Cognitivist learning theory Hunt & Montgomery

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Cognitivist learning theory Hunt & Montgomery

  1. 1. Cognitivism
  2. 2. Cognitivism Defined The mind is a “black box” to be opened and understood. Mentally processing information allows it to be transferred to the memory, and thereby „learned‟.
  3. 3. History of Cognitivism Behaviourism Gestalt Theory Cognitivism Jean Piaget -people as active processors - learning in distinct stages Vygostsky - Zone of Proximal Development - language & thought develop independently
  4. 4. Memory
  5. 5. Design of eLearning An approach for cognitive learning: Analyse course->break into smaller units Sequence units hierarchically -> learning requires mastery of previous units “Chunking” units -> same process at unit level
  6. 6. Application to eLearning • • • — Maximize on types of sensory input for more info — Use graphic formats to organize information — Encourage reflection so students think about their • learning process — Allow students to revisit information to improve memory
  7. 7. Examples Hierarchical Units “Chunking”
  8. 8. Bibliography • • • • • • • • http://www.learning-theories.com/cognitivism.html access October 6, 2013 http://www.edudemic.com/a-simple-guide-to-4-complex-learning-theories/ accessed October 6, 2013 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_theory_(education) accessed October 6, 2013 "Learning theories of Instructional Design", B. Mergel, May 1998 http://www.usask.ca/education/coursework/802papers/mergel/brenda.htm accessed October 9, 2013 BlueSofaMedia. “Use a Learning Theory: Cognitivism.” Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 5 July 2013. Web. 13 Oct. 2013. The Theory and Practice of Online Learning. Ed Terry Anderson. 2nd Ed. Edmonton: Athabasca University Press, 2008. Training Room. Commonwealth of Australia. Web. 13 Oct 2013. <http://toolboxes.flexiblelearning.net.au/demosites/series12/12_09/toolbox12_09/resources/training/book/qg/learnthe ory/learntheory.htm> Carlile, Orison; Jordan, Anne. "It works in practice but will it work in theory? The theoretical underpinnings of pedagogy." AISHE Readings. 13 Oct 2013. <http://www.aishe.org/readings/2005-1/carlile-jordanIT_WORKS_IN_PRACTICE_BUT_WILL_IT_WORK_IN_THEORY.html>

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