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Business Intelligence Is The Gathering And Analysis Essay
Business Intelligence
Business Intelligence is the gathering and analysis of large amounts of information so as to gain
insights that propagate strategic and tactical business decisions. Business Intelligence is the
conglomeration of the processes and technologies which change data into information. It
encompasses a wide category of technologies, including data warehousing, multidimensional
analysis or online analytical processing, data mining and visualization, as well as basic queries and
multiple types of analytical tools for reporting. These technologies allow business stakeholders to
collect, store, access, and do the analysis of data to improve the business decision–making
capabilities (Khan, 2005).
Business intelligence goes in hand with other organization application areas like data mining and
data warehousing.
Data warehousing
Data warehousing is defined as the design and implementation of processes and tools to manage and
deliver complete, timely, accurate, and understandable data for decision making. It includes all the
activities that make it possible for an organization to create, manage, and maintain a data warehouse
or data mart (Williams & Williams, 2007). Data warehousing majorly deals with managing the
development, the implementation, and the operation of a data warehouse or data store. It includes
metadata management, data acquisition, data archiving, data cleansing, storage management, data
integration, data distribution, security management operational
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Business Intelligence Is The Gathering And Analysis
Student's Name: Prof Name: Date: Task: Class section:
Business Intelligence
Business Intelligence is the gathering and analysis of large amounts of information so as to gain
insights that propagate strategic and tactical business decisions. Business Intelligence is the
conglomeration of the processes and technologies which change data into information. It
encompasses a wide category of technologies, including data warehousing, multidimensional
analysis or online analytical processing, data mining and visualization, as well as basic queries and
multiple types of analytical tools for reporting. These technologies allow business stakeholders to
collect, store, access, and do the analysis of data to improve the business decision–making
capabilities (Khan, 2005).
Business intelligence goes in hand with other organization application areas like data mining and
data warehousing. Data warehousing
Data warehousing is defined as the design and implementation of processes and tools to manage and
deliver complete, timely, accurate, and understandable data for
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Future Intelligence Analysis
Basic Information Concerning the Film Future Intelligence is a television episode that appeared in
the NextWorld television series. The episode was directed and produced by Bruce Kennedy and
released in Australia in January 2009. This fascinating documentary gives us a glimpse at smart
technology that will change the way the world works; technology that will place robots as helpers in
the home, connect every human being and cities to the web and can virtually make our dreams come
true via advances simulations and entertainment systems. Human–like mental agility are being
created via artificial intelligence and that even our clothing will have intelligence as a consequence
of the development of smaller and more powerful computers! At this rate, very soon, computers
with processing power that rivals the human brain with artificial intelligence could be created. ...
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within 30 years we can create superhuman intelligence Soon, we will be able to build computers
with artificial intelligence and processing power that rivals the human brain. Intelligence will be
everywhere, embedded in our clothing, our vehicles and homes. Intelligent robots will serve us –
until they don't feel like doing so anymore. And what happens then...? ..smart tech that will put
android helpers in the home, upgrade transportatio. Advances in AI are creeating machines with near
human–like mental agility. Intelligence embedded everywhere. tethered to computer devices
exoskeleton – heavy lifting ... able to reason scary – extend rights to non–carbon beings by 2030,
robots will have superior congnitive abilities to humans claytonics – 3d fax within five years ...
carry multiple devices that talk with each
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An Analysis of Business Intelligence Systems
This report is an analysis of business intelligence systems currently available to our business. As an
introduction, I will address in general terms why we need to purchase a business intelligence system
and how it will aid our business. Then I will discuss several applications in detail, paying particular
attention to the information and analysis capabilities of each, and the hardware and software
required for each. Finally, I will conclude with a short evaluation of the products discussed and offer
a recommendation as to the best application for our business. I will pay particular attention to IBM,
Microsoft, SAP, and Oracle. First off, why do we need a business intelligence system for our
business? Simply put, an effective ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In a SAP environment, the Cognos application helps consolidate and make more efficient the
reporting, planning, and scorecarding functions. Finally, in an Oracle environment the Cognos
application effectively combines with already existing Oracle and PeopleSoft databases, gateways,
and applications to allow for a virtually seamless integration. From an integration standpoint,
Cognos seems to be the business intelligence application that readily fits into almost any existing
environment. I looked at IBM next. IBM is a well–recognized and established name in Information
Technology. It offers a broad business intelligence application capability, so consequently we need
to decide exactly where our data management needs really lie. IBM can offer wide–ranging
consulting services from incorporating specific software applications to solve specific needs, to
totally overhauling our already existing IT architecture and business intelligence system to make it
more efficient. As already stated, IBM relies on Cognos for some of its business intelligence
applications and these seem to be easily integrated with almost any other environment. Additionally,
Cognos offers the most popular OLAP software used today. Oracle was the next company that I
looked at. As already stated above, Oracle is closely associated with Hyperion applications, although
it does offer a very comprehensive business
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The Power Of Emotional Intelligence Rhetorical Analysis
The video about The Power of Emotional Intelligence, by Dr. Travis Bradberry, he give us an idea
on how our brain works as well as the E.I (Emotional Intelligence). He states "The E.I is the ability
to understand your emotion, control them and use them to produce the behavior you want". Also
give us three key points in how to improve our E.I to accomplish our goals .
I really enjoy this video because it helps me visualize how our brain work, how the Rational brain
and the Limbic System work together to achieve EI. The EI is the ability to understand your emotion
and work for our benefit, expressing the reaction we want to externalize. He gives a three–key point
in how improve our EI and they are: Have the stress under control, Clean up
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Emotional Intelligence Analysis Paper Essay
Emotional Intelligence Analysis Paper
Emotional Intelligence "EI" is a field that certainly seems to be more widely recognized and is
frequently being further studied and researched regarding how it relates to each person as they
function in life. I strongly believe that it should be, because learning to manage our emotions in an
effective way is critical to how each person deals with all aspects of their life. When we manage our
emotions poorly, we not only hurt ourselves, and often our reputation, but we may hurt others as
well. Many of the studies from our reading and videos this week discuss if emotional intelligence
can be improved and what affect it has regarding how we each deal with stress in our lives and its
connection to effective leadership.
My Results on Maetrix MEIT Self–Assessment
My numerical scores for "The maetrix EI Test Results (MEIT Version 1.0)" are as follows: "Self–
Awareness 5, Self–Management 8, Social Awareness 8 and Relationship Management 9, which are
based on a possible 10 for each EI quadrant" ("Emotional Intelligence Test – Results," n.d.).
My View of the Accuracy of the Test Results
I was pleased overall with my three relatively higher level quadrant scores for the areas of Self–
Management, Social Awareness and Relationship Management and do agree with their range for
each quadrant. However, my mid–level score of five in Self–Awareness, while accurate, does cause
me some concern and specifically "the impact of this area on my work performance
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Intelligence By Chaim Potok: Character Analysis
The many forms of intelligence
While many people in Chaim Potok's the chosen demonstrate a great intellect, Reuven, Danny, and
Mr. Malter are the most noteworthy people with regard to this trait. Several times throughout the
book readers are continually shocked by their intellect. Reuven uses his intellect to solve
mathematical problems. Danny's photographic memory helps him memorize pages of the Talmud
every day. Mr. Malter relies on his intellect to advise people, whether by recommending books to
Danny or by giving his son advise. Potok's characters display a wide manifest of intelligence from
Reuven's mathematical mind, Danny's photographic memory, and Mr. Malter's ability to convey
practical advice.
Reuven's intelligence is focused more around mathematics. Throughout the book Reuven tells
Danny about math and how he's going to become a mathematician. The first time readers see
Reuven's mathematical intelligence is when Reb Saunders tests him with gematryia. Saying "nu,
Reuven, tell me which one was not good?" (p139) Reuven correctly answers him. After which, he
spends many long Sabbath days with the Saunders discussing the Talmud. Reuven earns the respect
of Reb Saunders because of his mathematical intellect. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
When he and Reuven first meet, Danny tells Reuven, "I have a photographic mind. My father says
it's a gift from God." (p69) Danny uses his photographic memory to memorize four Pages of the
Talmud per day. Danny memorizes the Talmud so quickly that when he has finished he still has time
to read books he actually enjoys and has time to practice baseball. Danny's memory also helps him
debate the Talmud with his father. Danny uses his photographic memory to study the Talmud
because he can finish so quickly he has time to do things he enjoys like read about psychology and
practice
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Is Artificial Intelligence Taking Over Our Lives?: Article...
In the New York Times article, "Is Artificial Intelligence Taking Over Our Lives?" they introduce
the topic if whether or not our lives will soon revolve around technology at every corner that we see
worldwide, whether it being robotic cops to robotic doctors. Introduced in this article were 3 main
debaters over the topic being for and against the idea that our artificial intelligence & its growth is a
good or bad idea. For some, technology and its evolvement seems to be a good way to lead us into a
prosperous and bright future. In Susan Bennett's article, "If A.I. Replaces Us, Will Siri Lead Us Into
The Sea?" she states, "It seems we no longer have to use our brains as much as we once did. Any
one of our digital devices can instantly ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
So, technology should keep evolving to take us humans to newer limits of science, medicine, cinema
etc., to keep moving forward just with limitation to go so far and not break boundaries to where as
something could go terribly
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Analysis Of A Rounded Version: The Theory Of Multiple...
In "A Rounded Version: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences", Howard Gardner illustrates how
there are a variety of intelligences. Gardner starts off with an example how IQ tests may predict
achievement in school but may not predict achievement in life. After finding out certain parts of the
brain are responsible for certain functions, such as "Broca's Area" which is responsible for sentence
production, Gardner proposes the existence of multiple intelligences. Multiple studies later led him
to propose seven distinct intelligences; Musical, bodily–kinesthetic, logical–mathematical,
linguistic, spatial, interpersonal, and intrapersonal. Each intelligence has certain classifications.
According to Gardner's classifications, I realized my intelligences are bodily–kinesthetic, logical–
mathematical, and intrapersonal.
Gardner describes bodily–kinesthetic knowledge as being able to solve problems with the body
(Gardner 513). Sports is the best example for this intelligence. Gardner believes that you are born
with this intelligence. He gives the example of Babe Ruth knowing what his "instrument" was upon
first exposure (Gardner 512). I had a similar experience. For as long as I can remember, I have
always been able to swim. My mind just ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
"A solution to a problem can be constructed before it is articulated" (Gardner 514). This is a perfect
statement used to describe this intelligence. I am very mathematically centered. Throughout school I
have been able to find the solution to a math problem, but most of the time I cannot explain my
process. My friends would always ask me for help, but I would have to first figure out what I did
before I could help them do it. I have to learn concepts before dealing with details. This helps me
with understanding the concept first, then focusing on the details to strengthen my
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Rhetorical Analysis Of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence has been a hot topic since the invention of artificial intelligence. Many
scientist and humans, in general, believe that artificially intelligent robots would want to rule the
world and overthrow the human race. Something as simple as Siri or Corona could get too smart,
and eventually, want to get rid of humans. Many sci–fi shows are based on this ideology. However,
based off of this article by Tim Oates, artificial intelligence is one problem we should not worry
about. In his article, Oates was able to relieve everyone's anxieties they may have had, and he did so
persuasively. Oates used many different rhetoric strategies to do so, but overall he used pathos,
sarcasm/irony, and ethos He was persuasive in communicating his argument because of use of
pathos, sarcasm/irony, and ethos. Tim Oates is very sarcastic throughout his article, which really
makes him play with emotions through pathos. His emotional appeal is kind of told through how a
robot would think with emotions. By talking in a sense of how a robot would think emotionally a
sense of humor is given, because, logically, how would a computer have emotions? He uses this
idea, that computers can't have emotion, to his advantage as a common folk would nearly
understand that a computer can't have emotions, realistically. The way he incorporates this is with
sarcasm through. In other words, Oates uses the fact that robots can't have emotions, and if they did,
it would be kind of funny to try to
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My Past Studies And Work Experiences
In this essay I will examine my current skills within my previous studies and work experiences. I
will describe how I may apply them to any possible future careers as well as discuss my career
interests, capabilities, education, work and volunteering experiences. This will enable me to broaden
my search into my future career path, as well aid me in my search for training opportunities.
From the ages of ten to sixteen I was home educated by my mother and myself in a broad selection
of self–chose subjects. I discovered that a singular learning environment improved my independent
learning skills, for I was in control of my timetable, schedule and study topics. This increased my
intrinsic motivation; for I found my own rewards in the subjects that I chose to study. I attended two
colleges over three years, during this time I expanded my learning abilities to include time
management with the selection of classes and personal development studies, resilience with the
assignments and adaptability with teamwork and leadership, also because of the three hours
commute I would utilize this free time with multitasking my coursework and studies. Whilst I was
operating and studying in a fast–paced performing arts environment, this gave me the sociological
and inventive mindset to incorporate my thespian background into my career choices, for I gained
an elaborate skill set from my acting studies which have assisted me in a range of consumer and
customer delegations.
In 2015 I began to
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Cognitive Biases And Structured Analytic Techniques
There are many cognitive biases that affect the analytic process and inhibit analysts from reaching
the height of their accuracy. Each of these cognitive biases affect thinking in a unique way, but there
are different techniques that can be used to overcome these biases. Most of the time cognitive biases
are not intentional which is why it is so important that measures are taken to reduce the effect of
cognitive biases. Structured Analytic Techniques effectively reduce the effect of cognitive biases in
many different ways. This paper will examine four cognitive biases and Structured Analytic
Techniques that can help intelligence analysts be more accurate and less biased in their analysis.
Anchoring is a cognitive bias in which there ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Outside–in thinking is a strategy that requires analysts to think from the perspective of the outside.
The first step of outside–in thinking is to list all of they forces that could have an impact on a certain
topic or issue. From there the analyst looks at possible factors that could influence that topic such as
policy changes or actions of an adversary. The next step is to analyze how each of those factors
could affect the topic or issue that the analyst is focusing on. The final step of outside–in thinking is
to judge whether or not the factors you identified are relevant to the issue at hand. This process
requires the analyst to first look at all possible information and then work until they have reached a
conclusion. The conclusion is the last step of this process and the analyst is aware of this fact so they
are less likely to only look for information that supports their conclusion. This thinking process is
effective in encouraging analysts to avoid the pitfalls of the confirmation
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Analysis Of Multidisciplinary Counter Intelligence Essay
The United States today is becoming more and more dependant upon technological developments to
gather intelligence. The "secret agents" of yesterday are very close to being obsolete. With
technology becoming the prime source of intelligence gathering, there is an assumption that other
countries are gathering intelligence in similar ways. The only way to combat intelligence gathering
against the United States is to know what technological intelligence collection resources are being
used for gathering information.
This is the job of Multidisciplinary Counterintelligence (MDCI). How does the government know
that lines are secure from signals intelligence of foreign adversaries? One of the main tasks of
MDCI is the "communication line" of the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This problem became apparent when the Soviet (now Russian) Embassy was placed in Washington.
With the White House, Pentagon, and State Department just outside of the Embassy's windows, the
possibility of telephone lines being monitored became increasingly significant. The Russians would
simply have to set up receivers in and around the embassy to pick up emitters coming from the
American buildings. The location is no less than prime real estate for setting up an intelligence–
gathering center.
Other forms of monitoring could be used on members with access to classified material. With the
Russians now in Washington there are plenty of personnel around that are working within these
capitol buildings. The ultimate goal of monitoring these individuals is to find out weak points in
character for possible exploitation. If a member of these American organizations can be found to
have something that could be exploited, they are primary targets for blackmail of what they are
entrusted to protect. Other possible sites that may be of possible interest for monitoring are high–
technology corporations and financial institutions.
MDCI can countermeasure this monitoring by offering a couple possible solutions to these kinds of
vulnerabilities. One is to bypass possible intercept sites, such as the Russian Embassy, with
underground cables; thus essentially moving the emitter past possible receivers and on the other side
of the Russian Embassy.
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Emotional Intelligence Rhetorical Analysis
Emotional Intelligence In the Ted Talk The Power of Emotional Intelligence by Travis Bradberry, he
speaks about the importance of emotional intelligence. In this speech, Mr. Bradberry highlights how
the brain works when it comes to our emotions. He states that intelligence quotient and emotional
intelligence do not go hand in hand as many may think. He also shuts down the idea that emotional
intelligence and personality are similar. "Personality is a stable set of preferences and tenancies to
which we approach the world and it is fixed, meaning our personality is not responsive to change
while, emotional intelligence is flexible and responsive to change" (Bradberry, 2017). Mr. Bradberry
explains that emotional intelligence is important because ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
Bradberry's suggestions are very helpful. He informed me of what is good for my body in order to
improve my EQ and provide effective results. What I will specifically use from these strategies he
provided is clean up sleep hygiene, I was not aware of this sleep hygiene concept and it is very
interesting to know how my sleep schedule affects me emotionally. I will improve my sleep by
trying to keep away from my monitors before going to bed and waking up at the same time in order
to get the right amount of sleep as well as good quality
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Emotional Intelligence Steve Tobak Analysis
In "Don't Believe the Hype around 'Emotional Intelligence'," Steve Tobak shines a light on the on
the dark sides on emotional intelligence, he clearly states his points and arguments regarding the
issue with a various reliable sources and examples. Tobak argues that there is no direct correlation
between emotional intelligence and success, in contrast to what people think. Steve Tobak is a
former senior executive, and author of real leader don't follow. He runs Silicon Valley–based Invisor
Consulting where he would present his thoughts to executives and business leaders on the strategic
matter. Tobak writes weekly columns for Fox Business and Entrepreneur. The writer's background
and the use of resources and his supportive details make him ... Show more content on
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To start off with, the author uses hypothetical examples when trying to prove his points. For
example, when tobak states "Consider some of the most highly accomplished entrepreneurs of our
time: Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Andy Grove, Larry Ellison, Larry Page, Mark Zuckerberg and Elon
Musk. I'd be surprised to find an ounce of emotional intelligence among them" (Tobak, 2014). The
people listed in the example are people that the author does not know making it more of a
hypothetical example. Secondly, tobak over–relies on his opinion in the essay without supporting it
with credible evidence. Furthermore, the author uses hasty generalization when responding to the
counter arguments. For instance, the example from Adam Grant's article. There was also the use of
appeal to authority when he speaks about highly accomplished entrepreneurs mentioned earlier.
Lastly, the author oversimplifies the counter arguments this happens throughout the article. For
example, when tobak talks about how the EQ tests are
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Intelligence Analysis Essay
I. INTRODUCTION: The United States Intelligence community draws on advanced technology and
analytical techniques. An intelligence process that sets objectives, collects, analyzes, and report
findings, with feedback loops integrated throughout. Explicitly, the intelligence community
advantages technology and tradecraft within a proscribed process. However, estimation of threats
and decision–making are outcomes of human thinking. Analysts and policymakers create mental
models, or short cuts to manage complex, changing environments. In other words, to make sense of
ambiguous or uncertain situations, humans form cognitive biases. Informed because of personal
experience, education, and specifically applied to intelligence analysis, Davis ... Show more content
on Helpwriting.net ...
As such, actor 'A' projects an image or cognitive bias onto actor 'B' as if actor 'B' would see the
world, or approach a problem in the same way as actor 'A' (George and Bruce 2008, 315).
III. HISTORICAL EXAMPLES OF MIRROR IMAGING: In the often–cited work, Psychology of
Intelligence Analysis, Heuer provides many examples that apply cognitive psychology to explain
how biases trap analysts' judgments. In Chapter Six, Heuer calls upon Admiral Jeremiah's comments
on the surprise Indian nuclear test in 1998, and quotes Admiral Jeremiah explicitly concerning
mirror imaging as, "everybody–thinks–like–us mind–set" (Heuer 1998, Chapter Six). Particularly
concerning why the Indian nuclear test was such a surprise, Heuer explains a faulty assumption held
by the United States. In that, the United States economic sanctions would deter an Indian nuclear
test. A more recent example of bias is toward China. Johnston recalls the 1998 Tiananmen Square
massacre of Chinese student's pro–Democracy rallies. The prevailing mind–set was, according to
Johnston, "any right minded person in China would support democracy" (Johnston 2005, 76). The
prevailing assumption was Chinese elites would negotiate with the protesters, rather than risk any
unwarranted violent military action that risked international backlash. However, Johnston notes, "I
was wrong" (Johnston 2005, 77).
Johnston offers as reason, the lack of proper context of understanding Chinese culture, and
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Intelligence Agency : The Intelligence Bureau ( Ib ) And...
Intelligence philosophers such as Sun Tzu, Kautilya and Machiavelli have stressed on the
importance of strategic intelligence for the security of a nation and the history across the world is
evident with its prime examples. Such is also the case of India and in this presentation we will be
examining some key historic Indian events and their impact on the country's two foremost
intelligence agencies – the Intelligence Bureau (IB) and the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW).
Towards the end we will also consider the influence of such events on the future of Indian
intelligence.
Established in 1887, branded as the Central Special Branch up to 1903 and then as the Department
of Intelligence until 1920, the IB's primary function back then was to provide political and religious
intelligence across British India (Mahadevan, 2012, p. 28). The British assigned its British–Indian
military intelligence agencies with external intelligence but interestingly, post India's independence
in 1947, the IB was entrusted with this duty therefore making it the country's foreign and national
intelligence agency between 1947 and 1968 (Melson, 2006).
Unable to meet the inflated demands by policy makers back in the 1960's, IB was accused of
intelligence failure as India faced an awkward loss at the Sino–Indian War of 1962 against China
followed by Pakistan's surprise intrusion in 1965 over the disputed region of Kashmir. Given the
defensive personality of the country's national security system, the
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Artificial Intelligence May Usher In A New Golden Age...
Artificial Intelligence has a very beneficial impact on humanity. I believe that it can replicate the
actions and decisions of humans without the impact of fatigue, time, or emotion. I think that if AI
advances more jobs in the IT industry will be developed, and more people will want to work for
industries that develop these new technologies. Machines driven by AI technology can replace the
consistency, tedious work some humans have to do. In the article "Artificial Intelligence May Usher
in a New Golden Age," written by Faith Popcorn, supports my claim that AI could potentially
reduce the tediousness of work for a person. It also says that robots can now diagnose patients,
while doctors could not. Humans need to continue their ambition to
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Intelligence Analysis: Exploring The Scientific Method
Intelligence analysis?is the process of taking known information about situations and bodies of
strategic, operational, or tactical importance, characterizing the known, and, with appropriate
statements of probability, the future actions in those situations and by those entities (Richards,
2010).?The descriptions are drawn from what may only be available in the form of deliberately
deceptive information; the?analyst?must correlate the similarities among deceptions and extract a
common truth. Although its practice is found in its purest form inside national?intelligence agencies,
its methods are also applicable in fields such as business intelligence?or?competitive intelligence.
According to Heuer (1999), Intelligence analysis is a way of reducing ... Show more content on
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The challenge to an intelligence analyst, as mentioned by Dougherty and Pfaltzgraff, is the lack of
experimental, independent testing within a controlled environment. That does not necessarily mean
that the intelligence analysis process lacks a formal process or is absent scientific methodologies.
Based on Knight (2010), intelligence research identifies patterns through observation so that an
analyst can develop a hypothesis to predict future events the very premise of the scientific method.
However, the IC has acknowledged a scientific gap and has been migrating towards a more ?
coherent scientific discipline? based on the need to improve performance of intelligence analysis
(Johnston, ). Furthermore, intelligence analysts are provided with scientific methodologies at their
disposal that they can use to strengthen their estimates. In the analyst?s toolkit there are a variety of
techniques that can be used to strengthen processes and conform to more valid scientific methods.
Heuer (1999), the author of Analysis of Competing Hypotheses (ACH), use ACH as an eight–step
procedure using basic insights from cognitive psychology, decision analysis, and the scientific
method. According to Bruce, ACH attempts to eliminate cognitive bias and provide other
explanations with possible outcomes through testing hypotheses in an attempt to refute or ?
disconfirm? them (Bruce, 2008, p. 175). After all, the challenge to inductive inference is not in
supporting a study?s conclusions, but refuting them through scientific means. Heuer?s ACH
methodology attempts to reconcile this weakness and has become a recognized advancement
towards this goal. In Bruce?s essay (2008), he acknowledges that had the 2002 Iraq NIE utilized this
methodology, the estimate?s weighty findings should have exposed the
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Analysis Of Howard Gardner's Theory Of Multiple...
Scholar Howard Gardner is famous for developing a pedagogical theory detailing seven different
ways that humans learn about the world around them. All human beings are different. We all learn
knowledge and use our educations in a variety of ways. One flaw found in the educational system is
that it doesn't always recognize different learning styles and instead teaches students using limited
methods. According to Gardner's theory, this is a problem that needs to be fixed. He details seven
different types of intelligence to show the various ways human beings learn. >Howard Gardner says
that "we are all able to know the world through language, logical–mathematical analysis, spatial
representation, musical thinking, the use of the body to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Teachers teaching children with this form of intelligence can use songs, the radio, or other sources
of music to teach students. Source Interpersonal intelligence: These learners work best when
interacting with others. Interpersonal students are usually popular and have numerous friends. They
quickly understand the moods, intentions, motivations, and feelings of other people. They can read
facial expressions, voice and hand gestures. Group activities, conversations, one–on–one work with
teachers, social media, etc. are great tools to use with interpersonal learners. Source Intrapersonal
intelligence: These learners work best on their own. Intrapersonal students are shy and tend to be
anxious or overwhelmed by being around too many people. Students understand their own abilities
and limitations, and are aware of their own moods, intentions, motivations, temperaments, and
desires. They have the capacity for self–discipline, self–understanding and self–esteem. Source
Bodily Intelligence: use their bodies as learning tools and are aware of their bodies (like hand and
leg movements). These students are also good at using elements of their environment and have an
easy time identifying objects, animals, and plants. These students work best by using their hands and
by acting out behaviors. Activities such as role playing, using tools, and physical actions help these
students learn best. Source In these corners are
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Multiple Intelligences Infographic Analysis
The intelligence people could have. "From Blue Nines and Red Words" is a non–fiction Memoir by
Daniel Tammet about a man that can see words, colors, and feelings as numbers and can do math
very fast. "The Theory of Multiple Intelligences Infographic" is a non–fiction infographic by
Howard Gardner is about the nine intelligences and what it is. People can be intelligent in many
different ways such as Logical–Mathematical and Naturalist. Many people can be intelligent in
many ways. "Wednesdays are always blue, like the number nine or the sound of loud voices
arguing(Tammet pg.401)." This shows that the person is intelligent in how Daniel remembers the
days and the intelligence this man has was Logical–Mathematical because he
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Central Intelligence Agency Analysis
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has proved its worth throughout the world. The organization
was able to push past all prejudice in order to protect the people of the United States. Today it is a
very respected and sought after agency that many rely on for their safety and income. The CIA is a
powerful and organized bureau that has asserted its dominance and altered the face of society
throughout the entire world since its beginning in 1947. The United States has since become an even
more authoritative and respected country worldwide thanks to this organization.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was a much needed addition to the U.S. government.
President Truman created the CIA as part of the National Security Act in 1947. The Agency, ... Show
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Originally, Bill Donovan was in control of the OSS, which was created in the early 1940s by
President Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt created the OSS because with World War II approaching
the U.S., he needed information on the other countries' plans. Later though, after Roosevelt died,
Truman came to power and because he did not know Donovan and had received negative reports on
the OSS, he shut it down on October 1, 1945. Two years later, however, Truman recognized the need
for the organization and was willing to recreate it, just not with Donovan and his OSS leading it
(Walker, 2015). In 1947 he created the CIA in order to better handle the challenges found in the
Cold War. The changing from the OSS to the CIA left a huge impact on America in the future. As
the CIA began standing up with its own beliefs against the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),
the organization was able to change America's views on communism and the Soviet Union entirely.
Due to the conflict between the FBI and the CIA, the propaganda from the CIA overemphasized its
role in the Cold War to enhance its prestige and power to the United States (Walker,
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Essay on Intelligence Analysis
If you had that one piece of the puzzle that would have prevented the bombings of the twin towers
in New York and the Pentagon on September 11 2001 would you know it? If you saw someone do
something weird or suspicious before the attack on September 11 2001, would you have called the
police? If someone had walked into a United States Embassy in a foreign country and said that they
know someone was going to use a plane to destroy New York in two days, could this have stopped
the attack? Intelligence Analysis puts the raw sources of information together, make predictions
based on the data, and finally publish the results. Stephane Lefebvre wrote that " intelligence
analysis is the process of evaluating and transforming raw data ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
Putting the data into related groups that will either confirm, enhance or disagree with each group of
data. The process of synthesizing the information, using the current data, past history of the
subject(s), and additional relevant information, begins toward a final conclusion. Different
predictions, conclusions or scenarios are made based on both the data and the analyst insight,
training and past experience. The results are sometimes rated based from most likely to occur to the
least likely to occur. As the International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, writer
Stephane Lefebvre points out "Of course, accurate estimates depend at least as much upon the
mental model used by the analyst as upon the accuracy and completeness of the information itself" (
236). The analysis is then given to consumers and policy makers, once it is checked by the analyst
supervisor and peers. The analyst should also be ready to give a briefing on short notice. But both
the analyst and the policy maker or consumer have to be aware of at all times, is that the intelligence
field does not know everything. "On any given subject, the intelligence community faces what is in
effect a field of rocks, and it lacks the resources to turn over every one to see what threats to national
security may lurk underneath" (Pillar).
While the intelligence analysis field is a small discipline, it can have its
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Analysis Of Howard Gardner 's Theory Of Intelligence
Intoduction It was previously believed that intelligence was a single thing that was inherited; and
that human beings, initially a blank state, could be trained to learn anything, provided that it was
presented in an appropriate way. (infed.org) According to the originator of multiple intelligences
theory, Howard Gardner, however, intelligence can be defined in three ways, namely a property of
all human beings; a dimension on which human beings differ; and the ways in which one carries out
a task in virtue of one 's goals. (Donovan McFarlane) According to Smith and Smith (1994),
Howard Gardner has been a paradigm shifter. He has questioned the idea that intelligence is a single
entity, that it results from a single factor, and that it can be measured simply via IQ tests. (infed.org:)
According to Howard Gardner, our schools and society focus most of their attention on linguistic
and logical–mathematical intelligence. We regard the highly articulate or logical people of our
culture. However, he has said that we should also place equal attention on individuals who are gifted
or show strengths in the other intelligences. Unfortunately, many children who have these gifts don't
receive much reinforcement for them in school. Many of them, in fact, are labeled as having a
"learning disability", suffering from "ADD (attention deficit disorder," or are simply underachievers,
when their own unique ways of thinking and learning aren't addressed in a heavily linguistic or
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Artificial Intelligence Argumentative Analysis
Artificial intelligence, it's been the topic of many sci fi books, futuristic movies and countless
fictional conversations between geeks. But it's no longer just an idea of the far off future, in fact
Microsoft says it's been researching this topic for 20 years already. Casey Newton, an author at the
Verge, sits down to talk with Microsoft's CEO, Satya Nadella about its future with AI. Microsoft is
not the only large tech company with its sights set on the future of AI being the next big
advancement in how we interact with computers, Google, Facebook and Amazon also have vested
interest in the this field, but are reluctant to offer any insight as to how far their technology has
advanced. Microsoft says that to win the race for the best AI ... Show more content on
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But that this is an area that is still in its early stages and that there is great potential, Casey believes
that applying the machine learning to tools one is already using is quite powerful and could
transform Microsoft's suite of productivity programs into the best in the world. I agree with Casey
for the most part, I think Microsoft's artificial Intelligence may not be ready to be sent out right now
to start having conversations, but I do believe Microsoft is far ahead of the game when it comes to
AI and will lead the charge into a new frontier of how we use computers someday. I chose this
article because I was interested in learning more about artificial intelligence and how far we have
come to reaching it as well as how good it will be. I would recommend this article to anyone who
has the same interest as I believe it satisfies this question and is a good snapshot of where we are in
terms of AI. I learned many things about AI from reading this article such as the 5 assets it takes to
make a good AI, how Microsoft plans to actually implement AI in their software and why AI is the
future or interacting with computers. This article was easy to read, understand and realistic because
the author did not use overly complex ideas or theory specific to the area of expertise but made it
very detailed and well explained for anyone to
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Emotional Intelligence Of Transformational Leadership...
Background and Hypothesis
The article published by John Barbuto and Mark Burbach titled The Emotional Intelligence of
Transformational Leaders: A Field Study of Elected Officials published in The Journal of Social
Psychology in February 2006 explores the relationship between emotional intelligence and
transformational leadership. By drawing on Carson and Birkenmeier's measure of emotional
intelligence, along with Bass and Avolio's Multi–Factor Leadership Scales, the researchers analyze
the correlation between these two aspects of leadership.
The researchers hypothesized that "emotional intelligence (as measured through the 5 aspects) will
positively relate to transformational leadership measured through inspirational motivation, idealized
... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
60).
However, in my personal opinion, there are several other limitations to this study. While self–report
measures are cost effective and can easily be implemented for large samples, they always rely on the
honest self–assessment of the responder. In addition, participants need to have the introspective
ability to be able to provide an accurate response. I believe these issues are even greater when
dealing with publicly elected officials, who naturally pay greater attention to how they are perceived
and their popularity. Another significant limitation of this study is the lack of control for the
variance in the relationships between leaders and their direct report staffers. For example, the length
of time spent working together, I believe is a confounding factor that wasn't
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
US Intelligence: A Historical Analysis
Mark M. Lowenthal, in his chapter "The development of U.S. Intelligence" says that each nation
practices intelligence in ways that are specific, if not peculiar to that nation alone. Every country has
their own intelligence system, which are transform by events; however, the one that has the largest
intelligence system is United States. United States' national intelligence community is form by
historical events that develops its intelligence and the major events and legislations that help to
continue every function of today's national intelligence community. One of the biggest confusions
that most Americans have is the definition of Intelligence. According to the Intelligence Branch,
"Intelligence is information that has been analyzed and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
"Intelligence can be divided into four broad activities: collection, analysis, convert action, and
counterintelligence." (Lowenthal, pg.14). These activities are used in different forms for example,
collection is utilized on espionage, and counterintelligence is found in almost every agency for
analysis. It also exists several major historical developments for example, creation of COI and OSS,
Pearl Harbor, The National Security Act, and The terrorist attacks. The creation of COI and OSS
were important because this organizations were influenced by British practices called covert actions,
and because by 1940 the United Stated did not have a national intelligence establishment. OSS
organization served as a training ground, and was used in a technical term; however, OSS had
several difficulties with the U.S military because of their way to operate intelligence. During Pearl
Harbor, United States' intelligence system worked poorly, because they did not shared the necessary
information with another agencies, and this caused a blind mirror between Tokyo and US. Major
historical developments as the National Security Act, made the intelligence function permanent,
even when some of their aspects did not work in a good way, and this act structure included a
secretary of defense and National Security Council. The terrorist attacks on September 2001,
changed United States' Intelligence, and their organization. United States were not prepared for that
kind of attacks, and these attacks had major legislative responses for example, the U.S.A PATRIOT
ACT that took steps to improve domestic intelligence. According to James Burch, The area of
domestic intelligence raises several issues. First, law enforcement and intelligence operate in
different worlds – one seeks to prosecute, the other to gather information. 3 Second, with the
development of multiple state fusion
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Analysis Of Howard Gardner On Multiple Intelligences
Intelligence is the mental capacity to learn and use knowledge in different situations, which in this
case is learning the in the classroom, and can affect how well a student performs in a certain class.
Intelligence also has a biological foundation, which means that the potential for a child to reach full
mental capacity is determined by his or her genetics. However, intelligence is not completely
biologically deterministic because the nurturing of the child can also affect how intelligent he or she
can become, which can also take part in the classroom. Students have their strengths and
weaknesses in certain subject areas and it is believed that if merit pay is implemented, and this is
taken into consideration when learning the classroom, then their performance will increase. The idea
of strengths and weaknesses in certain subject areas is supported by previous research done by
Howard Gardner on multiple intelligences. He has defined eight distinct intelligences that can
determine these strengths and weaknesses in the classroom. These intelligences include: linguistic,
being word smart, naturalist, being nature smart, musical, being sound smart, visual–spatial, being
picture smart, bodily–kinesthetic, being body smart, interpersonal, being people smart,
intrapersonal, being self smart, and logical–mathematical, being pattern smart (Myers & Dewall,
2015). In the classroom, the intelligences that would be focused on a lot are logical–mathematical,
linguistic, musical, and
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Ranciere's Pedagogical Distinction Between The Will And...
The soundness of Ranciere's pedagogical distinction between the will of a learner and the will of the
teacher and their intelligence. The will can be seen as the desire one has to fulfil something, and
intelligence is the ability to gain and apply knowledge and skills without the help of an individual as
explained by the oxford South African dictionary (2006). The intelligence of the learner will depend
on how the learner has been taught, if the teacher allows the learner to learn on his own and only
provide support and equal opportunities for them to learn then their intelligence will develop and
they will have the will to learn more. Therefore Ranciere's pedagogical distinction between the will
and intelligence is indeed educationally sound. In the essay I will be focusing on how intelligence
influences the will of the learner, secondly emancipation, and lastly equality to learning.
All the learners have equal intelligences, they can all learn and achieve (Ranciere, 1991). The
learner's learn by learning on their own without the help from the teachers, but only receiving
support from their ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
I have focused on intelligence and how it affects learning, secondly the emancipation and lastly
equality to learning. Moreover, since every individual has got an intellectual mind there that person
can learn and achieve without the help of the teacher.
Bibliography
Kant, I. (2002). An answer to the question: What is enlightenment?. Available from:
http.//www.blackmask.com
Ranciere, J. The ignorant schoolmaster, trans. Kristin Ross (Stanford: Stanford university Press,
1991), 29.
Stamp, R. (2011). Of slumdogs and schoolmasters: Jacotot, Ranciere and Mitra on self–organized
learning. [Online] Available from: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62443411/Of–Slumdogs–and–
Schoolmasters–Jacotot–Ranciere–and–Mitra–on–self–organised–learning#scribd. [Assessed: 19
April
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
You Can Grow Your Intelligence: Article Analysis
In the article "You Can Grow Your Intelligence", the author discussed a couple of studies that
proved not only can your brain grow, but so can your intelligence. It mentioned facts pertaining to
the weight of the brain, connection between nerve cells and how it affects the overall intelligence of
a species. One of these studies included animals from different environments being tested on their
intelligence. According to the study, the animals that were held in captivity and lived alone were not
only found to have smaller brains than the ones who lived in a challenging environment, but had less
communication between the brain cells that allows them to think strategically and communicate
with others. The article claims this theory to be true
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The Analysis of the Intelligence of Individuals and Groups...
The Analysis of the Intelligence of Individuals and Groups Much controversy surrounds the subject
of intelligence. Intelligence tests were developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century
to assess the intelligence of individuals and groups. However, criticisms quickly arose regarding
tests due to results being used to justify discrimination between different groups and cultures.
Theorists argued that the tests assess verbal, mathematical, and spatial capabilities, but they do not
directly examine other abilities that seem to be inherent parts of intelligence: creativity, social
understanding, knowledge of one's own strengths and weaknesses and so on. This perspective led
Howard Gardner ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
First, one needs to understand that Gardner's proposal is a theory and not a proven fact. As a result,
after, much revision, he revised his listing of 'intelligences' from the original seven to include
'naturalist' and 'existential' 'intelligences'. Other scholars, such as Daniel T Willingham, professor of
psychology at the university of Virginia, questions the rigorousness of the criteria that Gardner used
to identify and formulate the listing of his 'intelligences'. In this regard, professor Willingham cites
Rodden et. al (2003), Mc Ghee (1971) and Wyer & Collins (1992) and argues 'By these criteria I am
also prepared to defend an 'olfactory intelligence', a 'spelling intelligence', and to sub divide
Gardner's spatial intelligence into near–space intelligence and far–space intelligence.' Researchers
such as Burt (1949), Cattell(1971), Thurstone(1941) discussed many human abilities, including
aesthetic, athletic, musical and so on. Notions such as bodily–kinesthetic or musical ability represent
individual aptitude or talent rather than intelligence. Another criticism of Gardner's theory is that his
use of the term 'intelligence' in defining these abilities, aptitudes or talents is misleading. This serves
to 'hype up' or give undue prominence to what was basically previous knowledge and propositions
put forward by earlier
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Analysis of the Elements of the Intelligence Cycle Essay
Minor Assignment
Analyse the elements of the 'Intelligence Cycle'. What are its core strengths and weaknesses?
Before I begin to analyse the elements of the Intelligence Cycle, I must begin with the definition of
'Intelligence'.
Throughout my research, it became apparent that the acceptance for an accurate definition of
'Intelligence' is still an issue to date. One reason could be because experts tend to view 'intelligence'
through their own specialty, and would be fair to say that this could possibly be because officers
within the intelligence community do not have strong bridges connecting them to each other or to
policy makers, which would therefore enhance communication and sharing practices of raw findings
and improve ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The phases of the intelligence process include identifying the requirement or direction, collecting
information through its various disciplines, processing and exploitation, analysis and production,
dissemination and feedback.
Throughout my findings more weaknesses and flaws of the intelligence cycle elements were much
more apparent than strengths. In theory, the cycle indicates that the elements flow in a cyclical order,
but this is indeed inaccurate, as the cycle does not always flow in one direction or in a cycle as it
indicates it does. For example, it can move back and forth between collection and analysis before
moving on for the processing and exploitation stage where the most resources and time is used. It is
also possible that information collected could end up going back to the requirement stage for policy
makers to present a new direction requirement and or more information.
The intelligence cycle is, nevertheless, of significant value to intelligence and learning about it in
theory assists those entering the intelligence business, because it provides insight into the processes,
as well as being able to recognise it's weaknesses in order to focus on building on strengths for the
future of effective and efficient intelligence.
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Intelligence Without Analysis is Only Information Essay
'Intelligence without analysis is only information'. Critically assess this claim.
Introduction
Part 1 – Understanding Semantics
Part 2 – Part of the system
Part 4 – Analysis as part of the Organisation, a member the community
Conclusion
Introduction
Analysis is important. The statement assessed impresses that fact upon the reader. Without it, the
speaker implies, Intelligence is inefficient. It is merely 'information'. For the intelligence
community, it seems that information alone is not enough to be presented as a finished product to a
policy maker. Information alone is also not enough to represent the 'reality' of the world. Especially,
in terms of finding possible threats to national security. The statement implies ... Show more content
on Helpwriting.net ...
The words intelligence, information, and analysis may be considered to mean generally the same
thing. They are all words we often associate with cognitive functions and thought processes. The
phrase needs to be taken apart and examined as small portions before being put back together as a
whole sentence. In this manner, understanding may be gained from looking at the meanings of the
words themselves. This will help justify the meaning and importance of analysis as a defined term as
well as a process in the intelligence cycle.
Setting the context of Military or Governmental Intelligence aside, it is important to grasp that the
word Intelligence is a word commonly used to define a mental process. Intelligence is a term, when
used on a person, that is complimentary and often implies that the person has a substantial amount
of knowledge and knows how to express it in a productive manner. This having been said, it is
perhaps simpler to take the words 'information' and 'analysis' and see how they are associated with
the term 'intelligence'.
Information – Noun
1. A message received and understood that reduces the recipient's uncertainty.
2. A collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn; "statistical data".
3. Knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction.
4. (communication theory) a numerical measure of the
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Essay about Methods to Strengthen the Chains of Inference
INTRODUCTION Structured responses to the limited capacity of both organisations and
individuals to deal with ambiguity that is inherent to intelligence analysis are necessary to
strengthen the 'chains of inference' or maximise the rigor of judgements. This essay will focus on
overcoming cognitive and to a lesser extent, personal and organisational bias and limitations.
Organisational issues that affect the quality of analysis such as analyst training are outside the scope
of this short essay. Moreover, many of the high profile intelligence failures are attributable less to
organisational obstacles than political or psychological barriers , . The human mind is necessarily
vulnerable to cognitive bias in order to distil complexity for ... Show more content on
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Internal organisational pressures for expediency and decisiveness can lead to haste and its attendant
problems , . CONCLUDING SENTENCE LEADING INTO NEXT PARAGRAPH ABOUT
SPECIFIC PROBLEMS "It is the history of every great warning crisis that the post–mortems have
turned up numerous relevant facts or pieces of information which were available but which, for one
reason or another, were not considered in making assessments at the time" . The reasons for missing
critical information in forming accurate judgements include cognitive and institutional bias.
'Groupthink' paralyses synthesis by imposing accepted mindsets on the organisation. 'Mindlessness'
refers to the routine approach analysts may take with each issue that can result in absorbing new
information into rigid mind–sets rather than challenging long–held assumptions . Resistance to alter
mindsets increases with the length of time the mindset has been held and requires greater amounts of
less ambiguous information to change than to form in the first place , . Moreover, individuals
perceive the expected . Perception issues and a lack of ability to see issues from alternate
perspectives is at the heart of 'mirror imaging' where an analyst projects their own mindset on the
adversary's situation . Likewise for 'clientism', a problem for analysts who are so familiar with their
subject, they lose the ability to evaluate the topic critically . These are among the many biases that
may affect individual
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Analysis Of Alfred Binet And Lewis Terman On Intelligence...
1. When comparing Alfred Binet and Lewis Terman on their approaches to intelligence testing there
are some similarities amongst the two. One such similarity would be regarding content. Alfred
Binet's approach to intelligence testing consisted of tests that ranged in difficulty levels from easy to
hard. These tests required one to demonstrate his or her own cognitive ability, decision making, and
verbal skills. Lewis Terman's approach to intelligence testing was an updated version of Binet's.
Terman also used cognitive ability, decision making, and verbal skills in his testing; however, he
added mathematics, attention span, and processing skills. However, their purposes for intelligence
testing were quite different from one another. Alfred ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This view believes that the body and mind are two separate entities from each other, and that they
function separately from each other. Lewis Terman's view of philosophy was that of pragmatism, in
which it relies on more of a practical nature. This view believes that principles of merit should be
based solely on one's workability, effectiveness, and practical ideas. Technical advances for Alfred
Binet would be the fact that he had measures ranging in different difficulty levels. Binet also had a
proper scoring technique in which he matched an individual's mental age with their actual physical
age. Alfred Binet did not create a suitable standardization model. Lewis Terman created a way for
Alfred Binet's intelligence test to be standardized. He included a measure of intelligence quotient
and renamed it the Stanford–Binet Intelligence Test. Lewis Terman's technical advances also shone a
light on individuals that scored in the extreme areas.
2. In the article "The Trouble With Harvard" according to Steven Pinker a professor from Harvard,
he believes that SAT's should be the only basis for admissions to the elite ivy league schools today.
Pinker feels that standardized testing is the key to creating the best graduates. Steven Pinker goes on
to say that standardized testing will eliminate the students who do not belong in an ivy league
school, and that have no academic standing. I do not agree with Steven Pinker's
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Human Intelligence Source Analysis
The capabilities of Human Intelligence are centered on the personal attachments of the contact.
Feelings developed by the Human Intelligence specialist have the ability to provide information that
cannot be gained by other forms of intelligence. Information about personal contacts, internal
decision making processes, and moral obligations are all examples of insight that cannot be obtained
from other types of intelligence. Another important capability is the level of access that a developed
contact has. Human Intelligence sources are able to bypass physical and technological protection
methods being used by the target. Like having a security badge that provides access to a secured
facility or a Common Access Card that provides access to an isolated computer system. The benefits
of having a Human Intelligence source outweigh the limitations of developing one. ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
The close personal involvement of both the source and Human Intelligence agent make this method
of collection susceptible to counterintelligence and deception. This can lead to questionable
intelligence that in some cases can never be fully resolved (Logan 2010). The long development
times are a result of necessary trust building that is required on both sides. The Human Intelligence
agent must have a level of trust in the source as well as the information that they are providing.
While the source must trust that the agent is real and going to provide what is promised. As an
example the agent must prove they are not the FBI and the source must prove they are providing
legitimate information. Technical intelligence collection can overcome some of Human Intelligence
weakness; but, they have limitations of their
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Military Intelligence Division (MID): Agency Analysis
Recent news, the thing that keeps us all thinking about what the issues are. Well one thing in the
recent news, that caught my attention, and related to this topic was the NSA, and the issues the
organization was having. Until the security scandal in mid 2013, I had really never even heard of the
NSA. So with this research I would like to better understand, what the NSA does, how they got
started, and how/why they can have problems like they did earlier this year, while also seeing what
they are going to do from here on out, to ensure the issue doesn't arise again. Begging with a
decryption unit at a telegraph station in 1917 during World War I. The what was once named the
Cipher Bureau of the Military Intelligence Division (MID), slowly ... Show more content on
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Well the agency has had issues with legality, and also may have misused some techniques to spy on
more than just troublesome, and threatening groups. Most recently, the NSA was questioned for its
over surveillance, of cell phones, emails, and internet activity of American citizens. This information
wasn't even know about, until 2013, when former NSA contractor, Edward Snowden leaked it to the
public. Mr. Snowden, told it all, he unveiled that the NSA had been tracking cell phone calls,
locations, and even looking into history from social media and internet use. The biggest issue in all
of this is that it is an invasion of American privacy. As written in the New Yorker by Amy Davidson,
in early 2013, it states, "the NSA. isn't supposed to be spying on Americans, not without a warrant
or court order premised on a specific link to a foreign terrorist." This is an issue that grabbed my
attention right away. Why was the NSA looking through this information anyway? What I
discovered was the NSA really had no reasoning behind why they were tracking all this information,
that they weren't supposed to be viewing anyway. Instead they seemed to have a more of a why not
do this excuse. The NSA looked at it, as though they were doing the right thing by tracking
everything we did. In their minds they were doing everything they could to ensure there was,
absolutely no signs of terrorism anywhere. Now it does
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Intelligence Agencies Privacy Analysis
The work conducted by intelligence agencies such as the Canadian Security Intelligence Service
(CSIS) and the United States' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is strategically kept confidential
from the general public. These agencies rely on secrecy and opacity in order to attain information
relevant to national security in an attempt to minimize threats. Evidently, without this confidentiality
the system would not be successful. A consequence of this secrecy is reflected in the general public's
view of intelligence agencies. A lack of accurate information means individuals must make their
judgments based off of the limited information made available to them, which lead to assumptions,
skepticism, and pessimism regarding the efficacy and reliability ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
The uncertainty of one author in his article is evident in the wording of the subheading: "Attack in
subway likely also known in advance" (Harel, 2016; emphasis added). Within days of these attacks,
the intelligence agencies of the respective countries were blamed and this was highly publicized,
negatively shaping the general public's view of intelligence agencies. As mentioned above, the
secrecy of intelligence agencies is maintained in times of success. As such, this disallows me from
countering the previous examples with known intelligence agency success stories. Nevertheless,
they do exist, and Dulles (1963) provided a few concrete examples from his personal experience
working for the CIA in his book. Reading his work is another unique method of attaining
information about intelligence agencies, though due to his extensive employment history with the
CIA, the information is also riddled with bias. Without complete knowledge of the inner workings
of these top–secret organizations, the public must base their opinions on information made available
to them, but the sources and context of this information must be taken into consideration and
evaluated
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Analysis of Defense Intelligence Agency
The DIA started in 1958. The organizational structure of the DoD and U.S. foreign intelligence
came to a new shape with the establishment of DIA. It was Robert McNamara, then Secretary of
Defense, who came up with the concept of DIA in 1961. DIA gathers human source intelligence,
analyzes technical intelligence, distributes intelligence/reports to the intelligence agencies, provides
advice and support to the Joint Chiefs of Staff with foreign military intelligence, and provides
military intelligence to combatant commands as its operational functions. A DIA director is
supposed to be a three–star military general and DIA is believed to have employed at least 7,500
staff worldwide today. The DIA is a defense intelligence agency that prevents ... Show more content
on Helpwriting.net ...
spying on Islamist militants). According to another source, even today, DIA provides important
information on foreign military intelligence, political assessments, troop movement, weapons
distribution, military capabilities, diplomatic changes, economic issues, and more. These
informations are distributed to policymakers, defense officials, combat commanders, and others in
the intelligence community and thus, U.S. foreign policies are drafted. While talking about the
DIA's oversight, as one news source says, the DIA congressional oversight sight is difficult as DIA
activities are controlled by Pentagon. Like CIA, which acts on its own without congressional
knowledge or approval, DIA is the second one to act on its free will. Lack of budget maybe there,
congressional oversight may not exist––DIA however still carries a significant meaning and plays an
important role in the US national security even today. The Tet Offensive in Vietnam, the taking of
American hostages in Iran, the overthrow of Idi Amin in Uganda, and North Korea's nuclear
proliferation are some few examples that speaks great volume about DIA being important, not
redundant. It is said the Defense Department planned to expand its DIA operatives to 1,600 people
and go beyond from DIA's intelligence gathering to covert operations as well. The Obama
administration's consideration, which came out in recent years (according to the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Business Intelligence Is The Gathering And Analysis Essay

  • 1. Business Intelligence Is The Gathering And Analysis Essay Business Intelligence Business Intelligence is the gathering and analysis of large amounts of information so as to gain insights that propagate strategic and tactical business decisions. Business Intelligence is the conglomeration of the processes and technologies which change data into information. It encompasses a wide category of technologies, including data warehousing, multidimensional analysis or online analytical processing, data mining and visualization, as well as basic queries and multiple types of analytical tools for reporting. These technologies allow business stakeholders to collect, store, access, and do the analysis of data to improve the business decision–making capabilities (Khan, 2005). Business intelligence goes in hand with other organization application areas like data mining and data warehousing. Data warehousing Data warehousing is defined as the design and implementation of processes and tools to manage and deliver complete, timely, accurate, and understandable data for decision making. It includes all the activities that make it possible for an organization to create, manage, and maintain a data warehouse or data mart (Williams & Williams, 2007). Data warehousing majorly deals with managing the development, the implementation, and the operation of a data warehouse or data store. It includes metadata management, data acquisition, data archiving, data cleansing, storage management, data integration, data distribution, security management operational ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. Business Intelligence Is The Gathering And Analysis Student's Name: Prof Name: Date: Task: Class section: Business Intelligence Business Intelligence is the gathering and analysis of large amounts of information so as to gain insights that propagate strategic and tactical business decisions. Business Intelligence is the conglomeration of the processes and technologies which change data into information. It encompasses a wide category of technologies, including data warehousing, multidimensional analysis or online analytical processing, data mining and visualization, as well as basic queries and multiple types of analytical tools for reporting. These technologies allow business stakeholders to collect, store, access, and do the analysis of data to improve the business decision–making capabilities (Khan, 2005). Business intelligence goes in hand with other organization application areas like data mining and data warehousing. Data warehousing Data warehousing is defined as the design and implementation of processes and tools to manage and deliver complete, timely, accurate, and understandable data for ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. Future Intelligence Analysis Basic Information Concerning the Film Future Intelligence is a television episode that appeared in the NextWorld television series. The episode was directed and produced by Bruce Kennedy and released in Australia in January 2009. This fascinating documentary gives us a glimpse at smart technology that will change the way the world works; technology that will place robots as helpers in the home, connect every human being and cities to the web and can virtually make our dreams come true via advances simulations and entertainment systems. Human–like mental agility are being created via artificial intelligence and that even our clothing will have intelligence as a consequence of the development of smaller and more powerful computers! At this rate, very soon, computers with processing power that rivals the human brain with artificial intelligence could be created. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... within 30 years we can create superhuman intelligence Soon, we will be able to build computers with artificial intelligence and processing power that rivals the human brain. Intelligence will be everywhere, embedded in our clothing, our vehicles and homes. Intelligent robots will serve us – until they don't feel like doing so anymore. And what happens then...? ..smart tech that will put android helpers in the home, upgrade transportatio. Advances in AI are creeating machines with near human–like mental agility. Intelligence embedded everywhere. tethered to computer devices exoskeleton – heavy lifting ... able to reason scary – extend rights to non–carbon beings by 2030, robots will have superior congnitive abilities to humans claytonics – 3d fax within five years ... carry multiple devices that talk with each ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7. An Analysis of Business Intelligence Systems This report is an analysis of business intelligence systems currently available to our business. As an introduction, I will address in general terms why we need to purchase a business intelligence system and how it will aid our business. Then I will discuss several applications in detail, paying particular attention to the information and analysis capabilities of each, and the hardware and software required for each. Finally, I will conclude with a short evaluation of the products discussed and offer a recommendation as to the best application for our business. I will pay particular attention to IBM, Microsoft, SAP, and Oracle. First off, why do we need a business intelligence system for our business? Simply put, an effective ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In a SAP environment, the Cognos application helps consolidate and make more efficient the reporting, planning, and scorecarding functions. Finally, in an Oracle environment the Cognos application effectively combines with already existing Oracle and PeopleSoft databases, gateways, and applications to allow for a virtually seamless integration. From an integration standpoint, Cognos seems to be the business intelligence application that readily fits into almost any existing environment. I looked at IBM next. IBM is a well–recognized and established name in Information Technology. It offers a broad business intelligence application capability, so consequently we need to decide exactly where our data management needs really lie. IBM can offer wide–ranging consulting services from incorporating specific software applications to solve specific needs, to totally overhauling our already existing IT architecture and business intelligence system to make it more efficient. As already stated, IBM relies on Cognos for some of its business intelligence applications and these seem to be easily integrated with almost any other environment. Additionally, Cognos offers the most popular OLAP software used today. Oracle was the next company that I looked at. As already stated above, Oracle is closely associated with Hyperion applications, although it does offer a very comprehensive business ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8.
  • 9. The Power Of Emotional Intelligence Rhetorical Analysis The video about The Power of Emotional Intelligence, by Dr. Travis Bradberry, he give us an idea on how our brain works as well as the E.I (Emotional Intelligence). He states "The E.I is the ability to understand your emotion, control them and use them to produce the behavior you want". Also give us three key points in how to improve our E.I to accomplish our goals . I really enjoy this video because it helps me visualize how our brain work, how the Rational brain and the Limbic System work together to achieve EI. The EI is the ability to understand your emotion and work for our benefit, expressing the reaction we want to externalize. He gives a three–key point in how improve our EI and they are: Have the stress under control, Clean up ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. Emotional Intelligence Analysis Paper Essay Emotional Intelligence Analysis Paper Emotional Intelligence "EI" is a field that certainly seems to be more widely recognized and is frequently being further studied and researched regarding how it relates to each person as they function in life. I strongly believe that it should be, because learning to manage our emotions in an effective way is critical to how each person deals with all aspects of their life. When we manage our emotions poorly, we not only hurt ourselves, and often our reputation, but we may hurt others as well. Many of the studies from our reading and videos this week discuss if emotional intelligence can be improved and what affect it has regarding how we each deal with stress in our lives and its connection to effective leadership. My Results on Maetrix MEIT Self–Assessment My numerical scores for "The maetrix EI Test Results (MEIT Version 1.0)" are as follows: "Self– Awareness 5, Self–Management 8, Social Awareness 8 and Relationship Management 9, which are based on a possible 10 for each EI quadrant" ("Emotional Intelligence Test – Results," n.d.). My View of the Accuracy of the Test Results I was pleased overall with my three relatively higher level quadrant scores for the areas of Self– Management, Social Awareness and Relationship Management and do agree with their range for each quadrant. However, my mid–level score of five in Self–Awareness, while accurate, does cause me some concern and specifically "the impact of this area on my work performance ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Intelligence By Chaim Potok: Character Analysis The many forms of intelligence While many people in Chaim Potok's the chosen demonstrate a great intellect, Reuven, Danny, and Mr. Malter are the most noteworthy people with regard to this trait. Several times throughout the book readers are continually shocked by their intellect. Reuven uses his intellect to solve mathematical problems. Danny's photographic memory helps him memorize pages of the Talmud every day. Mr. Malter relies on his intellect to advise people, whether by recommending books to Danny or by giving his son advise. Potok's characters display a wide manifest of intelligence from Reuven's mathematical mind, Danny's photographic memory, and Mr. Malter's ability to convey practical advice. Reuven's intelligence is focused more around mathematics. Throughout the book Reuven tells Danny about math and how he's going to become a mathematician. The first time readers see Reuven's mathematical intelligence is when Reb Saunders tests him with gematryia. Saying "nu, Reuven, tell me which one was not good?" (p139) Reuven correctly answers him. After which, he spends many long Sabbath days with the Saunders discussing the Talmud. Reuven earns the respect of Reb Saunders because of his mathematical intellect. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... When he and Reuven first meet, Danny tells Reuven, "I have a photographic mind. My father says it's a gift from God." (p69) Danny uses his photographic memory to memorize four Pages of the Talmud per day. Danny memorizes the Talmud so quickly that when he has finished he still has time to read books he actually enjoys and has time to practice baseball. Danny's memory also helps him debate the Talmud with his father. Danny uses his photographic memory to study the Talmud because he can finish so quickly he has time to do things he enjoys like read about psychology and practice ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. Is Artificial Intelligence Taking Over Our Lives?: Article... In the New York Times article, "Is Artificial Intelligence Taking Over Our Lives?" they introduce the topic if whether or not our lives will soon revolve around technology at every corner that we see worldwide, whether it being robotic cops to robotic doctors. Introduced in this article were 3 main debaters over the topic being for and against the idea that our artificial intelligence & its growth is a good or bad idea. For some, technology and its evolvement seems to be a good way to lead us into a prosperous and bright future. In Susan Bennett's article, "If A.I. Replaces Us, Will Siri Lead Us Into The Sea?" she states, "It seems we no longer have to use our brains as much as we once did. Any one of our digital devices can instantly ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... So, technology should keep evolving to take us humans to newer limits of science, medicine, cinema etc., to keep moving forward just with limitation to go so far and not break boundaries to where as something could go terribly ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. Analysis Of A Rounded Version: The Theory Of Multiple... In "A Rounded Version: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences", Howard Gardner illustrates how there are a variety of intelligences. Gardner starts off with an example how IQ tests may predict achievement in school but may not predict achievement in life. After finding out certain parts of the brain are responsible for certain functions, such as "Broca's Area" which is responsible for sentence production, Gardner proposes the existence of multiple intelligences. Multiple studies later led him to propose seven distinct intelligences; Musical, bodily–kinesthetic, logical–mathematical, linguistic, spatial, interpersonal, and intrapersonal. Each intelligence has certain classifications. According to Gardner's classifications, I realized my intelligences are bodily–kinesthetic, logical– mathematical, and intrapersonal. Gardner describes bodily–kinesthetic knowledge as being able to solve problems with the body (Gardner 513). Sports is the best example for this intelligence. Gardner believes that you are born with this intelligence. He gives the example of Babe Ruth knowing what his "instrument" was upon first exposure (Gardner 512). I had a similar experience. For as long as I can remember, I have always been able to swim. My mind just ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... "A solution to a problem can be constructed before it is articulated" (Gardner 514). This is a perfect statement used to describe this intelligence. I am very mathematically centered. Throughout school I have been able to find the solution to a math problem, but most of the time I cannot explain my process. My friends would always ask me for help, but I would have to first figure out what I did before I could help them do it. I have to learn concepts before dealing with details. This helps me with understanding the concept first, then focusing on the details to strengthen my ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. Rhetorical Analysis Of Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence has been a hot topic since the invention of artificial intelligence. Many scientist and humans, in general, believe that artificially intelligent robots would want to rule the world and overthrow the human race. Something as simple as Siri or Corona could get too smart, and eventually, want to get rid of humans. Many sci–fi shows are based on this ideology. However, based off of this article by Tim Oates, artificial intelligence is one problem we should not worry about. In his article, Oates was able to relieve everyone's anxieties they may have had, and he did so persuasively. Oates used many different rhetoric strategies to do so, but overall he used pathos, sarcasm/irony, and ethos He was persuasive in communicating his argument because of use of pathos, sarcasm/irony, and ethos. Tim Oates is very sarcastic throughout his article, which really makes him play with emotions through pathos. His emotional appeal is kind of told through how a robot would think with emotions. By talking in a sense of how a robot would think emotionally a sense of humor is given, because, logically, how would a computer have emotions? He uses this idea, that computers can't have emotion, to his advantage as a common folk would nearly understand that a computer can't have emotions, realistically. The way he incorporates this is with sarcasm through. In other words, Oates uses the fact that robots can't have emotions, and if they did, it would be kind of funny to try to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. My Past Studies And Work Experiences In this essay I will examine my current skills within my previous studies and work experiences. I will describe how I may apply them to any possible future careers as well as discuss my career interests, capabilities, education, work and volunteering experiences. This will enable me to broaden my search into my future career path, as well aid me in my search for training opportunities. From the ages of ten to sixteen I was home educated by my mother and myself in a broad selection of self–chose subjects. I discovered that a singular learning environment improved my independent learning skills, for I was in control of my timetable, schedule and study topics. This increased my intrinsic motivation; for I found my own rewards in the subjects that I chose to study. I attended two colleges over three years, during this time I expanded my learning abilities to include time management with the selection of classes and personal development studies, resilience with the assignments and adaptability with teamwork and leadership, also because of the three hours commute I would utilize this free time with multitasking my coursework and studies. Whilst I was operating and studying in a fast–paced performing arts environment, this gave me the sociological and inventive mindset to incorporate my thespian background into my career choices, for I gained an elaborate skill set from my acting studies which have assisted me in a range of consumer and customer delegations. In 2015 I began to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. Cognitive Biases And Structured Analytic Techniques There are many cognitive biases that affect the analytic process and inhibit analysts from reaching the height of their accuracy. Each of these cognitive biases affect thinking in a unique way, but there are different techniques that can be used to overcome these biases. Most of the time cognitive biases are not intentional which is why it is so important that measures are taken to reduce the effect of cognitive biases. Structured Analytic Techniques effectively reduce the effect of cognitive biases in many different ways. This paper will examine four cognitive biases and Structured Analytic Techniques that can help intelligence analysts be more accurate and less biased in their analysis. Anchoring is a cognitive bias in which there ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Outside–in thinking is a strategy that requires analysts to think from the perspective of the outside. The first step of outside–in thinking is to list all of they forces that could have an impact on a certain topic or issue. From there the analyst looks at possible factors that could influence that topic such as policy changes or actions of an adversary. The next step is to analyze how each of those factors could affect the topic or issue that the analyst is focusing on. The final step of outside–in thinking is to judge whether or not the factors you identified are relevant to the issue at hand. This process requires the analyst to first look at all possible information and then work until they have reached a conclusion. The conclusion is the last step of this process and the analyst is aware of this fact so they are less likely to only look for information that supports their conclusion. This thinking process is effective in encouraging analysts to avoid the pitfalls of the confirmation ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. Analysis Of Multidisciplinary Counter Intelligence Essay The United States today is becoming more and more dependant upon technological developments to gather intelligence. The "secret agents" of yesterday are very close to being obsolete. With technology becoming the prime source of intelligence gathering, there is an assumption that other countries are gathering intelligence in similar ways. The only way to combat intelligence gathering against the United States is to know what technological intelligence collection resources are being used for gathering information. This is the job of Multidisciplinary Counterintelligence (MDCI). How does the government know that lines are secure from signals intelligence of foreign adversaries? One of the main tasks of MDCI is the "communication line" of the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This problem became apparent when the Soviet (now Russian) Embassy was placed in Washington. With the White House, Pentagon, and State Department just outside of the Embassy's windows, the possibility of telephone lines being monitored became increasingly significant. The Russians would simply have to set up receivers in and around the embassy to pick up emitters coming from the American buildings. The location is no less than prime real estate for setting up an intelligence– gathering center. Other forms of monitoring could be used on members with access to classified material. With the Russians now in Washington there are plenty of personnel around that are working within these capitol buildings. The ultimate goal of monitoring these individuals is to find out weak points in character for possible exploitation. If a member of these American organizations can be found to have something that could be exploited, they are primary targets for blackmail of what they are entrusted to protect. Other possible sites that may be of possible interest for monitoring are high– technology corporations and financial institutions. MDCI can countermeasure this monitoring by offering a couple possible solutions to these kinds of vulnerabilities. One is to bypass possible intercept sites, such as the Russian Embassy, with underground cables; thus essentially moving the emitter past possible receivers and on the other side of the Russian Embassy. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26.
  • 27. Emotional Intelligence Rhetorical Analysis Emotional Intelligence In the Ted Talk The Power of Emotional Intelligence by Travis Bradberry, he speaks about the importance of emotional intelligence. In this speech, Mr. Bradberry highlights how the brain works when it comes to our emotions. He states that intelligence quotient and emotional intelligence do not go hand in hand as many may think. He also shuts down the idea that emotional intelligence and personality are similar. "Personality is a stable set of preferences and tenancies to which we approach the world and it is fixed, meaning our personality is not responsive to change while, emotional intelligence is flexible and responsive to change" (Bradberry, 2017). Mr. Bradberry explains that emotional intelligence is important because ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Bradberry's suggestions are very helpful. He informed me of what is good for my body in order to improve my EQ and provide effective results. What I will specifically use from these strategies he provided is clean up sleep hygiene, I was not aware of this sleep hygiene concept and it is very interesting to know how my sleep schedule affects me emotionally. I will improve my sleep by trying to keep away from my monitors before going to bed and waking up at the same time in order to get the right amount of sleep as well as good quality ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. Emotional Intelligence Steve Tobak Analysis In "Don't Believe the Hype around 'Emotional Intelligence'," Steve Tobak shines a light on the on the dark sides on emotional intelligence, he clearly states his points and arguments regarding the issue with a various reliable sources and examples. Tobak argues that there is no direct correlation between emotional intelligence and success, in contrast to what people think. Steve Tobak is a former senior executive, and author of real leader don't follow. He runs Silicon Valley–based Invisor Consulting where he would present his thoughts to executives and business leaders on the strategic matter. Tobak writes weekly columns for Fox Business and Entrepreneur. The writer's background and the use of resources and his supportive details make him ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... To start off with, the author uses hypothetical examples when trying to prove his points. For example, when tobak states "Consider some of the most highly accomplished entrepreneurs of our time: Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Andy Grove, Larry Ellison, Larry Page, Mark Zuckerberg and Elon Musk. I'd be surprised to find an ounce of emotional intelligence among them" (Tobak, 2014). The people listed in the example are people that the author does not know making it more of a hypothetical example. Secondly, tobak over–relies on his opinion in the essay without supporting it with credible evidence. Furthermore, the author uses hasty generalization when responding to the counter arguments. For instance, the example from Adam Grant's article. There was also the use of appeal to authority when he speaks about highly accomplished entrepreneurs mentioned earlier. Lastly, the author oversimplifies the counter arguments this happens throughout the article. For example, when tobak talks about how the EQ tests are ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30.
  • 31. Intelligence Analysis Essay I. INTRODUCTION: The United States Intelligence community draws on advanced technology and analytical techniques. An intelligence process that sets objectives, collects, analyzes, and report findings, with feedback loops integrated throughout. Explicitly, the intelligence community advantages technology and tradecraft within a proscribed process. However, estimation of threats and decision–making are outcomes of human thinking. Analysts and policymakers create mental models, or short cuts to manage complex, changing environments. In other words, to make sense of ambiguous or uncertain situations, humans form cognitive biases. Informed because of personal experience, education, and specifically applied to intelligence analysis, Davis ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As such, actor 'A' projects an image or cognitive bias onto actor 'B' as if actor 'B' would see the world, or approach a problem in the same way as actor 'A' (George and Bruce 2008, 315). III. HISTORICAL EXAMPLES OF MIRROR IMAGING: In the often–cited work, Psychology of Intelligence Analysis, Heuer provides many examples that apply cognitive psychology to explain how biases trap analysts' judgments. In Chapter Six, Heuer calls upon Admiral Jeremiah's comments on the surprise Indian nuclear test in 1998, and quotes Admiral Jeremiah explicitly concerning mirror imaging as, "everybody–thinks–like–us mind–set" (Heuer 1998, Chapter Six). Particularly concerning why the Indian nuclear test was such a surprise, Heuer explains a faulty assumption held by the United States. In that, the United States economic sanctions would deter an Indian nuclear test. A more recent example of bias is toward China. Johnston recalls the 1998 Tiananmen Square massacre of Chinese student's pro–Democracy rallies. The prevailing mind–set was, according to Johnston, "any right minded person in China would support democracy" (Johnston 2005, 76). The prevailing assumption was Chinese elites would negotiate with the protesters, rather than risk any unwarranted violent military action that risked international backlash. However, Johnston notes, "I was wrong" (Johnston 2005, 77). Johnston offers as reason, the lack of proper context of understanding Chinese culture, and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32.
  • 33. Intelligence Agency : The Intelligence Bureau ( Ib ) And... Intelligence philosophers such as Sun Tzu, Kautilya and Machiavelli have stressed on the importance of strategic intelligence for the security of a nation and the history across the world is evident with its prime examples. Such is also the case of India and in this presentation we will be examining some key historic Indian events and their impact on the country's two foremost intelligence agencies – the Intelligence Bureau (IB) and the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). Towards the end we will also consider the influence of such events on the future of Indian intelligence. Established in 1887, branded as the Central Special Branch up to 1903 and then as the Department of Intelligence until 1920, the IB's primary function back then was to provide political and religious intelligence across British India (Mahadevan, 2012, p. 28). The British assigned its British–Indian military intelligence agencies with external intelligence but interestingly, post India's independence in 1947, the IB was entrusted with this duty therefore making it the country's foreign and national intelligence agency between 1947 and 1968 (Melson, 2006). Unable to meet the inflated demands by policy makers back in the 1960's, IB was accused of intelligence failure as India faced an awkward loss at the Sino–Indian War of 1962 against China followed by Pakistan's surprise intrusion in 1965 over the disputed region of Kashmir. Given the defensive personality of the country's national security system, the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34.
  • 35. Artificial Intelligence May Usher In A New Golden Age... Artificial Intelligence has a very beneficial impact on humanity. I believe that it can replicate the actions and decisions of humans without the impact of fatigue, time, or emotion. I think that if AI advances more jobs in the IT industry will be developed, and more people will want to work for industries that develop these new technologies. Machines driven by AI technology can replace the consistency, tedious work some humans have to do. In the article "Artificial Intelligence May Usher in a New Golden Age," written by Faith Popcorn, supports my claim that AI could potentially reduce the tediousness of work for a person. It also says that robots can now diagnose patients, while doctors could not. Humans need to continue their ambition to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36.
  • 37. Intelligence Analysis: Exploring The Scientific Method Intelligence analysis?is the process of taking known information about situations and bodies of strategic, operational, or tactical importance, characterizing the known, and, with appropriate statements of probability, the future actions in those situations and by those entities (Richards, 2010).?The descriptions are drawn from what may only be available in the form of deliberately deceptive information; the?analyst?must correlate the similarities among deceptions and extract a common truth. Although its practice is found in its purest form inside national?intelligence agencies, its methods are also applicable in fields such as business intelligence?or?competitive intelligence. According to Heuer (1999), Intelligence analysis is a way of reducing ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The challenge to an intelligence analyst, as mentioned by Dougherty and Pfaltzgraff, is the lack of experimental, independent testing within a controlled environment. That does not necessarily mean that the intelligence analysis process lacks a formal process or is absent scientific methodologies. Based on Knight (2010), intelligence research identifies patterns through observation so that an analyst can develop a hypothesis to predict future events the very premise of the scientific method. However, the IC has acknowledged a scientific gap and has been migrating towards a more ? coherent scientific discipline? based on the need to improve performance of intelligence analysis (Johnston, ). Furthermore, intelligence analysts are provided with scientific methodologies at their disposal that they can use to strengthen their estimates. In the analyst?s toolkit there are a variety of techniques that can be used to strengthen processes and conform to more valid scientific methods. Heuer (1999), the author of Analysis of Competing Hypotheses (ACH), use ACH as an eight–step procedure using basic insights from cognitive psychology, decision analysis, and the scientific method. According to Bruce, ACH attempts to eliminate cognitive bias and provide other explanations with possible outcomes through testing hypotheses in an attempt to refute or ? disconfirm? them (Bruce, 2008, p. 175). After all, the challenge to inductive inference is not in supporting a study?s conclusions, but refuting them through scientific means. Heuer?s ACH methodology attempts to reconcile this weakness and has become a recognized advancement towards this goal. In Bruce?s essay (2008), he acknowledges that had the 2002 Iraq NIE utilized this methodology, the estimate?s weighty findings should have exposed the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38.
  • 39. Analysis Of Howard Gardner's Theory Of Multiple... Scholar Howard Gardner is famous for developing a pedagogical theory detailing seven different ways that humans learn about the world around them. All human beings are different. We all learn knowledge and use our educations in a variety of ways. One flaw found in the educational system is that it doesn't always recognize different learning styles and instead teaches students using limited methods. According to Gardner's theory, this is a problem that needs to be fixed. He details seven different types of intelligence to show the various ways human beings learn. >Howard Gardner says that "we are all able to know the world through language, logical–mathematical analysis, spatial representation, musical thinking, the use of the body to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Teachers teaching children with this form of intelligence can use songs, the radio, or other sources of music to teach students. Source Interpersonal intelligence: These learners work best when interacting with others. Interpersonal students are usually popular and have numerous friends. They quickly understand the moods, intentions, motivations, and feelings of other people. They can read facial expressions, voice and hand gestures. Group activities, conversations, one–on–one work with teachers, social media, etc. are great tools to use with interpersonal learners. Source Intrapersonal intelligence: These learners work best on their own. Intrapersonal students are shy and tend to be anxious or overwhelmed by being around too many people. Students understand their own abilities and limitations, and are aware of their own moods, intentions, motivations, temperaments, and desires. They have the capacity for self–discipline, self–understanding and self–esteem. Source Bodily Intelligence: use their bodies as learning tools and are aware of their bodies (like hand and leg movements). These students are also good at using elements of their environment and have an easy time identifying objects, animals, and plants. These students work best by using their hands and by acting out behaviors. Activities such as role playing, using tools, and physical actions help these students learn best. Source In these corners are ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40.
  • 41. Multiple Intelligences Infographic Analysis The intelligence people could have. "From Blue Nines and Red Words" is a non–fiction Memoir by Daniel Tammet about a man that can see words, colors, and feelings as numbers and can do math very fast. "The Theory of Multiple Intelligences Infographic" is a non–fiction infographic by Howard Gardner is about the nine intelligences and what it is. People can be intelligent in many different ways such as Logical–Mathematical and Naturalist. Many people can be intelligent in many ways. "Wednesdays are always blue, like the number nine or the sound of loud voices arguing(Tammet pg.401)." This shows that the person is intelligent in how Daniel remembers the days and the intelligence this man has was Logical–Mathematical because he ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42.
  • 43. Central Intelligence Agency Analysis The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has proved its worth throughout the world. The organization was able to push past all prejudice in order to protect the people of the United States. Today it is a very respected and sought after agency that many rely on for their safety and income. The CIA is a powerful and organized bureau that has asserted its dominance and altered the face of society throughout the entire world since its beginning in 1947. The United States has since become an even more authoritative and respected country worldwide thanks to this organization. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was a much needed addition to the U.S. government. President Truman created the CIA as part of the National Security Act in 1947. The Agency, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Originally, Bill Donovan was in control of the OSS, which was created in the early 1940s by President Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt created the OSS because with World War II approaching the U.S., he needed information on the other countries' plans. Later though, after Roosevelt died, Truman came to power and because he did not know Donovan and had received negative reports on the OSS, he shut it down on October 1, 1945. Two years later, however, Truman recognized the need for the organization and was willing to recreate it, just not with Donovan and his OSS leading it (Walker, 2015). In 1947 he created the CIA in order to better handle the challenges found in the Cold War. The changing from the OSS to the CIA left a huge impact on America in the future. As the CIA began standing up with its own beliefs against the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the organization was able to change America's views on communism and the Soviet Union entirely. Due to the conflict between the FBI and the CIA, the propaganda from the CIA overemphasized its role in the Cold War to enhance its prestige and power to the United States (Walker, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 44.
  • 45. Essay on Intelligence Analysis If you had that one piece of the puzzle that would have prevented the bombings of the twin towers in New York and the Pentagon on September 11 2001 would you know it? If you saw someone do something weird or suspicious before the attack on September 11 2001, would you have called the police? If someone had walked into a United States Embassy in a foreign country and said that they know someone was going to use a plane to destroy New York in two days, could this have stopped the attack? Intelligence Analysis puts the raw sources of information together, make predictions based on the data, and finally publish the results. Stephane Lefebvre wrote that " intelligence analysis is the process of evaluating and transforming raw data ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Putting the data into related groups that will either confirm, enhance or disagree with each group of data. The process of synthesizing the information, using the current data, past history of the subject(s), and additional relevant information, begins toward a final conclusion. Different predictions, conclusions or scenarios are made based on both the data and the analyst insight, training and past experience. The results are sometimes rated based from most likely to occur to the least likely to occur. As the International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, writer Stephane Lefebvre points out "Of course, accurate estimates depend at least as much upon the mental model used by the analyst as upon the accuracy and completeness of the information itself" ( 236). The analysis is then given to consumers and policy makers, once it is checked by the analyst supervisor and peers. The analyst should also be ready to give a briefing on short notice. But both the analyst and the policy maker or consumer have to be aware of at all times, is that the intelligence field does not know everything. "On any given subject, the intelligence community faces what is in effect a field of rocks, and it lacks the resources to turn over every one to see what threats to national security may lurk underneath" (Pillar). While the intelligence analysis field is a small discipline, it can have its ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 46.
  • 47. Analysis Of Howard Gardner 's Theory Of Intelligence Intoduction It was previously believed that intelligence was a single thing that was inherited; and that human beings, initially a blank state, could be trained to learn anything, provided that it was presented in an appropriate way. (infed.org) According to the originator of multiple intelligences theory, Howard Gardner, however, intelligence can be defined in three ways, namely a property of all human beings; a dimension on which human beings differ; and the ways in which one carries out a task in virtue of one 's goals. (Donovan McFarlane) According to Smith and Smith (1994), Howard Gardner has been a paradigm shifter. He has questioned the idea that intelligence is a single entity, that it results from a single factor, and that it can be measured simply via IQ tests. (infed.org:) According to Howard Gardner, our schools and society focus most of their attention on linguistic and logical–mathematical intelligence. We regard the highly articulate or logical people of our culture. However, he has said that we should also place equal attention on individuals who are gifted or show strengths in the other intelligences. Unfortunately, many children who have these gifts don't receive much reinforcement for them in school. Many of them, in fact, are labeled as having a "learning disability", suffering from "ADD (attention deficit disorder," or are simply underachievers, when their own unique ways of thinking and learning aren't addressed in a heavily linguistic or ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 48.
  • 49. Artificial Intelligence Argumentative Analysis Artificial intelligence, it's been the topic of many sci fi books, futuristic movies and countless fictional conversations between geeks. But it's no longer just an idea of the far off future, in fact Microsoft says it's been researching this topic for 20 years already. Casey Newton, an author at the Verge, sits down to talk with Microsoft's CEO, Satya Nadella about its future with AI. Microsoft is not the only large tech company with its sights set on the future of AI being the next big advancement in how we interact with computers, Google, Facebook and Amazon also have vested interest in the this field, but are reluctant to offer any insight as to how far their technology has advanced. Microsoft says that to win the race for the best AI ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... But that this is an area that is still in its early stages and that there is great potential, Casey believes that applying the machine learning to tools one is already using is quite powerful and could transform Microsoft's suite of productivity programs into the best in the world. I agree with Casey for the most part, I think Microsoft's artificial Intelligence may not be ready to be sent out right now to start having conversations, but I do believe Microsoft is far ahead of the game when it comes to AI and will lead the charge into a new frontier of how we use computers someday. I chose this article because I was interested in learning more about artificial intelligence and how far we have come to reaching it as well as how good it will be. I would recommend this article to anyone who has the same interest as I believe it satisfies this question and is a good snapshot of where we are in terms of AI. I learned many things about AI from reading this article such as the 5 assets it takes to make a good AI, how Microsoft plans to actually implement AI in their software and why AI is the future or interacting with computers. This article was easy to read, understand and realistic because the author did not use overly complex ideas or theory specific to the area of expertise but made it very detailed and well explained for anyone to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 50.
  • 51. Emotional Intelligence Of Transformational Leadership... Background and Hypothesis The article published by John Barbuto and Mark Burbach titled The Emotional Intelligence of Transformational Leaders: A Field Study of Elected Officials published in The Journal of Social Psychology in February 2006 explores the relationship between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership. By drawing on Carson and Birkenmeier's measure of emotional intelligence, along with Bass and Avolio's Multi–Factor Leadership Scales, the researchers analyze the correlation between these two aspects of leadership. The researchers hypothesized that "emotional intelligence (as measured through the 5 aspects) will positively relate to transformational leadership measured through inspirational motivation, idealized ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... 60). However, in my personal opinion, there are several other limitations to this study. While self–report measures are cost effective and can easily be implemented for large samples, they always rely on the honest self–assessment of the responder. In addition, participants need to have the introspective ability to be able to provide an accurate response. I believe these issues are even greater when dealing with publicly elected officials, who naturally pay greater attention to how they are perceived and their popularity. Another significant limitation of this study is the lack of control for the variance in the relationships between leaders and their direct report staffers. For example, the length of time spent working together, I believe is a confounding factor that wasn't ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 52.
  • 53. US Intelligence: A Historical Analysis Mark M. Lowenthal, in his chapter "The development of U.S. Intelligence" says that each nation practices intelligence in ways that are specific, if not peculiar to that nation alone. Every country has their own intelligence system, which are transform by events; however, the one that has the largest intelligence system is United States. United States' national intelligence community is form by historical events that develops its intelligence and the major events and legislations that help to continue every function of today's national intelligence community. One of the biggest confusions that most Americans have is the definition of Intelligence. According to the Intelligence Branch, "Intelligence is information that has been analyzed and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... "Intelligence can be divided into four broad activities: collection, analysis, convert action, and counterintelligence." (Lowenthal, pg.14). These activities are used in different forms for example, collection is utilized on espionage, and counterintelligence is found in almost every agency for analysis. It also exists several major historical developments for example, creation of COI and OSS, Pearl Harbor, The National Security Act, and The terrorist attacks. The creation of COI and OSS were important because this organizations were influenced by British practices called covert actions, and because by 1940 the United Stated did not have a national intelligence establishment. OSS organization served as a training ground, and was used in a technical term; however, OSS had several difficulties with the U.S military because of their way to operate intelligence. During Pearl Harbor, United States' intelligence system worked poorly, because they did not shared the necessary information with another agencies, and this caused a blind mirror between Tokyo and US. Major historical developments as the National Security Act, made the intelligence function permanent, even when some of their aspects did not work in a good way, and this act structure included a secretary of defense and National Security Council. The terrorist attacks on September 2001, changed United States' Intelligence, and their organization. United States were not prepared for that kind of attacks, and these attacks had major legislative responses for example, the U.S.A PATRIOT ACT that took steps to improve domestic intelligence. According to James Burch, The area of domestic intelligence raises several issues. First, law enforcement and intelligence operate in different worlds – one seeks to prosecute, the other to gather information. 3 Second, with the development of multiple state fusion ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 54.
  • 55. Analysis Of Howard Gardner On Multiple Intelligences Intelligence is the mental capacity to learn and use knowledge in different situations, which in this case is learning the in the classroom, and can affect how well a student performs in a certain class. Intelligence also has a biological foundation, which means that the potential for a child to reach full mental capacity is determined by his or her genetics. However, intelligence is not completely biologically deterministic because the nurturing of the child can also affect how intelligent he or she can become, which can also take part in the classroom. Students have their strengths and weaknesses in certain subject areas and it is believed that if merit pay is implemented, and this is taken into consideration when learning the classroom, then their performance will increase. The idea of strengths and weaknesses in certain subject areas is supported by previous research done by Howard Gardner on multiple intelligences. He has defined eight distinct intelligences that can determine these strengths and weaknesses in the classroom. These intelligences include: linguistic, being word smart, naturalist, being nature smart, musical, being sound smart, visual–spatial, being picture smart, bodily–kinesthetic, being body smart, interpersonal, being people smart, intrapersonal, being self smart, and logical–mathematical, being pattern smart (Myers & Dewall, 2015). In the classroom, the intelligences that would be focused on a lot are logical–mathematical, linguistic, musical, and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 57. Ranciere's Pedagogical Distinction Between The Will And... The soundness of Ranciere's pedagogical distinction between the will of a learner and the will of the teacher and their intelligence. The will can be seen as the desire one has to fulfil something, and intelligence is the ability to gain and apply knowledge and skills without the help of an individual as explained by the oxford South African dictionary (2006). The intelligence of the learner will depend on how the learner has been taught, if the teacher allows the learner to learn on his own and only provide support and equal opportunities for them to learn then their intelligence will develop and they will have the will to learn more. Therefore Ranciere's pedagogical distinction between the will and intelligence is indeed educationally sound. In the essay I will be focusing on how intelligence influences the will of the learner, secondly emancipation, and lastly equality to learning. All the learners have equal intelligences, they can all learn and achieve (Ranciere, 1991). The learner's learn by learning on their own without the help from the teachers, but only receiving support from their ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... I have focused on intelligence and how it affects learning, secondly the emancipation and lastly equality to learning. Moreover, since every individual has got an intellectual mind there that person can learn and achieve without the help of the teacher. Bibliography Kant, I. (2002). An answer to the question: What is enlightenment?. Available from: http.//www.blackmask.com Ranciere, J. The ignorant schoolmaster, trans. Kristin Ross (Stanford: Stanford university Press, 1991), 29. Stamp, R. (2011). Of slumdogs and schoolmasters: Jacotot, Ranciere and Mitra on self–organized learning. [Online] Available from: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62443411/Of–Slumdogs–and– Schoolmasters–Jacotot–Ranciere–and–Mitra–on–self–organised–learning#scribd. [Assessed: 19 April ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 59. You Can Grow Your Intelligence: Article Analysis In the article "You Can Grow Your Intelligence", the author discussed a couple of studies that proved not only can your brain grow, but so can your intelligence. It mentioned facts pertaining to the weight of the brain, connection between nerve cells and how it affects the overall intelligence of a species. One of these studies included animals from different environments being tested on their intelligence. According to the study, the animals that were held in captivity and lived alone were not only found to have smaller brains than the ones who lived in a challenging environment, but had less communication between the brain cells that allows them to think strategically and communicate with others. The article claims this theory to be true ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 61. The Analysis of the Intelligence of Individuals and Groups... The Analysis of the Intelligence of Individuals and Groups Much controversy surrounds the subject of intelligence. Intelligence tests were developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century to assess the intelligence of individuals and groups. However, criticisms quickly arose regarding tests due to results being used to justify discrimination between different groups and cultures. Theorists argued that the tests assess verbal, mathematical, and spatial capabilities, but they do not directly examine other abilities that seem to be inherent parts of intelligence: creativity, social understanding, knowledge of one's own strengths and weaknesses and so on. This perspective led Howard Gardner ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... First, one needs to understand that Gardner's proposal is a theory and not a proven fact. As a result, after, much revision, he revised his listing of 'intelligences' from the original seven to include 'naturalist' and 'existential' 'intelligences'. Other scholars, such as Daniel T Willingham, professor of psychology at the university of Virginia, questions the rigorousness of the criteria that Gardner used to identify and formulate the listing of his 'intelligences'. In this regard, professor Willingham cites Rodden et. al (2003), Mc Ghee (1971) and Wyer & Collins (1992) and argues 'By these criteria I am also prepared to defend an 'olfactory intelligence', a 'spelling intelligence', and to sub divide Gardner's spatial intelligence into near–space intelligence and far–space intelligence.' Researchers such as Burt (1949), Cattell(1971), Thurstone(1941) discussed many human abilities, including aesthetic, athletic, musical and so on. Notions such as bodily–kinesthetic or musical ability represent individual aptitude or talent rather than intelligence. Another criticism of Gardner's theory is that his use of the term 'intelligence' in defining these abilities, aptitudes or talents is misleading. This serves to 'hype up' or give undue prominence to what was basically previous knowledge and propositions put forward by earlier ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 63. Analysis of the Elements of the Intelligence Cycle Essay Minor Assignment Analyse the elements of the 'Intelligence Cycle'. What are its core strengths and weaknesses? Before I begin to analyse the elements of the Intelligence Cycle, I must begin with the definition of 'Intelligence'. Throughout my research, it became apparent that the acceptance for an accurate definition of 'Intelligence' is still an issue to date. One reason could be because experts tend to view 'intelligence' through their own specialty, and would be fair to say that this could possibly be because officers within the intelligence community do not have strong bridges connecting them to each other or to policy makers, which would therefore enhance communication and sharing practices of raw findings and improve ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The phases of the intelligence process include identifying the requirement or direction, collecting information through its various disciplines, processing and exploitation, analysis and production, dissemination and feedback. Throughout my findings more weaknesses and flaws of the intelligence cycle elements were much more apparent than strengths. In theory, the cycle indicates that the elements flow in a cyclical order, but this is indeed inaccurate, as the cycle does not always flow in one direction or in a cycle as it indicates it does. For example, it can move back and forth between collection and analysis before moving on for the processing and exploitation stage where the most resources and time is used. It is also possible that information collected could end up going back to the requirement stage for policy makers to present a new direction requirement and or more information. The intelligence cycle is, nevertheless, of significant value to intelligence and learning about it in theory assists those entering the intelligence business, because it provides insight into the processes, as well as being able to recognise it's weaknesses in order to focus on building on strengths for the future of effective and efficient intelligence. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 65. Intelligence Without Analysis is Only Information Essay 'Intelligence without analysis is only information'. Critically assess this claim. Introduction Part 1 – Understanding Semantics Part 2 – Part of the system Part 4 – Analysis as part of the Organisation, a member the community Conclusion Introduction Analysis is important. The statement assessed impresses that fact upon the reader. Without it, the speaker implies, Intelligence is inefficient. It is merely 'information'. For the intelligence community, it seems that information alone is not enough to be presented as a finished product to a policy maker. Information alone is also not enough to represent the 'reality' of the world. Especially, in terms of finding possible threats to national security. The statement implies ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The words intelligence, information, and analysis may be considered to mean generally the same thing. They are all words we often associate with cognitive functions and thought processes. The phrase needs to be taken apart and examined as small portions before being put back together as a whole sentence. In this manner, understanding may be gained from looking at the meanings of the words themselves. This will help justify the meaning and importance of analysis as a defined term as well as a process in the intelligence cycle. Setting the context of Military or Governmental Intelligence aside, it is important to grasp that the word Intelligence is a word commonly used to define a mental process. Intelligence is a term, when used on a person, that is complimentary and often implies that the person has a substantial amount of knowledge and knows how to express it in a productive manner. This having been said, it is perhaps simpler to take the words 'information' and 'analysis' and see how they are associated with the term 'intelligence'. Information – Noun 1. A message received and understood that reduces the recipient's uncertainty. 2. A collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn; "statistical data". 3. Knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction. 4. (communication theory) a numerical measure of the
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  • 67.
  • 68. Essay about Methods to Strengthen the Chains of Inference INTRODUCTION Structured responses to the limited capacity of both organisations and individuals to deal with ambiguity that is inherent to intelligence analysis are necessary to strengthen the 'chains of inference' or maximise the rigor of judgements. This essay will focus on overcoming cognitive and to a lesser extent, personal and organisational bias and limitations. Organisational issues that affect the quality of analysis such as analyst training are outside the scope of this short essay. Moreover, many of the high profile intelligence failures are attributable less to organisational obstacles than political or psychological barriers , . The human mind is necessarily vulnerable to cognitive bias in order to distil complexity for ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Internal organisational pressures for expediency and decisiveness can lead to haste and its attendant problems , . CONCLUDING SENTENCE LEADING INTO NEXT PARAGRAPH ABOUT SPECIFIC PROBLEMS "It is the history of every great warning crisis that the post–mortems have turned up numerous relevant facts or pieces of information which were available but which, for one reason or another, were not considered in making assessments at the time" . The reasons for missing critical information in forming accurate judgements include cognitive and institutional bias. 'Groupthink' paralyses synthesis by imposing accepted mindsets on the organisation. 'Mindlessness' refers to the routine approach analysts may take with each issue that can result in absorbing new information into rigid mind–sets rather than challenging long–held assumptions . Resistance to alter mindsets increases with the length of time the mindset has been held and requires greater amounts of less ambiguous information to change than to form in the first place , . Moreover, individuals perceive the expected . Perception issues and a lack of ability to see issues from alternate perspectives is at the heart of 'mirror imaging' where an analyst projects their own mindset on the adversary's situation . Likewise for 'clientism', a problem for analysts who are so familiar with their subject, they lose the ability to evaluate the topic critically . These are among the many biases that may affect individual ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 70. Analysis Of Alfred Binet And Lewis Terman On Intelligence... 1. When comparing Alfred Binet and Lewis Terman on their approaches to intelligence testing there are some similarities amongst the two. One such similarity would be regarding content. Alfred Binet's approach to intelligence testing consisted of tests that ranged in difficulty levels from easy to hard. These tests required one to demonstrate his or her own cognitive ability, decision making, and verbal skills. Lewis Terman's approach to intelligence testing was an updated version of Binet's. Terman also used cognitive ability, decision making, and verbal skills in his testing; however, he added mathematics, attention span, and processing skills. However, their purposes for intelligence testing were quite different from one another. Alfred ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This view believes that the body and mind are two separate entities from each other, and that they function separately from each other. Lewis Terman's view of philosophy was that of pragmatism, in which it relies on more of a practical nature. This view believes that principles of merit should be based solely on one's workability, effectiveness, and practical ideas. Technical advances for Alfred Binet would be the fact that he had measures ranging in different difficulty levels. Binet also had a proper scoring technique in which he matched an individual's mental age with their actual physical age. Alfred Binet did not create a suitable standardization model. Lewis Terman created a way for Alfred Binet's intelligence test to be standardized. He included a measure of intelligence quotient and renamed it the Stanford–Binet Intelligence Test. Lewis Terman's technical advances also shone a light on individuals that scored in the extreme areas. 2. In the article "The Trouble With Harvard" according to Steven Pinker a professor from Harvard, he believes that SAT's should be the only basis for admissions to the elite ivy league schools today. Pinker feels that standardized testing is the key to creating the best graduates. Steven Pinker goes on to say that standardized testing will eliminate the students who do not belong in an ivy league school, and that have no academic standing. I do not agree with Steven Pinker's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 72. Human Intelligence Source Analysis The capabilities of Human Intelligence are centered on the personal attachments of the contact. Feelings developed by the Human Intelligence specialist have the ability to provide information that cannot be gained by other forms of intelligence. Information about personal contacts, internal decision making processes, and moral obligations are all examples of insight that cannot be obtained from other types of intelligence. Another important capability is the level of access that a developed contact has. Human Intelligence sources are able to bypass physical and technological protection methods being used by the target. Like having a security badge that provides access to a secured facility or a Common Access Card that provides access to an isolated computer system. The benefits of having a Human Intelligence source outweigh the limitations of developing one. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The close personal involvement of both the source and Human Intelligence agent make this method of collection susceptible to counterintelligence and deception. This can lead to questionable intelligence that in some cases can never be fully resolved (Logan 2010). The long development times are a result of necessary trust building that is required on both sides. The Human Intelligence agent must have a level of trust in the source as well as the information that they are providing. While the source must trust that the agent is real and going to provide what is promised. As an example the agent must prove they are not the FBI and the source must prove they are providing legitimate information. Technical intelligence collection can overcome some of Human Intelligence weakness; but, they have limitations of their ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 74. Military Intelligence Division (MID): Agency Analysis Recent news, the thing that keeps us all thinking about what the issues are. Well one thing in the recent news, that caught my attention, and related to this topic was the NSA, and the issues the organization was having. Until the security scandal in mid 2013, I had really never even heard of the NSA. So with this research I would like to better understand, what the NSA does, how they got started, and how/why they can have problems like they did earlier this year, while also seeing what they are going to do from here on out, to ensure the issue doesn't arise again. Begging with a decryption unit at a telegraph station in 1917 during World War I. The what was once named the Cipher Bureau of the Military Intelligence Division (MID), slowly ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Well the agency has had issues with legality, and also may have misused some techniques to spy on more than just troublesome, and threatening groups. Most recently, the NSA was questioned for its over surveillance, of cell phones, emails, and internet activity of American citizens. This information wasn't even know about, until 2013, when former NSA contractor, Edward Snowden leaked it to the public. Mr. Snowden, told it all, he unveiled that the NSA had been tracking cell phone calls, locations, and even looking into history from social media and internet use. The biggest issue in all of this is that it is an invasion of American privacy. As written in the New Yorker by Amy Davidson, in early 2013, it states, "the NSA. isn't supposed to be spying on Americans, not without a warrant or court order premised on a specific link to a foreign terrorist." This is an issue that grabbed my attention right away. Why was the NSA looking through this information anyway? What I discovered was the NSA really had no reasoning behind why they were tracking all this information, that they weren't supposed to be viewing anyway. Instead they seemed to have a more of a why not do this excuse. The NSA looked at it, as though they were doing the right thing by tracking everything we did. In their minds they were doing everything they could to ensure there was, absolutely no signs of terrorism anywhere. Now it does ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 76. Intelligence Agencies Privacy Analysis The work conducted by intelligence agencies such as the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) and the United States' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is strategically kept confidential from the general public. These agencies rely on secrecy and opacity in order to attain information relevant to national security in an attempt to minimize threats. Evidently, without this confidentiality the system would not be successful. A consequence of this secrecy is reflected in the general public's view of intelligence agencies. A lack of accurate information means individuals must make their judgments based off of the limited information made available to them, which lead to assumptions, skepticism, and pessimism regarding the efficacy and reliability ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The uncertainty of one author in his article is evident in the wording of the subheading: "Attack in subway likely also known in advance" (Harel, 2016; emphasis added). Within days of these attacks, the intelligence agencies of the respective countries were blamed and this was highly publicized, negatively shaping the general public's view of intelligence agencies. As mentioned above, the secrecy of intelligence agencies is maintained in times of success. As such, this disallows me from countering the previous examples with known intelligence agency success stories. Nevertheless, they do exist, and Dulles (1963) provided a few concrete examples from his personal experience working for the CIA in his book. Reading his work is another unique method of attaining information about intelligence agencies, though due to his extensive employment history with the CIA, the information is also riddled with bias. Without complete knowledge of the inner workings of these top–secret organizations, the public must base their opinions on information made available to them, but the sources and context of this information must be taken into consideration and evaluated ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 78. Analysis of Defense Intelligence Agency The DIA started in 1958. The organizational structure of the DoD and U.S. foreign intelligence came to a new shape with the establishment of DIA. It was Robert McNamara, then Secretary of Defense, who came up with the concept of DIA in 1961. DIA gathers human source intelligence, analyzes technical intelligence, distributes intelligence/reports to the intelligence agencies, provides advice and support to the Joint Chiefs of Staff with foreign military intelligence, and provides military intelligence to combatant commands as its operational functions. A DIA director is supposed to be a three–star military general and DIA is believed to have employed at least 7,500 staff worldwide today. The DIA is a defense intelligence agency that prevents ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... spying on Islamist militants). According to another source, even today, DIA provides important information on foreign military intelligence, political assessments, troop movement, weapons distribution, military capabilities, diplomatic changes, economic issues, and more. These informations are distributed to policymakers, defense officials, combat commanders, and others in the intelligence community and thus, U.S. foreign policies are drafted. While talking about the DIA's oversight, as one news source says, the DIA congressional oversight sight is difficult as DIA activities are controlled by Pentagon. Like CIA, which acts on its own without congressional knowledge or approval, DIA is the second one to act on its free will. Lack of budget maybe there, congressional oversight may not exist––DIA however still carries a significant meaning and plays an important role in the US national security even today. The Tet Offensive in Vietnam, the taking of American hostages in Iran, the overthrow of Idi Amin in Uganda, and North Korea's nuclear proliferation are some few examples that speaks great volume about DIA being important, not redundant. It is said the Defense Department planned to expand its DIA operatives to 1,600 people and go beyond from DIA's intelligence gathering to covert operations as well. The Obama administration's consideration, which came out in recent years (according to the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...