Geography of    The Importance
Western Canada       of Place
Why study geography?

• To understand more about the changing world we
  live in
• To learn more about the people and cult...
Five Themes of Geography

• Concepts that geographers use to study the world
  and the people that inhabit it
• Provide a ...
Five Themes of Geography

   1. Location
   2. Place
   3. Human-environment interaction
   4. Movement
   5. Regions
Location

Absolute location:
• The exact location of a place on the globe
• Uses a system to find an exact spot on the eart...
Latitude
  Lines extend east and
 west around the earth
and measure the distance
 north and south of the
   Equator (0 deg...
Latitude
  Also called parallels
  because each line of
  latitude is the same
distance apart and they
       never meet.
Longitude
 Lines extend north and
 south around the earth
and measure the distance
east or west of the Prime
  Meridian (0...
Longitude
  Also called Meridians.
Lines of longitude are not
 the same distance apart
       everywhere.
Location

Relative location:
• The position of a place in relation to another
  place
• Uses descriptions to identify plac...
Location

Room 409 is at the end of the hall, next to the stairs.

Argyle is at 1131 Frederick Road, North Vancouver.

   ...
Place

• Place is a description of the characteristics that
  make a certain location distinct
• Describes what it is like...
Place
Physical Characteristics:
    • Natural features of the land in a particular
      location
    • Landforms — platea...
Place

Cultural Characteristics:
    • The ways people live in a particular location
    • Religion, food, music, language...
Human-environment interaction


• “Relationships within place”
• Explores the human use and modifications of the
  environm...
Human-environment interaction


• Humans adapt to the environment
• Humans modify the environment
• Humans depend on the e...
How do we use the earth?
How have we changed the earth?
Movement
How do people, goods
and ideas get from one
  place to another?
Movement is the travel of people, goods
 or ideas from one location to another.
People



Products


 Ideas




           Movement
Regions
How is this place similar
   to other places?

  Are there common
   characteristics?
Regions

Formal regions:
• Defined by governmental boundaries

Functional regions:
• Defined by a function

Vernacular regio...
Five Themes Of Geography
Five Themes Of Geography
Five Themes Of Geography
Five Themes Of Geography
Five Themes Of Geography
Five Themes Of Geography
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Five Themes Of Geography

  1. 1. Geography of The Importance Western Canada of Place
  2. 2. Why study geography? • To understand more about the changing world we live in • To learn more about the people and cultures of the world so that we can better understand each other • To evaluate the connection between the earth and those who live on it
  3. 3. Five Themes of Geography • Concepts that geographers use to study the world and the people that inhabit it • Provide a framework to truly understand the geography of a place • Help geographers gather, organize, and analyze information
  4. 4. Five Themes of Geography 1. Location 2. Place 3. Human-environment interaction 4. Movement 5. Regions
  5. 5. Location Absolute location: • The exact location of a place on the globe • Uses a system to find an exact spot on the earth • Latitude and longitude, street addresses, GPS, map coordinates
  6. 6. Latitude Lines extend east and west around the earth and measure the distance north and south of the Equator (0 degrees)
  7. 7. Latitude Also called parallels because each line of latitude is the same distance apart and they never meet.
  8. 8. Longitude Lines extend north and south around the earth and measure the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian (0 degrees).
  9. 9. Longitude Also called Meridians. Lines of longitude are not the same distance apart everywhere.
  10. 10. Location Relative location: • The position of a place in relation to another place • Uses descriptions to identify places on the earth • Landmarks, direction, time, distance
  11. 11. Location Room 409 is at the end of the hall, next to the stairs. Argyle is at 1131 Frederick Road, North Vancouver. Seattle is about 200 km south of Vancouver. Sydney, Australia is located at 150° east longitude and 35° south latitude.
  12. 12. Place • Place is a description of the characteristics that make a certain location distinct • Describes what it is like there • Physical Characteristics • Cultural Characteristics
  13. 13. Place Physical Characteristics: • Natural features of the land in a particular location • Landforms — plateaus, plains, mountains, deserts, rivers, soil, beaches • Flora (plants) and fauna (animals) • Climate – temperature, rainfall • Resources – petroleum, minerals
  14. 14. Place Cultural Characteristics: • The ways people live in a particular location • Religion, food, music, language, architecture, holidays as well as other aspects of everyday life • Land use, housing, economic activities • Type of government, political ideologies
  15. 15. Human-environment interaction • “Relationships within place” • Explores the human use and modifications of the environment • Bridges, dams, mining, any structures built by humans
  16. 16. Human-environment interaction • Humans adapt to the environment • Humans modify the environment • Humans depend on the environment
  17. 17. How do we use the earth? How have we changed the earth?
  18. 18. Movement How do people, goods and ideas get from one place to another?
  19. 19. Movement is the travel of people, goods or ideas from one location to another.
  20. 20. People Products Ideas Movement
  21. 21. Regions How is this place similar to other places? Are there common characteristics?
  22. 22. Regions Formal regions: • Defined by governmental boundaries Functional regions: • Defined by a function Vernacular regions: • Loosely defined by people’s perception

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