Lesson 23 sayings grammar practice

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3rd Form Latin

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Lesson 23 sayings grammar practice

  1. 1. Lesson 23Present and Imperfect Subjunctive of Sum
  2. 2. Recitation♦model verbs6 tenses active and passive
  3. 3. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamo amamusamas amatisamat amant Imperfectamabam amabamusamabas amabatisamabat amabant Futureamabo amabimusamabis amabitisamabit amabunt
  4. 4. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamavi amavimusamavisti amavistisamavit amaverunt Pluperfectamaveram amaveramusamaveras amaveratisamaverat amaverant Future Perfectamavero amaverimusamaveris amaveritisamaverit amaverint
  5. 5. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamor amamuramaris amaminiamatur amantur Imperfectamabar amabamuramabaris amabaminiamabatur amabantur Futureamabor amabimuramaberis amabiminiamabitur amabuntur
  6. 6. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamatus –a –um, sum amati –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectamatus –a –um, eram amati –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectamatus –a –um, ero amati –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  7. 7. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneo monemusmones monetismonet monent Imperfectmonebam monebamusmonebas monebatismonebat monebant Futuremonebo monebimusmonebis monebitismonebit monebunt
  8. 8. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonui monuimusmonuisti monuistismonuit monuerunt Pluperfectmonueram monueramusmonueras monueratismonuerat monuerant Future Perfectmonuero monuerimusmonueris monueritismonuerit monuerint
  9. 9. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneor monemurmoneris moneminimonetur monentur Imperfectmonebar monebamurmonebaris monebaminimonebatur monebantur Futuremonebor monebimurmoneberis monebiminimonebitur monebuntur
  10. 10. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonitus –a –um, sum moniti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectmonitus –a –um, eram moniti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectmonitus –a –um, ero moniti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  11. 11. rego regere rexi rectus Presentrego regimusregis regitisregit regunt Imperfectregebam regebamusregebas regebatisregebat regebant Futureregam regemusreges regetisreget regent
  12. 12. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrexi reximusrexisti rexistisrexit rexerunt Pluperfectrexeram rexeramusrexeras rexeratisrexerat rexerant Future Perfectrexero rexerimusrexeris rexeritisrexerit rexerint
  13. 13. rego regere rexi rectus Presentregor regimurregeris regiminiregitur reguntur Imperfectregebar regebamurregebaris regebaminiregebatur regebantur Futureregar regemurregeris regeminiregetur regentur
  14. 14. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrectus –a –um, sum recti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectrectus –a –um, eram recti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectrectus –a –um, ero recti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  15. 15. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudio audimusaudis auditisaudit audiunt Imperfectaudiebam audiebamusaudiebas audiebatisaudiebat audiebant Futureaudiam audiemusaudies audietisaudiet audient
  16. 16. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectaudivi audivimusaudivisti audivistisaudivit audiverunt Pluperfectaudiveram audiveramusaudiveras audiveratisaudiverat audiverant Future Perfectaudivero audiverimusaudiveris audiveritisaudiverit audiverint
  17. 17. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudior audimuraudiris audiminiauditur audiuntur Imperfectaudiebar audiebamuraudiebaris audiebaminiaudiebatur audiebantur Futureaudiar audiemuraudieris audieminiaudietur audientur
  18. 18. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectauditus –a –um, sum auditi –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectauditus –a –um, eram auditi –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectauditus –a –um, ero auditi –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  19. 19. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapio capimuscapis capitiscapit capiunt Imperfectcapiebam capiebamuscapiebas capiebatiscapiebat capiebant Futurecapiam capiemuscapies capietiscapiet capient
  20. 20. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcepi cepimuscepisti cepistiscepit ceperunt Pluperfectceperam ceperamusceperas ceperatisceperat ceperant Future Perfectcepero ceperimusceperis ceperitisceperit ceperint
  21. 21. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapior capimurcaperis capiminicapitur capiuntur Imperfectcapiebar capiebamurcapiebaris capiebaminicapiebatur capiebantur Futurecapiar capiemurcapieris capieminicapietur capientur
  22. 22. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcaptus –a –um, sum capti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectcaptus –a –um, eram capti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectcaptus –a –um, ero capti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  23. 23. Recitation♦imperatives
  24. 24. RecitationVerb Singular Plural Meaningamo, amare ama amate Love!moneo, monēre monē monete Warn!rego, regere rege regite Rule!capio, capere cape capite Take!audio, audire audi audite Hear!sum, esse es este Be!dico, dicere dic dicite Speak!duco, ducere duc ducite Lead!facio, facere fac facite Make!
  25. 25. Recitation♦5 declensions:mensa, servus, bellum, pater, flumen, portus, res
  26. 26. Recitation♦Adjectives:acer acris acrebrevis –epotens potentis
  27. 27. Recitation SIngular PluralM F N M /F Nacer acris acre acres acria acris acris acrium acrium acri acri acribus acribus acrem acre acres acria acri acri acribus acribus
  28. 28. Recitation SIngular Plural M /F N M /F Nbrevis breve breves breviabrevis brevis brevium breviumbrevi brevi brevibus brevibusbrevem breve breves breviabrevi brevi brevibus brevibus
  29. 29. Recitation M/F NSingular Plural Singular Pluralpotens potentes potens potentiapotentis potentium potentis potentiumpotenti potentibus potenti potentibuspotentem potentes potens potentiapotenti potentibus potenti potentibus
  30. 30. Recitation♦Preposition Songs:-ab corum cum de ex in prae pro sine sub tenus-ad ante apud in inter ob per post propter sub trans circum contra juxta
  31. 31. Recitation♦Ordinal & Cardinal Numbers
  32. 32. Recitation Cardinal Ordinalunus –a –um one primus –a –um firstduo –ae –o two secundus –a –um second tres tria three tertius –a –um third quattuor four quartus –a –um fourth quinque five quintus –a –um fifth sex six sextus –a –um sixth septem seven septimus –a –um seventh octo eight octavus –a –um eighth novem nine nonus –a –um ninth decem ten decimus –a –um tenth
  33. 33. RecitationRoman Numeral Cardinal XI undecim eleven XII duodecim twelve XIII tredecim thirteen XIV quattuordecim fourteen XV quindecim fifteen XVI sedecim sixteen XVII septendecim seventeen XVIII duodeviginti eighteen XIX undeviginti nineteen XX viginti twenty
  34. 34. Recitation 3rd Person Pronouns; Demonstrative Pronouns (1) Singular Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuteris ea id ei eae eaejus ejus ejus eorum earum eorumei ei ei eis eis eiseum eam id eos eas eaeo eā eo eis eis eis
  35. 35. RecitationDemonstrative Pronouns (Near) (2) Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his his
  36. 36. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Far) (3) Singular Plural M F N M F Nille illa illud illi illae illaillíus illíus illíus illorum illarum illorumilli illi illi illis illis illisillum illam illud illos illas illaillo illā illo illis illis illis
  37. 37. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Near to Person Spoken to) (4) Singular Plural M F N M F Niste ista istud isti istae istaistíus istíus istíus istorum istarum istorumisti isti isti istis istis istisistum istam istud istos istas istaisto istā isto istis istis istis
  38. 38. Recitation Intensive Pronouns Singular Plural M F N M F Nipse ipsa ipsum ipsi ipsae ipsaipsíus ipsíus ipsíus ipsorum ipsarum ipsorumipsi ipsi ipsi ipsis ipsis ipsisipsum ipsam ipsum ipsos ipsas ipsaipso ipsā ipso ipsis ipsis ipsis
  39. 39. Recitation 3rd Person Reflexive PronounsCase Form MeaningNom ----Gen. sui of himself, herself, itself, themselvesDat. sibi to/for himself, herself, itself, themselvesAcc. se himself, herself, itself, themselvesAbl. se ibwf himself, herself, itself, themselves
  40. 40. Recitation Reflexive Pronoun AdjectivesPerson Singular Meaning Plural Meaning1st meus mea meum my (own) noster nostra our (own) nostrum2nd tuus tua tuum your (own) vester vestra your (pl.) (own) vestrum3rd suus sua suum his, her, its, their (own)
  41. 41. Recitation Present Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamem moneam regam capiam audiamames moneas regas capias audiasamet moneat regat capiat audiatamemus moneamus regamus capiamus audiamusametis moneatis regatis capiatis audiatisament moneant regant capiant audiant
  42. 42. Recitation Present Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamer monear regar capiar audiarameris monearis regaris capiaris audiarisametur moneatur regatur capiatur audiaturamemur moneamur regamur capiamur audiamuramemini moneamini regamini capiamini audiaminiamentur moneantur regantur capiantur audiantur
  43. 43. Recitation Imperfect Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamarem monerem regerem caperem audiremamares moneres regeres caperes audiresamaret moneret regeret caperet audiretamaremus moneremus regeremus caperemus audiremusamaretis moneretis regeretis caperetis audiretisamarent monerent regerent caperent audirent
  44. 44. Recitation Imperfect Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamarer monerer regerer caperer audireramareris monereris regereris capereris audirerisamaretur moneretur regeretur caperetur audireturamaremur moneremur regeremur caperemur audiremuramaremini moneremini regeremini caperemini audireminiamarentur monerentur regerentur caperentur audirentur
  45. 45. Latin SayingCredo ut intéllegam
  46. 46. Latin Saying Credo ut intéllegamcredo -ere; to believeut; in order thatintellego -ere; peace intellegam present subjunctive
  47. 47. Latin SayingsI believe in order that I may understand.
  48. 48. Grammar The present subjunctive of sum has the vowel i throughout.Singular Pluralsim I may be simus we may besis you may be sitis you all may besit hsi may be sint they may be
  49. 49. Grammar The imperfect subjunctive of sum is built on the form of the infinitive (esse) as in the regular conjugations.Singular Pluralessem I might be essemus we might beesses you might be essetis you all might beesset hsi might be essent they might be
  50. 50. GrammarPurpose Clause with UtIn English we often express purpose with the infinitive, but in Latin the infinitive is not normally used for this purpose.
  51. 51. GrammarPurpose Clause with UtIn English we often express purpose with the infinitive, but in Latin the infinitive is not normally used for this purpose.I am working hard to make an A in Latin.
  52. 52. GrammarPurpose Clause with UtIn English we often express purpose with the infinitive, but in Latin the infinitive is not normally used for this purpose.I am working hard to make an A in Latin.
  53. 53. GrammarPurpose Clause with UtOne way to express purpose in Latin is with the ut clause. The main clause is in the indicative and the subordinate clause is in the subjunctive. The two clauses are connected by ut, which means in order that.
  54. 54. GrammarPurpose Clause with UtOne way to express purpose in Latin is with the ut clause. The main clause is in the indicative and the subordinate clause is in the subjunctive. The two clauses are connected by ut, which means in order that.main clause subordinate clauseMilites pugnant ut libertatem servent.indicative subjunctive
  55. 55. GrammarPurpose Clause with Utmain clause subordinate clauseMilites pugnant ut libertatem servent.indicative subjunctiveThe soldiers fight in order that they may preserve liberty.
  56. 56. GrammarPurpose Clause with UtIn a sentence with two clauses, there are two verbs. The tenses of the two verbs must correspond.
  57. 57. GrammarPurpose Clause with UtIn a sentence with two clauses, there are two verbs. The tenses of the two verbs must correspond.If the main clause verb is in the present, future, or future perfect, the purpose clause is in the present subjunctive.
  58. 58. GrammarPurpose Clause with UtIn a sentence with two clauses, there are two verbs. The tenses of the two verbs must correspond.If the main clause verb is in the present, future, or future perfect, the purpose clause is in the present subjunctive.If the main clause verb is in the imperfect, perfect, or pluperfect, the purpose clause is in the imperfect subjunctive.
  59. 59. Grammar QuestionsHow many moods? What are they? How many have we covered?
  60. 60. Grammar QuestionsHow many moods? What are they? How many have we covered?There are three: indicative, imperative, and subjunctive. We have covered the first two.
  61. 61. Grammar QuestionsHow many tenses are in the subjunctive? What tenses are missing?
  62. 62. Grammar QuestionsHow many tenses are in the subjunctive? What tenses are missing?Four tenses. The future and future perfect are missing.
  63. 63. Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?
  64. 64. Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?let, might, could, may, should, would
  65. 65. Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and subjunctive?indicative:subjunctive:
  66. 66. Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and subjunctive?indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions My children go to school. actual/indicative I want my children to go to school. – potential/subjunctive
  67. 67. Grammar Questions What are the meanings of the present subjunctive of sum?Person Singular Plural1st2nd3rd
  68. 68. Grammar Questions What are the meanings of the present subjunctive of sum?Person Singular Plural1st I may be we may be2nd you may be you all may be3rd he, she, it may be they may be
  69. 69. Grammar Questions What are the meanings of the imperfect subjunctive of sum?Person Singular Plural1st2nd3rd
  70. 70. Grammar Questions What are the meanings of the imperfect subjunctive of sum?Person Singular Plural1st I might be we might be2nd you might be you all might be3rd he, she, it might be they might be
  71. 71. Grammar QuestionsA __________ question is asked in doubt or indignation, uses the subjunctive, and is expressed in English by the verbal helper ______.
  72. 72. Grammar QuestionsA deliberative question is asked in doubt or indignation, uses the subjunctive, and is expressed in English by the verbal helper should.
  73. 73. Grammar QuestionsA deliberative question uses the _______ subjunctive for present time and the _________ subjunctive for past time.
  74. 74. Grammar QuestionsA deliberative question uses the present subjunctive for present time and the imperfect subjunctive for past time.
  75. 75. Grammar QuestionsThe hortatory subjunctive expresses __________, _______ _________, ______ ____, and uses the verbal helpers __ and ___.
  76. 76. Grammar QuestionsThe hortatory subjunctive expresses exhortation, indirect command, strong wish, and uses the verbal helpers let and may.
  77. 77. Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in __________ clauses, but also has some uses in __________ clauses.
  78. 78. Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in subordinate clauses, but also has some uses in independent clauses.
  79. 79. GrammarTo form the negative of a subjunctive verb, use ?
  80. 80. GrammarTo form the negative of a subjunctive verb, use ne.Ne cedamus. Let us not yield.
  81. 81. GrammarTo form the negative of a subjunctive verb, use ne.Ne cedamus. Let us not yield.Ne portas claudant. Let them not close the gates.
  82. 82. GrammarTo express purpose with the conjunction ut, the main clause is in the _________, and the subordinate clause is in the __________.
  83. 83. GrammarTo express purpose with the conjunction ut, the main clause is in the indicative, and the subordinate clause is in the subjunctive.
  84. 84. Practice♦TranslateClamo ut audiar.
  85. 85. Practice♦TranslateI shout in order to be heard.
  86. 86. Practice♦TranslateI believe in order that I may understand.
  87. 87. Practice♦TranslateCredo ut intellegam
  88. 88. Practice♦TranslateLaboro ut vivam.
  89. 89. Practice♦TranslateI work in order that I may live.
  90. 90. Practice♦TranslateWe may be.
  91. 91. Practice♦TranslateSimus.
  92. 92. Practice♦TranslateYou all might be.
  93. 93. Practice♦TranslateEssetis.
  94. 94. Practice♦Conjugate sum in the present and imperfect subjunctive.
  95. 95. Practice♦Conjugate sum in the present and imperfect subjunctive.♦Conjugate the model verbs in the imperfect subjunctive active and passive.
  96. 96. Practice♦Conjugate sum in the present and imperfect subjunctive.♦Conjugate the model verbs in the imperfect subjunctive active and passive.♦Conjugate the model verbs in the present subjunctive active and passive.

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