Using the flipped
Brenda Cecilia Padilla Rodriguez
Interaction Equivalency Theorem
Using the flipped classroom approach 2
Deep, meaningful learning can be
supported as long as one of three types
of interaction is present at a high level.
Image courtesy of AJC ajcann.wordpress.com | Flickr
Using the flipped classroom approach
Outside the Classroom
Learners access curriculum
content via video lectures
(usually), podcasts, e-books
and online communities.
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Inside the Classroom
Instead of using class time to deliver information,
teachers can use the session to:
• explain particularly challenging concepts
• engage in active, project-based learning
• focus on interacting with students
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• In small groups, discuss:
Reasons to flip your
Concerns about flipping
• Higher involvement in the learning process
• Openness to collaborative learning and innovative teaching
• Increase in student class attendance
• More time available to work with scientific equipment in the
• Efficient use of time (eg, watching lectures whilst
• Better grades
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(Herreid & Schiller, 2013; Sharples
et al., 2014; Strayer, 2012)
• Resistance to accept the approach
• Independent work challenging for some students
• Learners unprepared to participate in class
• Fear of student non-attendance
• High time investment needed to find suitable materials
• Copyright issues
• Not the best option for certain courses (eg, intro to statistics)
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(Herreid & Schiller, 2013; Johnson et al., 2015;
Karnad, 2013; Strayer, 2012; Williams et al., 2013)
Before You Start
• Manage potential risks (eg, access, digital literacy).
• Explain the flipped classroom approach to students.
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A flipped classroom is
not about making
students watch videos.
It is about optimising the
available in class.
• Find interesting videos at:
o Kahn Academy
• Create and edit your own videos using Screencast-o-matic
• Add brief formative assessments within videos, or ask for
students to complete brief tasks out of class.
• Track the use of out-of-class learning materials.
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• Let students know that their out-of-class learning is
• Make a quick recap of the out-of-class learning and
answer questions at the beginning of the face-to-
o This can also help unprepared students.
• Start with simple exercises and gradually increase
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Your Next Steps
• Think about the following:
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How would you apply flipped
learning in your context?
• How will you foster interactions in
What sort of activities would
Interested in Learning More?
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Free Course: Teaching with the Flipped Classroom
Screen captures from the course "Teaching with the Flipped Classroom"
by the University of Utah is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
I thank Cinthia Reyes for her tips to flip a class.