Shakespeare - As You Like It


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Shakespeare - As You Like It

  1. 1. • As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1599 or early 1600 and first published in the First Folio, 1623. • The play features one of Shakespeare's most famous and oft-quoted speeches, "All the world's a stage", and is the origin of the phrase "too much of a good thing". • The play remains a favorite among audiences and has been adapted for radio, film, and musical theatre.
  2. 2. • Shakespeare hardly ever invented the stories of his plays. Like other writers at that time, he borrowed them from old stories or poems, but rewrote them in his own words. • The direct and immediate source of "As You Like It" is Thomas Lodge's "Rosalind, Euphues' Golden Legacy,” first published in 1590. • Lodge's story is based upon "The Tale of Gamelyn," wrongly attributed to Chaucer and printed among Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales."
  3. 3. • The play is set in a duchy in France, but most of the action takes place in a location called the Forest of Arden, which may be intended for the Ardennes in France, but is sometimes identified with Arden, Warwickshire, near Shakespeare's hometown.
  4. 4. The Court of Duke Frederick: • Duke Frederick, Duke Senior's younger brother and his usurper, also Celia's father • Rosalind, Duke Senior's daughter • Celia, Duke Frederick's daughter and Rosalind's cousin • Touchstone, a court fool The Exiled Court of Duke Senior in the Forest of Arden: • Duke Senior, Duke Frederick's older brother and Rosalind's father • Jaques, a discontented, melancholy lord • Amiens, an attending lord and musician The Household of the deceased Sir Rowland de Bois: • Oliver de Bois, the eldest son and heir • Jacques de Bois, the second youngest son. • Orlando de Bois, youngest son. • Adam, a faithful old servant who follows Orlando into exile
  5. 5. Country folk in the Forest of Arden: • Phebe, a proud shepherdess • Silvius, a shepherd • Audrey, a country girl • Corin, an elderly shepherd • William, a country man • Sir Oliver Martext, a curate With such large cast, it can be difficult for audiences to follow who’s who…
  6. 6. FrederickDuke Senior Rosalind Celia • Frederick has usurped the Duchy and exiled his older brother, Duke Senior. • The Duke's daughter Rosalind has been permitted to remain at court because she is the closest friend and cousin of Frederick's only child, Celia. • Orlando, a young gentleman of the kingdom who has who has just won a wrestling match against Frederick’s Champion, falls in love with Rosalind, but is forced to flee his home after being threatened by his older brother, Oliver. Orlando Oliver
  7. 7. Frederick Rosalind Celia • Frederick becomes angry and banishes Rosalind from court. • Celia and Rosalind decide to flee together accompanied by the jester Touchstone, with Rosalind disguised as a young man named Ganymede, and Celia disguised as a poor lady. • When Frederick discovers his daughter has run off with Rosalind and Touchstone, he sends Orlando’s brother Oliver to fetch them back. Rosalind/Ganymede CeliaOliver
  8. 8. Celia • In The forest, Rosalind (disguised as Ganymede), Celia, and Touchstone, meet up with Orlando and the deposed Duke. • Orlando is busy composing soppy love poems to Rosalind, and hanging them on trees. • Meanwhile, The shepherdess Phebe, with whom Silvius is in love, has fallen in love with Ganymede (actually Rosalind), • Touchstone, meanwhile, has fallen in love with the dull-witted shepherdess Audrey, and tries to woo her. • William, another shepherd, attempts to marry Audrey as well, but is stopped by Touchstone, who threatens to kill him "a hundred and fifty ways". Rosalind/Ganymede Orlando Duke Senior Phebe Silvius AudreyWilliam From the east to western Ind, No jewel is like Rosalind. Her worth, being mounted on the wind, Through all the world bears Rosalind. All the pictures fairest lined Are but black to Rosalind. Let no fair be kept in mind But the fair of Rosalind.
  9. 9. • Rosalind, also in love with Orlando, meets him as Ganymede and pretends to counsel him to cure him of being in love. • Ganymede says "he" will take Rosalind's place and "he" and Orlando can act out their relationship. • Rosalind is hoping that, as “Ganymede”, she can teach Orlando how to properly love and respect her as a woman. Rosalind/GanymedeOrlando
  10. 10. • Throughout the play, Shakespeare makes fun of (or spoofs) many of the conventions of poetry and literature dealing with love, such as the idea that love is a disease that brings suffering and torment to the lover. • He also spoofs the idea that time and experience changes people, with many of his characters changing attitudes instantaneously! • He also spoofs the idea that country folk are more pure and unspoiled than city folk, with several of the shepherds dim-witted, shallow, and bawdy.
  11. 11. • "Comedy", in its Elizabethan usage, had a very different meaning from modern comedy. A Shakespearean comedy is one that has a happy ending, usually involving marriages between the unmarried characters, and a tone and style that is more light-hearted than Shakespeare's other plays. Shakespearean comedies tend to also include: • A greater emphasis on situations than characters (this numbs the audience's connection to the characters, so that when characters experience misfortune, the audience still finds it laughable) • A struggle of young lovers to overcome difficulty, often presented by elders • Separation and re-unification • Deception among characters (especially mistaken identity) • A clever servant • Fights between characters, often within a family • Multiple, intertwining plots • Use of all styles of comedy (slapstick, puns, dry humour, earthy humour, witty banter, practical jokes) • A Happy Ending, though this is a given, since by definition, anything without a happy ending can't be a comedy.
  12. 12. • Fleet the time carelessly, as they did in the golden world. (1.1.127) • Always the dullness of the fool is the whetstone of the wits. (1.2.59) • Well said: that was laid on with a trowel. (1.2.113) • My pride fell with my fortunes. (1.2.269) • O, how full of briers is this working-day world! (1.3.13) • Beauty provoketh thieves sooner than gold. (1.3.110) • Sweet are the uses of adversity, Which like the toad, ugly and venomous, Wears yet a precious jewel in his head; And this our life, exempt from public haunt, Finds tongues in trees, books in the running brooks, Sermons in stones, and good in everything. (2.1.13) • All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players: (2.7.139)
  13. 13. • Blow, blow, thou winter wind, Thou art not so unkind As man's ingratitude: Thy tooth is not so keen, Because thou art not seen, Although thy breath be rude. (2.7.175) • O wonderful, wonderful, and most wonderful wonderful! and yet again wonderful, and after that, out of all whooping! (3.2.205) • I do desire we may be better strangers. (3.2.277) • "So so" is good, very good, very excellent good: and yet it is not; it is but so so. (5.1.25) • Oh! how bitter a thing it is to look into happiness through another man's eyes. (5.2.49)
  14. 14. • The first film version of “As You Like It” was made in 1908, since then, over fifteen film and television adaptations have been made! Notable versions include: • 1936 with Lawrence Olivier • 1978 BBC with Helen Mirren • 1982 Stratford Festival • 2007 with Kenneth Branaugh • 2010 Globe Theatre Production
  15. 15. A Nutsy the Squirrel Production Copyright 2013 Oak Hills Media Center All Rights Reserved.