Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
By Araya Shepherd and Nancy Li
What is OCD?
Short for “obsessive compulsive disorder”
 Often mistaken for OCPD
Anxiety disorder
 Repetitious thoughts, ...
Symptoms
Anxiety
 Overwhelming sense of impending doom,
feeling than an action has not been completed
 Ex: thinking the ...
OCD in Film
Girl, Interrupted (1999)
 Daisy Randone
 Only ate chicken
 Systematically left
carcasses under bed
 Only a...
Treatments
Medication
 Psychiatrist prescribes
 Not a permanent solution
Types of medication
 Selective serotonin reupt...
Treatments, cont’d
Therapy
 Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
 Non-pharmacological treatment
 Based on idea that obses...
Treatments, cont’d
Psychosurgery
 Last resort (meds and therapy don’t work)
 Controversial – destroys brain cells
 The ...
Stress Management
One of the biggest triggers of OCD is stress
 Goal: manage the stress
 Proper sleep
 Social support
...
Local Resources
The International OCD Foundation
 Provides support and treatment for those who are mentally ill
Obsessive...
Sources
http://www.camh.net/About_Addiction_Mental_Health/Mental_Health_Information/OCD/ocd_recovery.html#re
Psych textboo...
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Obsessive compulsive disorder

  1. 1. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder By Araya Shepherd and Nancy Li
  2. 2. What is OCD? Short for “obsessive compulsive disorder”  Often mistaken for OCPD Anxiety disorder  Repetitious thoughts, actions, or both  Includes obsessions and compulsions Tends to occur in teens and young adults  2-3% of the population have OCD
  3. 3. Symptoms Anxiety  Overwhelming sense of impending doom, feeling than an action has not been completed  Ex: thinking the door is unlocked Obsessive thoughts  Ex: constant fear of germs, thinking that harm will come to a loved one Compulsive Behaviors  Goes hand-in-hand with obsessive thoughts  Ex: constantly washing hands, checking locks countless times
  4. 4. OCD in Film Girl, Interrupted (1999)  Daisy Randone  Only ate chicken  Systematically left carcasses under bed  Only ate in room • The Lobotomist  Used as a way of treating OCD
  5. 5. Treatments Medication  Psychiatrist prescribes  Not a permanent solution Types of medication  Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)  Inhibits reuptake of serotonin  Varies in potency  Preferred treatment  Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)  Inhibits reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine  Very effective, but has more side effects than SSRIs
  6. 6. Treatments, cont’d Therapy  Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)  Non-pharmacological treatment  Based on idea that obsessions give rise to anxiety  Compulsive behaviors are strengthened b/c they reduce anxiety  Exposure and response prevention  Patient confronts object, thought, situation  Compulsive behaviors gradually decrease
  7. 7. Treatments, cont’d Psychosurgery  Last resort (meds and therapy don’t work)  Controversial – destroys brain cells  The Lobotomist (film) – lobotomies perceived as:  Unethical  Ineffective  Types  Radio Frequency Waves (most common in the U.S.)  Destroys small amount of brain tissue  Disrupts circuit in brain associated with OCD  25-70% effective
  8. 8. Stress Management One of the biggest triggers of OCD is stress  Goal: manage the stress  Proper sleep  Social support  Stick with treatments (medication, therapy, etc.)
  9. 9. Local Resources The International OCD Foundation  Provides support and treatment for those who are mentally ill Obsessive Compulsive Foundation of W. PA  A nonprofit organization that provides support those who have OCD or are affected by it. Helps find treatment and educates public. Phila. Affiliate of the National OCD Foundation  Nonprofit organization that increases awareness of the disorder. Offers support groups.
  10. 10. Sources http://www.camh.net/About_Addiction_Mental_Health/Mental_Health_Information/OCD/ocd_recovery.html#re Psych textbook http://catatonickid.wordpress.com/2008/06/29/satire-sunday-ocd-checklist/ http://www.synthstuff.com/mt/archives/medtees-ocd.jpg http://ocdphiladelphia.org/ http://www.ocfwpa.org/ http://www.fotolog.com/degito/54328034 The Lobotomist Girl, Interrupted http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/ocd/treatment.asp http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/depression/tricyclicantidepressants_000069.htm http://www.brainphysics.com/surgery.php http://www.ocfoundation.org

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