civi...
Weak v. Strong <ul><li>Strong State </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A state that is capable of effectively  implementing policy  and...
Civil Society <ul><li>Civil society caters to  marginalized sectors . </li></ul>Society Scope of State Policy
Civil Society <ul><li>Civil society is said to  assume some state functions  where the state cannot deliver </li></ul><ul>...
Other Perspectives <ul><li>“ Bossism ”    James Sidel </li></ul><ul><li>“ Booty Capitalism ”    Paul Hutchcroft </li></u...
Further Reading <ul><li>Doronila, A.  A New Paradigm for Understanding Philippine Politics .  Pasig City: Asian Center for...
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Guns, Goons and Gold: Perspectives on Philippine Politics

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Lecture slides for an undergraduate class on Philippine Politics and Governance I taught between 2003 and 2005. The title (and content) is a nod to the prevailing perception of what politics in the Philippines is all about.

These slides were prepared using Powerpoint XP.

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Guns, Goons and Gold: Perspectives on Philippine Politics

  1. 1. Guns, Goons and Gold: Perspectives on Philippine Politics
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Two perspectives for understanding Philippine politics: </li></ul><ul><li>Top-down (traditional) approach </li></ul><ul><li>“ The view from the bottom ” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Top-Down Approach <ul><li>Emphasizes the key players in Philippine politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Families, Dynasties, Clans… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explains their dominance in the Philippine political arena </li></ul><ul><li>“ Trapo ” = Traditional Politics </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Patron-Client Relationship <ul><li>Characterized by reciprocity between Patons and Clients </li></ul><ul><li>Padrino system: patrons perform a variety of functions or favors for their clients </li></ul><ul><li>Clients give their loyalty to their patrons, especially during elections </li></ul><ul><li>Akin to a Feudal relationship </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Patronage is a means of expanding one’s “ fictive kin ” </li></ul><ul><li>Patrons generally take care of their clients cradle to grave </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the wide range of services offered by the patrons, clients only need one patron </li></ul>The Patron-Client Relationship
  6. 6. The Bottom-Up Approach <ul><li>Recognizes the dominance of political elites </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes the role of civil society and countervailing social forces </li></ul><ul><li>Premised on the fact that the Philippines is a weak state </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects a fundamentally middle-class phenomenon </li></ul>
  7. 7. Weak v. Strong <ul><li>Strong State </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A state that is capable of effectively implementing policy and efficiently delivering services autonomously </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weak State </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A state that is incapable of delivering services and is often captured by vested interests </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Civil Society <ul><li>Civil society caters to marginalized sectors . </li></ul>Society Scope of State Policy
  9. 9. Civil Society <ul><li>Civil society is said to assume some state functions where the state cannot deliver </li></ul><ul><li>Civil society has also been known to influence policy (e.g. EVAT, Party-list, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>As such, civil society represents another check and balance to the dominance of political elites (e.g. EDSA I &II) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other Perspectives <ul><li>“ Bossism ”  James Sidel </li></ul><ul><li>“ Booty Capitalism ”  Paul Hutchcroft </li></ul><ul><li>Cacique Democracy </li></ul><ul><li> Benedict Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>( Etc ) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Further Reading <ul><li>Doronila, A. A New Paradigm for Understanding Philippine Politics . Pasig City: Asian Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Timberman, D. A Changeless Land: Continuity and Change in Philippine Politics . Manila: Bookmark, 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Wurfel, D. Filipino Politics: Development and Decay . Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. </li></ul>
  12. 12. -end-

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