• According to Hindus mythology ,riverganges flows from Lord Shiva’s hairlocks.
Sources of GangesSourceGangotri Glacier, Satopanth Glacier,Khatling Glacier, and waters from meltedsnow from such peaks as...
Countries India, BangladeshStatesUttarakhand, UttarPradesh,Bihar, Jharkhand, WestBengal
Gangotri Glacier is located in Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand,India in a region bordering China. This glacier, source of...
Bhagirathi joins the Alaknanda to form the Ganges River properDevprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (l...
RELIGIOUS SIGNIFICANCEThe Ganga is mentioned in the Rig-Veda, theearliest Hindu scriptures.Ancient scriptures mention that...
The Story Of The Descent OfGanga• King Bhagiraththrough his penancewas responsible forthe descent of Gangafrom Heaven toEa...
 Bhagirathi worshippedLord Shiva to bear theforce of Ganga when itdescends to earth fromheaven and save earthfrom destruc...
The reverence accorded to rivers is a gesture ofacknowledgement of their life sustaining abilities.The Indian system of be...
Hindu belief holds thatbathing in the Rivercausesforgiveness of sins andhelps attain salvation.
The immersion of ashes of people isbelieved to send the soul to Heaven.
Drinking the water of The Ganges isbelieved to purify the soul.
DAMSTehri Dam was constructed on bhagirathi river,tributary of the ganges.It islocated1.5km downstream of Ganesh Prayag,th...
PRODUCTIONFatuha was a city which was the largest development block of Bihar. Manydevelopment projects are going on in thi...
IRRIGATIONEmperor shah jahan built a canal for irrigation on the Yamuna river in theearly 17th century.The first British c...
KUMBH MELA (SOCIAL LIFE)Kumbh mela is a mass hindu pilgrimage in which hindus gather at the Ganges.Thekumbh mela is celebr...
See yuou rivergangesspollutionFriends Iwant to saythat don’tpollute ourriver ganga.201120122013
• An estimated 2.9 billion liters or more ofhuman sewage discharged into the Gangessdaily.• 200 million liters daily in th...
Pictures of the pollution
Pictures of pollution••
• Countless tanneries, chemical plants, textile mills,distilleries, slaughter houses, and hospitalscontribute to the pollu...
Pictures of pollution(industries)
Pictures of pollution (industrial waste)
• The ultimate objective of the GAP is to havean approach of integrated river basinmanagement considering the various dyna...
• New technology of sewage treatment like Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) andsewage treatment through afforestatio...
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Ganges

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Ganges

  1. 1. • According to Hindus mythology ,riverganges flows from Lord Shiva’s hairlocks.
  2. 2. Sources of GangesSourceGangotri Glacier, Satopanth Glacier,Khatling Glacier, and waters from meltedsnow from such peaks as Nanda Devi,Trisul, Kedarnath, NandaKot, and Kamet.Location Uttarakhand, IndiaElevation 3,892 m (12,769 ft)Coordinates 30°59′N 78°55′E/ 30.983°N 78.917°E/ 30.983;78.917
  3. 3. Countries India, BangladeshStatesUttarakhand, UttarPradesh,Bihar, Jharkhand, WestBengal
  4. 4. Gangotri Glacier is located in Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand,India in a region bordering China. This glacier, source of theGanges.Gomukh, terminus of the Gangotri glacier (lower right in image, behindprayer flag). The Bhagirathi peaks rise in the background.gomukh
  5. 5. Bhagirathi joins the Alaknanda to form the Ganges River properDevprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left)rivers, beginning of the Ganges proper.
  6. 6. RELIGIOUS SIGNIFICANCEThe Ganga is mentioned in the Rig-Veda, theearliest Hindu scriptures.Ancient scriptures mention that The Gangescarries the blessings of Lord Vishnu’s feetand hence the name ‘Vishnupadi’ meaning‘Emanating from the lotus feet of theSupreme Lord Vishnu’.
  7. 7. The Story Of The Descent OfGanga• King Bhagiraththrough his penancewas responsible forthe descent of Gangafrom Heaven toEarth• As the might of theriver was too muchfor Earth towithstand, he prayedto Lord Shiva whocaught the river inhis matted hair.
  8. 8.  Bhagirathi worshippedLord Shiva to bear theforce of Ganga when itdescends to earth fromheaven and save earthfrom destruction. Lord Shiva agreed toBhagirathis prayerswith a condition thatGanga will go onlywhere Bhagirathi willlead her
  9. 9. The reverence accorded to rivers is a gesture ofacknowledgement of their life sustaining abilities.The Indian system of beliefs is based on an intimaterelationship with Nature.BELIEFS
  10. 10. Hindu belief holds thatbathing in the Rivercausesforgiveness of sins andhelps attain salvation.
  11. 11. The immersion of ashes of people isbelieved to send the soul to Heaven.
  12. 12. Drinking the water of The Ganges isbelieved to purify the soul.
  13. 13. DAMSTehri Dam was constructed on bhagirathi river,tributary of the ganges.It islocated1.5km downstream of Ganesh Prayag,the place where Bhilangana meetsBhagirathi.Bansagar Dam was constructed on the Son river,a tributary of the Ganges,for bothirrigation and hydroelectric power generation.
  14. 14. PRODUCTIONFatuha was a city which was the largest development block of Bihar. Manydevelopment projects are going on in this area. Some rural areas (Sonaruh,Raipura, Niyamatpur, Kharbhaiya, Sohpar, Dumri-Saidpur...) are provided Basicfacilities like school, electricity, drinking water and roads. Fatuha has beendeclared as a satellite city. Recently the chief minister of Bihar inaugurated theSonalika tractor plant under which many agricultural tools and machines willbe manufactured.
  15. 15. IRRIGATIONEmperor shah jahan built a canal for irrigation on the Yamuna river in theearly 17th century.The first British canal in India—with no Indianantecedents-was the Ganges canal built between 1842 and 1854. Bhagirathiis called Ganges after Devprayag. Construction of the dam in an earthquakeprone area was controversial.Bansagar dam was built on the Son river atributary of the Ganges, for both irrigation and hydroelectric powergeneration.
  16. 16. KUMBH MELA (SOCIAL LIFE)Kumbh mela is a mass hindu pilgrimage in which hindus gather at the Ganges.Thekumbh mela is celebrated every 3 years and the ardh mela is celebrated every sixyears at Haridwar and Prayag,the purna kumbh takes place after every 12 years,atfour places-Prayag,Haridwar,Ujjain and nasikThe Maha (great) Kumbh Mela whichcomes after 12 Purna Kumbh Melas, or 144 years, is held at Allahabad.
  17. 17. See yuou rivergangesspollutionFriends Iwant to saythat don’tpollute ourriver ganga.201120122013
  18. 18. • An estimated 2.9 billion liters or more ofhuman sewage discharged into the Gangessdaily.• 200 million liters daily in the city of Varanasi.• A large proportion of the waste in theGanges’s is from this population throughdomestic usage like bathing ,laundry andpublic defecation.ABOUT THE POLLUTION(human waste)
  19. 19. Pictures of the pollution
  20. 20. Pictures of pollution••
  21. 21. • Countless tanneries, chemical plants, textile mills,distilleries, slaughter houses, and hospitalscontribute to the pollution of the Ganges bydumping untreated waste into it.• Industrial effluents are about 12% of the totalvolume of effluent reaching the Ganges.• Although a relatively low proportion, they are acause for major concern because they are often toxicand non-biodegradable.about the pollution(industrial waste)
  22. 22. Pictures of pollution(industries)
  23. 23. Pictures of pollution (industrial waste)
  24. 24. • The ultimate objective of the GAP is to havean approach of integrated river basinmanagement considering the various dynamicinter-actions between abiotic and biotic eco-system.• Research and Development to conserve thebiotic, diversity of the river to augment itsproductivity.• To act as trend setter for taking up similaraction plans in other grossly pollutedstretches in other rivers.How to control the pollution
  25. 25. • New technology of sewage treatment like Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) andsewage treatment through afforestation hasbeen successfully developed.• Rehabilitation of soft-shelled turtles forpollution abatement of river have beendemonstrated and found useful.• Resource recovery options like production ofmethane for energy generation and use ofaquaculture for revenue generation have beendemonstrated.

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