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Intellectual Disabilities


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Intellectual Disabilities

  1. 1. intellectual disabilities
  2. 2. Mental retardation is a concept that developed with history. It has changed through time in its nature and in its significance. --Blatt (1987)
  3. 3. early history seguin itard
  4. 4. early history isolation institutionalization Georgia Mental Health Institute
  5. 5. eugenics Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  6. 6. eugenics …Besides, if these feeble-minded children were early selected and carefully trained, they would become more or less self-supporting in their institutions, so that the expense of their maintenance would be greatly reduced (Goddard, 1912). henry herbert goddard
  7. 7. eugenics 1924 Immigration Act “America must remain American” Calvin Coolidge Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  8. 8. competing terms mental retardation vs. intellectual disabilities
  9. 9. IDEiA definition “significantly sub-average intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.” Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  10. 10. IDEiA definition mild 50 – 70/75 moderate 35-50 severe 20 - 35 profound below 20
  11. 11. prevalence rates 1% school population majority male (56%) Over-representation: African-American Students Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  12. 12. causes psychosocial genetic environmental
  13. 13. characteristics learning difficulty social skills adaptive behavior attention memory generalization speech / language Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  14. 14. multimodal assessment Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  15. 15. instructional approaches think aloud model academic skills advance organizers functional curriculum generalization life skills inclusion opportunity? self-determination self-advocacy direct instruction community-based instruction transition planning explicit instruction student-centered
  16. 16. instructional environment play / communication area quiet areas natural environments job skills area carrels, tables, desks room facilitates movement grouping arrangements? location of materials flexible class arrangement
  17. 17. use of technology adapts to curriculum removes barriers addresses specific need Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  18. 18. Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.