BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE BOSNIAN
Background Information for the film “No Man’s Land”
YUGOSLAVIA BREAKS UP
Yugoslavia – Created after World War I. Made up of many different ethnic and religious
In Jan. 1989 the Communist Party gave up its power as it couldn’t deal with the plunging
economy and surging nationalism.
May 1991 – Croatia and Slovenia declare independence from the Serbian dominated
Hungarian – 1.9%
Montenegrin – 2.5%
Yugoslav – 5.4%
Macedonian – 5.9 %
Albanian – 7.7%
Slovene – 7.8%
Muslims Bosnian – 8.9 %
Serbs – 36.3%
Other – 3.9%
Are any groups close to being
SERBIA WANTS REPATRIATE SERBIAN MINORITY
To stop Bosnia- Herzegovina from leaving, Serbia offers to redraw territorial boundaries.
Muslim president of Bosnia rejects offer, saying it doesn’t offer any real power to Muslim
Independence referendum is held.
• Serbs boycott the vote, but 90% of those who vote favor independence.
March 1992 – Bosnia-Herzegovina is independent
ETHNIC GROUPS FIGHT FOR CONTROL OF
Bosnian Serbs who did not want to leave Yugoslavia rebel and armed struggle breaks out.
Major Groups: 40 % Bosnian Muslim, 30% Orthodox Christian Serbians, 18 % Catholic
Serbs, though not the majority, had better equipment and were back by the country of
Serbs eventually takes 2/3 of Bosnia and launch a reign of terror against Bosnians and
Croats including expulsion, concentration camps, and genocide.
1994 UN becomes involved, initially using airpower to support the Bosnians. UN also
brought in peace keeping troops which participated when attacked by Serbs.
1994 – US lifts arms embargo against Bosnia, allowing them greater access to weapons.
During this war numerous landmines, originating mostly from the former Yugoslavian
People’s Army, were deployed to secure borders and to restrict enemy movement.
Some areas have been mined after the war; mostly to prevent the return of refugees .
Minefields can still be found across most parts of the country, since they were laid along
conflict lines that often changed
When was Yugoslavia created?
When did countries start to leave Yugoslavia?
How do Bosnian Serbs react to independence?
What is genocide?
What assistance did the UN offer?