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Foundations Of Government


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Foundations Of Government

  1. 1. Government Foundations of Government and Politics
  2. 2. Why study government?
  3. 3. Aboriginal decision making • Aboriginal peoples relied on participation by members of the community • Hereditary leaders handed down positions through a clan or family • Consensus from open community discussions • Traditions passed down through oral tradition
  4. 4. Canada’s method of decision making has roots in the British parliamentary tradition
  5. 5. Democracy “Rule By The People”
  6. 6. Constitutional Monarchy
  7. 7. Her Excellency the Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean, Governor General of Canada
  8. 8. Constitution British North America (BNA) Act, 1867
  9. 9. Amended in 1982, the Canadian Constitution has three main parts: Division of Charter of Rights Amending Powers and Freedoms formula
  10. 10. The Federal System • At the time of Confederation, the colonies that later became Canada agreed to pool their resources for defence, trade, and other common goals • However, they were unwilling to give up completely their individual autonomy
  11. 11. The Federal System Federalism: an organization of regional governments (provinces) each acting on behalf of its own residents, and a central government, with divided and shared responsibilities between the two
  12. 12. Residual Powers All areas of decision making that did not exist or were not listed in 1867 are by default allocated to the federal government.
  13. 13. Federal Responsibility
  14. 14. Provincial Responsibility
  15. 15. Municipal Responsibility