Political Spectrum

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Political Spectrum

  1. 1. Government The Political Spectrum and Politics
  2. 2. Freedom and Equality Freedom: • The belief that the rights of each individual in society are of primary importance Equality: • The belief that all individuals in a society should be treated in the same way
  3. 3. Freedom and Equality • Governments attempt to balance freedom and equality • Political ideologies have different beliefs regarding the importance of Freedom freedom and equality Equality
  4. 4. The Political Spectrum • A political spectrum is a way of visualizing different political positions • It does this by placing them upon one or more geometric axes symbolizing political dimensions
  5. 5. The Political Spectrum • The centre of the political spectrum is associated with democratic forms of government • The extreme ends of the line on both the right and the left are forms of totalitarianism
  6. 6. The Political Spectrum Left Center Right Liberal Moderate Conservative Radical Radical
  7. 7. Left - Right • Terms originated in the National Assembly in France (1789–91): nobles sat to the president's right, and the commons to the left • Left = Liberal • Right = Conservative
  8. 8. Democracy • Direct democracy, where all citizens participate in government, originated with the ancient Greeks • In Canada, we practice indirect democracy through elected representatives • In a democracy the state exists to serve the citizen
  9. 9. Totalitarianism • Totalitarian forms of government are found at the extreme ends of the political spectrum on both the right and the left • The state exercises total control • In a totalitarian regime the individual exists to serve the state
  10. 10. The Political Spectrum Totalitarian Democratic Totalitarian Liberal Moderate Conservative Radical Radical
  11. 11. The Political Spectrum Totalitarian Communism Facism Conservatism Liberal Liberalism Conservative Socialism Democratic
  12. 12. The Political Spectrum

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